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tures : For as soon as this pas- sedness of the believer by the sage closes, we have a description word but. They who do not of the misery of God's enemies. know enough of grammar to The passage introduced closes know a conjunction from a noun, with the 7th verse, and the 8th still know that if a man, who has verse describes the misery of two sons should say to the elder, those who are not admitted into Because you have been obediheaven, But the fearful and un- ent to your father, I give you all believing and the abominable, and my estate, but as for you (admurderers, and whoremongers, dressing himself to.the younger) and sorcerers, and idolaters, and because of your continued disoall liars, shall have their part in bedience and obstinacy, I entirethe lake which burneth with firely disinherit you ; I say the unand brimstone which is the second learned man would understand death.
that this but, put in between the This cannot be a description character and lot of the two sons of the misery of the wicked did not imply that the two sons previous to their restoration, and were to be treated alike, but on that above be 'a description of the contrary, that all the good their restoration and the glory promised was confined to the which shall follow : for the de- elder son. Should such an unscription of the miserable is lettered man be asked, whether separated from the description he thought the younger son of the blessed by the disjunctive could claim half the inheritance particle but. « God shall wipe from the promise of the father, away all tears from their eyes, he would answer, By no means; &c.” “ But the fearfuland un- if the father stands to his word, believing, &c. shall have their the younger son will have no part in the lake which barneth share in his estate. with fire and brimstone.” “ He Heaven and hell are both dethat believeth shall be saved.” scribed in this chapter. In the Here is nothing said about any seven first verses heaven is dething but salvation ; but it would scribed ; and it is described as be wrong to conclude thence, being all happiness without any that there is no such thing as misery, all pleasure without any damnation : for by reading the pain. And this is, no doubt, true other clause of the sentence, of that blessed place, where we find it written,“ but he | Christ will for ever dwell with that believeth not shall be damn- his redeemed family. Hell is ed.” This passege in the 21st represented as a place, where chapter of Revelation, is simi- all sorts of impenitent sinners lar to the one in Mark just are punished in a burning lake. referred to. In both, there Here is torment without any is a description first of the char- ease. After the description of acter of the Christian and his these two different states, there reward ; and secondly of the is not a word intimated, as tho' character of the unbeliever and either of them would ever come his fearful doom. And in both to an end. . !! cases, the character and punish- The future happiness, which ment of the unbeliever is sepa- is spoken of in the passage now ied from the character and bles- | under consideration, is evidently
confined to those who are pos- | But in the heavenly state, the sessed of a holy conformity to new heavens and the new earth God. The water of life is prom-/ will be completed. Their comised only to him that is athirst. pletion will not consist in the And it is only to him who over- restoration of all fallen creatures cometh, that God has promised to the favor of God, but in the all things, and to be his God. restoration and perfection of an Here the character to be reward- i elect world. All the Father ed is brought into view. It is giveth me shall come to me, and only men of this character, from him that cometh unto me I will whose eyes all tears will be wi- in no wise cast cut.-And this is ped, and from whom all pain will the Father's will which hath be for ever removed.'
sent me, that of all which he I do not see how any thing hath given me, I should lose can be gathered from the phrase nothing, but should raise it up " a new heaven and a new earth” at the last day." to support the Restoration sys- Attention to this passage leads tem. The first place in the Bi- to one reflection—it is this, ble where we find this phrase is The universalists, whether the 65th chapter of Isaiah. An upon Dr. Huntington's or Dr. examination of that place may | Chauncey's plan, seem to build reflect light on this. “For be- their scheme of a universal salhold, I create new heavens and vation upon this mistake-They a new earth : and the former make a general application of shall not be remembered, nor those promises, which God has come into mind. But be you made, only to those who obey glad and rejoice for ever in that the gospel. They give that .. which I create : for behold I which is holy to dogs, when God create Jerusalem a rejoicing and gives it only to his children.--her people a joy.” Any one, They do not separate between who has paid but little atten- the precious and the vile ; betion to the language of scripture, tween him that serveth God and knows that Jerusalem is one of him that serveth him not. There the names of Christ's church. are joys unspeakable in heaven; The creation of the world is cal- but they are prepared only for led creating the heavens and the those who love God. Let none earth. It is natural, that the feel that their heaven is secure, redemption of the church should any further than they have evibe spoken of, as a new creation ; dence that they love God. and as the first creation was called heavens and earth, so that the new creation should be called new heavens and a new earth. In the Millennium, the church
On Reconciliation to God. will be brought to its greatest terrestrial perfection, therefore M AN a real disciple of the when Jerusalem shall be a re W blessed Jesus, or even a joicing and her people a joy, professed believer in divine reythe new heavens and the new lelation, read those memorable earth will be, in a more eminent words of the inspired. Paul, (2 sense, than ever before, created. I Cor. v. 19, 20,) unimpressed
with the magnitude and impor- 1 grand treaty of reconciliation tance of their subject? To wit, with rebellious man. that God was in Christ reconciling This we are informed in one the world unto himself, not imput- comprehensive word. “ God was, ing their trespasses unto them ; in Christ, reconciling the world and hath committed unto us the unto himself.” It is only in word of reconciliation. Now then Christ that Jehovah is a God of we are ambassadors for Christ, as salvation. The sinner's salva. though God did beseech you by us, tion is built upon this, from the we pray you in Christ's stead, foundation to the top-stone. And BE TE RECONCILED UNTO GOD. were it not for the mediation of
Christ, it would be utterly and Astonishing thought! As tho'l for ever
for ever impossible for one of God did beseech you by 18. What
our apostate race to escape the an expression is this! How ama
| wrath to come. Without a mezing, how wonderful the idea ! diator, and such a mediator as What a mixture of majesty and Christ, God could no sooner parmeekness is here! What con-don, and receive the sinner into descension ! infinitely beyond all
his favor, than he could deny comparison, all human concep-himself, or abdicate his throne. tion! That the great and eter- Therefore, it is expressly assert nal God, whose wrath we have ed in his word, that“ other founprovoked, and who, by a single dation can no man lav, than that volition, might sink us to deser- jis laid, which is Jesus Christved and eternal death, should yet
there is salvation in none other condescend to propose a treaty
-no other name given under of peace with his rebellious crea
heaven amongst men, whereby tures, and offer terms of recon
we must be saved.” Indeed it ciliation ;-and not only so, but
is thought, that God could noi, even to beseech and intreat them (because it would be inconsiste to accept, and become reconcil
ent with his perfections) bestow ed! What an infinite strength
any favors on mankind, in the of love is manifested in this !
present life, either spiritual or What an inexpressible regard
temporal, but for the mediation to the happiness of moral beings! I of the Son of his love ; and that How unspeakably is the heart of
on this ground it is asserted the blessed God engaged in the l in the scriptures of truth, that salvation of sinners! But he | Christ « is the Saviour of all speaks, and he acts like himself.
men, specially of them that be.' His name, and his nature are
e are lieve." ; love. This should melt us into The nature, and reality of penitence, gratitude, and holy Christ's atonement are most affection. Oh, what guilt, must
clearly taught us in the sacred we, worthless worms of the dust,
word. Also its absolute necessiincur, what condemnation must
ty in order to the sinner's salvawe deserve, if we can abuse such tion, is there abundantly incul. love, and turn a deaf ear to a be
cated, and, indeed, it is apparent seeching God!
to the eye of enlightened reason. Let us then, in the first place, We read, “ God so loved the enquire how the blessed God world, that he gave his only becarries on, and accomplishes this / gotten Son, that whosoever be
lieveth in him should not perish, | And it is not only declared that but have everlasting life.” Here he bare our sins in his own body is pointed out, the formation of on the tree, but that the great the sinner's hope and trust. Its end to be answered by it, was to necessity may be easily inferred. manifest the righteousness and For, if God could save sinners justice of God, in pardoning and in any other way but by the death saving sinners. " Whom God of his Son, surely he would not hath set forth to be a propihave made this infinite sacrifice. tiation through faith in his blood, The death of Christ would have for the remission of sins that are been needless. Again, The a- past, through the forbearance of postle saith, “ when we were yet God, that God might be just, without strength, in due time and the just: Ser of him that beChrist died for the ungodly.” lieveth in purus." This opens This implies, that we had no the whole gospel scheme of merability to remove those obstruc-cy to view, and exhibits those tions that were in the way of glorious purposes which God in mercy, and to procure that sal- | Christ is effecting by reconcilvation to ourselves, for which ing the world unto himself, not Christ died. The law of God | imputing unto them their tres. threatens the sinner with eternal passes. The foundation of the death, and his truth and justice whole is laid in the atonement stand bound for the execution of of Christ. This is the inexhaust. it. If, therefore, this penalty ible source, and fountain of should never be inflicted, the mercy. “ Of his fulness," saith law of God could not be honor- the evangelist, “ have all we reed, nor his truth and justice vin- ceived, and grace for grace.” dicated in the sinner's salvation. In consequence of the atone“ But Christ hath redeemed usment of Christ, the sinner is refrom the curse of the law, being prieved--the penalty of the law made a curse for us. He was in its execution suspended, and made sin for us, who knew no he placed in a state of probation sin, that we might be made the -a state, in which he may berighteousness of God in him." come united to Christ, and a There was an absolute necessity, partaker of the special benefits that the Supreme Ruler of the of his redemption. A space of universe shouid display the same repentance is allowed-all needcharacter in government, which ed temporal benefits bestowed he had expressed in his law; means instituted and ordered to and this induced the necessity of be used the word given-the an atonement for the exercise ministry of reconciliation comof pardoning mercy to the sin-mitted to men and the ambas. ner. God could not, otherwise, dors of Christ sent forth to pubhave appeared the righteous, lish and proclaim the giad tia holy, and sin-hating God. This dings of salvation, that God is in was effected in the fullest man-Christ, reconciling the world ner by the death of Christ. It unto himself-to exhort sinners is abundantly taught, that God to repentance and faith in the expressed his wrath against sin- blood of Christ, and besecch ners, in the sufferings of his them in Christ's stead to become Son in their room and stead. / reconciled to God.
· In consequence, likewise, of God is also by his ministerirg the mediation of Christ, God is servants beseeching them to be pleased to grant the influences reconciled to him ; and has apof his Holy Spirit to accompa- | pointed a preached gospel, the ny his word to succeed the stated mean of saving them that means of grace and insure their believe. end, by awakening the attention, Having attended to the ground convincing the minds, and re- of reconciliation to God, and the generating the hearts of sinners; way in which it is effected, we by which they are turned from will now enquire, darkness to light, from sin to 2. What is implied in being holiness and from Satan to God. reconciled to God? And the By thus uniting them to Christ, question is answered in the first by faith, they become branches place Negatively. It implies no in him the true vine-living change or alteration in God. members of his glorious spiritu- He is invariably, immutably, and al body, the church--partakers eternally the same. He is of of the benefits of his righteous- one mind.-Reconciliation imness, and joint heirs with him, plies a change in that being of who is the heir of all things. whom it is asserted, towards · Thus it is that God hath laid some other being with whom the foundation of redemption in | he was previously disaffected. Christ. And thus God in Christ | But there is no such change of is carrying on and accomplish- affection in the mind of God; ing the great purposes of re- and he is never .spoken of in deeming love, and reconciling scripture as being reconciled to the world unto himself, by all the sinner, but invariably as rethe teachings of his word, his conciling the sinner to himself. Providence, and his Spirit. This In the words of the apostle is the acceptable year of the which we have considered, the Lord. Now is the day of salva- word is used in this sense in tion. The heavens are clothed three verses successively-who in smiling mercy, and every hath reconciled us unto himself thing joins to preclaim this reconciling the world, &c.be ye truth, that God is propitious to reconciled unto God. It is a wrong sinners--that he is waiting up- idea of God that he becomes reon them tobe gracious, with long | conciled to the sinner, when he suffering patience, and calling pardons him, and works faith in after them, in the most moving his heart. God is immutable, and endearing invitations of love and there is no possibility of this and mercy, to return unto him change in him. The redeemed and live. Saying in his word, sinner is the object of his eter« Ho, every one that thirsteth, nal electing love. God as really come ye to the waters come loves the elect sinner before, as buy wine and milk without mo- after his (the sinner's) reconcili. ney and without price. Who- ation to him. He loves him as soever will, let him take of the one chosen to be a member of waters of life freely. As I live, Christ, which is the only way of I have no pleasure in the death acceptance.-God loved him of him that dieth. Turn ye, turn from eternity, and the eternal ye, for why will ye die ?? And I love of God is the cause of his ac