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ESTIMATED Cost OF THE ABOLITION OF PURCHASE SCHEME.-The following Report by two Actuaries has been recently presented to Parliament. It may be useful for future reference, and therefore we print it.
Assuming the proposed Act for Abolishing Purchase in the Army to operate at its greatest probable cost and therefore at its maximum rapidity), which assumption is equivalent to saying that officers are eager to sell out to as large a number as the Act permits, viz., the greatest number who have sold in each rank during either of the last five years : Maximum number to sell
Household Cavalry Foot Infantry & Rank.
Cavalry. of Line. Guards Colonial Corps Lieutenant-Colonel . . . . . 4 . . - . Major . . . . . . . . . . Captain . . . . . . .
. . Lieutenant . . . . . 5 ... 27 ... 9... 141
Cornet and Ensign . . 4 ... 20 ... 6 ... 58 Assuming also that the prices to be paid for Commissions be the average amounts shown by Mr. Hammersly in his evidence before the Royal Commission on overregulation payments, viz. :
Cavalry. Foot Guards. Infantry.
9,450 Captain . .
800 Cornet and Ensign . 1,240
450 . 1,200
450 Assuming also that on retiring to full pay, or to permanent half pay, an officer shall receive the difference between the customary and the regulation prices of his Commission :
We find that the sums to be paid for extinguishing effective commissions, having a saleable value, will be at the maximum :- For the year 1871-72, £1,160,058 ; 1872, £1,017,501; 1873, €874,609; 1874, £763,782; 1875, £637,974; 1876, £608,214; 1877, £511,875: 1878, £393 732; 1879, €346,327; 1880, £305,422 ; 1881, £276,357; 1882, £252,015; 1883, £213,550; 1884, £159,918; 1885, £102.385; 1886, £55,900; 1887, £52,290, 1888, £18,210; 1889, £37,500; 1890, £34,140; 1891, £21,440; 1892, £21,270; 1893, £20,420; 1894, 219,400; 1895, £10,760; making a total sum of £7,995,067, made up as follows :--Household Cavalry, £263,863; Cavalry of Line, £1,714,569; Foot Guards, £791,650; Infantry and Colonial Corps, £5,224,985.
As regards the purchase of permanent half-pay commissions, we have assumed the sales as the maximum in each rank for each of the last five years, viz. :-6 lieutenant-colonels, 7 majors, and 3 captains; and the price we have taken as the difference between the regulation price of the commission and the sum the Commutation Board would give for the half-pay surrendered. On this basis, the cost up to 1895-96 would probably be £534,230.
The above is the proper maximum expenditure involved; and by way of probable minimum, we have assumed that the officers who in future will sell, will only bear to the officers able to sell the ratio they have borne during the last ten years. The cost, on this second hypothesis, for the year 1871-2 would be £857,756, and the total ultimate cost £7,578,646 (including purchase of half-pay commissions.) The Purchase System would not he entirely abolished until 1906-7. The true cost would, we imagine, lie between these extremes.-(Signed), DENAAM ROBINSON, ROBERT R. P. DAVEY. War Office, February, 1871.
[Note.- The arrangement that a limited number of commissions may be bought from the temporary half-pay list will not cause an increase of charge over the foregoing amounts, inasmuch as the proposal in the schedule of the Bill reduces equally the number allowed to sell from full pay.-D. R., R. D.]
* In these rates is included a proportion for the difference between Cavalry and Infantry prices existing before 1861.
Colonel John Edward Orange, on half pay. 34th Foot, and Staff Officer of Pensioners, died on Feb. 24, at Halifax, Yorkshire, aged 65. He entered the service, April, 1825; became Lieut., Oct., 1827; Capt., Dec., 1833; Major, Nov., 1846; Lieut. Col., June 1854; Col., Dec , 1858; and appointed Staff Officer of Pensioners, Feb., 1814. He served in the Burmese war in 1825, and had the Indian war medal for Ava.
Major Mark William Carr, of the Madras Staff Corps, and Assistant Inspector General of Madras Police, was drowned on Jan. 16, off Rutna. gherry, from the steamship General Outram. He entered the service, Feb., 1850; became Lieut., Feb., 1854; Capt., Aug., 1861; and Major, Feb., 1870.
Captain Stephen Croft, late of the 68th Foot, died on Feb. 28, at Stillington Hall, Yorkshire, aged 43.,
Commander Henry Coode (Retired List P) died on the 9th of March at 24 Hugh Street, Pimlico, aged 73. He entered the Navy, Aug. 17, 1812, as 1st-class volunteer, on board the Cornwall, and, until the conclusion of the war, was employed in that ship, and as Midshipman, in the Inconstant, in blockading Flushing, the Texel, and Brest, and in protecting the trade on the coast of Brazil. He afterwards served on the West India, Home, and Mediterranean stations, part of the time as Admiralty Mate (he passed his examination, June 2, 1819), in the Antelope, Brisk, Pyramus, and Spartiate. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Aug. 26, 1829, in the Mosquito on the Mediterranean station; he returned home, and was paid off at the close of 1830; and for a short time in 1835-6 he was employed in the Rodney, and as Ist Lieutenant in the Nimrod. He was placed on the Reserved List in July, 1851, and attained his late rank in 1865.
Assistant-Surgeon James Sarsfield Barry, 1854, of H.M.S. Teazer, died of consumption at the Military Hospital, Bombay, on Feb. 2, aged 37 years.
Captain St. George Lowther, late of the 69th Foot, died on March 10, at Redland, near Clifton.
Captain John Janson Howard, late of the 2nd Warwick Militia, died March 11, at Whilhethood Park, Shirley, Southampton, aged 40.
Captain Alexander Brodie Melville, of the Bengal Staff Corps, died on March 2, at Mymensing, Bengal. He entered the service, Dec., 1852; became Lieut., Aug., 1856 ; and Capt., Dec., 1864.
Deputy Inspector of Hospitals and Fleets John Sloan, M.D. (Retired List), died on Feb. 19, at Mount Edgecumbe Terrace, Stoke, Devonport, aged 62.
Commander Thomas C. Ponsonby (Retired List), died on Feb. 26, at Southampton.
Commander John Cornish (Retired List), died at Fowey on Feb. 24, aged 74 years.
STATIONS OF THE ROYAL NAVY IN COMMISSION.
(Corrected to March 27.)
Lyons, 1862, Pacific, ordered home
1861, North America and West
Flag of Rear-Adl. Loring, C.B., Com. S. S. Sunith, 1861, China
Guard Ship of Reserve, Portsmouth Columbine, 3, Com. J. C. Tucker, 1866,
Cossack, 16, Capt. John E. Parish,
Indian Troop Service
Curlew, 3, —
Dædalus 16 Com. E. T. Parsons, 1866,
Danae, 6, sc., Capt. W. Graham, 1863,
Dasher. 2, st. ves., Com. W. F. Johnson,
Dee, 1, Staff.com. G. A. Waters, 1863,
Defence, 16, Capt. N. Salmon, 1869,
Druid, 10, — - Sheerness
rane, 1860, N. America and W.Indie G.C.B., Portsmouth
Eagle, 50, Com. Guy 0. Twiss, 1866
Eclipse, 6, Capt. A. H. Hoskins, 1863,
Egmont, receiving ship, Capt. W. A. R.
F. A. C. Foley, 1860, Devonport Elk. 4, Com. A.G. Wootton, 1864, China
Staff-com. Kerr, Portsmouth
Troop service. India
Bxcellent, gunnery ship, Capt. H.
Boys, 1857, Portsmouth Fawn, i5, Com. H. P. Knevitt, 1866,
Pacific Firm, 2, Lieut..com. Hext, 1865, China Fisgard, 42, Staff Com. F. Inglis, 1867,
Woolwich Flora, 10, Com. E. F. Kerby, 1864,
Ascension Fly, 4, Com. T. T. Phillips 1864,
N. America and W. Indies Forte, 24, Capt. H. Fairfax, Rear-Admrl.
J. H. Cockburn, 1868, East
Indies Fox, 2, sc. store ship, Staff-commander
Allard, 1866, store service Galatea, 26, Sc., Capt. H.R.H. The
Duke of Edinburgh, K.G., 1865,
ordered home Ganges, training ship, Com. A. R.
Tinklar, 1867, Plymouth Gladiator, 6, Capt. N. B. Bedingfield,
1862, Cape of Good Hope, S. E.
Coast of America. Grasshopper 2, Lieut.-com. H. L. Ryder,
1867, China Growler, 4, Com. E. H. Verney, 1866,
West Coast of Africa Hart, 4, Commander G. Borlase, 1865,
West Coast of Africa Hector, 20, Capt. A. F. R. De Horsey,
1857, Southampton Helicon, Commander Henry E. Crozier.
1864, special service Hercules, 12, Capt. Lord Gilford, 1859,
Channel Squadron Hibernia, receiving ship, Com. E. D.
P. Downes, 1864, Rear Adm. A,
C. Key, CB., Malta Himalaya, troop ship, Capt. E. Madden,
1865, Devonport Hornet, 4, Com. D. G. Davidson 1863,
China (ordered home)
C.B., 1863, Flying Squadron Implacable, 24, Com. A. H. Kennedy,
1866, Training Ship, Devonpert Impregnable, 78, Capt. w. G. Jones,
1863, Training Ship, Devonport Inconstant, 16, Capt. C. L. Waddilove,
1862, Channel Squadron Indus, Capt. C. Fellowes, 1858, Rear
Adml. Stewart, C.B., Devonport Industry, 3, sc. Staff-Com. R. Cleveland,
1867, (ordered home)
bert, 1861, trial cruizing
Jackal, 4, st. ves., Lieut.-com. J.
Bruce, 1859, Coast of Scotland Jaseur, 5, Com. C. F. Hotham, 1865,
Mediterranean Jumna, 2, Capt. P. W. Richards, 1866,
East Indies Juno, 6, Capt. J. K. E. Baird, 1864,
China Lapwing. 3, Com. C. G. F. Knowles,
1865, North America and West
Indies Lee, 5, Com. C. S. Fitton, 1866, Medi.
terranean Leven, 3, Lieut..com. A. W. Whish,
1864, China Lord Warden, sc., 20, Capt. T. Brand.
reth, 1863, Vice-Adm. Sir Hastings
R. Yelverton, C.B., Mediterranean Lynx, 4, Com. J. S. Keats, 1866,
East India station Magpie, 3, gunboat, Com. P. Doughty,
1866, East Indies Malabar, 3, Capt. S. Douglas, 1865,
India Troop Service Manilla, sc., Nav. Lieut.-com. Johnston,
1856, Yokohama Medusa, 2, Staff.com, Polkinghorne,
1864, Channel service Megæra, Capt. A. T. Thrupp, Australia Mersey, 36, sc., Capt. A. H. Gardner
1856, Rear-Admiral A. Forbes,
1864, Queenstown Midge, 4, Com. C. C. Rising, 1865, China Minstrel, 1, Lieut.-Com. H. Yeatman,
1861, N. America and W. Indies Minotaur, 34, Capt. R Wells, 1866,
Vice-Adm. G. C. Wellesley, C.B.,
Channel Squadron Monarch, 7, Capt. C. M. Aynsley,
1862, Channel Squadron Myrmidon, 4. Com. H. L. Holder, 1864,
North America and West Indies Nankin, 50, Capt. R. Hall, C.B., 1858,
Pembroke Dock Narcissus, 35, screw, Capt. W. Codring
rington, 1869, Rear Adm. F. B. P.
Seymour, C.B., Flying Squadron Nassau, 5, Com. W. Chimmo, 1864,
China Nereus, 6, store depot, Staff-com
Dillon, 1867, Valparaiso Newport, 5, Capt. G. S. Nares, 1862,
Red Sea Nimble, 5, Com. W. F. Lee, 1865,
passage to East Indies Niobe, 4, Com. R. G. S. Pasley, 1864,
North America and West Indies Northumberland, 26, 8c., Capt. C.
H. May, 1859, Channel Squadron Nymphe, 4, Com. R. Adams, 1866,
U. S. Mag. No. 509, April, 1871.
Ocean, 24, screw, Capt. Hewett, V.C.,
1862, Vice-Adm. Sir H. Kellett,
K.C.B., 1868, China
Coast of Ireland
son, Vice-Admiral C. G. J. B. Elliot,
Coast of Africa
1862, America and West Indies
Drysdale, 1867, Portsmouth
1868, Cape of Good Hope
North N. America and West Indies
Naval Reserve Drill Ship, City
Shortt, 1858, Receiving Ship, Hong
V.C., 1862, North America and
1864, North America and West
Dowell, C.B., 1858, W. C. of Africa
Queensferry, N. B.
1863, Pacific, ordered to China
West Coast of Africa
1862, Adml. Sir H. J. Codrington,
Royal Alfred, 18, sc., Capt. Henry F.
Nicholson, 1869, Vice-Admiral E.
and West Indies
1865, N. America and West Indies
Somerset, 1854, Mediterranean
phin, 1861, China
Indian troop service.
Receiving Ship, Cape of Good Hope
West Coast of Africa
C.B., 1864, N. America and W.
H. M. Molyneux, 1865, Portsmouth
passage to W. C. of Africa
A plin, 1861, Bermuda
Cape of Good Hope, ordered home
passage to W. C. of Africa
1863, special service
Naval Reserve, West Hartlepool,
1861, River Shannon
North America and West Indies
H.S.H Prince Leiningen, K.C.B.,
1864, passage home