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according advancement advantage appear arts attention benefit better branch CALIFORNIA called causes character civilized compared conclusions condition conduct connected considered continue course cultivation desire directed division Economy effect employ equal evidence evil exchange exercise exist expect experience fact favourable greater ground hand human ignorance important improvement increase individuals instance interest kind knowledge labour lead least LECTURE less LIBRARY mankind matter means ment merely mind moral national wealth nature necessary never object observation occasion particular perhaps persons Political Political-Economy poor possess powers practice prejudice present principles probably produce progress proportion Providence question reason reference regarded religion remark respect result rich savage Scripture seems sense society speaking supply supposed tend thing thought tion treating true truth UNIVERSITY various vice virtue wants whole wisdom writers
Page 197 - The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects too are perhaps always the same, or very nearly the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding, or to exercise his invention in finding out expedients for removing difficulties which never occur. He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertion, and generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become.
Page 89 - For instance, let any one propose to himself the problem of supplying with daily provisions of all kinds such a city as our metropolis, containing above a million of inhabitants. Let him imagine himself a head-commissary, entrusted with the office of furnishing to this enormous host their daily rations. Any considerable failure in the supply even for a single day, might produce the most frightful distress ; since the spot on which they are cantoned produces absolutely nothing.
Page 200 - For a very small expence the public can facilitate, can encourage, and can even impose upon almost the whole body of the people, the necessity of acquiring those most essential parts of education.
Page 55 - CommonSense only in those cases where he himself has nothing else to trust to, and invariably resorts to the rules of art, wherever he possesses the knowledge of them, it is plain that mankind universally bear their testimony, though unconsciously and often unwillingly, to the preferableness of systematic knowledge to conjectural judgments.
Page 20 - God has not revealed to us a system of morality, such as would have been needed for a being who had no other means of distinguishing right and wrong. On the contrary, the inculcation of virtue and reprobation of vice in Scripture, are in such a tone as seems to presuppose a natural power, or a capacity for acquiring the power, to distinguish them.
Page 197 - His dexterity at his own particular trade seems, in this manner, to be acquired at the expence of his intellectual, social, and martial virtues. But in every improved and civilized society this is the state into which the labouring poor, that is, the great body of the people, must necessarily fall, unless government takes some pains to prevent it.
Page 148 - Man, absorbed in the pursuit of merely external and merely temporal objects — occupied in schemes for attaining wealth and worldly aggrandizement, without any higher views in pursuing them, — we must remember that the savage is not above such a life, but below it. It is not from preferring virtue to wealth — the goods of the mind to those of fortune — the next world to the present — that he takes so little thought for the morrow ; but, from want of forethought and of habitual self-command....
Page 45 - ... those who lead a harder life, are generally inferior in this point to those who have made more approaches to civilization. There is indeed, in such a country as this, a larger proportion of feeble and sickly individuals ; but this is because the hardship and exposure of a savage life speedily destroys those who are not of a robust constitution. Some there are, no doubt, whose health is impaired by an over-indulgent and tender mode of life ; but as a general rule it may safely be maintained, that...
Page 26 - The goods of this world are by no means a trifling concern to Christians considered as Christians. Whether indeed we ourselves shall have enjoyed a large or a small share of them, will be of no importance to us a hundred years hence ; but it will be of the greatest importance, whether we shall have employed the faculties and opportunities granted to us, in the increase and diffusion of those benefits among others...