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uncaused? Who can, on ra- 1 of the Bible, and pronounce it tional, philosophical principles, inconsistent and contradictory, see how all things were made of while we admit others equally nothing?. These are as real mysterious and incomprehenmysteries, and as contrary to sible? This will be degrading reason, as the doctrine of the to our own understanding, as Trinity. Who can account for well as reproachful to the infi, tne resurrection of the body, nite God. While we are not to and the change of those who explain or investigate the docshall be found alive at judgment ? trine of the Trinity, for there is Of the latter, Paul saith, “Be- | nothing in the nature of creatures hold, I shew you a mystery ; by which it can be illustrated, we we shall not all sleep, but we are to admit it as true on the shallall be changed in a moment, | credit of divine revelation-esin the twinkling of an eye.” pecially so, since it is neither a Is not this a mystery-as really violation of reason, nor a contraso as the doctrine of the Trini- diction in terms. If we estabty? Can we any more com- lish it as a maxim, to admit no prehend the one than the other? | doctrine but what we can exIs it to be accounted for on plain, on principles of reason principles of reason and philoso- and human philosophy, we may phy? And shall we reject this, deny the doctrine of the Trinity. or any other doctrine, because And on this principle we shall above reason; and say it cannot deny many other leading truths be true because we are unable of scripture. On this principle, to comprehend it? We cannot indeed, we shall discard and de. « find out the Almighty unto ny many things, which we know perfection.” God is greater than exist, in the natural world. man. He sees thro' and per. Yea, this principle lays the basis fectly understands those things of infidelity, and, if pursued, leads which, to the human mind, are a short and easy way to a denial enveloped in thick darkness ; of the whole scheme of Chris: and by his unlimited power he tianity. is able to accomplish all his It may be suitable before purposes. God can as easily these remarks are closed, to change, in a moment, a natural notice some of the dangerous to a spiritual body, as he can consequences of denying the will to do it and he knows per- doctrine of the Trinity ; or ad. fectly well, how all things were mitting the force of any objecmade of nothing, and under- / tions against it. stands his own eternal existence 1. If we deny the doctrine of underived and uncaused, tho' | the Trinity in unity it is a denial in view of these the human of the divinity of Christ. If there mind is lost and bewildered. be not three divine persons ex. So, by his infinite understand- isting in one God, the divinity of ing, God is able to see through Christ must be given up-it the doctrine of the Trinity, and cannot be supported on any know it is true, though to us it other ground. If we allow that be an incomprehensible mys- distinct personality constitutes tery. .
| distinct being, when applied to Shall we deny one doctrine.' God, then of course, Jesus
Christ is a distinct being, and, holy scriptures we have no hope therefore, not a divine person ; of a gracious forgiveness. The for there can be but one God. doctrine of the atonement runs However many and plain the thro' the whole Bible. It is the passages of scripture in favor sum of all the promises, types of the divinity of Jesus Christ, and prophecies of the Old Tesyet if the doctrine of the Trinity tament. It is the foundation of be not true, these passages have all the warnings, invitations and been misapprehended ; He is promises of Christ and the Abut a mere man, and the faith postles. This, in connexion of the greatest part of the Chris- with the real divinity of Christ, tian church, for ages past, hath which as a golden thread runs rested on the sand.
through the whole revelation, is 2. A denial of this doctrine a doctrine to which all the truths destroys the atonement of Christ. of the Bible ultimately point, If Christ be not a divine person and in which they centre. This then there is no more value or employed the counsels of divine merit, in his obedience and suf- wisdom and goodness from eterferings, than in the obedience nity. This brought CHRIST and sufferings of any other good JESUS THE LORD from heaven man. If Christ be only a crea | to take a body of flesh, and dwell ture, then all the advantage we for a season among men. This can derive from him is an exam | is closely connected with the ple of meekness, patience and great truth expressed by John submission; all which we have in his first epistle, y., 7. For in Job, Stephen and many since there are three that bear record their day. The merit or value in heaven, the Father, the Word of the sufferings of Christ, or his and the Holy Ghost, and these obedience unto death, arises not three are one. It becomes us from the quantum or degree of | then to listen with caution to his sufferings, tho' they were artful decievers, and guard agreat beyond a parallel, but gainst the specious objections from the dignity of his person. that are raised against the docThe value of the obedience and trine of three persons in one sufferings of Christ is in pro God. portion to the dignity of his person, and so lays a sure foun
ON SUBMISSION To God. dation for hope to sinners. But take away the divinity of Christ THE holy scriptures abunand the infinite value of the sa 1 dantly enjoin it on men, to crifice fails, and, of course, our submit themselves to God. He hope from the atonement falls is the Father and Lord of the to the ground.
world, and requires his creatures 3. If the doctrine of the Trin-| to forsake every evil and rebelity in unity be disproved, and lious practice and become the these other doctrines fail with it, loyal subjects of his government. then all the distinguishing doc- The duty enjoined is not an inetrines of the Bible are destroy- / vitable subjection to his invinci. ed. If Christ be not a divine | ble power. Every thing, willing person, and there is nothing in or unwilling, must ultimately his atonement, then from the submit to this ; for God manages all things according to the their duty, saying then shall I counsel of his own will. The have great delight, when I have finally impenitent themselves respect to all thy command. must take their portion of wrath ments. Submission to the diand fiery indignation at his vine law, is also derived in part, hands. Men, who are sensible | from an affectionate sense of that they can make no effectual the obligations which believers resistance, frequently compose feel themselves under to God, themselves to submit to things, | as their parent, who hath nour. which, had they sufficient power, | ished and brought them up as they would never do. A van- / children, sustaining them from quished enemy submits to the infancy to their present age ; so chain of an haughty conqueror, that goodness and mercy have with the appearance of meek followed them all the days ness ; and dying unbelievers of their lives, notwithstanding frequently say as much as this, the numerous provocations they that they are resigned to death have committed against him.if that be the will of God. The His people are sensible, that this captive does not usually so de- | lays them under obligations to ceive himself, as to suppose he | him, and that it is an aggravais willing to bear the taunts and tion of wickedness, to rebel a. shackles of the conqueror. But, gainst God, when he hath nouralas ! the dying enemy of God, ished and brought us up as chiland sinners under awakenings, dren. are often able to mistake this A consideration also, that submission, which arises from a God has created the world, imdespair of what they wish, and a presses on the minds of his peoresolution to bear their burdens ple, a sense of his right to give as well as they can, for that sub law to his own creatures. They mission, which springs from view themselves as his properlove and confidence in God. It ty, and hence dutifully comply may not then be improper to at with their obligations to be emtend to the subject with care. ployed for his pleasure and glo
Submission sometimes res ry, in any way he shall direct. pects the law of God. This is Nor are they inattentive to the something more than yielding obligations upon them, derived heartless services, and hypocri- from the perfection and glory of tical pretences to obedience. his nature, which render him inIt is delighting in the law, and finitely worthy to command the entering into the practice of a universe. They submit to the cordial conformity to it. Such law, because they esteem it an as thus obey it, see an excellency infinite blessing to creation that and fitness in the law itself, and it has such a glorious Being at they obey, because they esteem its head. With such impresit holy, formed on the great sions as these, it is no cause of principle of impartial goodness, wonder, that all the inhabitants and a blessing to the universe. I of heaven, and the well disposed Such take pleasure in the duties on earth, should cordially subit enjoins, and earnestly desire mit to receive and obey the comthat their hearts should be bro't mands of God. into a perfect conformity to all! 2. Submission to God also
respects his providence. The want of submission to divine providence of God is his agency providence among men. in preserving and managing 3. Submission to God also created things, carrying into ef- | includes submission to his grace. fect all his counsels, and pro- This is, if possible, beyond all moting the interests of his king- other acts of submission, the dom, and the manifestations of most contrary to the pride and his own glory, which is indeed haughtiness of the corrupt heart. the supreme interest of his crea- | | The grace of God is the gospel tures. The purposes of God salvation, consisting in the parrespect all actions and things don and acceptance of the sinhe hath fore-ordained whatso ner thro’ Christ, and communiever comes to pass. His pro cations of holiness, for his sake vidence is executed with al- only, made by the Holy Spirit. mighty power, so that his coun- | The pardon of sin, thro' Christ, sel shall stand, and he will do all is on the ground, that we are so his pleasure. Submission to this vile and guilty, that God cannot providence, is a cordial and con- | remit, in the least, the penalties fidential surrendery of ourselves of his law, only from respect to and all our concerns, into his Christ, and that we are worthy hands, delighting in his supre- of eternal vengeance and univermacy, and rejoicing that we may sal abhorence, and must be befind such an one, to whom we holden to Christ for the least may confide all that we value.- favor. This is too humiliating It arises from an approbation of, for the pride of the unsanctified; and a full confidence in the wis- and it is still more so, because dom, power and goodness of it represents us so vile and deGod, to manage all concerns for praved in our inclinations, that his glory, and the general good. our return to God is a desperate God has power to control and | matter, unless effected by the manage creation, as the potter sovereign power of the Holy does the clay. He has wisdom Ghost. When any one submits to connect the whole into a to the grace of God, he freely system, so that all its parts may | consents to be considered and move in harmony with each treated and pardoned, as a crimother, and in subordination to inal, deserving endless wrath, the interest of the whole. And and to be so considered forever ; he has goodness of heart to ac and to be fixed as a pillar in the dopt this for his object, and ac- house of God a living monu. complish it by the whole work ment, to perpetuate the memoof providence. This his people | ry of such grace, to the glory of believe and where is the bene Christ: he cordially submits to volent mind, which would not this way of salvation, and prerejoice to see himself, and all fers it before all others which things, in such hands? Where his imagination can invent. In is the believer, who will not be submitting to the grace of God, consoled under afflictions, by he also subscribes to this truth, the consideration, that infinite | that he is too corrupt, even to wisdom and goodness deal them exercise any right affection toout? It is owing only to moral wards God or man, only, as it is depravity, that there is any wrought in him, by the spirit of
God. He cheerfully places all | wholly conformed to God. Selhis dependence there, for holi- fishness, pride and conformity ness and sanctification, and re- to the fashion of this world, are joices in this dependence, and is wholly inconsistent with subwilling to have it forever known, mission to God. The heart thro' heaven and earth, that he must be created anew, and then is by nature so utterly courrupt, the soul can repose itself with that he is indebted to special, comfort on the Lord. distinguishing grace, for every There are many considerathing in his heart and conduct, | tions, which are weighty mo. by which he differs from such tives, to impress on us the duty as are condemned to everlast | of submission to God. ing misery. Submission to l. It is altogether impossible grace necessarily implies deep to make any effectual opposihumility, and is a very different tion to his will. We can never thing from merely wishing to go be successful in opposing his unpunished. It implies an holy | administrations. God is an alladmiration of the gospel, not sufficient ruler, and his creatures only because it saves sinners, are too feeble to give him any but because it so effectually pro disturbance; should any one rise vides for their sanctification, and against his law, and refuse subto have free grace so apparent mission to his authority, which in their salvation; to have Christ alas ! multitudes continue to do $0 exalted, and the sinner so all their days, can they compel abased, and the impression of him to repeal his law, or can this so effectually kept up forev- they avoid its penalty ? Can we er in the view of the whole in- fly from his wrath, or are we telligent system, to the glory of stronger than he ? By no means; divine grace. That heart is the law will have its effect, humble and benevolent, and de either in our obedience or delights more in the glory of God, struction. It is also'as imposthan in his own praise, which sible to defeat the designs of can be pleased with the grace of providence. We are in his God. Such men can take plea- hands, and all our concerns, and sure in being set up as specta- the events which respect us, are cles of mercy, that it may be at his disposal. He has long forever said by creatures, “ See since fixed his designs concernin the salvation of that hell-de- ing us, and we cannot cause him serving sinner, the riches of to change his counsels. If he God's free, sovereign grace_see intends us sickness, poverty or how God has renewed him, par- | any calamity, no resistance, or doned him, sanctified him, kept want of submission on our part, him and glorified him, from a can defeat his purposes. Nor pure regard to his own glory, will any resistance of his grace and the redemption of Christ.” / be successful. We never can
How evident it must be, that | persuade, or compel him, to no submission, either to the law, make the terms of his gospel providence or grace of God, more agreeable to our pride and can subsist in an unrenewed corruptions. We may indeed soul. Nor can these affections in one sense resist his grace forbe perfect, until the heart is lever; we may reject it ; but the