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think or feel as though there | learn to do well ; and in case was no room for them to hope he doeth so, the same ground to for salvation as though it was expect the resurrection of life. impossible that they should at- | It should however be remembertain to the character of such as ed, that from the time that any have done good, in opposition to one, whether old or young, turns such as have done evil, even if to God and begins in the scripthey should now begin to do tural sense to do well, he must good and persevere in well doing patiently continue in well doing the remainder of their life ; be- .to the end of life. For it is he cause their evil deeds would so that endureth to the end that vastly outweigh and outnumber shall be saved. If any think their good works.-Such dis- they once began to do good, and couraging thoughts would be shall therefore rise to life, but well founded, if the scripture afterwards turn back to the ways doctrine was either, that those of sin and live in them, there is only, who have always done | reason to think they were decei. good without ever doing evil, ved that they never did even would rise to life ; or, that the begin to do good in the sight of resurrection of life was confined God. For where God begins a to those, who have done more good work in men, he will per: good than evil upon the whole. | from it until the day of Christ. But this is not the meaning of the And those whom he hath begot. scriptures. The resurrection ten again to a lively hope by the of damnation awaits those only, resurrection of Jesus Christ from who have always done evil with the dead, are kept by the power put turning from it and begin- of God through faith unto salvaping to do good ; whilst, thro' tion. Again, . the riches of divine grace and Though the aged sinncr, thro' the ample sufficiency of Christ's the sovereign grace of God, may atonement and righteousness, possibly become posessed of the every one who, before the close character which will be raised of his present life and state of to life, yet it should be further trial, finds an heart to forsake remarked, his evil way and unrighteous 2. That the truths we have thoughts, and to return to been considering, clearly show God through Jesus Christ, it to be a matter of unspeakable and becomes truly obedient importance to all who have hith. to his revealed will, has allerto lived in sin, the younger as his sins so blotted out, that they well as the older, to repent and will not be brought into judg-turn to God without delay, and ment to his condemnation in to enter immediately on a course the world to come ; and his hav- of such well doing as the gospel ing done good, though only for requires. These plain scripa short time and in a low de- ture truths clearly prove, that * gree, will mark the character, allimpenitent, christless sinners, which shall come forth 'to the the middle aged and the young resurrection of life. In this re- as well as the agerl, are now of spect, therefore, the aged sinner that character, and belong to has the same encouragement as that class of mankind, that the young, to cease to do evil, and Christ says shall come forth to
the resurrection of damnation. Some, if I have not mistaken And is this a character to be vol- | their meaning, have supposed untarily retained a condition to that, by falling on this stone and be rested in, when no one knows being broken, we are to underwhat a day may bring forth? or stand, such apprehensions and whether his trial will not be fin- knowledge of Christ, and such ally closed before another morn- influence from him, as to be ing? Besides,
come broken-hearted for sin, Do the sins and evil deeds of and broken off from it, so as men deserve the resurrection of to repent and return to God damnation and expose and sub- | through Jesus Christ. I have ject them to it? How great, repeatedly heard the words al. how immense then, is the evil luded to in prayer, in the form of sin ? How great the folly and of a petition to this effect, viz. madness of continuing to indulge that we may fall on this stone and practise it ? and how infi- and be broken, that it may not nite the obligation to abandon it fall on us, and grind us to pow. in every shape and form, to for- der. According to this con. sake and renounce every evil struction of the text, being broway and work? If with 'such ken signifies not an injurious, truths before their eyes, any but a beneficial effect. But to should discover so great an at- | me, this sense of the words tachment to the ways of sin, and seems rather unnatural. If a such an aversion to the well-do- man should tell me, that his son ing which God requires, that had fallen on a stone and was they will go on in the evil ways broken, it seems to me, it would of their hearts, and venture the be most natural to understand consequences upon a presump-him as intending to inform me, tion that they shall repent and that his son was badly hurt by turn at some future day, would his fall on a stone-that he re, there not be great reason to fear,ceived by it, not a benefit, but, that they will hereafter experi- a wound. However, not to rely ence a resurrection directly the wholly on my own judgment of reverse of that which is to life? | the proper import and force of
the expressions, I will thank you, Sir, for a plain explanation
of the text. Q. and R.
R. I apprehend no great dif
ficulty in'ascertaining the meane DIALOGUE.
ing of the words ; especially, if On the import of Matt. xxi. 44.
we look at a few other passages,
which treat of the same things. 2. M IRIST, on a certain | That by this stone, Christ him.
occasion, referring to self is intended, there is no room limself, as the stone which the to doubt. For Peter, speaking builders rejected, but which be- of Christ, to the Jews, said, came the head of the corner, “ This is the stone which was said, “ Whosoever shall fall on set at nought of you builders, tbis stone shall be broken : but which is become the head of the on whomsoever it shall fall, it corner. Neither is there salvagrill grind him to powder.”- tion in any other.” Acts iv. 10, i
11,'12. The church of God, ) wisdom, and these 'mighty in which he dwells by his Spirit, / works? Is not this the carpenis represented under the em-ter's son ? Is not his mother blem or figure of a house or called Mary ? &c. And they temple ; and Christ, the foun- were offended in him—and he dation of the church, is accord- did not many works there, beingly represented by the princi- cause of their unbelief.” Hence, pal foundation stone of the to me, it appears clear, that by building, on which it rests and falling on this stone, is meant, by which it is supported. Com- | being so stumbled, offended, or pare Isai. xxviii. 16; with Iconfounded, by something in Cor. iji. 9, 10, 11; and Eph. f' the person, character, condition, ii. 20, 21, 22 ; and 1 Pet. ii. 4, doctrine, or work of Christ, as 5,6.-And these following pas- not to believe, own and receive sages may help us to understand him as the true Messiah, the what is meant by falling on this anointed, the Son of God, the stone. Isai. viii. 14, 15. " And only and all-sufficient Saviour of he shall be for a sanctuary ; but sinners. for a stone of stumbling, and They who are thus stumbled for a rock of offence, to both and offended at Christ, are lithe houses of Israel. And'many kened to a person who, in walkamong them shall stumble, and ing or running, strikes against fall, and be broken:" Rom. ix. a stone, and falls down upon it. 31, 32, 33. There the apostle, Thus the , unbelieving Jews, , giving a reason why Israel, who when Christ was on earth, fell followed after the law of right- upon this stone.So likewise eousness, had not attained to it, did those, after Christ's ascen. said, “ Because they sought it sion, to whom Christ crucified not by faith, but as it were by was a stumbling block-who the works of the law : for they stumbled at the word, at the stumbled at that stumbling gospel preached by the apostles, stone ; as it is written, Behold, being disobedient : or to whom I lay in Sion a stumbling stone, the preaching of the cross was and rock of offence : and who- | foolishness. So likewise do the soever believeth on him shall Deists, and all others, in every not be ashamed." 1 Pet. ii. 7, 8. age, who are so stumbled at any " Unto you, therefore, which thing in the scripture account. believe he is precious : but unto of Christ, or of the way of them which be disobedient, the salvation through him, as not to stone which the builders disal- | own, believe in and receive him lowed, the same is made the in his true character. head of the corner, and a stone Whosoever shall fall on this of stumbling, and a rock of stone shall be broken : that is, as offence, even to them which a man, who falls upon a stone, is stumble at the word, being diso- bruised and wounded, and somebedient.” Matt. xiii. 55–58. times has his flesh and his bones “ And when he was come into broken, to the great hazard of his own country he taught them | his life ; so, whoever is stumin their synagogue, insomuch bled and offended in Christ, that they were astonished, and thereby receives a dangerous said, Whence hath this man this!
spiritual wound, to the great Q. Do you think that in the hazard of his soul.
terms used by Christ, in the lat· But as . men's falling on a ter part of the text we have been stone, does not always prove the considering, there was an allumeans of their death-as they sion to any ancient prediction ? sometimes recover from the R. Perhaps there was. For wounds thereby received ; so, the words naturally bring to men's being so offended in mind the vision, recorded by DaChrist, as to disown and reject niel, of a stone cut out without him for a time, does not in all hands, which smote the image, cases issue in their utter and ev- which Nebuchadnezzar saw, uperlasting ruin : there is a possi- on his feet, and brake them to bility of their being recovered pieces : whereupon, the iron, from the dangerous wounds, the clay, the brass, the silver, which they thereby give to their and the gold, were broken to souls ; and some, who have pieces together, and became thus fallen, have afterwards been | like the chaff of the summer converted and healed. Witness threshing floors ; and the wind the case of Paul, and of num- | carried them away. bers of the Jews, who, for a Q. What an affecting view, do time, were offended in Christ, the solemn truths stated in this but afterwards believed and conference, exhibit, of the dan. found salvation in him.
gerous and alarming condition . But on whomsoever this stone of all those, who have hitherto shall fall, it will grind him to been so stumbled or offended in powder. That is, as a huge Christ, on any account whatev. stone, falling upon a man, crush- er, as not cordially to own and es him to atoms, and instantly recieve him, and build upon puts an end to his life, beyond him, as the alone foundation of the possibility of escape or all well grounded hopes of salrestoration ; so he on whomso-vation ! ever Christ falls, by his almighty R. Dangerous and threatening power, to take vengeance on him, indeed, is the condition of all for his persevering and final re such ; and infinitely doth it conjection of him, will be complete-cern them, to give ap every obly ruined for ever: his destruc jection against Christ and the tion will be remediless, terrible, gospel, and to receive him, and
total, and final. This stone will become cordially obedient to thus fall on all those who are | him, without delay. finally disobedient to the gospel. I 2 Thess. i. 7, 8, 9.
The Catholic Doctrine of a Trinity, &c. .
(Continued from p. 339.) † 1 Cor. viii. 6. To us there is but ONE GOD, THE
If we compare this with that expression of St. Thomas, John XX. 28, MY LORD, and MY GOD, we have the following argument :
To us there is but one God, the FATHER.
But to US JESUS CHRIST is GOD : therefore, The Gospel has either preached two Gods to us, one distinct from the other : or that one God the Father is here the name of a nature, under which Christ himself, as God, is also comprehended. And the same may be proved of it in several other places.
XXXIV. of Matt. xxiii. 9. Call no man your Father upon
carth, for one is YOUR FATHER which is in heaven. Ibid. v, 10. Neither be ye called masters, for one is
YOUR MASTER, even CHRIST. John iii. 13. which is in beaven.
Dr. Clarke has a particular Section*, wherein he pretends to have set down the Passages that ascribe the highest Titles, Perfections, and Powers, to the second Person of the Trinity. Yet he has wholly omitted the latter of these verses ; though by a rule of his own inaking, it allows to Christ an higher title than any other in the whole Scripture. It is this same Author, who has laid so great a stress upon the word $15, one, which he has insisted upon it can signify nothing else, but one Person ; and the criticism is thought to be of such use and importance to his Scheme, that his book begins with it ; and in the course of his work it is repeated three times, nearly in the same words. But the Passage now before us, if he had produced it, would have turned his own weapon against himself. For the word el, is here an attribute of Christ ; and if we argue from it in this place, as he has done in the other, it must prove, that one person only is our Master, and that this person is Christ : which excludes the Persons of the Father and the Spirit from the honor of that title ; and so reduces that learned author's reasoning to a manifest absurdity.
We are to conclude then, that as the Phrase, one Master, cannot be meant to exclude the Father ; so neither does that othera one is good (supposing that were the sense of the Greek ) or, one is your Father, exclude the person of Christ. And if the reason of the thing teaches us that it cannot, so the Scripture assures us in fact that it does not : the title of Father, being also ascribes to the second person of the Trinity. For Christ, the Alpha and Omega, says of himself. He that overcometh shall inherit all things, and I will be HIS GOD, and he shall be MY SON. Isaiah calls him The Everlasting FATHERt. And again it is written - They are the CHILDREN of GOD, being the children of the RESURRECTION|| : But, says Christ - I am the RESURRECTIONS: therefore he is God, and hath us for his Children. If this be the case, the word Father cannot always be a name that distinguishes God from another person of God : but is often to be underzood as a term of relation between God and Man: or as a modern Divine of our Church has well expressed it A word not intended for Gou the lather only, the First • Chap. ij. 9. 3. + Rev. xxi. 7. ix. 6. Luke xx. 36. S John xi. 25, VOL. VI. NO. 10.