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Lieutenant-Colonel Williamson's detachment (5th, 6th, and Light Companies), marched on the 9th of October from Attock to join the head-quarters at Peshawur, arriving there upon the 11th. the very day that Lieutenant-Colonel H. D'Arcy Kyle died at that station, having fallen a victim to an attack of fever and dysentery. The death of so gallant and estimable an officer was severely felt by all, for he had earned by his unvarying kindness and impartiality, the confidence, love and goodwill of every one under bis cominand. Lieutenant-Colonel Williamson as next senior officer succeeded to the command of the regiment.
The severe duty, continual exposure and arduous nightwork was performed by the men of the 27th, not only without a murmur, but so cheerfully and efficiently as to give the greatest satisfaction to all the officers, and called forth the highest eulogium from the Major-General in command of the Division. The health of the regiment however suffered, but while duty had to be done, and rebels had to be conquered, the Inniskillings never faltered at the work. The 27th remained at Peshawur until the 2nd December when it returned to Nowshera.
On the 13th February, 1858, one hundred and fifty men with their families were sent to Rawal Pindee for change of climate under the coinmand of Captain (now Colonel) Freer.
A diaft of thirty-five recruits from England joined the regiment on the 16th of February with the following officers, Captain Croker, Lieutenants Currie and Desborough, and Ensigns Dixon and Clay.
The regiment on the 10th of March moved from Novshera to Umballali, arriving at the latter station on the 25th of April. The Indian strength of the 27th at this date was as follows: two field officers, nine captains, twelve lieutenants, three ensigns, five staff, fifty-one sergeants, forty-seven corporals, twenty drummers, and six hundred and eighty-six privates.
While stationed at Umballah the Inniskillings found detachments at the Hill Stations of Russowlie and Dugslai.
0in the 7th August, Colonel Williamson was, from ill healı h, obliged to return to England, given over the command of tbe regiment to Captain Thomas, the senior officer present. Captain Thomas retained command of the corps until the April tolfollowing.
The 27th was inspected by Major-General Sir Robert Garrett, K.C.B., on the 5th of October, and on the 16th October tha regiment commenced its first annual course of musketry instruction under Lieutenant G. L. White, concluding it on the 1st April, 1859; when fifty-one men qualified themselves as “marksmen," of which number Private W. Dav, No. 3 Company, was the best shot in the battalion. The figure of merit was 29.10.
Lieutenant-Colonel Stapylion having joined from leave on the 15th April, took over the cominand of the corps from Captain Thomas.
FUTS, and in sergeants, twelve 'lieutdate was range of April.
the general dober following.Clyde again inregiment met withinder
The regiment was inspected by Lord.Clyde, the Cominanderin-Chief, on the 25th April, when llis Excellency expressed himself much pleased with the steadiness of the inen under arms, and the interior economy of the regiment met with his earnest approval. Lord Clyde again inspected the 27th on the 9th October following, when he was equally satisfied with the general discipline of the corps.
Eight days afterwards Sir Robert Garrett made his periodical half yearly inspection of the regiment,, when he was most favourably impressed by all he saw.
On the 30th April, 1860, Lieutenant-Colonel Baumgartner (who had been gazetted to the regiment the 22nd July, 1859,) joined and assumed cominand at Uimballah.
The anpual course of musketry instruction for 1859-60 under Lientenant Penwell concluded 10th April, when the following were the results. Fifty-seven men qualified themselves as “marksmen;" Private A. McDonald, No. 7 Coinpany, was declared the best shot in the battalion, and No. 5 the best shooting company. The figure of merit was 36.55.
The regiinent being on the point of leaving Umballah it was inspected by Major-General Sir R. Garrett, K.C.B., on the 5th Noveinber, on which occasion the following Divisional Order was issued by Sir Robert.
" Division Order, Umballab, Nov. 8, 1860. “Major-General Sir R. Garrett, K.C.B., takes the opportunity of expressing to Colonel Baumgartner, C.B., and to the officers, non-commissioned officers, and men of the 27th Inniskillings, his full approval of their general good conduct in quarters since April, 1858, when they came under his command. It has been uniformly steady and correct, and most satisfactory.
“The appearance of the regiment at the inspection was that of a very clean and fine body of men, steady under arins and very close and compact in their movements, particularly in their advance in line.
“ The Major-General enjoins on all ranks a careful observance of the same steady conduct on their approaching march, which has gained for them so good a name in quarters.
“ The Major-General takes bis leave of the 'Inniskillings,' to whom he wishes a continuance of the same good health in their new quarters as that in which they are now leaving, Umballah, as well as every success in their future service. “ True Extract, (Signed) W. H. TWEMLOW.
“ Lieut. and Adjt. 271h Inniskillings."
Two days afterwards the 27th marched from Umballah for Gwalior, and arrived at its destination on the 16th of December.
The regiment was inspected on the 20th March, 1861, by
Brigadier J. Welchman, C.B., at Gwalior, with the usual satisfactory result to all concerned.
Unfortunately the regiinent suffered very severely during the months of July, August and September, 1861, from cholera while stationed at Gwalior, the deaths resulting from the epidemic being one hundred and ninety-three, besides two officers—Paymaster Urquhart and Lieut. Surinan.
The establishment of the 27th Inniskillings was reduced from the 1st April, 1861, by War Office Authority of the 20th June, 1861, to the following numbers, viz., one colonel, two lieutenantcolonels, two majors, twelve captains, fourteen lieutenants, ten ensigns, one paymaster, one adjutant, one quartermaster, one surgeon, and three assistant-surgeons, one sergeant-major, one quartermaster sergeant, one paymaster-sergeant, one arınourersergeant, one instructor of musketry, one schoolinaster, one hospital sergeant, one orderly room clerk, twelve colour sergeants, thirty-eight sergeants, one drum.major, twenty-four drummers, fifty corporals and nine hundred privates. Total being one thousand and seventy-nine.
The casualties from deaths, invaliding, and men discharged, together with the strength of the corps on the 31st March each year, the numbers added from drafts and by transfers, &c., are given below, from the arrival of the 27th in India till 1861 Arrived 12th October, 1854. Strength Died in Sent to Transfers Drafts Stations
India England Received Received 1st April 1855,
- Allahabad 31st March, 1856, 718
255 Sealkote 1857, 930 33 14 2
Peshawur and (Nowshera
Peshawur, „ 1858, 988 247 30 i 105 Nowshera, At.
tock and Rawal
135 Gwalior 30th June, 1865, 1107
The sixty-two men drowned in Algoa Bay are not included here.
On the 26th December, 1861, the regiment marched from Gwalior to Gondah in Oudh; but when it arrived at Lucknow on the 16th of January, the battalion was detained there for some time under instructions from Army head-quarters. While halting at Lucknow, Brigadier-General Renny commanding the Oudh Division inspected the regiment. The march was resumed on the 26th of January, and the 27th reached Gondah on the 1st February, 1862. Strength as follows:- Three field-officers, four captains, thirteen subalterns, four staff, forty-four sergeants,
thirty-seven corporals, sixteen drummers, seven hundred and fourteen privates, seventy-two women, one hundred and two children. Here the 27th remained until November, 1863, when it marched for Dinapore, arriving there early in December in that year.
There is no need for us to follow the gallant “Inniskillings" much farther in their career, one, however, that has set its inark deep in the history of its country. First in danger and trial, this regiment has likewise been potably one of the foremost in discipline and good conduct, wherever stationed, abroad or at home. The Records of the Regiment during its two centuries of existence have been nearly one bright narrative of successful prowess, and on all occasions having striven for and secured its laurels in the deadliest of strifes,
We will therefore simply state, having served its full time in India the 27th embarked from that country in December, 1867, for England on board the 'Euphrates, which arrived at Suez on the 26th of that month. The regiment disembarked there and came on by railway to Alexandria, embarking from therice on board H.M's screw transport Crocodile' on the 28th December, and sailed the same day. Arrived at Malta on the 1st January, 1868, passed Gibraltar at ten a.m. on the 6th, arriving at Portsmouth at three p.m. on Saturday the 1lth January, and on Monday the 13th the following officers, men women and children landed and proceeded by rail to Dover.
Lieutenant-Colonel R. J. Bauingartner, C.B., Major R. Freer, Captains O'Donnell, Cowell, Webb, Twemlow and Peddes, Lieutenants Attwood, Caine, Coffey, Cox, Herring, Wingate, Murray and White, Ensigns Phillips, Penwell, Buxton, Taylor and Mecham, Surgeon A. Bryson, M.D., Assistant-Surgeon Baker, Paymaster Patterson, Quartermaster Trevor, four hundred and fifty-one non-commissioned officers and men, thirty-three women and seventy-three children.
The 27th remained at Dover till November, 1868, when it marched to Chatham, and remained in that garrison until March, 1870, when it was moved to fresh quarters at Colchester, and where it now is. The only other change of importance connected lately with the Inniskillings has been the retirement of Colonel Baumgartner from the command which he had so ably held for so many years. He was succeeded by Major (now Colonel) Freer, an officer whose ability and lengthened connexion with the corps has won for him a popularity as wide as it is well deserved.
In taking leave of the 27th we can wish them no better fortune than a continuation of such glorious services as they have already gone through, should their country need their aid, and whenever that time may come we are certain that the Inniskillingers of the future will be no less valorous and victorious than those of the past. Nec aspera terrent.
WAYSIDE NOTES IN RUSSIAN TURKESTAN.*
“ Turkestan in 1866-a record of travel." Amongst recent contributions to Russian literature on the subject of Central Asian affairs we have under this title an amusing narrative of a journey from Orenburg to the head-quarters of the army in Russian Turkestan in 1866, supplemented by some interesting chapters upon the condition and resources of the newly acquired territory — the latter portion of the work being corrected up to the date of publication, i.e., up to the winter of 1868-9. The author is a Russian gentleman, a certain M. Pashino, who was attached to the staff of General Romanovski in some civil capacity for a few months subsequent to the fall of Tashkend. The precise nature of his appointment we do not learn, further than it carried with it the relative rank of a field officer-a fact he refers to more than once with some complacency—and pay and allowances averaging 110 roubles per manth, the mean deductions from which on account of cost of rations alone, amounted in the neighbourhood of Tashkend to thirty-five roubles per month.
We have every reason to believe M. Pashino's information, so far as he has thought fit to impart it, to be eminently reliable, and as his pages afford a lively picture of these countries of which we hear so much and in truth know so little, we propose to place some of the more prominent scenes and incidents by the way before our readers, in as brief a form as possible.
The point of departure we have already said was Orenburg. Here M. Pashino arrived to make preparations for his journey on 20th February 1866—Russian style. Previous experiences of travel in Persia in 1861-2, led him to choose a post-carriage as the most convenient mode of transit. In this case, the postwaggon was represented by a Tarantass, a landau body upon sleigh-runners, (but provided also with wheels,) drawn by a troika, or team of three horses yoked abreast, driven by a manycaftaned, betattered, Kirghiz coachman, and followed by a telega, or covered cart, similarly horsed, for baggage. The route selected lay through the steppe, past Fort No. 1-the shorter of the two lines of road then in existence. Scarcely needful is it to say that M. Pashino found an abundance of kind friends ready to expatiate on the difficulties of the undertaking, and to picture in vivid colours the dire mishaps which must inevitably befall him by the way. But, though it was still the depth of Russian winter, and the steppe route, despite the establishment of post houses and wells along it, a mere track, we do not learn that our traveller experienced any obstacles of a more formidable character than
* “Turkestan in 1866 ;" by P. E. Pashino, St. Petersburg, 1868.