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Total number of permanent positions.
376 18,645 397,930 1
672 2,300 135,657 25,895 257,789
1965 1966 estimate estimate
SPECIAL FOREIGN CURRENCY ACTIVITIES
SPECIAL FOREIGN CURRENCY AUTHORIZATION
In order to make maximum effective use of foreign currencies owned by and available for purposes of the United States, the President, whenever he deems that such action will be in the national interest and will contribute to the more effective, efficient, and economical conduct of United States programs, may use for any program otherwise authorized by law any foreign currencies which are determined by the Secretary of the Treasury to be in excess of the normal requirements of the United States for such currencies: Provided, That such currencies may be used under this authority in addition to funds otherwise available for such programs, but the amount of the currency of any one country used under this authority shall not exceed 5 percent of the aggregate of
the amounts thereof held by the Secretary of the Treasury on July 1, 1965, and received by him during the current fiscal year: Provided further, That this authority, and any appropriation necessary to administer such programs, shall be available without regard to any provision limiting the use of foreign currencies, or the administration of foreign currency programs, to programs for which specific appropriations have been made: Provided further, That the President shall make a report to the Congress on the use of foreign currencies under this authority.
In 1966, it is estimated that the United States will have over $1.6 billion equivalent of foreign currencies in eight countries-Brazil, Burma, India, Israel, Pakistan, Poland, United Arab Republic (Egypt), and Yugoslavia-available for U.S. programs. Only about $77 million of these currencies will be needed for regular and special foreign currency programs of U.S. Government agencies.
As an experimental procedure, it is proposed that the President be authorized to use up to 5% of the amount available in each country for 1966 for additions to authorized programs which may be developed for purposes which are in the national interest.
SEC. 401. No part of any appropriation contained i shall be used for publicity or propaganda purposes United States not heretofore authorized by the Congr
SEC. 402. None of the funds herein appropriated shi for expenses of the Inspector General, Foreign Assistance expiration of the thirty-five day period which begins of the General Accounting Office or any committee of the or any duly authorized subcommittee thereof, charged wi ering foreign assistance legislation, appropriations, or exp has delivered to the Office of the Inspector General, Forei ance, a written request that it be furnished any docume communication, audit, review, finding, recommendation, other material in the custody or control of the Inspecto Foreign Assistance, relating to any review, inspection, arranged for, directed, or conducted by him, unless and u has been furnished to the General Accounting Office o committee or subcommittee, as the case may be, (A) the ₫ paper, communication, audit, review, finding, recommend port, or other material so requested or (B) a certificatio President, personally, that he has forbidden the furnishin pursuant to such request and his reason for so doing.
[SEC. 403. No part of any appropriation contained in shall be used to conduct or assist in conducting any progran ing but not limited to the payment of salaries, admi expenses, and the conduct of research activities) related d indirectly to the establishment of a national service corps domestic peace corps type of program.]
[SEC. 404. The appropriations, funds, other authorizati authority with respect thereto in this Act shall be availa October 1, 1964, for the purposes provided in such approp funds, other authorizations, and authority. All obligations during the period between September 30, 1964, and the enactment of this Act in anticipation of such appropriation other authorizations, and authority are hereby ratified a firmed if in accordance with the terms thereof.]
(Foreign Assistance and Related Agencies Appropriat
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
General and special funds:
SALARIES AND EXPENSES
For expenses necessary to perform agricultural research relating to production, utilization, marketing, nutrition and consumer use, to control and eradicate pests and plant and animal diseases, and to perform related inspection, quarantine and regulatory work, and meat inspection: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for field employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (5 U.S.C. 574), and not to exceed $75,000 shall be available for employment under section 15 of the Act of August 2, 1946 (5 U.S.C. 55a): Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed two for replacement only: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to title 5, United States Code, section 565a, for the construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided, the cost of constructing any one building (except headhouses connecting greenhouses) shall not exceed $20,000, except for six buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to exceed $45,000 each, and the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed $7,500 or 7.5 per centum of the cost of the building, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limitations on alterations contained in this Act shall not apply to a total of $100,000 for facilities at Beltsville, Maryland:
Research: For research and demonstrations on the production and utilization of agricultural products; agricultural marketing and distribution, not otherwise provided for; home economics or nutrition and consumer use of agricultural and associated products; and related research and services; and for acquisition of land by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, [$114,991,000, plus not to exceed the following amounts, to remain available until expended, for the planning, construction, alteration, and equipping of research facilities: $1,000,000 for crops research facilities at Fort Collins, Colorado; $850,000 for facilities at the Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland; $800,000 for a stored-product insects laboratory, Savannah, Georgia; $260,000 for plans for a livestock insect and toxicology laboratory, College Station, Texas; $338,000 for plans for a plant disease, nematode, and insect laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland; $160,000 for plans for an insect attractants and stored-product insects laboratory, Gainesville, Florida; $1,000,000 for a peanut quality research laboratory, at Dawson, Georgia, on a site acquired by donation; and $240,000 for plans for a Western cotton insects and physiology laboratory, Tempe, Arizona; a cotton disease laboratory, College Station, Texas; a cotton physiology laboratory, Stoneville, Mississippi; pilot cotton ginning facilities at Stoneville, Mississippi, and Mesilla Park, New Mexico; and facilities in the High Plains region in Texas for cotton ginning and storage research; in all, $119,639,000] $116,892,000, of which not to exceed $12,136,000 shall remain available until expended for construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities, without regard to limitations contained herein, and in addition not to exceed $4,600,000 from funds available under section 32 of the Act of August £4, 1935, pursuant to Public Law 88-250 to be transferred to and merged with this appropriation: Provided, That the limitations contained herein shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to carry out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113(a));
Plant and animal disease and pest control: For operations and measures, not otherwise provided for, to control and eradicate pests and plant and animal diseases and for carrying out assigned inspection, quarantine, and regulatory activities, as authorized by law, including expenses pursuant to the Act of February 28, 1947, as amended (21 U.S.C. 114b-c), [$68,793,2001 $73,160,000, of which $1,500,000 shall be apportioned for use pursuant to section 3679 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, for the control of outbreaks of insects and plant diseases to the extent necessary to meet emergency conditions: Provided, That no funds shall be used to formulate or administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current fiscal Fear that does not require minimum matching by any State of at least 40 per centum: Provided further, That [no funds in excess of
$250,000 shall be available for carrying out the screwworm eradication program that does not require minimum matching by State or local sources of at least 50 per centum of the expenses of production, irradiation, and release of the screwworm flies] $1,150,000 shall be available until expended, without regard to limitations contained herein, for the construction of facilities: Provided further, That, in addition, in emergencies which threaten the livestock or poultry industries of the country, the Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums as he may deem necessary, to be available only in such emergencies for the arrest and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, contagious pleuropneumonia, or other contagious or infectious diseases of animals, or European fowl pest and similar diseases in poultry, and for expenses in accordance with the Act of February 28, 1947, as amended, and any unexpended balances of funds transferred under this head in the next preceding fiscal year shall be merged with such transferred amounts;
Meat inspection: For carrying out the provisions of laws relating to Federal inspection of meat, and meat-food products, and the applicable provisions of the laws relating to process or renovated butter, [$30,837,000] $35,705,000;
Special fund: To provide for additional labor to be employed under contracts and cooperative agreements to strengthen the work at research installations in the field, not more than $1,000,000 of the amount appropriated under this head for the previous fiscal year may be used by the Administrator of the Agricultural Research Service in departmental research programs in the current fiscal year, the amount so used to be transferred to and merged with the appropriation otherwise available under "Salaries and expenses, Research".
[For an additional amount for "Salaries and expenses", for "Meat inspection", $1,291,000.] (5 U.S.C. 511-512, 524, 541c541e, 563-564, 565a, 576, 2131; 7 U.S.C. 135-135k, 145-148a, 148c164a, 166-167, 281-283, 391, 394-396, 401-404, 421-422a, 424-425, 427, 4271, 428a, 429-431, 433-434, 436-437, 450, 851-855, 1292, 1441, 1621-1627, 1651-1656, 1704, 1901-1906; 10 U.S.C.' 2306; 15 U.S.C. 69e; 16 U.S.C. 581-581a, 581f, 590a-590b, 590f, 590k; 18 U.S.C. 287, 1114; 19 U.S.C. 1201, 1306; 20 U.S.C. 191-194; 21 U.S.C. 71-91, 94-96, 98, 101-105, 111-114c, 114e-131, 134-134h, 151-158, 342a, 346-346a; 26 U.S.C. 4817, 7235c; 31 U.S.C. 725a; 42 U.S.C. 14766-1476d, 1483, 1891-1893; 45 U.S.C. 71-74; 46 U.S.C. 466a-466b; 48 U.S.C. 1409m-14090; 49 U.S.C. 1474(a), 1509; 46 Stat. 67; 77 Stat. 826; 78 Stat. 868; Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1965; Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1965.)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE-Continued
General and special funds-Continued
Identification code 05-04-1400-0-1-355
10 Total obligations...
SALARIES AND EXPENSES-Continued
Program by activities-Continued 3. Meat inspection_.__.
11 Receipts and reimbursements from Administrative budget accounts: For emergency preparedness functions....
Total program costs, funded 1.
16 Comparative transfers from other accounts. 21 Unobligated balance available, start of year. 22 Unobligated balance transferred from "Commodity Credit Corporation Fund".. 24 Unobligated balance available, end of year.. 25 Unobligated balance lapsing....
New obligational authority.
Change in selected resources
New obligational authority:
Transferred to "Operating expense, Public Buildings Service," General Services Administration (77 Stat. 436)....
APPENDIX TO THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1966
Transferred from "Removal of surplus
Expenditures excluding pay increase
1965 1966 estimate estimate
Investigations are conducted to improve varieties of 17,702 food, feed, fiber and other plants and to develop new crops; to improve crop-production practices, including methods to control plant diseases and nematodes; and to develop safe chemical, biological, and other methods for control of harmful pests affecting farm production.
Research is conducted to improve fertilizers, soil management, irrigation, and conservation practices; to study -1,901 -2,576 hydrologic problems of agricultural watersheds; to determine the relation of soils to plants, animals, and human nutrition; and to apply engineering principles to improve efficiency and reduce costs of agricultural production.
Continuous review is maintained to emphasize work which will meet the problems of agricultural surpluses. The research is aimed at the profitable production of an adequate supply of food, feed, fiber, and other agricultural products of desired quality at minimum costs. Increased attention has been given to the production of agricultural products having industrial uses. The proportion of farm research funds going into basic research has steadily increased, and is currently estimated at 43% of the total funds for research. This basic research undergirds the other research efforts.
1 Includes capital outlay as follows: 1964, $9,412 thousand; 1965, $20,500 thousand; 1966, $27,900 thousand.
* Selected resources as of June 30 are as follows:
263,448 23,627 39.358 -39,358-66,899
(b) Utilization research and development.-Chemical, -66,899 physical, and biological research is conducted to develop increased industrial uses of farm products, and new and improved foods, feeds, and fabrics; and to develop improved methods for processing agricultural commodities. As stated above, the 1966 estimates include amounts for additional research on mold problems and on tobacco, offset by elimination of research on rice, tung, sugar crops, including molasses, honey, and maple, and reduction of research on castor, fruits, vegetables, and new crops.
(c) Nutrition and consumer use research.-Studies are made of nutrition, consumer use and food economics, and clothing and housing. The 1966 estimates provide for expansion of the research by providing additional subprofessional help for more effective utilization of scientists, offset by elimination of clothing and housing research.
The service conducts basic and applied research relating to the production, utilization and marketing of agricultural products, research on nutrition and consumer use, and carries out those control and regulatory programs of the Department which involve enforcement of plant and animal quarantines, meat inspection, the control of diseases and pests of animals and plants, and related work.
1. Research (a) Farm research.-Improved breeding, feeding, and management practices are developed for farm livestock, poultry, and domestic fur animals. Practical methods are sought for control of diseases and parasites affecting them.
The 1966 estimates include increases for staffing new and expanded laboratories and watershed research centers and for providing additional subprofessional workers and labor at other locations for more effective utilization of scientists and more effective research; establishment of a meat animal research center at Clay Center, Nebr.; and research on problems related to mold contamination of oilseeds, cereals, etc., health-related problems of tobacco, trichinosis of swine, and metabolism of fission products and related elements by farm animals. There is an offsetting decrease due to proposal to close or reduce farm research at a number of field locations and reduce lines of work at Beltsville, Md.
(d) Marketing research.-Practical answers to problems encountered in moving products from farm to consumer are sought through research. For farm products as they pass through marketing channels, efforts are made to develop safe methods to protect against insect attack, find objective methods to determine quality, reduce losses from waste and spoilage, and improve efficiency in physical handling. The 1966 estimates provide for special research on mold problems and tobacco, and for additional funds for more effective utilization of scientists, offset by elimination of research on wholesaling and retailing.
(e) Interdepartmental pesticides coordination.-The 1965 appropriation provided $250,000 for use of the Secretary of Agriculture in collaborating with the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Department of the Interior, and other agencies of the Federal Government on problems related to use of pesticides. The project provides for interdepartmental coordination in development of measures to protect the public health, producers, and
(f) Construction of facilities.-In 1965, $822,000 was appropriated for plans for new facilities at five locations for which construction funds are proposed in 1966. The estimates also provide for plans for new facilities for meat animal research at Clay Center, Nebr., continuation of construction and improvements at Beltsville, Md.; new laboratories at Stoneville, Miss., Durant, Okla., and in Delaware, offset by nonrecurring amounts for construction at four laboratories.
(g) Contingencies.-Beginning in 1962, $1 million is available to meet urgent research needs that develop unexpectedly during the year, when such needs cannot be met by redirection of resources from other projects.
2. Plant and animal disease and pest control.—(a) Plant disease and pest control.-Provision is made (1) through port-of-entry inspection to exclude from this country destructive insects, plant diseases, nematodes, and other pests that cause great damage to agricultural crops in other parts of the world; (2) to cooperate with States in eradicating or preventing spread of crop pests that become established in this country; and (3) to assist States in suppressing incipient and emergency outbreaks of crop pests when and where they occur. The 1966 estimates include funds for expansion of control of cereal leaf beetle and plant quarantine protection at ports-of-entry because of increased travel and shipping, offset by elimination of the fire ant control program.
The volume of workload is indicated in the following table (in thousands):
Number of establishments covered....
127 59,033 477
15,531 20 13,465
15,493 18 17,260 3
1,744 135 55,148 537
27,606 49,929 50,473 4,702,684 4,913,784 203,356 203,631 56,550 53,933 8,640 8,153
(c) Pesticides regulation. This activity is concerned with administration of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, and related provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
(d) Construction of facilities.-In 1965, $100 thousand was appropriated for plans for construction of a new laboratory at Beltsville, Md., for expanded registration and enforcement activities under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, as amended. The 1966 estimates provide funds for its construction.
3. Meat inspection.-Federal meat inspection is required for all meat in interstate commerce and is conducted to assure a clean and wholesome meat supply for human consumption, free from adulteration, and truthfully labeled. The work includes inspection of animals, carcasses and meat, and meat-food products at various stages of handling and processing. Measures are enforced to insure informative labeling, and meats imported or exported are inspected. The estimates for 1966 include a proposed increase to meet increasing needs for Federal meat inspection.
Legislation will be proposed to place meat inspection on a self-supporting basis. A supplemental is therefore anticipated which would propose establishing a revolving fund of $8,400 thousand and result in a reduction of $27,305 thousand for this activity.
The volume of inspections and examinations is indicated by examples given in the following table:
1962 actual 1963 actual 1964 actual 1,511 1,590 1,679 623 672 702 107,108,967 109,391,017 113,818,128 107,104,052 109,385,402 113,811,900 283,969 265,829 279,941