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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY--Continued The 1966 program provides for replacement of tem

porary buildings at the Guam magnetic and seismological COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY_Continued

observatory; construction of quarters and water supply General and special funds-Continued

facilities at the College, Alaska, magnetic and seismo

logical observatory; construction of seismological ob[CONSTRUCTION OF SURVEYING SHIPS]-continued

servatories at Anchorage and Adak, Alaska; additional

instumentation for the seismological observatory at require a modern, well-equipped fleet, with each vessel Sitka, Alaska; and an addition to the Seismological suitable for its work. The Bureau's ship construction

Science Center at Albuquerque, N. Mex. program is directed toward that end.

Construction at the Pacific Northwest Observatory will Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

be completed late in November 1965 and it is estimated

that it will be fully operational by February 1, 1966. Identification code 06-45-0819-0-1-506

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

1961 actual

1965 estimate

1966 estimate

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4. Administration:

Advanced Research Projects Agency..
Agency for International Develop-

ment.-

110

i Selected resources as of June 30 are as follows: Unpaid undelivered orders, 1963. $37 thousand; (1964 adjustments, ~$ 29 thousand); 1964, $8 thousand; 1965. $50 thousand; 1966, $511 thousand.

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Personnel compensation: 11.1 Permanent positions.-11.3 Positions other than permanent. 11.5 Other personnel compensation.

Total personnel compensation.. 12.0 Personnel benefits.... 21.0 Travel and transportation of persons. 22.0 Transportation of things 23.0 Rent, communications, and utilities 24.0 Printing and reproduction -25.1 Other services... 26.0 Supplies and materials. 31.0 Equipment.-99.0 Total obligations.

4,393

243 778 168 191

15 1,013 1,101

497

1 Selected resources as of June 30 are as follows: Unpaid undelivered orders. 1963, $831 thousand (1964 adjustments. -$118 thousand); 1964, $750 thousand; 1965, $750 thousand; 1966, $750 thousand.

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Personnel Summary

The Office administers laws governing the granting of patents for invention and the registration of trademarks.

On July 1, 1964, substantial revisions of procedure became effective designed to reduce both the processing time needed for each patent application and its total time pendency in the Patent Office. As a goal an increase of about 30% in the number of patent application disposals is estimated to result in 1965 and 1966, as compared with the level of patent application disposals in 1963 and 1964, with no increase in the size of the examining staff. The 1966 estimate provides for printing an increased number of patent issuances, for a small staff increase in program service areas to deal with greater workloads from the patent examining corps and the public, and for initial

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APPENDIX TO THE BULGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1966

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-Continued

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)--Continued

1964 actual

1965 estimate

1966 estimate

15 390 5,712

170 226

280 1.135

33,700

2,585

18 2,505

8.8 $9,280

ADVANCES AND REIMBURSEMENTS

1965

1964 actual

1966 estimate

PATENT OFFICE- Continued

Identification code

06-50-1006--0-1-506 General and special funds--Continued

22.0 Transportation of things

11

15 SALARIES AND EXPENSES-continued

23.0 Rent, communications, and utilities

295 380 24.0 Printing and reproduction..

4,133 costs of an automated system for supplying copies of

5,080 25.1 Other services...

85

120 patents.

25.2 Services of other agencies.

325 226 Receipts from fees were $8.2 million in 1964, and are

26.0 Supplies and materials.

259 280 estimated to be $8.9 million in 1965 and $9.6 million in

31.0 Equipment.-

243 235 1966 under existing legislation. Legislation is proposed 99.0 Total obligations.

27,952 31,451 which would increase fees to eventually recover approximately 75% of the cost of Patent Office operations. 1. Examination and adjudication of patent applications.

Personnel Summary Applications are examined to determine the patentability of claimed inventions; and quasi-judicial functions are

Total number of permanent positions.

2,542 2,567 performed in appeal and interference proceedings within

Full-time cquivalent of other positions

18

18 Average number of all employees.

2,438 2,490 The Office. Specifications and drawings of successful appli- Average GS grade...

8.6 8.7 cations are printed and the issuance of patents is regularly Average GS salary

$8,571 $9,128 published.

2. Examination and adjudication of trademark applications.-Applications are examined to determine the registrability of trademarks, and quasi-judicial functions are

Intragovernmental funds: performed in appeal or adversary proceedings within the Office. Specifications and drawings of successful applications are printed and the issuance of registrations is

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars) regularly published.

Identification code 3. Administration and program services.-In addition to

06-50-3910-0-4-506

estimate program direction and internal management services, this activity includes conduct of litigation to which the Com

Program by activities: missioner is a party, preparation and issuance of patent 10 Science information services, National grants, furnishing copies of records, maintenance of public

Science Foundation (costs-obligasearch room and scientific library facilities, recording

tions)

47

40 instruments conveying ownership of patent and trade

Financing: mark rights, conduct of public information services, and 11 Receipts and reimbursements from: other nonexamining functions relating to the prosecution

Administrative budget accounts.

-73 of applications.

21.98 Unobligated balance available, start of
year.

-14 -40
SUMMARY OF WORKLOAD DATA

24.98 Unobligated balance available, end of
year-

40
1963 1964

1966 actual actual

estimate New applications for patents and trade

New obligational authority mark registrations received: Applications for patents..

85,046 87,836 89,000 90,000 Applications for design patents.

4,841 5,067 5,000 5,000 Relation of obligations to expenditures: Applications for trademark registrations 24,224 25,574 26,000 26,000

10 Total obligations

47

40 Patents granted and trademarks registered:

70 Receipts and other offsets (items 11-17). -73 Patents granted.

54,287 44,400 55,000 63,000 Design patents granted.

2,411 3,019 3,000 3,000

71
Obligations affecting expenditures.. -26

40 Trademarks registered..

18,266 20,689 20,000 20,000
72.98 Obligated balance, start of year..

2
Applications for patents and trademark
registrations disposed of:

90 Expenditures.

-24 40 Applications for patents.-

75,922 75,825 100.000 100.000 Applications for design patents.

4,857 5,197 5.000 5,000 Applications for trademark registrations. 23,498

26,334 27,000 27,000

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars) Applications for patents and trademark registrations pending at end of year: 209,131 219,691 209,000 199,000 21.0 Travel and transportation of persons

5 Applications for patents..

6
6,446 6,315 6,000 6,000
22.0 Transportation of things

11 Applications for design patents.

33,671 33,000 32,000
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions...

42 Applications for trademark registrations. 33,892

23 99.0 Total obligations.

47

40 Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

1965 estimate

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Identification code

1964 actual

1965 estimate

1966 estiniate

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maintenance, alteration, and protection of grounds and facilities; ments and standards, including standards related to hire, operation, maintenance, and repair of aircraft; and improvement automatic data processing, and the Federal clearinghouse. and construction of facilities as authorized by the Act of September 2, 1958 (15 U.S.C. 2780); [$30,000,000] $36,700,000, of which not Increases are also programed for standard reference mato exceed ($175,000) $470,000 shall be available for payments to terials, radio propagation, and internal technical services. the "Working Capital Fund”, National Bureau of Standards, for The Bureau's programs of basic and applied research, deadditional capital: Provided, That during the current fiscal year the

velopment of instruments and methods of measurement, maximum base rate of compensation for employees appointed pursuant to the Act of September 2, 1958 (15 U.$.C. 278e), shall be general technical services and the Federal clearinghouse equivalent to the maximum scheduled rate for GS-12. (15 U.S.C. are classified under 4 major activities with 10 subactivities. 175, 271-278, 1151-1157; 40 U.S.C. 140; 5 U.S.C. 591, 596, 596a; 1. Standards missions-(a) Basic measurements and 64 Stat. 823, Department of Commerce Appropriation Act, 1965.)

standards. This includes research, development, analysis, Note.--Includes $1.672,000 for activities previously carried under "Office of Technical Services, Salaries and expenses.' The amounts obligated in 1964 and or specifications relating to existing or new standards for 1965 are shown in the schedule as comparative transfers.

physical measurement; precise standard methods of Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

measurement of physical quantities; and precise values of fundamental physical constants suitable for tying measure

ment systems together. 06-55-0651-0-1-506

(b) Standard reference data.--This includes programs

arising as a result of the Bureau's responsibility for Program by activities: I Standards missions:

developing the National Standard Reference Data System (a) Basic measurements and stand

and other programs concerned with standard reference ards...

6,812 7,173 7,392 data. Work is directed toward obtaining systematically (b) Standard reference data.

6,975

7,583 8.632 (c) Engineering measurements and

evaluated numerical data in the physical sciences needed

by scientists and engineers. These data are the numbers standards

4,174 4,547 5,509 (d) Standard reference materials.

842

897 1,302 that describe the properties of nature, the strengths of high 2. Special central missions:

temperature materials, the masses of atoms, the rates of (a) Radio propagation.

4,216 4,569 4,924

chemical reactions, the wavelengths of light in emission (b) Data processing

275 258 265 (c) Advisory services

1,538 1.827 1.867

spectra, and many others. Programs involve analysis of (d) Federal clearinghouse.

731

940
1,415

needs, acquisition of data, conduct of research, processing, 3. General support missions:

and compilation for dissemination of the data. The (a) General research.

1,589 1,981 2.035

major expansion in this area will be for contracts for the (b) Internal technical services.

1.646

2,131 2,489 4. Additional capital for working capital

compilation of data under the Standard Reference Data fund..

173

470 System.

(c) Engineering measurements and standards.--This inTotal program costs, funded 1 28,971 31,906 36,300 Change in selected resources 2

cludes research leading to technical information or 306 104 400

measurement methodologies which will provide the basis 10 Total obligations (object class 25.3).-- 29,277 32.010

36.700 for collaboration with recognized standardizing bodies in

the development of codes, specifications, standards of Financing: 16 Comparative transfers from other accounts.

practice and methods of testing technological devices, in

-987 -1,167 25 Unobligated balance lapsing

dustrial products, and services. Expansion is planned 410

for development of standards related to automatic data New obligational authority.

28,700 30,843 36,700 processing and for specific standards activity required by

law. It is also planned to increase U.S. participation in

the formulation of international standards. 44 Proposed supplemental due to civilian pay

(d) Standard reference materials.--This includes analy28,700 30,000 36,700

sis, research, and development of methodology leading to 843

the production of special materials for the calibration of

measuring systems, or for coordinated research on properRelation of obligations to expenditures:

ties of materials. Expansion will be directed to investi

29,277 70 Receipts and other offsets (items 11-17).

32,010

36,700 gating new techniques for the development of homo-987 -1,167

geneous samples. Obligations affecting expenditures.

2. Special central missions—(a) Radio propagation.28, 290 30,843 36,700

This includes research on radio propagation character73 Obligated balance, transferred from "Sal

3,809 6,339 7,749

istics, techniques, and systems; studies of the upper aries and expenses,” Office of Technical

atmosphere; the collection and dissemination of physical 474

and technical data on ionospheric and solar phenomena; -6,339 -7,749 -9,675

the preparation of radio propagation predictions; and the 4

issuance of warnings of solar and ionospheric disturbances. Expenditures excluding pay increase

Expansion in this activity will be for work on space 91 Expenditures from civilian pay in

25,764 29,090

environment monitoring and forecasting, and electroincrease supplemental.

816

27 magnetic propagation description.

(b) Federal clearinghouse. The clearinghouse collects, ? Scludes capital outlay as follows: 1964. $9 thousand: 1965. $0: 1966. $0.

organizes, publicizes and provides reference, referral, and 1963: $1,909 thousand (1964 adjus menores a $34 thousand)?: *1964 $1,281 thousand

sales services for the technical reports and translations received from domestic and foreign sources, and makes

them available to industry and the general public. Exthe proposed increase will strengthen the Bureau's pansion is planned to selectively package and distribute Program principally in connection with the National technical information to the specific industrial segments Standard Reference Data System, engineering measure

which can best utilize it and to provide information on

New obligational authority: 40 Appropriation..

increases..

10 Total obligations.

71
72 Obligated balance, start of year.

Services (64 Stat. 823).. 74 Obligated balance, end of year. 77 Adjustments in expired accounts.

90

supplemental

1965, $1,385 thousand; 1966. $1,785 thousand.

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1964 actual

1965 estimate

1966 estimate

RESEARCH AND TECHNICAL SERVICES

NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS-Continued

Identification code

06-55-0654-0-1-506 General and special funds-Continued

Program by activities Continued
-continued

3. General support missions:
(a) General research.

71

95 54 current research activities in order to reduce duplication

(b) Internal technical services.

13
7

6 of technical work.

Total program costs, funded.... 545 817 (c) Data processing. This includes the investigation of

573 Change in selected resources 1

112
-97

-80 equipment, components, systems, and techniques suitable for the data processing and information handling activities 10 Total obligations (object class 25.3).-.- 657 720 493 of the Government and the rendering of assistance in their

Financing: application to the operations of Government agencies.

21 Unobligated balance available, start of year. -390 -233 -13 (d) Advisory services. This includes services connected

24 Unobligated balance available, end of year.. 233

13

20 with the various technical programs in the other subactivities and covers dissemination of information to the 40 New obligational authority (appropria

tion).

500 general public, provision of consultative and advisory

500 500 services and furnishing of specific technical information. 3. General support missions—(a) General research.

Relation of obligations to expenditures: This includes research conducted in order to keep up with 71 Total obligations (affecting expenditures).. 657 720 493 developments in various technical fields and to maintain 72 Obligated balance, start of year.

744 856 759 general scientific competence needed for effective accom

74 Obligated balance, end of year..

--856 –759 --679 plishment of the overall mission.

90 Expenditures.

545 817 573 (b) Internal technical services. This includes programs of two general types: project-related capital equipment; and internal technical services, such as analytical, instru

1. Selected resources as of June 30 are as follows: Unpaid undelivered orders, 1963,

$744 thousand; 1964, $856 thousand; 1965. $759 thousand; 1966. $679 thousand. mentation, and mathematical services and operation of the linear accelerator (LINAC) and nuclear reactor.

National Bureau of Standards responsibilities for basic Expansion will be for the training of new scientists and applied research, improvement of standards, and dispreparatory to operation of the nuclear research reactor semination of information on properties of materials, and for the operation of the high energy accelerator.

measurement techniques, and radio propagation are of Increased costs are related to operation of the reactor and sufficient breadth to permit ready utilization of research linear accelerator.

capabilities in other countries. The foreign currency pro4. Additional capital for Working capital fund.—This gram supplements the Bureau's existing program, allows

an acceleration of research effort in selected areas, and fund for the purchase of scientific equipment.

over the long term.

The 1966 program, authorized by section 104(k) of the RESEARCH AND TECHNICAL SERVICES (SPECIAL FOREIGN CURRENCY

Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of PROGRAM)

1954, represents no increase in the size of the program.

Foreign currencies determined by the Treasury Depart, For payments in foreign currencies which the Treasury Department determines to be excess to the normal requirements

ment to be excess to normal requirements of the United

the United States, for necessary expenses of the National Bureau of States will be used in non-Soviet bloc countries where Standards, as authorized by law, $500,000, to remain available until scientific talent is available. A cost of 20 thousand expended: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available, in addition to other appropriations to the Bureau, for payments in

U.S. dollars, charged to the appropriation for Research the foregoing currencies. (Y U.S.C. 1701, 1704; 15 U.S.C. 271–

and technical services, will be required for the adminis278e; 5 U.S.C. 596a; Department of Commerce Appropriation Act,

tration and technical supervision of the program. 1965.)

Programing and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

comprises all transfers of funds to the Working capital permits economies to the Bureau's regular appropriations

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Identification code 06-55–0654-0-1-506

PLANT AND FACILITIES

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Program by activities:
1. Standards missions:
(a) Basic measurements and stand-

ards.
(b) Standard reference data.
(c) Engineering measurements and

standards... (d) Standard reference materials. 2. Special central missions:

(a) Radio propagation..

371

56 242

For expenses incurred, as authorized by section 1 of the Act of September 2, 1958 (15 U.S.C. 278c-278e), in the acquisition, construction,' improvement, alteration, or emergency repair of buildings, grounds, and other facilities, including [an addition to a radiation physics laboratory, a standard frequency broadcasting station and an isotope separator facility] a radio meteorological research facility; [and] procurement and installation of special research equipment and facilities, therefor; and provision of standards of weight and measure to the states; [$3,770,000], $2,000,000 to remain available until expended. (16 U.þ.C.'271–278e; 40 U.S.C. 14a; 5 U.S.C. 596a; Department of Commerce Appropriation Ach, 1965.)

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