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and blood of the Lord. But / 18, 19. This unbecoming, unlet a man examine himself, and christian temper had a perniso let him eat of that bread, and cious influence on their conduct, drink of that cup. For he that in their meetings for religious eateth and drinketh unworthily, exercises, and particularly, for eateth and drinketh damnation attending the sacred ordinance to himself, not discerning the of the Lord's supper ; and in Lord's body. For this cause ma-connection with other defects ny are weak and sickly among produced such irregularities, that you, and many sleep. For if we their conduct, on these occawould judge ourselves, we should | sions, was not in reality eating not be judged. But when we are the Lord's supper, according to judged we are chastened of the the divine institutian, however Lord, that we should not be con- they might view it. This may demned with the world.” be seen by verses 20, 21, 22,
To correct these mistakes SOME words in this passage to convince them of their great Dhave an awful sound. And irregularity and guilt, and to they really contain a solemn cau- bring them back to right views tion and warning to professing of the nature and design of the Christians, against eating the Lord's supper, the apostle re. bread and drinking the cup of the peated what he had received of Lord, in an irreverent, carnal, and the Lord by special revelation, improper manner; and to do it and formerly delivered to them, with views, motives, and ends concerning the original institucorresponding to the nature and tion of this sacred ordinance. design of the sacred institution. He said, “ For I have received But the passage, rightly viewed, of the Lord that which also I depresents to honest hearted Chris-livered unto you, That the Lord tians, who are sincerely desirous Jesus, the same night in which of discharging their duty accord- he was betrayed, took bread : ing to the will of Christ, no real and when he had given thanks, ground of discouragement, or of he brake it, and said, Take, eat; disheartening and dismaying this is my body, which is broken fear, to deter them from obeying for you : this do in remembrance his command in this particular. of me. After the same manner
The passage has such relation also he took the cup, when he had to, and dependence on what the supped, saying, This cup is the apostle had been relating in the new testament in my blood : this preceding context, that its true do ye as oft as ye drink it, in meaning and import cannot be remembrance of me. For as readily apprehended, without a often as ye cat this bread, and summary view of the things con- drink this cup, ye do shew the tained in several of the foregoing | Lord's death till ne come.” yerses.
Verses 23, 24, 25, 26. The church at Corinth, at least By this account of the origisome members of it, were un- nal institution of the ordinhappily and criminally actuated ance they were taught, among by a contentious party spirit, other things, that the Lord's which produced divisions among supper is not designed for the them, as appears by verses 17, 1 refreshment of animal nature, like a common meal at an ordi- | not distinguishing between the nary feast-that they were to bread and wine in this ordinance, eat of the bread, and drink of the and the provisions of an ordinacup, not for the sake of sustain- ry supper or feast, and without ing their natural lives, or feed- any of those views and affections, ing and nourishing their bodies, which correspond to the nature or gratifying their animal appe- and design of the sacred institutites ; but with a believing, obe- tion, shall be guilty of treating diential, and fiducial regard to,“ the sin-bearing body and the and dependence on Christ cruci-atoning blood” of the Lord Jesus fied that they were to eat of the Christ with disrespect and conbread, as a divinely appointed tempt. memorial or symbol of his cru- To prevent such scandalous cified body ; and to drink of the conduct, and avoid the contractcup, as a divinely appointed | ing of such enormous guilt, the symbol of his blood shed to a- apostle gave the following directone for their sins, and to con- tions, viz. “ But let a man exa: firm the new covenant and se- mine himself, and so let him eat cure its blessings to all that are of that bread, and drink of that Christ's ; and that as often as cup.”—The word rendered exathey ate of this bread and drank mine, signifies to examine, and of this cup, in a manner answer- also to prove and make evident. able to the design of the institu- | And the whole context naturally tion, they visibly showed and suggests, that the examination, practically avowed their grateful to which every man, desiring to remembrance of Christ's death, eat the Lord's supper in a propand declared themselves the dis- er manner, as here directed, has ciples of that Jesus who was cru- for its object, his understanding cified, and their dependence on of the signification and end of his death as the procuring cause the ordinance, and his views, of forgiveness with God and all motives, and ends in attending spiritual blessings ; and that in it. Let a man let every one, this way Christ's people were to who would come in a proper show forth his death, through all manner to the Lord's table, exsuccessive periods, till his sec- amine-let him make proof of ond coming.
himself, with respect to his un" Wherefore,” said the apos- derstanding and knowledge of tle, « whosoever shall eat this the nature and design of this dibread, and drink this cup of the vine institution, and see, that he Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty understands that the bread and of the body and blood of the cup are to be considered not as Lord.” That is, such as now common food, but as divinely apstated, being the nature, import pointed memorials or symbols of and design of the Lord's supper, Christ's body and blood, broken it is a clear case, that whoever and shed to atone for sin and conshall eat of this bread, and drink firm the new covenant with all of this cup, which are appointed its blessings ; and that they are to represent the body and blood to be eaten and drunk with a reof the Lord, in an ignorant, stu- ligious, believing, fiducial respid, inconsiderate, irreverent,pect to Christ crucified, in obecontentious, and carnal manner, I dience to his command, with a grateful remembrance of his a- , an uncharitable, dividing, contoning death, as a practical ex- tentious spirit, as some of the hibition of it and declaration of Corinthians did, or in a carnal his own reception of, and subjec- and sensual manner, as though tion to, and trust in him as his he was eating for the refreshment Lord and all-sufficient Saviour. of the body, and without a reliLet him also examine and make gious regard to Christ's body proof of himself with respect to and blood as symbolically repre, his temper and spirit, views and sented by the bread and winemotives in this transaction, and such a one, instead of dischargsee that they be such as answer ing his duty towards Christ, and and correspond to its nature, de- deriving any spiritual advantage sign, and import-that he hath to himself, contracts such guilt such a sense of sin, and sorrow in eating and drinking, as exfor it, and hatred of it, and desire poses him to the righteous reof deliverance from it, as to per- bukes of the Lord in the way of ceive and feel, and cordially ac- his chastening judgments, as he knowledge his need of Christ's doth not discern the Lord's body atonement-that he believes and in the divinely appointed repretrusts in his death as a complete sentations of it, or distinguish propitiation for sin, and securing and make a proper difference beall new covenant blessings to his tween the divinely appointed people that he desires, in the symbols and memorials of his way of Christ's appointment, to body and blood, and common testify and express a grateful re-food. membrance of his sufferings, and The word translated discern. his own reception of, and obedi- ing, signifies to discern, to sepaence to, and dependence on him rate, to make a difference, to as his Lord and Saviour. And judge between, &c.and the whole so let him eat-having thus ex- context leads us to understand it, amined and made proof of him- in this place, of distinguishing self, let him, with these suitable and making a difference. He views and affections, aims and who eats and drinks in the unends, eat of the bread, and drink worthy manner here intended, of the cup, which represent the doth not discern the Lord's bobody and blood of the Lord. dy ; that is, he doth not distin
To enforce a due attention to guish or make any proper difthis direction, and to impress | ference between the bread and their minds with a sense of the cup which represent the Lord's awful consequences of a careless, body, and the provisions of an irreverent, and carnal use of the ordinary supper or feast; but sacramental bread and cup, the eats of the bread and drinks of apostle added, “ For he that the cup, as he would of the proeateth and drinketh unworthily, visions of an entertainment for eateth and drinketh damnation the refreshment of animal nato himself, not discerning the ture. By eating and drinkin Lord's body.” That is, he who, at the Lord's table, in this unwithout understanding or duly worthy, ignorant, irreverent, and considering the nature, import, carnal manner, even though he and design of this divine institu- be a true believer in Christ, he bion, eats and drinks with such I eats and drinks judgment to liim, self.not certain eternal damna- | that we should not be condemntion, as some honest hearted ed with the world.”. As a father Christians have feared, to the chastens his children when they destroying of their comfort in prove stupid, careless, and disothe discharge of an important bedient, to bring them to a sense duty, or preventing their ap- of their sin and duty, and to exproach to an ordinance calcula- cite them, with penitential sore ted to strengthen their faith, in-| row, to renounce the one and perflame their , love, and increase | form the other, in order to pre. their joy. But by the judgment vent their utter ruin, and secure directly intended in this verse, their happiness ; so the Lord, the apostle, in the following ver- when his people neglect their ses, explained himself to mean, duty, and go astray in the ways such chastenings of the Lord, asof error and wickedness, chas. are opposed to final condemna- tens them with his judgments in tion, and calculated to prevent it, this life, to convince and humby operating as means of repent- ble and reclaim them, and preance and amendment.
vent their continuing in such “ For this cause,” said he, evil ways, as, if persisted in, “ many are weak and sickly a- would issue in their condemna. mong you, and many sleep.”- tion at the great day, with the Such was the judgment which men of the world. some of them ate and drank to This shows that the judgment, themselves. The apostle added, which they who eat and drink 6. For if we would judge our- unworthily at the Lord's supper, selves, we should not be judged.” eat and drink to themselves, is That is, if we would uprightly different from final condemna, and impartially examine our tion, and may be incurred, in hearts and conduct, and judge some cases at least, where final and condemn ourselves for all condemnation is avoided. Inthat is wrong in us, and peni- / deed, if they who eat and drink tently turn from it, and perform unworthily, with improper views this and other duties, with right and dispositions, in an ignorant, views and in a right manner, we irreverent, and sensual manner, should be exempted from those are not true believers in Christ, judgments, which God, in right- and never become true penitents, eous displeasure at our sins, | they will undoubtedly be con, brings upon us for our unworthy | demned with the rest of the un. and criminal temper, and beha- godly, and suffer the wrath of viour ; and especially, from the God in the world to come, for condemnation, under which the their sin in eating and drinking finally impenitent will fall. | unworthily, as well as in all other
Still further to explain the particulars. But what I conceive case of eating and drinking judg-1 to be evident from the whole ment to themselves, and to ens passage taken together, is, that courage and excite them to eating and drinking unworthily judge, to condemn, and correct doth not certainly seal or insure what was so grossly amiss in final condemnation or eternal themselves, the apostle subjoin misery—that this is not an uned, “ But when we are judged pardonable sin, that it may be We are chastened of the Lord, forgiven, as well as other offen
ces--that the judgment which tion between the divinely apsuch are here said to eat and pointed memorials of his body drink to themselves, is a differ- and blood, and the provisions of ent thing from eternal damna- an ordinary entertainment ; and tion or future punishment. It guard against bringing such primarily signifies the judgment heinous guilt upon their souls. with which God chastens his Let thein examine and prove people, that they may not share themselves with respect to their in the condemnation of the world. understanding and sense of the Though it be highly probable nature, design, and import of that some, who eat and drink this divine institution, and of thus unworthily, are wholly des- their conduct in celebrating it ; titute of true saving faith in and with respect to their temChrist, and continue so to the per, views, and motives in this last, and perish in their sins ; yet transaction ; and see to it, that it is a very possible case--a case they be suitable to the design that hath really happened, that and import of the ordinance :some real though very imper- and so let them eat of the bread fect Christians, through igno- and drink of the cup of the Lord, rance and the influence of a car- as divinely instituted symbols of nal temper, may eat and drink his body and blood in rememunworthily, in the sense intend-brance of him, and of his sufed in the text, and yet being ferings and death for the rejudged, that is, chastened of the demption of his people, and in Lord, may repent, and escape obedience to his command, as the condemnation of the ungod- a practical declaration that they ly, and be finally saved.. receive, submit to, and trust in
Wherefore, let care be taken, him, as their Lord and Saviour. not to put such a strained con- And let them see to it, that all struction on the wholesome and this be done from the heart, with salutary instructions and warn- all those internal exercises of ings of the apostle, as would fill repentance, faith, hope, love, å sincere but diffident Christian gratitude, praise, and self-dediwith dismaying fear, and terrify cation, which correspond to the him from obeying the commands import of such a practical declaof Christ, to eat of the bread and ration. drink of the cup of the Lord in God grant, that through the remembrance of him, as though gracious influence of the spirit in case he failed of doing it in of truth and holiness, all who a right and acceptable manner, name the name of Christ, may he would insure his own eternal so eat and drink, to the glory damnation. And on the other of his name and their own spirhand, Let all duly consider and itual and everlasting benefit. be thoroughly sensible of the
PAREPIDEMOS. great evil, and terrible consequences, of attending this sacred ordinance in an ignorant, stupid, An Infidel converted. careless, irreverent, and carnal manner, without any suitable re- A S it is not proper that the. gard to the crucified Saviour,
1 real name of the subject or making any proper distinc-I of the following account should