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Such are the leading features, in general, perfectly consistent in the character of this great with what are usually termed the man, so far as his piety is con- orthodox doctrines. In his Di. cerned. With respect to his na- alogue with Trypho he explains tural endowments, and his ac- and defends, against the objecquired learning and abilities, tions of the Jew, the doctrine of more especially as they appear our Lord's divinity, in a clear in his writings, something re- and decisive manner; considermains to be said. He was evi- | ing it as plainly revealed both in dently possessed both of consid- the Old and New Testament.erable genius and of sound judg. In his first Apology, also, he exment. These talents he had pressly acknowledges the Cathcarefully cultivated and improv-olic doctrine of the Trinity, telled by the diligent study and | ing the Emperor, in explanation pursuit of human learning and of the common charge against philosophy ; so that, according | Christians, of Atheism, that they to the testimony of Photius, he did not, indeed, worship the had arrived at the very height, 1 gods commonly so called, but and abounded in every kind of that they worshipped and adorknowledge. His learning, howed the true God and his Son, ever, as might naturally be ex-) and the prophetic Spirit, honorpected from his birth and edu-l ing them in word and in truth. cation, was chiefly confined to | This learned father strongly inthe writings of the Heathen phi- culcates in his writings the nelosophers." Of the Hebrew lan- cessity of the enlightening influguage, like many of the early ence of divine grace; to enable fathers, he knew but little ; as any one to understand the truth. appears from some inaccuracies | He explains, also, in his first which are to be met with in his / Apology, his views concerning dialogue with Trypho. But with regeneration, and the forgiveness this exception, his great abilities of past sins through Jesus Christ. and learning are plainly discern- In the Dialogue with Trypho, ible in his writings which are he states the doctrine of justifi. yet extant (to say nothing of cation in the same manner as those which are lost,) and which, we find it in the Epistle to the as Eusebius observes, remain as Galatians, that is, as opposed to monuments of his singular en- any dependence on the works of dowments ;-of a mind studi- the law, and as entirely the gift ously conversant about divine of God by faith in Jesus Christ. things, and richly fraught with excellent and useful knowledge.
Religious Intelligence. These are all intended either to defend Christianity against both the Jews and Gentiles, or to op
Abstract of the account of the
ostract pose that common religion and
protestant missions in the East those profane and absurd rites of
Indies for the year 1803, pubworship which then governed
lished by the Society for prothe world; or to prescribe rules
moting Christian Knowledge for the ordinary conduct of the
in their last annual report. . Christian life.
THE Rev. Messrs. Kolhoff The opinions of Justin were, and Holzberg, in a letter dated
at Tanjore, 29 Dec. 1802, state baptized. It is with much satthat they had attended to the isfaction the missionaries report congregations and schools in that that the far greater number of place, and that they and their these converts were not ashamnative assistants had also made ed to confess the name of Christ, several journies to publish the but endeavored to honor the howord of God in various towns | Jy religion they had embraced, and villages of the Tanjore pro- by a conformity to those sacred vince, and that by the blessing truths and duties, in which they of God, several new congrega- had been instructed. They also tions had been lately formed.- inform the Society, that, by At Kanandagudi, a village 18 God's gracious Providence, they miles from Tanjore, about 40 had finished the school-house at families had come to the reso- Tanjore, which would accomJution of renouncing the worship modate above 1000 children. of their dumb idols, and turning | There being a large congregaunto God; and having been care- tion at Pudapatts, situated westfully instructed they were ad-ward of Tanjore, a chapel had mitted into the congregation by been erected there, and opened baptism. At Adanjour a village last July. An able catechist, 17 miles from Tanjore, 9 fami- educated by the late Mr. Swartz, lies had received baptism ; and, was stationed at that place, and there being several Christian had hitherto given satisfaction families near it, they had erected to the Missionaries, by attention a temporary building for divipe to his duty. At Kanandagudi, worship, and had stationed there a small spot of ground had been a catechist assistant, who had purchased, and a temporary been found faithful in the dis-building for divine worship was charge of his duty. At Leraloor, 1 intended to be erected as soon five miles from Tanjore, 7 fam- as possible. ilies had been brought to the The increase of the Tamulian knowledge of the gospel ; and congregation had been consider, there being some Christian fam- able. In the year 1801, they ilies in the neighboring villages, baptized 366, among whom were a neat brick and tiled chapel had 50 infants born of Christian pabeen erected by a member of rents; they had received 21 from their congregation, named San- the popish communion; they doshee Pulley, who held an em- administered the Sacrament to ployment in the company's ser-599 persons; they had married vice. The chapel was finished 12 couples, and buried 29 bodies. during Mr. Gericke's progress in the year 1802, they had bapthrough the country, and it was tized 328, among whom were 63 opened by him on the 5th of No- | born of Christian parents ; they vember, 1802, by prayer, and a had received from Popery 34 ; sermon from Rom. xii. 1, 2.- they had administered the SacAfter the sermon, 24 persons rament to 585 persons; they received the holy sacrament, 9 | had married 21 couples, and buof whom were members of this ried 36 bodies. new congregation ; and 19 cat- | There were 8 scholars in the echumens, who had been ten | English school, and in the Provin. weeks under instruction, were cial schools of Tanjore and Cums
bagonam, about 40. In the Ta- and were instructed and baptized mulian school, consisting only of in them. For another new vilchildren born in the congrega-lage, and church for Catechu-, tion, 33 seminarists were in train-mens, that lived dispersed, he ing to serve as catechists, besides had bought a piece of ground, whom, there were 85 charity and instructed and baptized in it, boys, 28 day scholars, and 36 | under a temporary shade. On girls..
his departure from the TinnaThe Missionaries at Tranque- velly country, where this had bar, and Mr, Gericke at Madras, | happened, messages were rehad kindly furnished them with ceived from many villages, re. Tamulian books, to the utmost questing him to stay a few of their power, but not adequate- months longer, and to do in their ly to their wants ; and they had villages what had been done in been supplied with bibles from others. Not conceiving himself Tranquebar, for the Tanjore and at liberty to do so, he had rePalamcotta Missions.
commended them to Sattianaden, In the month of September, the old catechists, and the new they had been visited by Mr. assistants. By these means, there Pohie, of whose state of health had been instructed, and baptiz. they gave a very indifferent ac-| ed, about twice the number that count.
| he had baptized, which were The Rev. Mr. Gericke, in a above 1300. But, extraordinary letter dated at Vepery, 14 Feb. as these conversions of several 1803, informs the Society that thousands were, no less extraorhe had recently been through dinary was the persecution sufthe Mysore country, and thence fered from their heathen neighto Palamcotta, visiting all their bors, and particularly from some congregations, and that it had men in office under the Collector. pleased God to awaken a sense The very night on which he re. of religion in the inhabitants of turned to Vepery, he received a whole villages, insomuch that of letter on the melancholy subtheir own accord they had soughtject; and nothing prevented his instruction from the neighboring return to that part of the counChristians, and their catechists, try, but serious indisposition. and from Sattianaden, and had Mr. Kolhoff, however, had rewished anxiously for his coming, solved to visit the new congreto be farther instructed and bap gations, and with the assistance tized. The first of these villa- of Mr. Gericke's letters, he trusges, to which he had been call-ted relief would be afforded ; and ed, was newly built by Catechu-the presence of so good a pastor mens, who had before lived in as Mr. K. would tend, by God's neighboring places, and their grace, to comfort them all, and church was finished when he to confirm and strengthen the arrived to preach and baptize in weak among them. Sattianaden it. In four other villages, the seemed to be quite depressed at inhabitants being unanimous in the cruelties exercised upon the their resolution of embracing | Christians, and the reports daily the Christian faith, put away brought to him from all quarters. their idols, and converted their One of the congregations had temples into Christian churches, I lately written to Mr. Gericke, that were it not for the fear of It has pleased God, Mr. G.ob: hell, and the hope of heaven, serves, to lead them these sev. such were their sufferings, that eral years, through great anxie, they should all throw them- ties with regard to the Mission, selves into the sea.. . | but they have observed and be
In the different congregations lieve, that a kind Providence under Mr. G. near Madras, a. | watches over it; and such help bout 200 persons had been bap-as seemed absolutely necessary tized, of whom 42 were adults. for its preservation, has always
Mr. Gericke, in another letter, 1 been furnished in due time. dated at Vepery, 7th May, 1803, This keeps their hopes alive, and states that he had made such ar- prevents them from losing their rangements with respect to the energy. stationing of the Missionaries, The Rev. Mr. Pohle, in a let, that he hoped Mr. Kolhoff might ter dated at Trichinápally, 10th be able to go through his various March, 1803, states that in the and arduous duties, until it should course of the last year, he had please God to send them help baptized 47, (including 5 Heafrom Europe.
thens) and had had 200 commu· It seems," Mr. G. observes, nicants, including 43 English.
that if we had faithful and dis- In the English school, there creet laborers, for the vineyard were about 50 scholars, and in of the Protestant Mission on this the Malabar school about 10. coast, to send, wherever a door The Malabar congregation ais opened unto us, rapid would mounted to 205, and the Portube the progress of the Gospel. guese to 77, all of them in and Our native teachers, though about Trichinapally. The catesome of them may not be infe- chists and schoolmasters con rior to us in the knowledge of tinued in the service of the Mis. the great truths of the Gospel, sion, and its concerns had been and in the manner of communi- fully attended to. Al had en. cating them, still their discours-joyed good health, excepting es carry not that weight with himself: he had been much in them, that is felt when we speak disposed, but was then able to to the natives. They never gain resume his ministerial functions, that confidence that is placed in both towards the Mission and an European, when they are the garrison. The military were once convinced that he is ac- regularly at church, notwithtually what he exhorts them standing their residence at a conto be. Without good Mission- 1 siderable distance from it. aries, true disciples of Jesus. The Rev. the Danish MisChrist, from home, the work of sionaries, in a letter dated at the Mission, it seems, would lose Tranquebar, 9th Feb, 1803, acits respectability, even though knowledge the receipt of the soe the native teachers were good ciety's presents sent out to them men ; and Missionaries, without the preceding year, which they the spirit and mind of Christ, and consider as encouragements to a as full of the world as the natives perseverance in the faithful disare, would soon make the Mis- charge of their duty, that the sion the most graceless thing spiritual misery of the natives, imaginable.'
| and the bodily distress of many
poor persons, may be lessened. however, at length checked, and They express an anxiety for the the impostors punished by the receipt of printing paper, as their Collector, and even by the prespress was constantly engaged in ent Rajah, Serfogee. working off books, for the use of Mr. Cammerer has kindly the Malabar Christians, and late- gone to Tanjore, to take care of ly for the new congregations, Mr. Kolhoff's charge, whilst he which in great numbers had re- was with the new congregations, cently been baptized by Mr. Ge- to strengthen and comfort them ricke, many of whom, not hav- in their distresses, brought on by ing yet been able to get books some heathen enemies, who were enough for their instruction, had indignant that whole villages, written the Catechism and Pray- with their chiefs, had embraced ers on palmyra leaves, which the Christian doctrine, and con. they had rehearsed to Mr. Ge- verted their pagodas into Chrisricke, in a manner beyond his tian churches, after having broexpectation.
ken their idols to pieces, and buTheir hearts had been filled ried them deep in the ground. with praise to God, for the pro- Like Nero, and Dioclesian, these gress which the gospel of Christ heathens imputed every theft had lately made amongst the and mischief to the Christians ; heathen; and they considered it and, as heathen chiefs, averse as an extraordinary Providence, from Christianity, easily raised tending to the furtherance of every complaint against them, Christian knowledge, that the some had been chastised, and country was under a Christian treated in a pitiful manner. The government, which they trusted last accounts, however, they would lend its benevolent and thank God, had happily reported, protecting hand to lessen the that the collector was kindly disperils that had attended the reposed to the Christians, and had ception of Christianity, and to put a stop to the injustice and encourage its introduction.- machinations of their enemies. Hence the natives would learn Catechists and schoolmasters, to how to fear God, to honor the a certain extent, with Malabar king, to obey the laws, and to bibles, catechisms, and other become industrious and faithful books, had been furnished, but subjects, as well as to reject their there was great need of other foolish and often most cruel su- Missionaries. perstitions. Of the latter, they. The Tranquebar Mission had had had, within the last year, a last year been increased by 112 striking instance, when two wo- children born of Christian pamen were suffered to be burnt | rents, 11 converts from Heathenalive, with the corpse of the late ism, and 5 converts from PopeRajah Amersing, a circumstance ry. In the Tamulian schools, 160 that afterwards produced a series children were maintained, beof fantastic follies. Several wo- sides those in the adjacent villamen pretended to be possessed ges, and farther in the country. with the spirit of one of the In the Portuguese school, 40 orburnt women, and affected to phans were supported, and 48 produce wonderful cures among 1 day scholars taught. Nineteen the sick. The imposition was, 1 couple had been married, 1290