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very ancient; but there came in a zealous fellow with a counterfeit commission, that for avoyding of superstition, hath not left one penny-worth nor one penny-bredth of brasse upon the tombes, of all the inscriptions, which had been many and costly.
Further, I note this, that in Bishop Langton's time there were many parks belonging to the sea, in which the Prince committed some disorder in the time of Edward the First, now it is much altered, for he hath not paft one, the rest being perhaps turned to pastures, and the deere into tamer beasts.
BISHOP JEWELL. o f how great antiquity this bithopric had been in former times, two
V things doe especially declare. One, that ever since the conquest, Ordinale fecunduni ufum jarum was received over all England ; another, that the clergy of Salisbury were able of their owne charge to erect such a goodly church, and stone steeple, as that is which now stands, which at this day a subsidy were scarce able to performe.
To omit how Sherborn Castle, and the Devizes, were both built by one bishop of Salisbury, and in this state that continued till the yeere 1539, what time Dr. Capon was translated from Bangor thither, a man for learning and wit worthy to be of Apollo's crew; but for his spoile and havock he is said to have made of the church-land more worthy to be Apollion's crew, for he is noted to be one of the first that made a capon of his bishoprick, and fo guelded it, that it will never be able to build either church or castle again. The place being in this fort much impoverished, Bishop Jewell was prefer'd unto it the first yeere of Queen Eiizabeth ; a Jewell indeed, as in name, Re gemma fuit, nomine gemma fuit. He, though he could not maintaine the port his predecessors did, finding his houses de. cayed, and lands all leased out, yet kept very good hospitality and gave himselfe withall much to writing books, of which divers are extant, and in many mens hands, viz. His Apology of the Church of England; His Challenge, answered by Harding; His Reply to the said Answer; all in English, and all in such estimation, even untill this day, that as St. Olmond, in William the Conqueror's time, gave the pattern for form of service to all the churches of England; fo Mr. Jewell's writings are a kind of rule to all the reformed churches of England, and hardly is there any controversie of importance handled at this day, of which in his works is not to be found some learned and probable resolution. One thing I will specially commend him for, though I thall not be commended for it my selfe of fome, and that is, whereas he defended the marriage of priests, no man better; yet he would never marry himselfe, saying, Christ did not counsell inpain, Qui potest capere, capiat. He had a very reverant regard of the ancient fathers writings, and especially St. Augustine, out of which books he found many authorities against some superstitions crept into the Roman church. Why he had such a minde to lie by Bishop Wyvill, I cannot guesse, except perhaps of his name he had taken a caveat, to keep himself without a wife. For the whole course of his life, from his childhood, of his towardlinesle from the beginning, and how he was urged to subscribe in Queen Maries' time, and did so, being required to write his name, saying, they should see he could write; (which ihewed it was not er animo) Doctor Humphrey hath written a feyerall treatise.
DOCTOR JOHN COLDWELL, DOCTOR OF PHYSIC. Though Dr. Guest fucceeded Bishop Jewell, and my author makes hiin a good writer, yet he shall not be my guest in this discourse, having no-' thing to entertaine him with, or rather your highness with in reading of him. But how his successor, Dr. Coldwell, of a physician, became a . bishop, I have heard by more than a good many (as they say) and I will briefly handle it, and as tenderly as I can, bearing 'myselse equall between the living and the dead. I touched before how this church had surfeited of a capon, which being heavy in her stomacke, it may be thought she had fome need of a physician. But this man proved no good church physician; had the been sick of a plurisey, too much abounding with bloud as in ages past, then such bleeding physick perhaps might have done it no harm. Now inclining rather to a consumption to let that bleed afresh at so large a veine, almost was enough to draw out the very life bloud (your highnefle will pardon my physic metaphors, because I have lately look't over my Schola Salerni). I protest I am free from any desire to deface the dead undefervedly, and as farre from any fancy to insult on the misfortunes of the living urcivilly, and in my particular, the dead man I speake of never hurt me, and the living man I shall speake of hath done me some kindness; yet the manifest judgments of God on both of them I may not pass over with silence. And to speak first of the knight who carried the Spolia opima of this bishoprick, having gotten Sherborne Castle, park, and parfonage, he was in thole dayes in so great favour with the queen, as I may boldly say, that with lefle fuite than he was faine tồ make to her e'ere he could perfect this his purchase, and with lesse money then he bestowed since in Sherborne in building and buying out leases, and in drawing the river through rocks into his garden, he might have very juftly and without offence of the church or state have compassed a much better purchase. · Also, that I have beene truly informed, he had a presage before he first attempted it, that did forethew it would turne to his ruine, and might have kept him from meddling with it (Si mens non lieva fuiffet); for as he was riding poft between Plymouth and the court, as many times he did upon no fmall imploiments, this castle being right in the way, he cast fuch an eye upon it as Ahab did upon Naboth's vineyard, and once above the rest being talking of it, of the commodiousnefse of the place, of the strength of the seat, and how easily it might be got from the bithoprick, luddenly over and over came his horse, that his very face, which was then thought a very good face, plowed up the earth where he fell. This fall was ominous I make no question, as the like was observed in the Lord Hastings, and before him in others, and himselfe was apt enough to construe it fo; but his brother Adrian would needs have him interpret that not as a courtier, but as a conqueror, that it presaged the quiet pofleflion of it. And accordingly for the present that fell out, he got that with much labour and travail, and coft, and envy, and obloquy to him and his heires Habendum et tenendum but e'ere that came fully to gaudendum ; see what became of him. In the publick joy and jubile of the whole realme, when favour and peace and pardon was offer'd even to offendors, he that in wit, in wealth, in courage was inferior to few, fell-suddenly, I cannot tell how, into such a downfall of despaire, as his greatest enemy would not have wished him so much harme, as he would have done himselfe. Can any man be so wilfully blinde, as not to see and to say, Digitus Dei
Vol. II. Churchm. Dlag. April, 1802. Аа
est hic, that it is God's doing, and his judgement which appeares ? yet also more plaine by the sequel, for by St. Augustine's rule, when adversity breeds amendment, then that is a' igne it is of God's sending, who would not have our correction turne to our confusion : fo hapned it to this knight, being condemned to dye, yet God, in whose hand is the heart of the king, put into his mercifull minde against man's expectation to save his life ; and since by the suite of his faithfull wife both to preserve his estate and to ease his restraint in such sort as many that are at liberty, taste not greater comforts than he doth in prison, being not bar'd of those companions (I mean bookes) that he may and perhaps doth take more true comfort of then ever he tooke of his courtly companions in his chiefest bravery. Neither is he without hope, that, upon his true repentance, God may yet further adde to incline his Majesty, e're seven times goe over his head, to a full liberty, Now to returne to the bishop that was the second party delinquent in this peti-larceny, or rather plaine sacriledge, what was his purpose, to make himselfe rich by making his sea poore? Attain’d he his purpose herein ? Nothing leile: no bishop of Sarum fince the conquest dyed so notorious a beggar as this, his friends glad to bury him suddenly and secretly. Sine Luce, fine Cruce, fine Clinco, as the old bye word is, being for hast be-like clapt into Bishop Wyvill's grave, that even at the resurrection, he may be ready to accufe him, and lay, I recovered Sherborne from a king, when that had been wrongfully detained two bundred yeeres, and thou didft betray it to a knight, after that had been quietly poisest other two hundred yeeres. Some might imagine this a prefage, that Sherborne may one day reverte againe to the bishoprick. But there is a signe in Hydromanti against it. For in digging your grave (notwithstanding all the haft was made), so great a spring brake into, that, as fill'd that all with water, and quite wath't away the presage, so as that dead bishop was drowned before he could be buried, and according to his name laid into a cold well before he was covered with the cold carth.
DOCTOR HENRY COTTON. This bishoprick being now reduced to a mediocrity more worthy of pitty then envy, her Majesty (as I have heard) made a speciall choyce of this her chaplain, being a gentleman of a worshipfull house, and her godfonne, when she was Lady Elizabeth, whereupon it is reported that the said, that she had blelt many of her god-sonnes, but now this god-lonne should bless her ; whether she were the better for his blessing I know not, but I am sure he was the better for hers. The common voyce was Sir Walter Raleigh got the best blefling of him, (though as I said before) I rather count it a curse to have his estate in Sherborne to be confirmed that before was questionable. But it was his wifest way rather then to have a potent enemy and a tedious suite. He married very young; for I was told fome yeeres fince, he had nineteen children by one woman, which is no ordinary bleffing, and most of them sonnes. A man that had three sonnes or more among the ancient Romans enjoyed thereby no small priviledges, though the later Romans make it not a merit in a bishop. His wife's name was Patience, the name of which I have heard in few wives, the quality in none. He hath one sonne blind (I know not if by birth, or accident); but though his eyes be blind, he hath an understanding to illuminate, as he is like to prove the best scholler of all his brethren. Ouc cspeciall commendation I may not omit, how by this good bishops means,
and by the assistance of the learned deane of Sarum, Dr. Gourden, a seminary called Mr. Carpenter, a good scholler, and in degree a bachelour of divinity, was converted and testified his owne conversion publickly in a sermon upon this text, Acts 9, 18. There fell as it were scales from his eyes, saying, that three scules hath bleared his fight, viz. Antiquity, Universality, and Consent, but now the scales being fallen away, he saw plainly their antiquity novelty, their universality a Babylonical tyranny, and their consent a conspiracy. And thus much be said of my god-brother, and (be it said) without presumption your highnelle god-brother, Dr. Henry Cotton.
SACRED CRITICISM, No. VII.
(Continued from Page 132.)
terms, is confessedly the first ftep towards the attainment of accurate knowledge, or found information in any art or science.* And as there is none, from its nature, so noble and fublime, so important to the highest concerns of mankind here and hereafter, but yet fo abstruse and“ hard to be understood," as THEOLOGY, of consequence, the import of its elementary terms, the Original or Primitive Names of THE DEITY, imperiously demands the fullest investigation, and most exhaustive discussion. The NAME of the LORD cometh from far;" even in the etymological sense; and like the majestic and ftupendous Being, whom it denotes, is wrapt in thick clouds and darkness; to be traced, not without much labour and difficulty, up to its pure and unadulterated source, in the precious remains of primaval Language, that have escaped the wreck of time, and are still happily preserved in the Hebrew tongue, and its kindred dialects : Infomuch, that the curious and adventurous critic, who dares to traverse and explore the formidable obfcurity of the subject, is well nigh repulsed, at the outsetting, by a warning voice, like that of the ANGEL OF THE LORD, repressing the too-inquisitive Manoah-" Why askejt thou thus after my NAME, Jeeing it is SECRET?”
In addition to the real labour and difficulty of such a research, “ through the dark backward and abyme of time,” much adventitious obscurity and unnecessary perplexity have been thrown thereon, by the reveries of Rabbinical mystics, the subtilties of Masoretic grammarians, and the vagaries of modern hypercritics ; exhibiting altogether such a medley of discordant
and unnatural roots, of irrelevant, offensive, and revolting conjectures, · touching the leading significations of “ the glorious and awful names of
the LORD OUR GOD;" which ought not to be “ taken in vain,” by idle or licentious o imaginations ;" as tend to cast unmerited contempt and ridicule on the useful elementary Itudy of Etymology; and materially to in
* See Locke's Elay, Book IV. Chạp. XII. On t.be Improvement of our Knowledge,
jure the cause of Sacred Criticism; as if Theology itself was built on pre. carious and uncertain principles, since its most sacred and venerable terms, . the primitive names of God, will not (as has been asserted) submit to be tried by the rigid rules of grammatical analogy; but “ are of the number of those, in which it is much easier to detect error, than to discover the truth : and if the truth be discovered [discoverable] at all, it can only be by the flow process of the method of exclusion.”- British Critic, 1802, February, p. 137.
Such is the unfavourable and discouraging representation of " the difficulties” attending the enquiry into - the true etymology of thefe words, and the notions radically involved in them;" which, say the B. C. “ have never yet been satisfactorily resolved, and which we pretend not to clear. entirely.”
Having myself, at an earlier period of my theological studies, laboured as a hardy and industrious pioneer, to “ clear” or disembarrass sacred etymology, from the rubbish and perplexity of either unikilful or fanciful criticism, carefully and anxiously endeavouring to acquire rational and correct ideas of the leading significations of those Divine NAMES, through the channel of which are conveyed, in the facred oracles, the mysterious nature and attributes of THE DEITY, and the wonders of creuting, redeem-. ing, Sanctifying love: and having at length fatisfied myself with the resuits, after no short nor slight research and rumination ; in which I was principally guided and protected by the pole-star of the Hbrew Scriptures themselves, and the ancient versions, (especially the venerable Septuagint) illustrative thereof, from following the ignis fatuus, of false or fanciful etymology, which unfortunately mitled too many of the early Jewish grammarians, and too many Chrijlian expositors since, implicitly adopting the subtilties of Maforetic punctuation ; the appearance of an elaborate “ critical disquisition on the etymology and import of the Divine Names ELOAH, ELOHIM, EL; JEHOVAH and JAH,” in the last Number of the British Critic, (referred to in the foregoing citation) strongly excited my curiosity : I perused it with avidity, hoping to find “ the method of exclusion,” at least, skilfully and exhaustively applied by those majier-critics, and established arbiters of public taste, and guides of popular opinion in matters of Literature, and some original and valuable lights thrown on the present gloom and obscurity of the subject ; but was much disappointed to find they had scarcely ventured to forsake the beaten track, and in some instances had rather contributed to embarrass what was fufficiently intelligible; I thought it therefore my bounden duty to offer fuch strictures thereon, without delay, as might leffen the weight of such imposing and disheartening authority on “ Orthodox” 1tudents, especially among the younger clergy; for whose fake chiefly I undertook my INSPECTORIAL office
- VATIBUS addere calcar Ut studio majore petant HELICONA VIRENTEM. And even proficients in Oriental Literature, and the reviewing B.C. themselves, perhaps may find this, and the ensuing letter, not altogether devoid of new, curious, folid, and useful information towards tlie more satisfactory prosecution of their biblical and even classical studies, and the more faithful discharge of an office of such bigh trust and responsibility to GOD, and their Country, as that of Literary Reviewers; who cannot be, in reason,