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twenty times in this chapter be- does not mean spiritual dying, sides in the verse now before us; nor future misery. The reader and in every one of these other will find the word die, or death, places natural death, or the death or dead occur in the 32, 35, 36, of the body is most evidently in- 42, 52, 54, 55, and 56th verses. tended. Christ died for our sins, And I am persuaded, that a mere ver. 3. Now if Christ be preach- glance of the eye on these vered that he rose from the dead, ses will convince him that they how say some among you, that refer to the death of the body, there is no resurrection of the and that alone. dead : But if there be no resur- It is very evident that natural rection of the dead, &c. ver. 12, death is intended, by the way in 13. It is evident that Christ's which it is connected with the resurrection from the dead graye, ver. 55, O death where is means from among those who thy sting? O grave where is thy were literally dead, i.e. from a victory ? Now, we know that state of natural death. . It is also the death, which prepares us to evident, that the word dead, which be lodged in the grave, is the occurs twice more in the 12th | death of the body. If the word and 13th verses, intends those death is used in the same sense who are in their graves. In the through this chapter (as it nian15th, 16th, 20th, 21st, and 22d | ifestly is) the 56th verse makes verses the words dead, death and it clear that it is not sin or spirdie are most evidently used in itual death, which is intended; exactly the same sense as before ; for here it is said, “ The sting the same subject is continued. of death is sin.” Sin, we know, These, I believe, are all the pla- is the thing which makes us ces, where death is spoken of in afraid to clic. If death in this this chapter, until we come to the passage. be used synonymously text under consideration. This with sin it would make no sense we will pass for the present, and at all. I try to find how the word is used Can it now remain a doubt in in the rest of the chapter. In our minds what is the true meanthe 29th verse, the word dead oc- ing of the word death, in the pascurs three times, and though the sage before us? It would be sense of this verse is rather ob strange indeed, if the apostle scure ; yet the meaning of dead should in the middle of such a is pretty clearly determined by connected discourse, where he this clause, “ If the dead rise has occasion to use this word so not." The apostle in the 31st frequently, make use of it in verse says, “I die daily." Tho' quite a different sense, without die here does not mean the actu- giving us any intimation of it, or al cessation of natural life, still any thing, whereby we could find he has his eye upon. natural out that he had used it differentdeath, and would be understood ly from what he did in the rest to say, that in standing for the of the discourse. defence of the gospel, I do as it When the apostle declares, were undergo a kind of daily " the last enemy that shall be dying I am beaten, I am im- destroyed is death,” he means prisoned, I am stoned, I am call- that kind of death, which has ed to fight with beasts. Die here ) dominion over the bodies of the saints and now holds them pri- | ing called the last enemy is soners in the grave, which is his enough to determine what kind prison house. Death is person- of death is meant. Eternal death ified, i. e. treated of as though a God's children never suffer; living person. It is addressed, spiritual death they are comver. 55, as though it were a per-pletely delivered from that is son ; " O death where is thy most of them) long before the sting ?” It is here called an ene-day of judgment; but natural my. But why? Is not death put death, like a mighty conqueror, in the list of the Christian's priv- | mows them all down, and impriileges ? 1 Cor. iii. 22. And did sons their bodies in the grave. not this same apostle, at another | But in the morning of the resurtime, say, “ to die is gain ?” It rection, when the trump of God is true, that a Christian is far shall sound, this mighty conhappier after death than he is queror will be conquered-at in this sinning world ; but he is once, in the twinkling of an eye, not so happy now as he will be he must resign all his prisoners, at the resurrection of the just, without a hope of ever regaining when his body will be raised up them : for then shall be brought all refined, and will appear glo- to pass the saying that is written, rious like Christ's body. The Death is swallowed up in victoprophets and apostles and saints, ry. who are in heaven, are now per-1 After the resurrection and the fectly holy, but the resurrection day of judgment, the church of will greatly advance them in Christ will be in its triumphant glory and blessedness. Death is state ; placed out of the reach therefore considered as their of all its enemies. Though deenemy, because it keeps them, vils remain, and will always reat present, from their most pertain their sinful temper, still fect and happy state.
they cannot molest the children Why is death called the last of God; for they will be confinenemy? Because all the othered to their prison; where also enemies of God's people are 0-wicked men will be bound hand vercome before this. The con- and foot, unable any more to quest of sin is begun in regene- give vent to their malice, so as ration, carried on by sanctifica- to distress the lambs of Christ. tion, and completed at the mo- The time, when this last enemy ment of death, when the soul is is to be destroyed, is manifestly separated from the body. Spir- the day of judgment, Christ's see itual death in the saints is con- cond coming see ver. 23," Afquered, when natural death con-terward they that are Christ's quers them. Then the world at his coming." This is the time and the devil are for evet van- when the last enemy is to be dequished. There is nothing now stroyed. remains to interrupt their most. This passage being, as I hope, perfect blessedness, except the fairly and intelligibly explained, dominion which death has over I shall be borne with, if I add their bodies. This then must several remarks, which are sugbe the last enemy, since they gested by the foregoing expla. have long before gotten the vic-nation. tory over every other foe. It be- Remark 1. The only way in
which this text ever came to be | &c. are sometimes evidently uspressed into the service of the ed in a limited sense. It is alUniversalists is the misappre-ways candid to attend to the hending the meaning of the word scope of an author, to determine death. They have considered it in what sense he uses words. By as signifying either sin, (spiritu- not attending to this, we shall al death) or future misery, which often do the greatest injustice is called eternal death. If death to an author. I do not know in this passage does not mean that Doctor Watts was ever either of these, then I do not see considered as a universalist; yet how this text helps their cause. | one disposed to be uncandid, and We believe in a universal de-| to catch at a word might infer struction of natural death, and his favoring such sentiments yet we believe that some will from reading this verse in one of awake to shame and everlasting his psalms ; contempt. Remark 2. The way which this
- Cheerful they walk with growing mistake, about the last enemy
Till all shall meet in heaven at death, has arisen, is by not com
length ; paring the text with the context ; “ Till all before thy face appear, and this is a very fruitful source “ And join in nobler worship there." of mistakes. If we compare this
· Do you not see, might this text with the chapter, it fixes the
uncandid person say, do you not meaning of death, beyond a doubt,
see, that Doctor Watts held to to be natural death. But when
a general restoration ? Has he a favorite point is to be establish
not, in one stanza, twice expressed, then a mere word, or sound
ed this sentiment, as plain as is catched at, without honestly
language could do it?has he seeking for its true meaning.
not said all will appear before It is well known that language
God's face, and that all will apis so barren, that words, not on:
pear in heaven at lengih ? This ly of the same sound, but written with the same letters, are
appears plausible--this looks a
| good deal like proving Doctor made use of to signify quite dif- 15
Watts a universalist ; but by ferent things. In general, there is not much difficulty to deter
only casting our eye back on the
preceding stanza, we can see mine in what sense any accu
that Doctor Watts may still hold rate speaker or writer uses his
concerning the way of the wickwords, if we will but carefully
ed, attend to all that he speaks or writes, and take it in connection." And down it leads to endless pain :" It is probable that when Christ for there we find something to said, “ Destroy this temple and limit all in the stanza quoted. in three days I will raise it up - Blest are the men, whose hearts again,” he pointed to his body, are set or introduced the words in such “ To find the way to Zion's gate ; aconnection, that those who can-“ God is their strength, and througla didly attended might have understood him to mean not Solo-" They lean upon their helper God.” mon's temple, but the temple When in the next verse, he of his body. The words all, whole, I comes to speak of all meeting in
heaven at length, it is perfectly thing, which God never designeasy, if we will exercise a grain I ed. of candor, to understand, that he This 15th chapter of Corinthi. means all those men, whose | ans is considered as containing hearts are set to find the way to much, which favors universalZion's gate.
ism; but there is nothing which Such want of candor they are really favors it, only let the true guilty of, who would attempt to design of the apostle be looked prove from 1. Cor. iv, 5. “ And at. The 22d verse of this chapthen shall every man have praise | ter is one of the most noted texts of God,” that every man living which the universalists bring to will meet the approbation of his support their sentiment. These Judge. The connection leads are the words ; “For as in Adus to this idea, that all who are am all die, even so in Christ Christ's, who build on this foun- shall all be made alive." Since dation will be rewarded of God, this passage is introduced, suflet men say and think as they fer me to observe, 1. That die will of them.
here means natural death, and Remark 3. With this sub- , of course made alive, which is ject before us, I would remark its opposite, means the literal, upon what is sometimes said | resurrection. In the verse which concerning certain errors, That immediately precedes this, it is though they do not believe them said ; “ for since by man came to be true ; yet they acknowl death, by man came also the reedge, their advocates have a good surrection of the dead." And it deal of scripture on their side. | is evident, that " made alive,” in This is as much as to say, either this verse means the same as that the Bible is not the word of | resurrection of the dead in the God, or that the God of truth preceding one. T'he verse which bears witness on both sides, in follows also determines the time favor of the truth and also in when they who are in Christ, are favor of error which is its op- to be made alive, viz. at Christ's posite. If God be true, and the coming. The saints are regenBible his book, we may rest as- erated and sanctified and, in this sured, there is not a single word sense made alive before Christ in it in favor of an error. The comes to judgment. Besides, testimony of the Holy One is all we notice that Christ himself is on one side, and that the side of the first fruits of this being made truth and holiness. Therefore alive, spoken of by the apostle. let no one say, I believe that is Christ never rose from the death not a true doctrine, but there is of sin ; but it was necessary that a good deal of scripture in favor he should suffer and that he of it. There may be a good I should be the first, that should deal of scripture, which is rise from the dead. And the brought to prove an untruth, whole scope of the chapter is but let it be scanned, and it will manifestly to prove a literal renot bear the light let it be ex-l surrection. We all believe in a amined in its connection, like universal resurrection, both of the passage just now explained, the just and of the unju st ; a reand it will be seen, that its advo-surrection to life and a resurreccates have made it speak some- / tion to damnation. But we would
observe, 2.. That if we take this the holy city, new Jerusalem, verse in connection with the coming down from God out context, it is evident, that the heaven, prepared as a bride resurrection of believers alone is adorned for her husband. And spoken of. Let us look at the I heard a great voice out of passage, which goes before and heaven, saying, Behold the follows after this noted text : 1 tabernacle of God is with men, Ver. 18. Then they which are and he will dwell with them, fallen asleep in Christ are perish and they shall be his people, ed : Ver. 19. If in this life only and God himself shall be with we have hope in Christ, we (i.e. them, and be their God. And we Christians) are of all men God shall wipe away all tears most miserable : Ver. 23. But from their eyes ; and there every man in his own order; shall be no more death, neiChrist the first fruits, afterward ther sorrow, nor crying, neithey that are Christ's at his com ther shall there be any more ing. The verses before and af pain : for the former things ter seem to determine this to be
are passed away. And he the meaning of the 22d verse. that sat upon the throne, said, As in Adam all his children be Behold, I make all things come mortal and die : so in new. And he said unto me, Christ all his believing children Write : for these words are will be raised up at the last day. true and faithful. And he
They that are Christ's," in the said unto me, It is done. I next verse, is evidently designed am Alpha and Omega, the to limit the all, of whom it is
beginning and the end : I will here said, that they shall be give unto him that is athirst made aliye. If we will but use of the fountain of the water of a little patience in the examina life freely. He that overtion of a difficult text, and a little cometh shallinherit all things, candor, we shall commonly be and I will be his God, and he able to see, that the scripture is shall be my son." all consistent with itself-that it
Revel. xxi. 1-7. is not that house divided against itself, which cannot stand. May THOSE, who espouse the God guide our minds into the system of Dr. Chauncey and knowledge of the truth, and es- | Mr. Winchester, think this pas. tablish our hearts in the love of sage holds forth a universal resit, that we may not be given up toration, because it speaks of a to believe a lie, and so be dam- new heaven and a new earth, and ned, because we received not the all things being made new; and Jove of the truth, that we might because it declares that God be saved!
shall wipe away all tears, and
that there shall be no more deaih, NO. III.
neither sorrow, nor crying, nor
any more pain : for the former 5 And I saw a new heaven, and things are passed away.
a new earth ; for the first hea- ! It is evident this passage de.
ven and the first earth were scribes the perfect blessedness W. passed away ; and there was of God's kingdom, and not the
no more sea. And I John saw blessedness of all God's crea. Vol. VI. NO. 3.