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THE WAY TO MAKE MONEY PLENTY IN
EVERY MAN'S POCKET.
T this time, when the general complaint is that money is scarce,” it will be an act of kindness to inform the 'moneyless how they may reinforce their pockets. I will acquaint them with the true secret of money-catching—the certain way to fill empty purses—and how to keep them always full. Two simple rules, well observed, will do the business.
First, let honesty and industry be thy constant companions; and,
Secondly, spend one penny less than thy clear gains.
Then shall thy hide-bound pocket foon begin to thrive, and will never again cry with the empty belly-ach : neither will creditors insult thee, nor want oppress, nor hunger bite, nor nakedness freeze thee. The whole hemisphere will shine brighter, and pleasure spring up in every corner of thy heart. Now, therefore, embrace these rules and be happy. Banish the bleak winds of forrow from thy mind, and live independent. Then shalt thou be a man, and not hide thy face at the approach of the rich, nor suffer the pain of feeling little when the sons of fortune walk at thy right hand: for independency, whether with little or much, is good fortune, and placeth thee on even ground with the proudest of the golden fleece. Oh, then, be wise, and let industry walk with thee in the morning, and attend thee until thou reachest the evening hour for rest. Let honesty be as the breath of thy soul, and ne
ver forget to have a penny, when all thy expences are enumerated and paid : then fhalt thou reach the point of happiness, and independence shall be thy fhield and buckler, thy helmet and crown; then shall thy foul walk upright, nor stoop to the filken wretch because he hath riches, nor pocket an abuse because the hand which offers it wears a ring set with diamonds.
AN ECONOMICAL PROJECT.
(A Translation of this letter appeared in one of the Daily Papers
of Paris about the rear 1784. The following is the Original Piece, with some Addttions and Corrections made in it by the Author.)
TO THE AUTHORS OF THĖ JOURNAL
You often entertain us with accounts of new discoveries. Permit me to communicate to the public, through your paper, one that has lately been made by myself, and which I conceive may be of great utility.
I was the other evening in a grand company, where the new lamp of Messrs. Quinquet and Lange was introduced, and much admired for its splendor; but a general enquiry was made, whe. ther the oil it consumed was not in proportion to the light it afforded, in which case there would be no faving in the use of it. No one present could satisfy us in that point, which all agreed ought to be known, it being a very desirable thing to lefsen, if poflible, the expence of lighting our apartments, when every other article of family expence was so much augmented.
I was pleased to see this general concern for ceconomy; for I love economy exceedingly.
I went home, and to bed, three or four hours after midnight, with my head full of the fubject. An accidental sudden noise waked me about fix in the morning, when I was surprized to find my
room filled with light; and I imagined at first, that a number of those lamps had been brought into it: but, rubbing my eyes, 1 perceived the light came in at the windows. I got up and looked out to see what might be the occasion of it, when I saw the fun just rising above the horizon, from whence he poured his rays plentifully into my chamber, my domestic having negligently omitted the preceding evening to close the hutters.
I looked at my watch, which goes very well, and found that it was but fix o'clock; and still thinking it something extraordinary that the sun should rise fo early, I looked into the almanack, where I found it to be the hour given for his ri. sing on that day. I looked forward too, and found he was to rise ftill earlier every day till towards the end of June; and that at no time in the year he retarded his rising so long as till eight o'clock. Your readers, who with me have never seen any signs of sunshine before noon, and seldom regard the astronomical part of the almanack, will be as much astonished as I was, when they hear of his rising so early; and especially when I assure them, that he gives light as soon as he rises. I am convinced of this. I am certain of my fact. One cannot be more certain of any fact. I saw it with my own eyes. And having repeated this observation the three following mornings, I found always precisely the same result.
Yet so it happens, that when I speak of this discovery to others, I can easily perceive by their countenances, though they forbear expressing it in words, that they do not quite believe me. One, indeed, who is a learned natural philosopher, has assured me, that I must certainly be mistaken as to the circumstance of the light coming into my room; for it being well known, as he says, that
there could be no light abroad at that hour, it follows that none could enter from without; and that of consequence, my windows being accidentally left open, instead of letting in the light, had only served to let out the darkness : and he used many ingenious arguments to fhew me how I might, by that means, have been deceived. I own that he puzzled me a little, but he did not satisfy me; and the subsequent observations I made, as above mentioned, confirmed me in my first opinion.
This event has given rife, in my mind, to several serious and important reflections. I considered that, if I had not been awakened so early in the morning, I should have slept fix hours longer by the light of the fun, and in exchange have lived fix hours the following night by candlelight; and the latter being a much more expen. five light than the former, my love of economy induced me to muster up what little arithmetic I was master of, and to make some calculations, which I shall give you, after observing, that utility is, in my opinion, the test of value in matters of invention, and that a discovery which can be applied to no use, or is not good for some. thing, is good for nothing.
I took for the basis of my calculation the supposition that there are 100,000 families in Paris, and that these families consume in the night half a pound of bougies, or candles, per hour. I think this is a moderate allowance, taking one family with another; for though I believe some consume less, I know that many consume a great deal more. Then estimating feven hours per day, as the medium quantity between the time of the fun's rising and ours, he rising during the fix fol, lowing months from fix to eight hours before poon, and there being seven hours of course per