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observed, or its penalty execu- hath now been shown, in order ted upon transgressors ;-if he to be just to himself and to the should suffer one after another, moral world, must, in some way to transgress with impunity, and or other, make it fully manifest, without taking any other method, that his displeasure against sin to manifest as great displeasure is indeed exceedingly great, that at their sin, and as great regard he hates it with perfect hatred to the law, as would be manifest- as an evil infinitely great and ed by executing the penalty, and pernicious ; and that his law is thus virtually and practically dis- holy and just and good, of the annul and destroy the law, or do highest importance, and shall, that which has a natural tenden- at all events, be vindicated and cy to destroy its binding force fully supported. But how or in upon the minds of creatures; it what way can these be manicannot be conceived, how he fested ?-By executing upon sin, could appear to be a holy, a just, ners the penalty of the law. or a good moral governor of the This is one way. If God should world. Such conduct in the De- execute upon all sinning crea. ity, were it to take place, would tures the penalty of his law in naturally make it seem to crea- its full extent-if he should cast tures, as though he did not view them off for ever, and confine himself so worthy and perfect a them in a state of complete, being, and sin against him so hopeless misery, never to end, great an eyil, as the requisitions undeniable evidence would be of his law with the annexed pe- thereby exhibited, that he is a nalty hold forth and import-as | perfect, irreconcilable enemy to though he did not consider his sin, and hates it with infinite ha. law as being good or of any im- tred that he looks upon his law portance—or as though, if it was as being perfectly holy and just good, and necessary to the well- and good, and is unalterably debeing and happiness of the mor- termined fully to support it.al world, it was nevertheless a And thus he would clear himself matter of indifference with him, I of the dishonorand reproach cast whether it was regarded and upon him by sin, and appear to obeyed, or trampled upon and creatures to have such a regard treated with contempt. Surely to his own character and glory, then, it is of the highest import and to the true interests of the ance, in regard to both the honor moral world, as is essential to of God, and the well-being and an infinitely holy just and good happiness of the intelligent cre- God and moral governor, and ation, that such a law should ex- thereby do justice to himself.ist, and be risibly and fully sup- Such treatment of sinners would ported. It does not appear how also be adapted to discountenance God can be just to himself and and discourage sin, in the view to the moral world in general, of all creatures, who had not yet without supporting, and discov- apostatized--to strike their hearts ering a fixed, unalterable deter- with a peculiar dread of it-to. mination to maintain and sup-fix and strengthen their resoluport his holy law for ever. I tions never to yield or listen to · Sin hath taken place among it, and to establish and confirm God's creatures. And God, it I their dispositions to persevere in

the ways of holiness, in a course | man should be devoted to the of unreserved subjection to his glory of God; that all the fa. authority and obedience to his culties of the soul and of the bowill.

dy should be employed in his These and such like seem to service ; that we should glorify be the ends designed to be an- him with our bodies and our spir. swered by the threatened pun- its which are his. ishment of sinners. And it is! In attending to this subject not easy, if possible, to conceive I shall endeavor to show, how God can be just to himself 1. What we may understand and to the moral world in gener- | by the glory of God. al, or even appear to creatures II. What is implied in doing to be perfectly holy and good, all things to his glory. without answering these ends III. The obligations we are or effecting these purposes. But under to this duty. if these ends can be answered, if I. We are to show what is to these purposes can be as fully be understood by the glory of accomplished, in some other God. way, than by the punishment of 1. The glory of God signifies. the sinners in their own persons; the essence or perfections of the it may then be conceived of, as divine nature. The apostle Pebeing consistent with justice for ter, speaking of the testimony God to save them. Now the which God gave to the mission atonement made by Christ, as of Christ at his baptism, says, the words before cited from There came a voice to him from Rom. iii. 25, 26, teach, was the excellent Glory. God posdesigned to answer these purpo- sesses all natural and moral perses; and particularly, so to man- fections, and therefore his very ifest the righteousness or jus- beingor nature is excellent glory. tice of God, as to render it con- T'he essence or perfection of his sistent with justice, for him to nature is called his essential glojustify the sinner who believeth ry ; because it is inherent, and in Jesus.

essential to his existence, and [To be continued.] would have been eternally the

same, had no other being, or object ever existed.

2. The glory of God denotes An Essay on the Glory of God, likewise, the diplay, or manifestfounded on 1 Corinthians x. 31. ation of his perfections in the

kingdoms of nature, of provi“ Whatsoever ye do, do dence, and of grace. God has all to the glory of God.” | abundantly displayed his per

sections in his works : and if THE duty here enjoined, is we therein discover some marks

I repeatedly inculcated in the of them, we behold a glimpse of sacred oracles, and is set forth his glory ; for his perfections as being the great duty of man. constitute his glory. In all the It indeed belongs to the essence things in which God has discovo of all duties, and of course, mei-ered himself to men, we behold its our greatest attention. Rev. the effulgence of divine excelelation requires that the whole llency. On whatever part of his

creation we turn our eyes, we/ of animals do we behold ranked behold all things full of beauty, among the works of creation ! order and harmony. The ce- Besides those wäich are visible, lestial bodies which revolve in there are perhaps myriads which the vast expanse, declare the glo- are imperceptible to the naked ry of the Lord, and the firmament eye. The smallness of their size sherreth his handy-zvork. IVhen required their members to be exever we turn our thoughts to-tremely minute. What exact. wards that luminous orb, the actness, then, must have been sun, and the numerous bodies observed at their formation, to which revolve around it, and con- make one part accord with antemplate their magnitudes, dis- other, and to render the whole tances, and revolutions, which do system harmonious ? And pernot disturb each other, we ac- haps there is not left the least quire an exalted idea of that glo- chasm from the smallest insect rious Being, who is wonderful up to the creature of intelliin counsel, and excellent in work- gence. Hence what a variety ing. The vast number of stars of species in the animal creawhich shine with such radiantlus- tion! And no fewer varieties of tre in the concave heavens, must provision are created for their excite astonishment in the breast peculiar sustenance. We beof every beholder ; especially hold a variety of vegetables from when contemplated, as suns, the grass on the plain, to the each being the centre of a partic- cedar in the forest, which were ular system, and destined to per- originally formed, and have evform the same office that the sun er since grown in a mysterious does to this solar system. If manner, and are clothed with this be true, how are we lost in such inimitable beauty that pa our contemplations on the uni-| ven Solomon in all his glory was verse, which is composed of not arrayed like one of these. such a vast number of complica- Aster contemplating a variety ted systems ! How true is the ob- l of objects in which we may servation of Solomon : No man clearly discover both the existcan find cut the work that God | ence and character of him who maketh from the beginning to the made them, need we mention end. This shows God's charac- man to show his glory ? Man ter to be incomprehensibly glo- is wonderfully and fearfully made. rious ; so that we may adopt How wonderful is the connexthe triumphant challenge of Zo-ion between the body and mind; phar, Canst thou by searching spirit joined to flesh, inhabiting find out God ? Canst thou find a mansion of clay ! How excelout the Almighty unto fucrfection ? | lent is the contexture and frame It is as high as heaven! what of the body ! How admirably canst thou do? It is deeper than is every member fitted to its parhell! what canst thou know? The ticular office ! But of how much measure thereof is longer than the more noble nature is the soul ! carth, and broader than the sea. | What exalted faculties does it - The glory of the great di | possess ! Understanding, convine Architect is no less dis- science, will, affection : these played in the animal and veget-attach great worth to human naable. creation. What a variety Iture, and evince the infinite un

derstanding and excellency of is too wonderful for us. It is the Creator,

| high : we cannot attain to it. Man was originally formed in If we turn our attention to the image of God ; his body Divine Providence we shall beappeared in perfect symmetry, | hold the like illustrious display and his mind approved the of God's perfections. His great things that were amiable and power upholds the worlds that good. He was in miniature, roll, majestically, in the boundthe image of his Maker, who is less regions of space, and preinfinitely holy and good. In this serves the vast universe in perstate of perfection it was, un-| fect order and harmony. His doubtedly, man's chief employ- providence extends to all, even ment and delight to view the the smallest events. Not a works of creation, and in them, sparrow falleth to the ground to adore the wonderful display without his knowledge and influof the wisdom, power, and be- ence. All creatures are at his neficence of their Author. And disposal, and receive their supalthough man has made himself port from his bounty. He hears base. in apostatizing from his the young ravens when they cry, Maker, yet God is good. Al- and provideth for them their though man has been ungrate-food. As it respects man, God ful, yet God is merciful and full has never left himself without of compassion. For notwith-witness, in that he hath done good, standing when man, primarily, and given us rain from heaven, revolted from God, he was driv- and fruitful seasons, filling our en from the garden of Eden, yet hearts with food and gladness. he is now favored with a situa- But the providence of God aption in a great degree delightful. pears much more conspicuous The number of animal and ra- as it respects his moral kingdom. tional enjoyments with which Tho' in regard to individuals, he is indulged, evinces this providence is involved in darktruth. For him a variety of a11-ness, yet it is a rule in the divine imals are formed every way government to deal with nations fitted for his use. « For him and public bodies of men accordday and night visit the world. ing to their moral character. For him the seasons walk their | This has remarkably appeared splendid round. For him the in every age of the world, accorearth teems with riches, and ding to the divine declaration the heavens smile with benefi- to all people. If ye be willing cence. Surrounding creation and obedient, ye shall eat the good subserves the wants, and pro- of the land ; but if ye refuse and claims the dignity of man.”- rebel, ye shall be devoured with Thus, how admirably is the the sword. glorious character of God ex- God governs the world for his hibited in the works which he own glory, and the good of his has made ! How justly may we creatures; and shews himself to exclaim with the psalmist, How be great in Zion, and above all excellent, O Lord, is thy name in people. He employs the wickall the earth! How manifold are ed as well as the righteous as thy works ! In wisdom hast thou instruments in building up his made them all. · Such knowledge I cause. Not only the righteous

praise the Lord, but he makes and glory ; his salvation is nigh . the wrath of the wicked to praise to them that fear him, and glory him.' Whilst the world is in dwells on the earth.confusion_whilst men of oppo- | The glory of God thus marsite tempers are pursuing differ- | vellously displayed reaches the ent schemes, he overrules all heavens as well as dwells on the their actions for the promotion earth ; and furnishes a delightof his glory, and the highest hap- ful subject for the highest adpiness of his obedient subjects. miration, wonder and praise of Under this view of our subject, the heavenly hosts. When that who is not ready to exclaim with glorious person who hath rethe inspired apostle, O the depth deemed lost men, came into the of the riches both of the wisdom world, the angelic choir sang an and knowledge of God! How un-anthem to Jehovah, saying, Glosearchable are his judgments, and ry to God in the highest ; on earth his ways past finding out ! | peace, and good will towards men.

But by turning our attention This will compose the chief matto the adorable scheme of redemp-ter of the song of the blessed intion, we shall behold the most habitants of heaven to all eterniglorious display of the attributes ty. Worthy is the Lamb, they of Deity. Some of his perfec- cry, that was slain, to receive tions are here brought out to power, and riches, and glory, and view, which would otherwise blessing ; and be these ascribed have lain concealed ; and all of to him who sitteth on the throne, them “ appear in the brightest and to the Lamb for ever and lustre, and most beautiful har- ever. mony. He has manifested the 3. The glory of God farther exceeding riches of his mercy | denotes the return, or acknowlin giving his own Son to redeem edgment, which intelligences a guilty race-his infinite puri- make to him for the manifestaty and immutable justice in re- tions of his goodness to them, quiring such a grand and awful and a discharge of the obligasacrifice in order to the remis- tions which they owe him as sion of human guilt the perfect his creatures. God's declararectitude of his law in forgiving tive glory is promoted, when our transgressions only through men order their conduct in such the obedience and sufferings of a manner as to render his charhis Son-his inviolable faith- 1 acter excellent and glorious in fulness and truth in executing the view of intelligent beings. the threatening of death on him Considering the peculiar circumwho consented to bear our ini- stances of the situation of manquities. Here we see the mer- kind, as fallen creatures, redeemcy, justice, holiness and truth of ed by the Son of God, having the God, all united and operating in privilege to return to him and concert ; so that, as the psalm be saved, and the many duties ist says, Mercy and truth are resulting from this divine plan, met together, righteousness and we find that various ways are peace have kissed each other. I pointed out in the scriptures in Truth springs from the earth, 1 which the glory of God is pro

from moted by their actions. This is and righteousness looks down from moted by their actions

done by public, private and see heaven : The Lord gives grace | done by public, privat

Yol. VI. No. 5.

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