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« none, they say, Get out, you Indian dog. " You see they have not yet learned those little

good things that we need no meetings to be in" Itructed in, because our mothers taught them

to us when we were children; and therefore it " is impossible their meetings should be, as they

say, for any such purpose, or have any such c effect; they are only to contrive the cheating of " Indians in the price of beaver.'

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TO MR. DUBOURG,

CONCERNING THE DISSENSIONS BETWEEN

ENGLAND AND AMERICA.

London, October 2, 1770. I SEE with pleasure that we think pretty much alike on the subjects of English America. We of the colonies have never insisted that we ought to be exempt from contributing to the common ex. pences necessary to support the prosperity of the empire. We only affert, that having parliaments of our own, and not having representatives in that of Great Britain, our parliaments are the only judges of what we can and what we ought to contribute in this case; and that the English parliament has no right to take our money without our consent. In fact the British empire is not a single state; it comprehends many; and though the parliament of Great-Britain has arrogated to itself the

power of taxing the colonies, it has ng more right to do so, than it has to tax Hanover. We have the same king, but not the same legi, flatures.

The dispute between the two countries has al. ready loft England many millions sterling, which it has lost in its commerce, and America has in this respect been a proportionable gainer. This commerce confifted principally of superfluities; objects of luxury and fashion, which we can well do without; and the resolution we have formed of importing no more till our grievances are redressed, has enabled many of our infant manufactures to take root; and it will not be easy to

make

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make our people abandon them in future, even should a connection more cordial then ever fucceed the present troubles.-I have, indeed, no doubt that the parliament of England will finally abandon its present pretensions, and leave us to the peaceable enjoyment of our rights and privileges.

B. FRANKLIN.

A Com.

A Comparison of the Conduct of the Ancient Jews, and of the

ANTIFEDERALISTS in the United States of AMERICA.

A Zealous advocate for the proposed Federal Constitution in a certain public assembly, faid, that “ the repugnance of a great part of mankind

to good government was such, that he believe ed, that if an angel from heaven was to bring “ down a constitution formed there for our use, it “ would nevertheless meet with violent oppositi“ on.”-He was reproved for the supposed extravagance of the sentiment; and he did not justify it,

-Probably it might not have immediately occur. red to him that the experiment had been tried, and that the event was recorded in the most faithful of all histories, the Holy Bible; otherwise he might, as it seems to me, have supported his opi. nion by that unexceptionable authority

The Supreme Being had been pleased to nourish up a single family, by continued acts of his attentive Providence, 'till it became a great people: and having rescued them from bondage by many miracles performed by his fervant Moses, he personally delivered to that chofen fervant, in presence of the whole nation, a conftitution and code of laws for their observance; accompanied and fanctioned with promises of great rewards, and threats of severe punishments, as the consequence of their obedience or difobedience.

This constitution, though the Deity himfelf was to be at its head (and it is therefore called by political writers a Theocracy) could not be carried into execution but by the means of his minifters; Aaron and his fons were therefore

commissioned

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commiffioned to be, with Moses, the first esta. blished ministry of the new government.

One would have thought, that the appointment of men who had distinguished themselves in procuring the liberty of their nation, and had hazarded their lives in openly opposing the will of a powerful monarch who would have retained that nation in slavery, might have been an appointment acceptable to a grateful people; and that a constitution, framed for them by the Deity himself, might on that account have been secure of an universal welcome reception. Yet there were, in every one of the thirteen tribes, some discontented, restless fpirits, who were continually exciting them to reject the proposed new go- . vernment, and this from various motives.,

Many still retained an affection for Egypt, the land of their nativity, and these, whenever they felt any inconvenience or hardship, though the natural and unavoidable effect of their change of situation, exclaimed against their leaders as the authors of their trouble ; and were not only for returning into Egypt, but for stoning their deli

Those inclined to idolatry were difpleased that their golden calf was destroyed. Many

of the chiefs thought the new conftitution might be injurious to their particular interests, that the profitable places would be engrossed by the families and friends of Moses and Aaron, and others cqually well-born excluded 7.-In Josephus, and

the Talmud, we learn some particulars, not • fo fully narrated in the scripture. We are there

verers

* Numbers, chap. xiv.

+ Numbers, chap. xvi. yer. 3. “And they gathered " themselves together against Mofes and against Aaron, and « faid unto them, ye take too much upon you, feeing all the “ congregations are holy, every one of them,--wherefore " then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation."

told,

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