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COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS
BACKGROUND MATERIAL AND DATA
JURISDICTION OF THE
FEBRUARY 18, 1982
Prepared for the use of the Committee on Ways and Means by its staff
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1982
COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS
SAM. M. GIBBONS, Florida BARBER B. CONABLE, Jr., New York
CECIL (CEC) HEFTEL, Hawaii
This document has been prepared for the use of the Committee on Ways and Means by its staff in conjunction with its consideration of possible revisions in the various programs under the jurisdiction of the committee.
The book is divided into four parts:
Part 1-Description of programs providing benefits or services to individuals within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means.
Part 2–Description of trust funds for which the Committee on Ways and Means has revenue jurisdiction.
Part 4–Other matters within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means including public debt, the Pension Benefit Guarantee Corporation, and capital construction funds.
Within part 1, there are summary tables indicating the relative size and recent growth of the individual programs. For each of the programs, there is extensive information on:
(a) Who is eligible for the program;
(e) Interactions with other major programs. For the programs described in part 2, a brief legislative history, the current financing mechanism, and the financial status of the trust fund is presented.
Finally, the document contains 11 appendices setting out in detail:
(a) Certain commonly cited statistical data concerning levels of income and poverty in the United States;
(b) National health expenditures and health care expenditures of the elderly;
(c) A brief summary of all legislative changes enacted during 1981 to spending programs within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and means;
(d) A short description of the medicaid program;
(i) Tables describing the demographic and economic resources of the elderly;
(j) Examples illustrating the interactions between AFDC, Social Security, SSI, medicaid, food stamps and the tax system
as earnings increase for aged couples and female-headed households;
(k) Statistical history of the social security programs. In this document, wherever reference is made to data, the source of which is not specifically cited, the information was obtained from the agency under whose auspices the program is administered.
The committee wishes to express its appreciation to the many individuals at the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress for their contributions and long hours toward completing this project. Also, appreciation is given to the Congressional Budget Office for providing numbers and analysis in a timely manner. Finally, the committee acknowledges Dr. Gordon Lewis of CarnegieMellon University for preparing the charts in section 8 of part 1.
This material has been assembled in a limited amount of time in order that it be available to the Members for use in connection with their deliberations on various budget issues presently pending before the committee. Comments as to how the contents or format of this document could be improved are most appreciated and will help in future revisions so that it can better serve as a resource tool.