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[No. 22]

REVIEW OF THE RESERVE PROGRAM

H.S. Congreso. House.

HEARINGS

BEFORE

SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 1

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

FEBRUARY 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 18, 19, 20, AND 21, 1957

Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services

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EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

CARL VINSON, Georgia, Chairman OVERTON BROOKS, Louisiana

LESLIE C. ARENDS, Illinois PAUL J. KILDAY, Texas

W. STERLING COLE, New York CARL T. DURHAM, North Carolina

LEON H. GAVIN, Pennsylvania L. MENDEL RIVERS, South Carolina WALTER NORBLAD, Oregon PHILIP J. PHILBIN, Massachusetts

JAMES E. VAN ZANDT, Pennsylvania F. EDWARD HÉBERT, Louisiana

JAMES T. PATTERSON, Connecticut ARTHUR WINSTEAD, Mississippi

PAUL CUNNINGHAM, Iowa MELVIN PRICE, Illinois

WILLIAM H. BATES, Massachusetts 0. C. FISHER, Texas

WILLIAM E. HESS, Ohio PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia

JAMES P. S. DEVEREUX, Maryland WILLIAM J. GREEN, JR., Pennsylvania ALVIN E. O'KONSKI, Wisconsin CLYDE DOYLE, California

WILLIAM G. BRAY, Indiana GEORGE P. MILLER, California

ROBERT C. WILSON, California CHARLES E. BENNETT, Florida

FRANK C. OSMERS, JR., New Jersey RICHARD E. LANKFORD, Maryland KATHARINE ST. GEORGE, New York GEORGE HUDDLESTON, JR., Alabama B. CARROLL REECE, Tennessee JAMES A. BYRNE, Pennsylvania

CHARLES S. GUBSER, California TOBY MORRIS, Oklahoma A. PAUL KITCHIN, North Carolina

E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska
A. FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico
JOHN A. BURNS, Hawaii

ROBERT W. SMART, Chief Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 1

OVERTON BROOKS, Louisiana, Chairman PHILIP J. PHILBIN, Massachusetts

WALTER NORBLAD, Oregon ARTHUR WINSTEAD, Mississippi

JAMES E. VAN ZANDT, Pennsylvania MELVIN PRICE, Illinois

JAMES P. S. DEVEREUX, Maryland 0. C. FISHER, Texas

WILLIAM G. BRAY, Indiana JAMES A. BYRNE, Pennsylvania

FRANK C. OSMERS, JR., New Jersey TOBY MORRIS, Oklahoma

KATHARINE ST. GEORGE, New York

CHARLES F. DOCANDER, Counsel
II

R.V.S.24 Ap 57

(No. 22] REVIEW OF THE RESERVE PROGRAM BY SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 1

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,

104 SUBCOMMITTEE No. 1, Washington, D.C., Monday, February 4, 1957. The subcommittee convened at 10 a. m., Hon. Overton Brooks, chairman of the subcommittee, presiding.

Mr. Brooks. The subcommittee will please come to order. Now before we start, we will wait a moment or two while these people that want to take pictures can take the pictures they wish. And then I want to say that after the first witness finishes, we will have a little break of 3 minutes to permit the taking of pictures at that time. That is in response to a request from the press for pictures. Then we will proceed with the work of the subcommittee.

Now ladies and gentlemen of the subcommittee, I want to start the first hearing of the subcommittee this year by welcoming our new members. We have, for instance, our good friend, Congressman Byrne of Pennsylvania. He is not here yet but he will be here, I am sure. And we have Mr. Morris, of Oklahoma, who has in the years gone by been a Member of Congress, although I don't think he has been a member of the committee prior to this year. And then we have Mrs. St. George, of New York.

Mrs. ST. GEORGE. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. BROOKS. Mrs. St. George is the one lady member of the com-
mittee. We are very fortunate in having you assigned to our sub-
committee, Mrs. St. George.

Mrs. St. GEORGE. Thank you.
Mr. BROOKS. We are also glad to have Mr. Morris here.

I want to make just a short statement before we start these hearings. There has been a great deal said in the press about it and I think that a statement from the chairman is in order.

Today we again begin hearings on the implementation of the Reserve Forces Act. This is the third hearing the subcommittee has held on this subject since the enactment of the law. At the outset I would like to say that in my opinion all of the Rerserve components have contributed heavily to the protection of the country in time of war and in time of peace.

Members of the Reserve components are loyal and able men and women and I for one will proceed during these hearings on that basis. These are dedicated citizens who are serving their country in an exemplary fashion. I do not think it necessary that the subcommittee be furnished any evidence which questions the loyalty of any member of the Reserve component, including the National Guard.

This subcommittee has watched over the Reserve program almost since its inception. We have seen the Reserves of all of the military

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