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PAPER: A POEM.
Some wit of old-fuch wits of old there werça-
The thought was happy, pertinent, and true ;
Various the papers various wants produce, The wants of fashion, elegance, and use, Men are as various : and, if right I scan, Each sort of paper represents some man.
Pray note the fop-half powder and half lace-
Mechanics, fervants, farmers, and so forth,
, Free to all pens, and prompt at ev'ry need.
The wretch whom av'rice bids to pinch and spare,
Take next the miser's contrast, who destroys Health, fame, and fortune, in a round of joys. Will any paper match him ? Yes, throughour, He's a true finking-paper, past all doubt.
The retail politician's anxious thought
The hasty gentleman, whose blood runs high,
What are our poets, take them as they fall,
Observe the maiden, innocently sweet,
One instance more, and only one I'll bring ; Tis the great man who scorns a little thing, Whose thoughts, whose deeds, whose maxims are his own, Form’d on the feelings of his heart alone : True genuine royal-paper is his breast ; Of all the kinds molt precious, purelt, best,
ON ON THE ART OF SWIMMING.
IN ANSWER TO SOME ENQUIRIES OF M.
DUBOURG* ON THE SUBJECT.'
AM apprehensive that I shall not be able to find leisure for making all the difquisitions and experiments which would be desirable on this subject. I must, therefore, content myself with a few remarks.
The specific gravity of some human bodies, in comparison to that of water, has been examined by M. Robinson, in our philosophical Transactions, volume 50, page 30, for the year 1757. He afferts, that fat persons with small bones float most eafily upon water.
The diving bell is accurately described in our Transactions.
When I was a boy, I made two ovəl pallets, each about ten inches long, and fix broad, with a hole for the thumb, in order to retain it fast in the palm of my hand. They much resemble a painter's pallets. In swimming I pushed the edges of these forward, and I struck the water with their flat surfaces as I drew them back. I remember I swam fafter by means of these pallets, but they fatigued my wrists.- I also fitted to the soles of my feet a kind of sandals; but I was not satisfied with them, because I observed that the stroke is partly given by the inside of the feet and the ancles, and not entirely with the foles of the feet.
We have here waistcoats for swimming, which are made of double fail-cloth, with small pieces of cork quilted in between them. * Translator of Dr. Franklin's works into French.
I know nothing of the scaphandre of M. de la Chapelle.
I know by experience that it is a great comfort to a swimmer, who has a considerable distance to go, to turn himself sometimes on his back, and to vary in other respects the means of procuring a progressive motion.
When he is seized with the cramp in the leg, the method of driving it away is to give to the parts affected a sudden, vigorous, and violent Thock; which he may do in the air as he swims on his back.
During the great heats of summer there is no danger in bathing, however warm we may be, in rivers which have been thoroughly warmed by the sun. But to throw oneself into cold spring water, when the body has been heated in the fun, is an imprudence which may prove fatal. I once knew an instance of four young men, who having worked at harvest in the heat of the day, with a view of refreshing themselves plunged into a spring of cold water : two died upon the spot, a third the next morning, and the fourth recovered with great difficulty. A copious draught of cold water, in similar circumstances, is frequently attended with the same effect in North America.
The exercise of swimming is one of the most healthy and agreeable in the world. After having swam for an hour or two in the evening, one fleeps coolly the whole night, even during the molt ardent heat of summer. Perhaps the pores being cleansed, the insensible perfpiration increafes and occasions this coolness. It is certain that much swimming is the means of stopping a diarrhoea, and even of producing a constipation. With respect to those who do not know how to
swim, or who are affected with a diarrhæa at a feafon which does not permit them to use that exercise, a warm bath, by cleansing and purifying the skin, is found very falutary, and often effects a radical cure. I speak from my own experience, frequently repeated, and that of others to whom I have recommended this
You will not be displeased if I conclude these hasty remarks by informing you, that as the ordinary method of swimming is reduced to the act of rowing with the arms and legs, and is consequently a laborious and fatiguing operation when the space of water to be crossed is considerable; there is a method in which a swimmer may pass to great distances with much facility, by means of a fail. This discovery I fortunately made by accident, and in the following manner.
When I was a boy I amused myself one day with flying a paper kite; and approaching the bank of a pond, which was near a mile broad, I tied the string to a stake, and the kite ascended to a very considerable height above the pond, while I was swimming. : In a little time, being desirous of amusing myself with my kite, and enjoying at the same time the pleasure of swimming; I returned ; and loosing from the stake the string with the little stick which was fastened to it, went again into the water, where I found, that, lying on my back and holding the stick in my hands, I was drawn along the surface of the water in a very agreeable manner. Having then engaged another boy to carry my clothes round the pond, to a place which I pointed out to him on the other side, I began to cross the pond with my kite, which carried me quite over without the least fatigue, and with the greatest pleasure imaginable. I was only obliged occasionally to halt a little in my course, and resist its progress,