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$ 92.78 Translating documents.

Oficers of the Foreign Service are not authorized to translate documents or to certify to the correctness of translations (However, see $ 92.56 with regard to interpreting and translating services which may be performed in connection with depositions.) They are authorized to administer to a translator an oath as to the correctness of a translation; to take an acknowledgment of the preparation of a translation, and to authenticate the seal and signature of a local official affixed to a translation. Separate fees should be charged for each of these seryices, as indicated under the caption "Notarial Services and Authentications" of the Tariff of Fees, Foreign Service of the United States of America ($ 22.1 of this chapter). $ 92.79 Procuring copies of foreign

public documents. (a) Nature of services. When requested to do so by United States citizens or by persons acting in behalf of United States citizens, a consular officer should endeavor to obtain from foreign officials copies of birth, death, and marriage certificates, or copies of other public records, such as divorce decrees, probated wills, and so on. The interest of the party requesting the document should be clearly indicated, and there should be good reason for asking for the consular officer's assistance. Persons requesting documents for use in the preparation of family trees or in the compilation of genealogical studies should be referred to a local attorney or to a genealogical research bureau if one is available.

(b) Payment of expenses involved (1) Official funds not to be used. The use of official funds to pay for copies of or extracts from foreign public records obtained at the request of private persons is prohibited.

(2) Payment of costs by Federal Government. In instances of requests emanating from departments or agencies of the Federal Government for copies of or extracts from foreign public records, the Department will issue to Foreign Service posts concerned appropriate instructions with respect to the payment of whatever local costs may be entailed if the documents cannot be obtained gratis from the local authorities.

(3) Payment of costs by State or municipal governments. Should State,

county, municipal or other authorities in the United States besides the Federal Government request the consular officer to obtain foreign documents, and express willingness to supply documents gratis in analogous circumstances, the consular officer may endeavor on that basis to obtain the desired foreign documents gratis.

Otherwise, such authorities should be informed that they must pay the charges of the foreign officials, as well as any fees which it may be necessary for the consular officer to collect under the provisions of the Tariff of Fees, Foreign Service of the United States of America ($ 22.1 of this chapter).

(4) Payment of costs by private persons. Before a consular officer endeavors to obtain a copy of a foreign public document in behalf of a private person, the person requesting the document should be required to make a deposit of funds in an amount sufficient to defray any charges which may be made by the foreign authorities, as well as the Foreign Service fee for authenticating the document, should authentication be desired. § 92.80 Obtaining American vital sta

tistics records. Individuals who inquire as to means of obtaining copies of or extracts from American birth, death, marriage, or divorce records may be advised generally to direct their inquires to the Vital Statistics Office at the place where the record is kept, which is usually in the capital city of the State or Territory. Legal directories and other published works of references at the post may be of assistance in providing exact addresses, information about fees, etc. An inquirer who is not an American citizen may write directly to the diplomatic or appropriate consular representative of his own country for any needed assistance in obtaining a desired document.

QUASI-LEGAL SERVICES $ 92.81 Performance of legal services.

(a) Legal services defined. The term "legal services" means services of the kind usually performed by attorneys for private persons and includes such acts as the drawing up of wills, powers of attorney, or other legal instruments.

(b) Performance usually prohibited(1) General prohibition; exceptions. Officers of the Foreign Service should not perform legal services except when instructed to do so by the Secretary of State, or in cases of sudden emergency when the interests of the United States Government, might be involved, or in cases in which no lawyer is available and refusal to perform the service would result in the imposition of extreme hardship upon a United States citizen. There is no objection, however, to permitting persons to use the legal references in the Foreign Service office giving specimen forms of wills, powers of attorney, etc.

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(2) Specific prohibitions and restrictions. See $ 72.41 of this chapter for prohibition of performance of legal services by consular officers in connection with decedents' estates. See $ 92.11 restricting the preparation for private parties of legal documents for signature and notarization.

(3) Acceptance of will for deposit prohibited. Wills shall not be accepted for safekeeping in the office safe. If a person desires to have his last will and testament made a matter of record in a Foreign Service establishment, the offiçer to whom application is made shall have the will copied in the Miscellaneous Record Book ($ 92.77) and charge the prescribed fee therefor.

(c) Refusal of requests. In refusing requests for the performance of legal services, an officer of the Foreign Service should cite these regulations and should state clearly his reasons for refusing to act. In apropriate cases, the officer may furnish the inquirer with a copy of the annual list of attorneys (see $ 92.82) practicing in the consular district or he may refer the inquirer to the Department for a list of attorneys.

(d) Waiver of responsibility. When an officer of the Foreign Service accedes to a request for the performance of a legal service, he should inform the applicant that the service is performed at the latter's risk and without any responsibility on the part of the United States Government or the officer performing the service.

(e) Fees. No fee should be charged for any legal services which may be performed under these regulations, beyond the fees or charges for specific services enumerated in the Tariff of Fees, Foreign Service of the United States of America (§ 22.1 of this chapter). 8 92.82 Recommending attorneys or no

taries. (a) Assistance in selecting American lawyers. When any person in the dis

trict of a Foreign Service post desires to have the name of an attorney in the United States, the officer at the post may refer him to American law directories or other published references at his disposal, but he shall refrain from recommending any particular attorney.

(b) Assistance in selecting foreign attorneys or notaries. Persons applying to a Foreign Service post for services of a legal or fiduciary character or for assistance in selecting an attorney or notary capable of rendering the services in view, may be furnished the names of several attorneys or notaries in the district, or referred to the lists to be found in American or foreign law directories or other published references. Alternatively, they may be referred to bar associations or, where applicable, to the organization charged by local law with the responsibility for providing legal assistance.

(c) Agreements for referral of legal business prohibited. Officers of the Foreign Service shall not recommend particular attorneys or notaries to persons who apply to a Foreign Service post for legal assistance, nor shall they make agreements with attorneys or notaries for the referral to them of inquiries for legal assistance. $ 92.84 Legal process defined.

Legal process means a writ, warrant, mandate, or other process issuing frorn a court of justice. The term includes subpoenas, citations, and complaints. & 92.85 Service of legal process usually

prohibited. The service of process and legal papers is not normally a Foreign Service function. Except when directed by the Department of State, officers of the Foreign Service are prohibited from serving process or legal papers or appointing other persons to do so. (Dept. Reg. 108.564, 32 F.R. 11776, Aug. 16, 1967) $ 92.86 Consular responsibility for serv

ing subpoenas. When directed by the Department of State, officers of the Foreign Service will serve a subpoena issued by a court of the United States on a national or resident of the United States who is in a foreign country unless such action is prohibited by the law of the foreign country. (Dept. Reg. 108.564, 32 F.R. 11776, Aug. 16, 1967)

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$ 92.87 Consular responsibility for sery.

ing orders to show cause. Officers of the Foreign Service are required to serve orders to show cause Issued in contempt proceedings on person who has failed or neglected to appear in answer to a subpoena served in accordance with the provisions of $ 92.86. (Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 949; 28 U.S.C. 1784). & 92.88 Consular procedure.

With regard to the serving of subpoenas and orders to show cause referred to in $$ 92.86 and 92.87, section 1 of the act of June 25, 1948 (sec. 1, 62 Stat. 819, 28 U.S.C. 1783), provides that the subpoena shall designate the time and place for appearance before the court of the United States, and shall issue to any consular officer of the United States in the foreign country. The consular officer is required to make personal service of the subpoena and any order to show cause, rule, judgment or decree on the request of the Federal court or its marshal, and to make return thereof to such court after tendering to the witness his necessary travel and attendance expenses, which will be determined by the court and sent with the subpoena. When the subpoena or order is forwarded to the officer, it is usually accompanied by instructions directing exactly how service should be made and how the return of service should be executed. These instructions should be followed carefully. $ 92.89 Fees for service of legal process.

No charge should be made for serving à subpoena or order to show cause issuing out of Federal court under the procedures set forth in $$ 92.86 and 92.87. The taking of the affidavit of the officer effecting the service, or the performance of any other notarial act which may be involved in making the return, should be without charge, under the caption "Exemption for Federal Agencies and Corporations" of the Tariff of Fees, Foreign Service of the United States of America ($ 22.1 of this chapter). 892.90 Delivering documents pertain

ing to the revocation of naturaliza.

tion. Officers of the Foreign Service shall deliver, or assist in delivering, to destgnated persons, documents relating to proceedings in the cancellation of certificates of naturalization when such

documents are forwarded by duly authorized officials of the Federal courts. The responsibility for furnishing detailed instructions on the procedure to be followed in delivering such documents rests with the court or with the United States attorney concerned, and officers should follow such instructions carefully. 8 92.91

Service of documents at request of Congressional committees. Officers of the Foreign Service have no authority to serve upon persons in their consular districts legal process such as subpoenas or citations in connection with Congressional investigations. All requests for such service should be referred to the Department of State. 8 92.92 Service of legal process under

provisions of State law. It may be found that a State statute purporting to regulate the service of process in foreign countries is so drawn as to mention service by an American consular officer or a person appointed by him, without mention of or provision for alternate methods of service. State laws of this description do not operate in derogation of the laws of the foreign jurisdiction wherein it may be sought to effect service of legal process,

such State laws do not serve to impose upon American consular officers duties or obligations which they are unauthorized to accept under Federal law, or require them to perform acts contrary to Federal regulations (see $ 92.85). $ 92.93 Notarial services or authentica

tions connected with service of proc.

ess by other persons. An officer of the Foreign Service may administer an oath to a person making an affidavit to the effect that legal process has been served. When an affidavit stating that legal process has been served is executed before a foreign notary or other official, an officer of the Foreign Service may authenticate the official character of the person administering the oath. The fee for administering an oath to a person making an affidavit or for an authentication, as the case may be, is as prescribed under the caption "Notarial Services and Authentications” in the Tariff of Fees, Foreign Service of the United States of America ($ 22.1 of this chapter), unless the case is of such nature as to fall under the caption, “Exemption for Federal Agencies and Corporations" of the same Tariff. 8 92.94 Replying to inquiries regarding

service of process or other documents. Officers should make prompt and courteous replies to all inquiries regarding the service of legal process or documents of like nature, and should render such assistance as they properly can to the court and to interested parties. Such assistance could include furnishing information as to the standard procedure of the locality for service of legal papers, with the name and address of the local office having a bailiff authorized to effect and make return of service; it could include furnishing a list of local attorneys capable of making necessary arrangemants; or it could, where appropriate, include a suggestion that the request of the American court might be presented to the foreign judicial authorities in the form of letters rogatory (see definition, $ 92.54, and procedures, $ 92.66 (b)). If the person upon whom the process is intended to be served is known to be will

ing to accept service, or if it is clear that it would be in his interest at least to be informed of the matter, the consular officer may suggest to the interested parties in the United States the drawings up of papers for voluntary execution by such person, such as a waiver of service or a document which would be acceptable to the American court to signify the person's entering an appearance in the action pending therein. $ 92.95 Transportation of witnesses to

the United States. Officers of the Foreign Service may at times be called upon to assist in arranging for the transportation to the United States of persons in foreign countries whose testimony is desired by the Attorney General in a case pending in a Federal court. Requests that the travel of such persons be facilitated originate in the Department of Justice, and special instructions in each case are transmitted to the appropriate Foreign Service post by the Department of State.

SUBCHAPTER K-ECONOMIC, COMMERCIAL AND CIVIL AVIATION

FUNCTIONS

PART 101-ECONOMIC AND COM

MERCIAL FUNCTIONS Sec. 101.1 Protection of American interests. 101.2 Promotion of American interests. 101.3 Services for American businessmen

and organizations. 101.4 Economic and commercial reporting.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 101 issued under sec. 302, 60 Stat. 1001; 22 U.S.C. 842.

SOURCE: The provisions of this part 101 appear at 22 F.R. 10871, Dec. 27, 1957, unless otherwise noted.

(b) Observe, report on, and, whenever possible, endeavor to remove discriminations against American agricultural, commercial, and industrial interests in other countries.

(c) Protect the national commercial reputation of the United States. § 101.2 Promotion of American in

terests. Officers of the Foreign Service shall further the agricultural and commercial interests of the United States:

(a) By carefully studying and reporting on the potentialities of their districts as a market for American products or as a competitor of American products in international trade.

(b) By investigating and submitting World Trade Directory Reports on the general standing and distributing capacity of foreign firms within their districts.

(c) By preparing and submitting upon request trade lists of commercial firms within their districts.

(d) By keeping constantly on the alert for and submitting immediate reports on concrete trade opportunities.

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(e) By endeavoring to create, within the scope of the duties to which they are assigned, a demand for American products within their districts.

(f) By facilitating and reporting on proposed visits of alien businessmen to the United States.

(g) By taking appropriate steps to facilitate the promotion of such import trade into the United States as the eco

nomic interests of the United States may Der require. $ 101.3 Services for American business

men and organizations. Officers of the Foreign Service shall perform the following-enumerated services for American citizens and business organizations in connection with the conduct of foreign trade subject to such rules and limitations thereon as may be prescribed by the Secretary of State:

(a) Answering trade inquiries. (b) Lending direct assistance to American citizens and business firms.

(c) Encouraging the establishment of, and supporting, American chambers of commerce.

(d) Preparing themselves for and, A upon instructions, performing trade con

ference work when in the United States
on leave, or otherwise.
$ 101.4 Economic and commercial re-

porting.
Oficers of the Foreign Service shall
prepare and submit reports in connec-
tion with their duties of protecting and
promoting American agricultural com-
mercial interests and for the purpose
of providing general information on eco-
nomic developments within their respec-
tive districts for the Departments of
State, Agriculture, and Commerce, and
for other governmental departments and
agencies, in accordance with such rules
and regulations as the Secretary of State
may prescribe.

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Sec. 102.13 Protective services with respect to

deceased victims of accidents. 102.14 Salvage of mail and other property. 102.15 Protection and preservation of

wreckage. 102.16 Records and reports in connection

with investigation.
FOREIGN AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS INVOLVING

UNITED STATES PERSONS OR PROPERTY 102.17 Reports on accident. 102.18 Protection of United States citizens

involved. 102.19 Protection of United States property.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 102 issued under sec. 302, 60 Stat. 1001; 22 U.S.C. 842.

SOURCE: The provisions of this Part 102 appear at 22 F.R. 10871, Dec. 27, 1957, unless otherwise noted. UNITED STATES AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS

ABROAD § 102.8 Reporting accidents.

(a) To airline and Civil Aeronautics Administration representatives. If scheduled United States air carrier is involved the airline representatives concerned will probably be the first to be informed of the accident, in which event he will be expected to report the accident to the Foreign Service post, to the nearest Civil Aeronautics Administration office, and to his home office in the United States. If this is not the case, the Foreign Service post should report promptly to the nearest office of the airline concerned and to the nearest office of the Civil Aeronautics Administration, any accident occurring to a scheduled civil air carrier of United States registry within its consular district. To be properly prepared, each post should obtain and have on file for ready reference, the address and telephone number of representatives of any United States airline engaged in scheduled operations within or over the post district.

(b) To Department and supervisory Foreign Service offices. A Foreign Service post should report promptly to the Department accidents to any United States civil aircraft occurring in the post district. The report should summarize all available information and, in the case of a scheduled United States air carrier, should state whether the airline has taken over the responsibility of notifying the nearest Civil Aeronautics Administration field office. This report should be submitted by the most expeditious means possible (priority tele

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PART 102_CIVIL AVIATION UNITED STATES AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS ABROAD Sec. 102.8

Reporting accidents. 102.9

Arranging for entry and travel of in

vestigating and airline represent

atives. 102.10 Rendering assistance at the scene of

the accident. 102.11 Arranging for the payment of ex

penses attendant upon an acci

dent. 102.12 Protective services for survivors.

84-0744-73

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