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✓ Mr. Cowan. Yes, sir; that is correct.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Is that more or less than you have been putting out in previous years?

Mr. Cowan. That is considerably less, for the reason that I mentioned previously. When we discontinued around-the-clock broadcasting as certain countries became liberated we did not broadcast past certain hours.

Mr. HULTEN. Last January or December we reduced the staff of this operation by approximately 200 people because of the reduction in the number of short-wave shows that we put on.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. What is that 200 reduction in percentage?

Mr. HULTEN. It is a reduction of 200 from 750 which we formerly had.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. From 750 to 550?
Mr. HULTEN. That is right.

Mr. Cowan. For 1946 we are requesting about half of what we had a year ago. Mr. HULTEN. What the Congress authorized for this year.

Mr. Cowan. We made that reduction feeling that it was not necessary to have that personnel on since we had discontinued some of our broadcasting.

RADIO-PHOTO ACTIVITY Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Does this division run the radio-photo activity also?

Mr. Cowan. No, sir; radio-photo is editorially directed by the News and Features Bureau.

Mr. WIGGLES WORTH. By the News and Features Bureau?

Mr. Cowan. Yes, sir; and technical transmission is handled by the Bureau of Communications Facilities.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Are we still controlling all short-ware frequencies?

Mr. CowAN. Yes, sir; all of those that are used for voice broadcasting


Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. How about your radio facilities; how many of those do we have now?

Mr. Cowan. On the east coast we have 29 short-wave transmitters, of which we are using 26 for voice broadcasts and 3 for Morse transmission of our news file.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. How many do we have on the west coast?
Mr. HULTEN. Ten voice transmitters.
Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Twenty-nine and ten makes thirty-nine.
Mr. HULTON. Yes, sir.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. How many are Government-owned and how many are privately owned?

Mr. HULTEN. I will have that in a moment for you.
Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Put it in the record.
Mr. HULTEN. Yes, sir.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. You gave us a table last year on page 203 of the hearings that showed the cost of installations, Government-owned international short-wave broadcast transmitters. I wish you would give us a similar table this year so that we can see the picture as it is now,

Mr. BARNARD. We have those figures. We will do that.
(The matter referred to is as follows:)
Cost of installations, Government-owned international short-wave broadcast


Number of transmitters

Licensee stations

On the air



$160, 950

2 Associated Broadcasters, Inc.:

KWID, 1 100-kilowatt transmitter manufactured Pre-Office of War
by General Electric.

KWIX, 1 50-kilowatt transmitter manufactured Aug. 15, 1943...

by Radio Corporation of America.

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Installation of KWID and KWIX and 4
colinear broadside antenna arrays, etc., by

Buzzel Electric Works.
2 Columbia Broadcasting System, Wooc and

2 0-kilowatt transmitters manufactured by

Radio Corporation of America.
Installation and 3 rhombic antennas by Colum-

bia Broadcasting System,
3 Columbia Broadcasting System:


1 dual 50- and 1 200-kilowatt transmitter,

manufactured by Federal Telephone &

Radio Corporation.
Installation and 9 rhombic antennas by A. S.

Schulman Electric Co.
1 The Crosley Corporation, WLWK

1 50-kilowatt transmitter furnished and installed

by KFAB.

4 Rhombic antennas, by Crosley.
3 The Crosley Corporation:

3 200-kilowatt transmitters manufactured and

installed by Crosley.

23 Rhombicantennas, constructed by Crosley 1 The General Electric Co., WGEX..

1 26-kilowatt transmitter manufactured and in

stalled by General Electric.
3 Rbombic antennas constructed by A. S. Schul.

man Electric Co.
1 The General Electric Co., KGEX

1 100-kilowatt transmitter manufactured, trans

ported and installed by General Electric.
3 Rhombic antennas constructed by A. S. Schul-

man Electric Co.
3 National Broadcasting Co.:


3 50-kilowatt transmitters manufactured by

Radio Corporation of America.
Installation and 7 rhombic antennas by

National Broadcasting Co.
3 National Broadcasting Co.:


1 dual 50- and 1 200-kilowatt transnitter
manufactured by Federal Telephone &
Radio Corporation (and installed by
12 rhombie antennas constructed by A. S.

Schulman Electric Co. 19

Government-owned transmitters, at a

total investment of.

1, 207, 797

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238, 294

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Operating as dual bo's until final completion date, approximately June 15, 1945.
In addition to the foregoing, the following installations have also been made by the Government:
World Wide Broadcasting Corporation has constructed 5 rhombic antennas on its promises
for use in connection with the operation of 5 transmitters

$113, 025 Westinghouse radio stations: Modification of rhombic antenna at radio station WBOS

5,000 Columbia Broadcasting System: In connection with Station WCBN, the furnishing and Installation of 1 modulator, rectifier, and related equipment, and i rhombie antenna.. 60.215 Total....

178, 240

Cost of installations, Government-owned international short-wave broadcast trans


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2 Italy (PH).
3 Algiers (Hippo).
5 Algiers (Siamese).-
6 Algiers (Swindle).

$208, 979 $68. Se
142, 000
110, 250
176, 211



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100 Short

General Electric.

Western Electric (con

verted). 50

Western Electric (used). 50

Western Electric... 50 Short..

Radio Corporation of

50 Medium-Short. Westinghouse-Radio

Corporation of Amer

ica. 5 Medium

Westinghouse.. 5

.do. 5

Western Electric. 3 Short

Composite 1...-do..

Radio Corporation of

of America (used).
Medium-Short. General Electric..
W ntts
250 Medium. Western Electric
250 .do.

Radio Corporation of


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40, 949 40. 949 40, 949 1 4,000 4,000


12 Italy (PH).
13 Foggia.
14 Catania.

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11. 500


1, 150, 993 182.

P. W. D.

3 Included in No. 2 NOTE.-This is a total of 14 transmitters. 2 1-kilowatt transmitters purchased for overseas installatra were delivered to Armed Forces Radio Service and installed by them in locations unknown to us. The 2 were included in the original figure of 16. Monthly operating cost of international short-wave broadcast transmitters, Gorete

ment and privately owned

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Monthly operating costs, international broadcast transmitters, as divided between

east and west coast

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NOTE.-The program time reduction on the east coast amounts to 30 percent but actual cost reduction will not exceed that shown because of the large amount of fixed costs.

Mr. WELDON. Of the total of 36 transmitters, half are Governmentowned, and half of them are licensee-owned.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. There are 39, are there not?

Mr. WELDON. There are 39 if you count the three new Crosley dualstage transmitters as 6 transmitters. Technically, the total is 36. The 18 licensee-owned, I think, are all on voice.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. 18 privately owned and 21 Governmentowned?

Mr. WELDON. 18 privately owned and 18 Government-owned, on the basis of counting the 3 dual-stage transmitters as single transmitters. Each of these has only one call-letter.

Mr. TABER. Where does the radio program of the San Francisco office come in?

Mr. BARNARD. Under a separate section headed “San Francisco office," which we come to later, Mr. Taber.

Mr. TABER. We get to that later?
Mr. BARNARD. Yes, sir.


Mr. TABER. Now, we get to the News and Features Bureau. How many people do you have there?

Mr. Cowan. Mr. Barrett will discuss that.
Mr. Taber. How many people do you have on that roll now?
Mr. HULTEN. As of March 31 we have 397 people.
Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. For how many are you asking?
Mr. HULTEN. 377.
Mr. BARRETT. Yes, sir, 377.

Mr. HULTEN. Of that 377, we are asking for 50 in San Francisco and 327 in New York.

Mr. TABER. 327 in New York and 50 in San Francisco?
Mr. BARRETT. 327 in New York and elsewhere.
Mr. TABER. What is elsewhere?
Mr. BARRETT. Washington.
Mr. TABER. How many do you have in Washington?
Mr. HULTEN. About 51 in Washington.


Mr. TABER. 51 in Washington?
Mr. HULTEN. That is right.
Mr. TABER. And 276 in New York; is that it?
Mr. BARRETT. Yes, sir; that is correct.
Mr. TABER. How many do you have in Washington now?
Mr. HULTEN. We have 51 in Washington.
Mr. TABER. Fifty-one now?
Mr. HULTEN. Yes, sir.
Mr. TABER. And how many in New York?

Mr. HULTEN. I am using the April 30 figures. On the April 30 figures, the break-down is this way: 51 in Washington, 318 in New York, 21 in San Francisco, and 3 in St. Louis.

Mr. TABER. Now, what do you do with this set-up?

Mr. BARRETT. This set-up, Mr. Taber, is charged with servicing all of our outposts overseas with news and features, photos,radiophotos, plastic plates, microfilm, and little devices called film strips.

Mr. TABER. You have a press service there, and you copy extracts or abstracts from articles that some writers get up; is that what it is?

Mr. BARRETT. All of this material I mentioned goes to our outposts, and it is, in many respects, the most important raw material with which the outposts work. If I understand your question, it is news, rewritten and digested for filing to the outposts. · Mr. TABER. And is this cabled stuff?

Mr. BARRETT. Yes, sir; it is cabled and mailed stuff. It goes by cable, wireless, and mail. It mostly goes by Morse wireless. Mr. TABER. This goes to all your foreign outposts? Mr. BARRETT. That is correct.

Mr. Taber. Do you mean that they have not any other service at these places?

Mr. BARRETT. In the newly liberated countries there are usually no other services originating in those countries. In some of the newly liberated countries there are no services at all outside of ours. Therefore, this service which is provided to our people very often becomes the backbone of the news service existing in the country concerned.

I should say that the budget of this bureau reflects less of a reduction than some of the other bureau budgets do for the simple reason that it is charged primarily with servicing the outposts, and we will have more outposts now that Europe has been liberated.

LOCATION OF OUTPOSTS Mr. Taber. Now, the outposts are all European or African or western Asiatic, are they not? There are none of them to amount to anything in the Far East, practically?

Mr. Davis. There is one in Manila.

Mr. BARRETT. Yes; we have one in Manila, an important one, and we have an operation there which is going to have to be serviced.

Mr. TABER. It does a little on Manila, the Philippine Islands?

Mr. Davis. And we have a considerable operation at Chungking and elsewhere in China.

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