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who called themselves Deists, and who in the modesty of free-thinking, which then prevailed, had, or affected to have, a respect for the natural doctrine of a future ftate; that the omission of this doctrine in the Mosaic Creed, was a clear decisive proof of its importance ; as no institute of religion, coming from God, could be without that principle. The author of the Alliance faw the omission in another light; and was so far from admitting the Deift's conclusion, that he thought himself able to prove, in the cleareft manner, and with the evidence of what is called moral demonstration, the divinity of the Mosaic Law from the very circumstance.

Such then was the subject and scope of Mr. Warburton's capital work, The Divine Legation of Moses demonstrated on the Principles of a Religious Deift.But in the conduct of this new and paradoxical argument, so many prejudices and objections, both of believers and unbelievers, were to be removed, and so many collaterial lights to be let in upon it, that the discourse extended itself far and wide, and took in all that was most curious in Gentile, Jewish, and Christian antiquity.

The first volume of this work appeared in the beginning of 1738, and drew all eyes upon it. And well it might excite general attention, for there is displayed in it so much ingenuity of thought, so great a fund of learning, and such an extensive acquaintance with literature, that it contains more proofs of each than we might be led to think was within the grasp of one intellect.

The Alliance had now made the author much talked of at court, and the Bishop of Chichester*, on whom that work had impressed the highest ideas of his merit, was willing to take that favourable opportunity of introducing him to the Queen. Her majesty took a pleasure in the discourse of men of learning and genius : and chancing one day to aik the bishop, if he could recommend a person of that description to be about her, and to entertain her sometimes with his conversation, the bishop laid he could, and mentioned the author of the Alliance between Church and State. The recommendation was graciously received, and the matter put in so good train, that the bishop expected every day the conclusion of it, when the queen was seized with sudden illness, which put an end to her life, the 20th of November, 1737.

In 1739, he drew up and published a short Defence of Mr. Pope's Essay on Man, against M. de Crousaz, who had written a book to shew, that it was constructed on the principles of Spinosa, and contained a dangerous system of irreligion. He saw, with concern, the ill use which some were ready to make of the supposed fatalism of Mr. Pope, and how hurtful it was to religion to have it imagined, that so great a genius was inclined to it. These Letters were much read, and gave a new lustre to Mr. Warburton's reputation. Mr. Pope was fupremely struck with themt, and might now exult, as his predeceffor Boileau had done, when he cried out, in the face of his enemies,

' " Arnauld, le grand Arnauld, fait mon apologie." Towards the end of this year (1739), he published a new and improved edition of the first volume of the Divine Legation, and sent it to his friend Bishop Hare, who, in a kind letter of Dec. ift, returns his thanks for it, and adds,-"I hope not only posterity, but the present age, will do jurtice to so much merit, and do assure you, it shall not be my fault if it do * Hare.

+ See his Letter in his Works, April 11, 1739. ' ? ?

nota not.” Bishop Hare, died on the 6th of April, 1740. Speaking of the Bishop's death, Mr. Warburton says, --" He has not left his fellow behind him for the love and encouragement of learning. I have had a great loss in his death : he honoured me with his esteem and friendship : this I esteemed a great obligation. I never fought to increase it by any other dependance upon him; and by the terms on which we kept up a correspondence, he did me the justice to believe I expected no other."

In May, 1741, was published the second volume of the Divine LEGA• Tion, which completed the argument, although not the entire plan of that

work. A work, in all views, of the most transcendant merit, whether we consider the invention or execution of it. A plain simple argument, yet perfectly new, proving the divinity of the Mosaic Law, and laying a sure foundation for the support of Christianity; is there drawn out at Jength by a chain of reasoning, so elegantly connected, that the reader is . carried along it with ease and pleasure; while the matter presented to him is so striking for its own importance, so embellished by a lively fancy, and

so well illustrated from all quarters by exquisite learning, and the most , ingenious disquisition, that, in the whole compass of modern or ancient theology, there is nothing equal or similar to this extraordinary performance,

. (To be continued.)


YEAR 1608; Being a Character and IIistory of the Bishops during the Reigns of Queen

ELIZABETH, and King James; and an additional Supply to Dr. Godwin's Catalogue. By Sir John HARRINGTON, Kt. Written for the private use of Prince Henry.

(Continued from page 123.) ; • NUMBER IV.-EELY.

DR. MARTIN HEATON. OF Eely I have not much to say, yet in a little I may be thought by some

too much; which I will adventure, rather than your Highnesse shall blame me for saying nothing. I was among others at Bishop Cox his funerall, being then either Batcheler, or a very young Master of Arts; but some yeeres after we thought it would have proved the funerall of the bishoprick, as well as of the bishop. Something there was that had distasted the queen concerning Bishop Cox, in his life time; either his much retiredness, or small hospitality, or the spoyl he was said to make of woods and parks, feeding his family with powdred venison ; all which, I know not how truly was suggested to her against him, in his life time, and remembred after his death. For our opinion of bin in Cambridge, we held hin a good fcholler, and a better poet then Doctor Hadden, who called him Master; whether as having been his scholler or servant, I know not; but among his poems, is extant a Distick written to B. Cox.

Vir Caput attollens eleito fcribere carmen

Qui velit is voluit, fcribere plwal, tale. · which verse being but even a sick verse, he answered ex tempore, as they tell, with this,

Te magis optarem salrum fine carminc fili,
Quam fine te falvo carming mulid. Pule. . .


As for his church of Eely, it seemed he had no great love there, to have his monument defaced within twenty yeeres (as this author writes) so as remembring his good beginning, one may say of him, cæpifti melius quam definis.

But to let him rest, I must confeffe that it was held for one of the blemishes of Queen Elizabeth's virgin raigne. First, to keep this sea of Eely vacant so long after Bishop Coxe's death, and after to take away so large a portion from it, as is generally spoken; yet that I may both 1peak my conscience, and thew my charity as well to my deceased soveraigne, as to the reverend bishop yet living, I will say this : First, I could with it had not been fo, and that the occasion of fuch a scandall between the Crown and Miter had been taken away. Secondly, I doe say for the queen, she did no new thing; and it is held a principle of state, that whatsoever there is a president for, is lawfull for a prince. I consider further, that Eely was a bishoprick of none of the first erections, but many yeeres after the conquest; To as England stood christned without a bishoprick of Eely from Augustine the monk above five hundred yeeres. It was a place also, that the crown had been jealous of for the strength of it, having sometime held out the Conquerour, as our writers affirm; and King Henry the Third, 1 a wise and fortunate prince, said it was not fit for a Cloyster man, and of late yeeres Mooreton undertook to hold it against Richard the, Third, for Henry the Seventh. Adde hereunto, that though it was vacant in name, yet the profits thereof may seem to have been perhaps more charitably and honourably imployed then before, to relieve the poore distressed King of Portugall, whow as call’d by some fchollers Bishop of Eely, which is lesse scandalous than for Jeffrey Plantagenet to hold the bishoprick of Lincoln for seven yeeres, without consecration, the sea being kept voyd seventeen yeeres; and for Ethelmare to hold Winchester in like manner nine yeeres in Henry the Third's time; to omit how Stygand in the Conqueror's time, and Woolsey in Henry the Eighth his time, both held Winchester in commendam. As for changing or abating the poffeflions of it, the laws then in force allowed it (though a most godly law since restrained the like) and I would all the bishopricks in England were but so well left. Now to come to Doctor Heaton, he was compelled in a fort so to take it (for potentes cum rogant jubent) and as long as there was not quid dabis, but hæc auferam, the more publique it was, and by authority then lawfull he may be thought the more free from blame. But were Eely as good as ever it was, that could not finde the mouthes bread that finde fault with his taking it in that order.

Before his Majesties comming to Oxford, I was in Oxford library, and fome of good quality of both the Universities ; and one of their chiefe Doctors said merrily to a Cambridge man, that Oxford had formerly had a good library, till such time (said he) as a Cambridge man became our chancellour, and so cancell'd or catalog'd and scatter'd our books (he meant Bishop Cox in King Edward's time), as from that time to this we could never recover them. The other straight replied, then are you even with us, for one of your Oxford men hath seal'd so many good deeds of our good bishoprick in Cambridgeshire, that, till they be cancell'd, it will never be so good as it should be. By his christen name also many take pccafion to allude to this matter, which, whether for brevity fake he writ Mar or Mart, or at full length Martin, alwaies by adding Eely unto it,

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it founds to the like sence, that either he did Mar it, or Mart it, or Martin it. But he is too wise to be troubled with these.

Sapientis est nil præftare præter culpam. If any fare the worst for this now, it is himself. And as for his learning, and other good parts Lelonging to a bishop, he is inferior to few of his ranke, as your Highnesse can tell, that have heard him preach before the King's Majesty, who said of him, that fat men were wont to make lean fermons; but his were not Jeane, but larded with much good learning. And so much of the Bishoprick and Bishop of Eely.


DOCTOR CHATERTON. FOLLOWING my author's method, I am next to speak of Lincoln, a very

large dioceffe, yet not so great abishoprick as it hath been, which I suspect by the oft removes from it, as Bullingham, Cooper, and Wickham, in Queen Elizabeth's time; and White in Queen Maries tine, I note allo, that one of these removed to Worcester, namely Bullingham, of which I can imagine no reason, except the largenefle of the diocefle make it more painfull, as indeed it would, if the decree made in a synod held by Saint Cuthbert in England were duely obferved. Of which the third, as Mr. Fox hath it is, that every bishop once every yeere should goe over all the parithes of his dioceise ; with which decree, by what authority men difpence, I know not, but sure few doe keep it.

This Dr. William Chaterton, now bishop of Lincoln, and before of Chester, I may remember in Cambridge a learned and grave doctor ; though for his gravity he could lay it aside when it pleased him, even in the pulpit ; it will not be forgotten in Canıbridge, while he is remember'd, how preaching one day in his younger yeeres, a wedding sermon, (which indeed should be festivall) as the Marchant Royal was at my Lord Hay's marriage (with which being now in print many a good husband doth endeavour to edifie his wife). I say, Mr. Chaterton is reported to have made this pretty comparison, and to have given this friendly caveat: That the choice of a wife is full of hazard, not unlike as if one in a barrell full of ferpents should grope for one fish; if (faith he) he scape harm of the snakes, and light on a fish, he may be thought fortunate, yet let him not boast, for perhaps it may be but an eеle, &c. Howbeit he married afterwards himselfe, and I doubt not fped better then his comparison. He was beloved among the schollers, and the rather for that he did not affect any soure and austere fashion, either in teaching or government, as some use to doe; but well tempered both with courage and courtesie. Being made bishop of Chester, he was a very great friend to the house of Darby. Preaching the funerall sermon of Henry Earl of Darby, for some passages whereof he was like to be called in question, though perhaps himfelfe knew not fo much; I was present when one told a great Lord that loved not Ferdinando the last Earle, how this bifhop having first magnified the dead earle for his fidelity', justice, wisdome, and such vertues, as made him the best beloved man of his ranke (which praise was not altogether undeserved) he after used this apostrophe to the earle present; and you (faith he) noble earle, that not onely inherit, but exceed your father's vertues, learne to keepe the love of your countrey, as your father did; you give, faith he, in your arms, three legs ; know you what they fignifie? I tell you, they signify three shires, Cheshire, Darbilhire, and Lancashire ; stand you fast on these three legs, and you thall need feare none of their armes. At which this earle a little moved, said in fome heat, not without an oath: This priest, I believe, hopes one day to make him three courtefies. But the two earles I trust are friends now, both be. ing since departed this world, though neither as I could wish them) the one dying of a Yex, the other of an Axe. The bishop was removed to Lincoln, where he now remains in very good state, having one onely daughter married to a knight of good worthip, though now they living afunder, he may be thought to have had no great comfort of that matrimony, yet to her daughter he means to leave a great patrimony; so as one might not unfitly apply that epigram written of Pope Paulus and his daughter to this bithop and his grandchild.

Cum fit filia Paule, cum tibi aurum,

Quantum Pontifices habere raros.
Vidit Roma prius, patrem non pojum,

Sanétum dicere te sed poljum beatum,
Which I thus translated, when I thought not thus to apply it:

Thou hast a daughter, Paulus, I am told,

And for this daughter thou hast jtore of gold.
The daughter thou didst get, the gold didji guther

Make thee no holy, but a happy father. · But if the bifhop should fortune to hear that I apply this verse só faucily, and should be offended with it, I would be glad in full satisfaction of this wrong, to give him my sonne for his daughter, which is a manifeft: token that I am in perfect charity with him.


DOCTOR WILLIAM OVERTON, NOW LIVING. Of this bishoprick may be observed, that which hapned (I think) to no other in all Queen Elizabeth's raine, that from the first yeere of her ene. trance (what time she made them all new) she never after gave this bi. shoprick, but once, and that was to Doctor William Overton, the oire-andtwentieth yeere of her reigne, he being then of good yeeres; so as one may probably conjecture, that he honoured his parents well, because he had the blessing promifed to such, viz. that his daies have been dong in the land. I can make no speciall relation concerning him, but the general speech as I have heard travelling through the countrey, which is nat to be contemned ; for, Vox populi, vor dei est. Two fpeciall thiêngs are commended in him, which very few bishops are praised for ta tlmis age : one, that he keepeth good hospitality to the poor ; the other, that he keepeth his house in good reparation. Both which I have seldomre heard a married bishop commended for ; and I will be bold to adde this further.. that if they would doe both these, I think no man would take exceptions either for their marriage or bigamy. The churches also are very weli kept; and for those of Coventry, they are fof parish churches) the faireft I have seen, (as I partly noted before) they have had sometimes, another kind of superintendency, for the bishops keepe most at Lichfield.

The pavement of Coventry church is almost all tonbitones, and some


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