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partiality in our own favour does indeed present it upon all occafions ; but found philosophy ought carefully to guard against so natural an illusion."
Tim. It is not « our partiality in our own favour that presents it to us upon all occasions, but the neceflity af the case. There is no other way of speaking upon the subject, so as to be understood. Knowlege in God and man, however different in degree, or attained in a different manner, is the same in kind, and produces the same effects, so far as relates to our present purpose. The knowledge of God is intuitive and perfect; that of man is by deduction, and is therefore imperfect, either when his premises are false, or when passion and prejudice enter into his conclufion. But wisdom, which consists in fixing upon proper ends, and fitly proportioning means to those ends, is wisdom, in whatsoever object, mode, or degree it may exist; and there is therefore no illufon, in saying, “ every house is builded by some man, but he that built all things is God." You speak of thought, reason, or desgn, as “a little agitation of the brain;" as if you imagined, that Paradise.lost or the Adwancement of Learning, might at any time be produced, by simmering a man's brain over the fire. Certainly an author cannot compose without brains, heart, liver, and lungs; but I am of opinion semething more than all four must have gone to the composition'even of the Dialogues concerning Natural Religion. “Minute, weak, and bounded, as this principle of reason and design is found to be in the inhabitants of this planet," it can form and frustrate mighty schemes; it can raise and subvert empires; it can invent and bring to perfection a variety of arts and sciences; and in the hands of some very worthy gentlemen of my acquaintance, it can set itself up against all that is called God, and revile the works of the Almighty through 364 pages together.
Tom. I cannot but still think, there is something of partiality and self love in the business. “Suppose there were a planet wholly inhabited by spiders (which is very possible;) they would probably affert, with the Bramins, that the world arose from an infinite spider, who spun this whole complicated mass from his bowels, and annihilates afterwards the whole, or any part of it, by absorbing it again, and resolving it into his own essence. This inference would there appear as natural and irrefragable as that which in our planet ascribes the origin of all things to design and intelligence. To us indeed it appears ridiculous, because a spider is a little contemptible animal, whose operations we are never likely to take for a model of the whole universe.”
Tim. Poisibly not; but I fhould take that “ little contemptible animal” for an exact model of a sceptical philosopher
It spins u flimsy web, it's slender store;
And labours tilt it clouds itself all o'er. And were there a planet wholly inhabited by these fame philosophers, I doubt not of their spinning a cosmogony worthy an academy of spidersAnd so, Tom, the voluntary humility which discovered itself at your setting out, ends at last in degrading man to a spider; and reason is either exalted to the stars, or depressed to the earth, as best serves the cause of infidelity. In this particular, however, you are at least as bad as the parsons.-But let us proceed. What have you inorę to say against the argument of the house?
Tom. I say, that arguments concerning facts are founded on experience. I have seen one house planned and erected by an archite&, and therefore I conclude the same with regard to others. But “will any man tell me, with a serious countenance, that an orderly universe must arise from some thought and art like the human, because we have experience of it? To ascertain this reasoning, it were requisite that we had experience of the origin of worlds.”
Tim. Truly I know not how that can well be; for worlds are not made every day. I have heard of the production of none since our own, and man could not see that made, because he himself was made after it; and he could not exist, before he was made. The contrary supposition was indeed once ventured on, by the master of a Dutch puppet-fhew-Whether he were a metaphysician, I never heard. In the beginning of this ingenious drama, Mr. Punch posting over the stage in a very large pair of jack-boots, and being asked, whither he was going at so early an hour, replies I am going to be created, His evidence, if you can procure it, is very much at the service of scepticilin, and may go near to determine the matter. In the mean time, I shall presume my argument to be still good, that if a house must be built by thought and design, a world cannot have been built with. out; though I have seen the one, and never was so fortunate as to see the other. Let me add farther, that if in the general contrivance and conftru&tion of the world there be evident demonstration of consummate wisdom, that demonstration cannot be set aside by seeming or real inconveniences in some parts, which, for good reasons, were either origi. nally designed, or may have been fince introduced, for the trial or punishment of its inhabitants, or for other purposes, unknown to us-This is the plain conclusion formed by common sense, and surely ten times more rational than to talk of eggs, and seeds, and Spiders, and the neceflity of Seeing the world made, in order to know that it had a maker..
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Rev. JOHN WHITE MIDDLETON, A. M. 8vo. 18 pages.
U Mr. Middleton rightly explains the passage as alluding to the media-
The Messiah voluntarily covenanted for man's redemption, and asumed our nature for the purpose of accomplishing that great work. There was nothing of investiture in the case, for this would be to make the Son the dependant of that Great Being who invested him. The point is very mysterious, and it should have been more cautiously and fcripturally expressed.
The Duties and Qualifications of the Christian Minister, a Sermon Preached
at the Cathedral Church, at Chester, on Occasion of a General Ordination, On Sunday, September 20, 1801. By the Rer. T. PARKINSON, D. D. Archdeacon of Huntingdon, and Rector of Kegworth, Leicetershire. 4to, pages 27. THIS is a very judicious discourse upon that appropriate text 1 Tim. f chap. 4, ver. 16 “ take heed unto thuelf'und unto the doctrine.” “The qualifications and duties iinplied in the due execution of your ministry (says the archdeacon) may be comprised in I. A firm belief of the truth of Christianity. II. A familiar acquaintance with the Scriptures. III. An exemplary life, conformable to them. IV. A zealous discharge of your professional duties.” On each of these topicks he offers some excellent observations and advice which, if acted upon, must render the persons for whose įnftru&tion they were delivered a bletling to the church. In a note at the end of a fermon is an anecdote of Dr. Manton which might as well have been omitted, especially as the said Manton was chaplain to Oliver Cromwell and a notorious fanatic.
The sermon is published for the benefit of the Chester infirmary and we are glad to see it graced by a numerous lift of fubscribers.
A Letter addrefed to the Hon. CHARLES JAME: Fox in Consequence of a
Publication entitled “ A Sketch of the Character of the Mot Noble
FRANCIS DUKE OF BEDFORD.” Bath printed, 28 pages. THIS is a smart letter, and evidently the production of no common
writer. We, however, should not have taken any notice of it in our reyiew, were it not for the strong and just animadversions it contains upon this popular orator for his failing to notice the duke's sentiments on religion. Some of his noble ancestors, it is well known, were eminently pious as well as great, and it would have been more gratifying to have been informed that the duke was a Christian upon con riction than uniform in his political attachments. The letter writer, in remarking upon the latter feature of his character, iarcaftically notices his patronage of Paine, Hardy and Thelwall. Certainly this circumstance, if true, can refieet no credit upon the noble deceased, to whose many accomplishments we are happy to bear our testimony. It is, however, melancholy to observe that in the catalogue of virtues recorded of such men as the duke of Bedford by their surviving friends, religion is totally omitted. This is a dark void, and bodes to have a fatal influence upon the best interests of our country. The letter closes with an extract from Bp. Horne's Letter to Adam Smith containing an appropriate account of the death of the pious and judicious Hooker. .
Village Dialogues, between Farmer Littleworth and Thomas Newman, Rer.
Melirs. Lovegood, Dolittle and others. By ROWLAND HILL, A. M.
2 cols. 12mo. TO the name and character of Rowland Hill none of our readers can be a 1 ftranger. It may seem to some of them perhaps a matter of surprize that we should so far disgrace our miscellany as to take any notice of the man or his productions. He has already passed under our castigating hand, and in his present performance he has done us the honour of abusing us in his usual very elegant language. We certainly should not feel a disposition to review such wretched trajh as the Village Dialogues, were it not
that that they are calculated to do much mischief throughout the kingdom, by alienating the minds of the people from the regular clergy. The main design of these tracts, which are published at a low price and circulated with uncommon avidity, is to render the great body of the clergy contemptible. If a stranger were to form a judgment of the national church from such publications as this, he would conclude that a viler fet of men never existed than the persons who are now engaged in her services, whether archbishops, bishops, rectors, vicars or curates. That venes rable and exemplary champion of the Christian Religion, the Bishop of Rochester is caricatured in these dialogues by the malicious, but slovenly hand of Rowland Hill. Yet this schismatic pretends to be a dutitul fon of the Church of England, and at the very moment that he is doing every thing he can to accomplish her destruction he has the impudence to trumpet her praises. But she wants none of his compliments or hypocritical, adulation, for the disowns him as an apostate. With what face does Rowland quote her liturgy, when he is too proud to read it himself in his conventicle, but employs an illiterate mechanick to mangle it (according to his master's phrase) as he pleaseth?
The activity of Rowland Hill and his associates to propagate schism throughout the united kingdom reminds us of the zeal of their proto-types the Pharisees, “who (we are told) compassed sea and land to make profelytes” and very precious profelytes they made. If the obtruding themfelves into other men’s labours, and drawing the people away from their lawful and confcientious pastors, be an evangelical rule of proceding, there men are perfect. But the Christian who reads the New Testament to learn how he is to act as well as what he is to believe, will perceive that such a conduct is diametrically opposite to the precepts of Jesus Christ and the practice of the Apostles.
The Puritans in the seventeenth contury, took exactly the same steps as the Methodists are now pursuing, to overthrow the Ecclesiastical Establithe ment of this kingdom, and they not only succeeded in their attempt, but with it they brought down monarchy under a pretence of making Charles the First A GLORIOUS KING.” Our modern fanatics can also cant the praises of the church, and pretend great affection to the king, but if they were sincere, we should see them obedient to the laws of their country which they now set at open defiance. The act of toleration has its limits, and we are friends to that act, but we also wish to see the boundaries respected and the violation of them properly resented. Conventicles are rising every day, and are elbowing the church on every side, while itinerant Enthusiasts of all descriptions are prowling over the country seeking for.followers. Such is the state of things at present, and to the considerate mind it is by no means a pleasant state. We call upon ail the true fons of the Church of England (for alas ! the has but too many false ones) to lay these things to heart, and to set themselves with unremitted vigilance in counteracting the mischievous zeal of these infidious violaters of Christian order, and perverters of gospel truth.
LIST OF BOOKS IN DIVINITY. I ECTURES on the Gospel of St. Elements of General Knowledge, in.
Matthew, delivered in the Parish troductory to useful Books in the prinChurch of St. Ja.nes, Westminster, in cipal branches of Literature and Science, the years 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, by with Bults of the most approved Au. the Right Rev. Reilby Bishop of Lon- thors, designed chiefly for the Junior dong in one volume 8vo.
Scudents in the Univerfities, and the
• higher higher Classes in Schools. By Henry pains taken by his friends to expose bio Kett, B. D. Fellow and Tutor of Tri weak fide, by publishing his scattered nity College, Oxon; in two volumes. fragments of enthusiasm. One of them
Two Sermons preached at Dominico, has given us our Bard's versions of some in April 1800, and officially noticed by of the flights of Madam Guion, the cehis Majesty's Privy Council in that lebrated visionary; and now Mr. News Iland. By the Rev. C. Peters, A. M. ton presents us with an account of the
Methodilm Unmasked; or the Pro. successful effort made by William to gress of Puritanilm from the Sixteenth to convert his brother John to methodilm, the Nineteenth Century : intended as an The character and difpofition of the lat. Explanatory Supplement to Hints to ter appear in this little memoir to great Heads of Families. By the Rev. T. E. advantage. He was an elegant scholar, Owen, 8vo.
a truly virtuous man, and of a most gen. -- Anguis in Herba ; a Sketch of the tle turn of mind. Though he could not
True Character of the Church of Eng. admire the fombrous sentiments of his land and her Clergy, as a Caveat against brother, he was too meek to contend the misconstructions of artful and the with him. But William was resolved misconception of weak men, on the to bring him over, if possible, to his fubject of a Bill about to be brought way of thinking; and when nature was into Parliament, for the revisal of cer. exhausted by lickness, he prevailed. tain Ecclesiastical Statutes concerning This is a delicate subject; but as it is of non-residence. 8vo. .
importance, we truft that a few remarks Proposals for a new Arrangement of upon it will be acceptable to our readers. . the Revenue and Residence of the Clergy. From this conduct we clearly perceive, By Edmund Poulter, A. M. 8vo: that the narrow and uncharitable creed
Remarks on the Design and Forma of the Methodists will scarcely allow the tion of the Articles of the Church of possibility of Salvation to any who have England, intended to illustrate their not the exact notions, feelings, and ex. true meaning, a Sermon, preached be periences with themselves. Hence it is fore the University of Oxford, Feb. 14, that they are so busy about the beds of 3802. By the Bishop of Bangor.' fick persons; and it is not to be wondered
Sermons. By the Rev. Thomas at that in such awful reasons they gain Gisborne, A. M. 8vo. pp. 483.. great influence on their minds. We
Unity the Bond of Peace and the have met with some very affecting in. Friend of Virtue ; or the Consequences Itances, where the shocking descriptions of Schism, . Morally and Politically con given by these intruders, have frightfidered; tracing its progress, and point- ened rea My pious Chriftians into the most ing out the means to check it. 8vo. defperate apprehensions. The writer of pp. 271. :
this article remembers with indignation, The Guilt of Democratic Scheming fome impertinent attempts of this fort, fully proved against the Dissenters. 8vo. made by meddling hypocrites upon the Pp. 94.
mind of his own parent in her last mo** Adelphi.-A Sketch of the Character ments. She was a woman who truly and an Account of the Life of the late may be said to have a walked with Rev. John Cowper, Fellow of Bene't God” all the days of her life. Yet as College, Cambridge, who finished his she was firm to the Church and its ordi. course with joy, May 10, 1770. Writ. nance, nor would ever countenance the ten by his Brother, the late William methoditts, some of her relations who Cowper, Esq. Author of the Talk, were of that cast, pretended to be much &c: Transcribed from his original MS, concerned about the state of her soul in By John Newton, Rector of St. Mary, her last fickness. Their visits were in Woolnoth, and St. Mary, Woolchurch. consequence frequent, and the result 32mo. pp. 38.
was, that for some time the state of her The genius of Mr. William Cowper mind was distressing in the extreme, was very great, and his piety, we have But at length her own good sense got the no doubt, was truly sincere. His better of her unfounded fears, and the poems will live and be admired as long died in the same faith and hope in which as any taste for elegant poesy shall ren te had lived. main. But we are sorry to observe the