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RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION-Continued

is the principal source of funds for the operation of Government facilities like the Eastern and Western Test Ranges, the White Sands Missile Range, the Naval Ordnance Test Station, and the research and development programs at the Army's Redstone Arsenal.

4. Military astronautics and related equipment. This activity provides for programs directed toward the improvement of space technology for military purposes, and the investigation and development of specific military applications of space vehicles. During 1966, work will continue on military communications and navigation satellites, on improvements in satellite tracking, identification, and interception capability, and on experimental nuclear test detection satellites, the latter funded under the Military sciences activity. Funds for the manned orbiting laboratory program will be substantially increased in 1966. Development effort will continue on the Titan III, an improved multipurpose space booster system utilizing both solid and storable liquid propellants. Also, increased funds are provided for research on reentry vehicles and lifting bodies. Supporting research and development in such areas as bioastronautics, secondary power sources, guidance systems, materials research, improved propellants, and engine components will continue. The Air Force Arnold Engineering Development Center at Tullahoma, Tenn., is also supported under this activity.

5. Ships, small craft, and related equipment. This activity provides for design of new type ships and development of shipboard equipment. Funds are included in the regular shipbuilding appropriation for the actual construction of these new ships and ships employed in the development of new components and techniques. Funds in this activity will provide in 1966 for the development of advanced propulsion systems, communications, radar, catapults and arresting gear. Increased effort related to antisubmarine warfare to counter modern nuclear submarines is provided, including continued development of advanced sonars. A significant part of the research and development effort of the Naval Electronics Laboratory and the David Taylor Model Basin is funded under this activity.

6. Ordnance, combat vehicles, and related equipment.The Army's 1966 program includes improved artillery, combat vehicles, mortars, antitank weapons, tank armament, and small arms. Funds are included for the U.S. share of the joint development of a new main battle tank

in cooperation with the Federal Republic of Germany. The program continues development and evaluation of vehicles and weapons with emphasis on requirements for limited or unconventional warfare in remote areas. The 1966 Navy program continues to emphasize antisubmarine weapons and includes torpedoes, mines, depth charges, bombs, rockets, and other types of ammunition. Development of landing and amphibious vehicles for the Marine Corps is also provided in this activity. The principal support for the Naval Ordnance Laboratory at White Oak, Md., and for research and development activities at several Army arsenals is also funded here. 7. Other equipment.-This activity provides for research, development, test, and evaluation of equipment not separately provided under other activities. Examples of the types of equipment developed for the three services are as follows: a deep submergence vehicle development program for personnel rescue and underwater research; chemical and biological agent detection and protection; combat surveillance; tactical and strategic communications; mapping and geodetic systems; amphibious warfare support equipment; photographic equipment; aircraft control and warning; missile detection; and other electronic systems. Much of the support for the research and development effort at the Army Electronic Research and Development Laboratory, the Mitre Corporation and the Lincoln Laboratories is provided under this activity.

8. Programwide management and support.-For the Army and the Navy this activity provides for those costs development, and test facilities which are not distributed of operation, management, and maintenance of research, directly to other budget activities. For the Air Force it provides for certain costs of central administration such as the Air Force Systems Command Headquarters and Divisions as well as several large research, development, test, and evaluation installations.

Secretary of Defense to support the exploitation of new 9. Emergency fund.-The emergency fund enables the scientific developments and technological breakthroughs and to provide for other unforeseen contingencies in the research, development, test, and evaluation programs. General and special funds:

RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION, ARMY development, test, and evaluation, including maintenance, rehabili For expenses necessary for basic and applied scientific research, tation, lease, and operation of facilities and equipment, as authorized by law; [$1,340,045,000] $1,438,000,000, to remain available until expended. (10 U.S.C. 2353, 4503; Department of Defense Appropriation Act, 1965; authorizing legislation to be proposed.)

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-MILITARY

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

Obligations

Budget plan
(amounts for research, development, test, and

evaluation actions programed)

Identification code 07-20-2040-0-1-051

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New obligational authority: 40 Appropriation.. 41 Transferred to

"Operating expenses, Public Buildings Service,” General Services

Administration (77 Stat. 436).
"Emergency fund, Defense(78 Stat. 473).
42 Transferred from

"Emergency fund, Defense" (77 Stat. 263).
"Operation and maintenance, Navy" (78 Stat. 467).
"Other procurement, Navy" (78 Stat. 471).
"Research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy" (78 Stat.

473) --43

Appropriation (adjusted)

280 1,109

280 1,109

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Relation of obligations to expenditures:
10 Total obligations ---
70 Receipts and other offsets (items 11-17).
71

Obligations affecting expenditures..
72 Obligated balance, start of year..
74 Obligated balance, end of year.
90 Expenditures..

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1,338,005

Note.- Reconciliation of budget plan to obligations:

1964 actual 1965 estimate 1966 estimate Total budget plan..

1,519,464 1,456, 353 1,531,300 Deduct portion of budget plan to be obligated in subsequent years.

262, 888 216,795 252,095 Add obligations of prior year budget plan..

132, 828 245, 042 216, 795 Total obligations....

1,389, 404 1, 484,600 1,496,000 ! Reimbursements from non-Federal sources are primarily collections for services provided to civilians and private organizations (5 U.S.C. 172d-1 and 10 U.S.C. 2481).

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RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION—Continued General and special funds-Continued

RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION, AIR FORCE For expenses necessary for basic and applied scientific research, advanced manned strategic aircraft]. (5 U.S.C. 55a; 10 U.S.C. development, test, and evaluation, including maintenance, rehabili- 174, 1581, 1584, 2271-79, 2352-54, 2386, 2663, 2672, 8012, 9503–04, tation, lease, and operation of facilities and equipment, as authorized 9532; 31 U.S.C. 6490, 718; 40 U.S.C. 523; 42 U.S.C. 1891-93; by law; [$3,112,000,000] $3,147,800,000, to remain available until 50 Ú.S.C. App. 2093; Department of Defense Appropriation Act, expended [: Provided, That of the funds appropriated in this 1965; authorizing legislation to be proposed.) paragraph, $52,000,000 shall be available only for development of

(Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

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