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the great powerave who was muwhat pas
destruction of one of the great powers of Europe. Fortunately, Commander Thruston had a Malay slave who was much attached to him, and who brought him frequent reports of what passed in the companies at Coupang. They had already more than suspected the distressed and sickly state of the British force, and exclaimed loudly against the pusillanimity of the Governor in lending a credulous ear to the improbable story. Commander Thruston had told him. The trusty slave also told him that it was currently reported that the Governor, the principal inhabi. tants, and the four native rajahs in the vicinity, had entered into a conspiracy to join their forces at a preconcerted signal, make the British Commander à prisoner, and hoist the Dutch flag. Thruston was the more inclined to believe this story, as his house had been nightly beset by parties of the natives and slaves, who had repeatedly disturbed him by their war cries, but the activity and alertness of his guard had prevented any surprise. It now appeared that matters were drawing to a crisis, and that decisive measures must be adopted. Accordingly, Commander Thruston went on board ship the next morning without making his intention known, and ordered the commanding officer to bring her as close to the town as the depth of water would permit, and have all ready for action. The Commander then proceded with his boat's crew properly armed, with the intention of making himself master of the person of the Governor, as a hostage and security for the good conduct of the citizens. He chose the middle of the day for the enterprize, that being in the tropics the season of tranquillity and repose. He entered the inner harbour and reached the Governor's house without meeting a soul; placing his trusty crew at the door, Thruston entered the inner apartment, the Governor soon appeared, alarmed and agitated.
“What is the meaning of this conspiracy which it is reported you are raising against the British forces ?” demanded Thruston sternly.
The Governor seemed much distressed.
“I assure you,” he said, “by everything that is sacred, that I am innocent of any part in any such conspiracy; it is true there is a good deal of discontent in the town, and that some of the leading men have urged me to take steps against you, but I have always refused to break my word passed to you so solemnly. What can I do to convince you of my sincerity.”
“ Well," said Thruston, “I am glad to find that you have not deceived me. As for the inhabitants, I will show them that a British officer is not to be trifled with. They have made a mistake. They have taken the mild manner in which I have treated them for a want of force and authority. They shall soon be undeceived.”
At this moment the report of a gun shook the walls of the house, this was the signal that she had taken her allotted station abreast of the town. Turning to the Governor, Commander Thruston bade him summon the principal inhabitants immediately, and prepare them to take the oath of allegiance the following morning in the Castle yard. In the meantime he was to remain a prisoner in his own house, and to answer in his person for any outrage or tumult that might take place. This sudden call and declaration, and the appearance of the 'Hesper's' broadside within three hundred yards of the beach checked at once the rising seeds of disaffection. The inhabitants renewed their promises of fidelity and attachment, and declared themselves perfectly ready to take the oath of allegiance to His Britannic Majesty. The night passed without anything extraordinary. In the meantime, Commander Thruston had thrown into the battery every disposable man from the ship, leaving the convalescents and the boys to do their best in keeping a constant fire on the town, in case it should be necessary. These prompt and decisive measures astounded the indolent Asiatics, and had the desired effect in securing the supremacy of the British force. At nine the following morning the procession moved from the Governor's house towards the Fort. The Governor, Secretary, and suite had ransacked their wardrobes to make up gala dresses, and so grotesque was the result that Commander Thruston could scarcely keep his gravity at the spectacle. However, the solemnity was well preserved, and they entered the Castle yard under a military salute from the Dutch troops, and a detachment of British seamen. The four Native princes also attended the ceremony at the head of their respective councils. The Malay troops were in line, and the principal inhabitants assembled round Commander Thruston, then the Governor advanced in the middle, and read aloud the oath of allegiance, which was answered by all present, amidst a salute of twenty-one guns fired by our detachment. All seemed to pass off well, when an unlucky peal of thunder seeined to awaken the superstitious feelings of these demicivilized people. Thruston, however, was equal to the occasion, and anticipating the evil augury, exclaimed, through his interpreter, that Heaven likewise joined in the solemnity they were celebrating. The people answered by a loud "viva !” and all was well. In the evening a grand ball and supper were given in honour of the British, and the devotion of the Governor and the chiefs to their new master increased with their libations. Thruston gave the signal to rise, and at the same instant, an officer whom he had stationed for the purpose, discharged the rockets. From that moment he felt himself perfectly secure of the fidelity of his new allies. With few exceptions, almost to all, creoles and natives, fell with their faces on the ground, and several moments elapsed before the consternation had passed away. Shortly after this a Chinese junk touched at the island, and confirmed the news of the downfall of their Eastern empire. All was tranquil after these events, and the monsoon having began to relax, and light and variable breezes announcing the return of the fine season, Commander Thruston took leave of bis new friends in a state of perfect tranquillity and submission to the British Government, and returned to Java, where he and his crew were hailed with satisfaction and joy by the rest of the squadron, who had long given them up for lost.
His health being much affected by the exposure and anxiety consequent on the above service, the gallant Thruston was ordered to Madras for change and rest, but immediately on his arrival a violent inflammation of the liver displayed itself, which brought him to death's door. The medical men insisted that an immediate change of climate afforded the only chance of saving his life, and Captain Lye of the · Doris' frigate, then about to sail for England, kindly offered to receive him on board, though already encum. bered with a crowd of passengers.
Commander Thruston returned home in November, 1812, and for a year or two afterwards sought that repose which his shattered health required.
When he was again enabled to offer himself for service, the war had ceased ; and he, with some hundreds of other officers in a similar situation, found it impossible to obtain further employment.
Being thus compelled to rest upon his laurels, Commander 'Thruston endeavoured, by devoting bimself to the quieter but no less honourable duties of a country gentleman, to satisfy his longings for activity and enterprise ; while he found full scope, having by his marriage become possessed of considerable landed property in the county of Merionethshire.
LORRAINE AND NANCY.
Les armoiries de Nancy sont un chardon verdoyant à feuilles aigues sur champ d'argent avec cette dévise énergique, “ Non insultus premor," (Je ne me laisse point froisser sans vengeance), ou dans le language naïf de nos bons aïeux, “ Qui s'y frotte s's pique."-Histoire et Tableau de Nancy, par P. Guerrier de Dumast.
History has not informed us at what precise period the Dukes of Lorraine quitted Châtenoy and made Nancy the seat of Go. vernment. The wife of Thierry I., son of Gerard of Vaudé. mont, is styled by the chronicler Albéric, in 1070, “Ducissa Nanci ;” but at that time a castle only of the name existed there. By degrees habitations rose around it, to which were added a church, dependant on a priory; and at the end of a couple of centuries, when Thierry III. allotted a part of the palace to a female order of Dominicans, it became a place of some importance. Situated on a fertile plain, watered by the two principal rivers of Lorraine, the Meuse and the Meurthe, immediately at the point of junction of the four ancient provinces of the Saintois, the Scarponnais, the Chaumontais, and the Saulnois, Nancy represented their alliance, and soon rivalled, if not in antiquity, at least in power and importance, the neighbouring city of Metz. Successive dukes strengthened its walls without, and embellished it within with public buildings and monuments. Of these, the Porte de la Craffe (Notre Dame), with its curious old round towers, still remains in the Ville vieille, but it did not become the theatre of active movement till the accession of René II., who was of the pure blood of the Vaudémonts. Then began a series of assault and defence, which, ended at last in the ront of the Burgundian forces, and the death of their leader, Charles lo Téméraire. The spot where he fell, in a marsh immediately outside the town, is marked by a small column surmounted by a double cross, well known as “ La croix de Bourgoyne." The body Charles was taken within the walls, where it received honourable burial, and seventy years afterwards the Emperor Charles V. demanded these relics, which were given up to him. It is said that Angelo Cattho, who had been in the service of the Duke of Burgundy, but afterwards became Archbishop of Vienne and almoner to Louis XI., was performing high mass at Paris op the day the battle was fought at Nancy (Jan. 5th, 1477,) and that he presented the patène for the sovereign to kiss, saying to him, “ Consummatum est,” which was afterwards considered to have been prophetic of the fatal result to his former master.
Towards the end of his reign, René laid the foundation of another palace, which was carried on by his successors, and particularly by Duke Anthony, who added the Salle des Cerfs. It was in this palace in 1673 that Louis XIV., with his Queen and Court, was accommodated, and declared himself to be “aussi bien ou mieux logé qu'au Louvre.” Here, too, was erected the Royal Mausoleum, where the funereal obsequies of their sovereigns were celebrated with so much pomp, that it was a common saying at that time, that “the three finest sights in the world were the coronation of an Emperor of Germany at Frankfort, the consecration of a King of France at Rheims, and the burial of a Duke of Lorraine at Nancy.”
The building of the Ville neuve, or new part of the town, was began by Charles the Third, called the Great, the grandson of Duke Anthony, in 1580, and was completed by Henry in 1620, and at this period Nancy, the residence of independent princes, attained a high degree of splendour; the fine arts were cultivated, and manufactures encouraged. The regularity of its well-built streets was an uncommon feature in France at that time, and its fortifications, the work of Orphée de Galéan, made it then one of the strong cities of Europe.
Charles the Fourth, who succeeded Henry, was brave, but U.S. Mag. No. 506, Jan., 1871.
turbulent and capricious. Of him it was written by Pavillon that:
“Il entreprit tout au hasard,
Il fit tout blanc de son épée,
Il se vit toujours maltraité,
On l'enterra par charité.” Having warmly embraced the interests of Gaston d'Orléans, who had married his sister Margaret, he excited the enmity of Richelieu, and a French army, commanded by the King in person, appeared before Nancy in 1663. Charles was at this time in the Vôsges, but allured by false promises and proposals of peace, entered the enemy's camp, from whence he sent an order that the gates should be opened. In vain did a heroine—the Princesse de Phalsbourg—who happened to be in the besieged town, entreat them to hold as nothing the command of a sovereign who was, in fact, a captive; the Governor considered himself bound to obey ; the gates were opened, and overpowered by numbers, the garrison, burning with rage, were compelled to lay down their arms. Louis proposed to the celebrated Callot to immortalise with his pencil this treacherous and cowardly triumph. “Sire," replied the artist, “je me couperais plutôt le pouce que de rien faire contre l'honneur de mon prince et de mon pays.”
For five-and-twenty years Nancy groaned under a race of French Governors, known by the name of “les bachas* de la Lorraine.” But after the truce of the Pyrenees (1663), the Duke was restored to his capital, though it was a dismantled city, and the noble fortifications of Galéan had been rased to the ground. His subjects received him with tears of joy; but after a troubled reign of seven years, the unfortunate Duke was again obliged to abdicate.
And now Lorraine, crushed and humbled, gave, as it were, no sign of life. Louis the Fourteenth, astonished that any people could be insensible to the advantage of having him for their master, determined on the visit to Nancy already mentioned; but neither dazzled by the splendour of royalty, nor deceived by the unwonted condescension and lattering promises of the “grand Monarque,” the Lorrains to a man maintained their fidelity to their native Princes, which was on this occasion the more laudable, as their political rights and privileges had been neglected and violated by the late Duke.
The reign of his successor, Charles the Fifth, was spent in a fruitless struggle to recover his hereditary dominions. Of him
* An old French word for Pacha.