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MUSCLE SHOALS

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SEVENTY-FIRST CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

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COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

W. FRANK JAMES, Michigan, Chairman HARRY C. RANSLEY, Pennsylvania.

PERCY E. QUIN, Mississippi. HARRY M. WURZBACH, Texas.

HUBERT F. FISHER, Tennessee. B. CARROLL REECE, Tennessee.

DANIEL E. GARRETT, Texas.
JOHN C. SPEAKS, Ohio.

JOHN J. McSWAIN, South Carolina.
J. MAYHEW WAINWRIGHT, New York. LISTER HILL, Alabama.
WILLIAM R. JOHNSON, Illinois.

LEWIS W. DOUGLAS, Arizona.
HAROLD G. HOFFMAN, New Jersey.

WILLIAM J. GRANFIELD, Massachusetts. FLORENCE P. KAHN, California. THOMAS C. COCHRAN, Pennsylvania. WILLIAM H. STAFFORD, Wisconsin. GEORGE M. PRITCHARD, North Carolina. JOHN M. WOLVERTON, West Virginia.

VICTOR S. K. HOUSTON, Hawaii.

HOWARD F. SEDGWICK, Clerk
II

422730

sangat

CONTENTS

Statements of

Page

Bell, Wm. B., president American Cyanamid Co-----

Brand, Charles J., executive secretary and treasurer National Fer-

tilizer Association ----

245

Cottrell, Dr. F. G., chief of fertilizer and fixed nitrogen investigation,

Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, Department of Agriculture --- 299

Howard, Dr. P. E., chemical engineer, Bureau of Chemistry and

Soils, Department of Agriculture.--

------

Knight, Dr. H. G., chief Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, Department

of Agriculture...

Miles, Maj. F. H., Ordnance Department, United States Army ---- 170
Poyet, Warrant Officer Anthony, nitrate plants, Muscle Shoals.---- 153
Riley, Capt. H. D. W., in charge Wilson Dam No. 2.--

--------- 177, 189
Williams, Maj. Gen. C. C., Chief of Ordnance, United States Army-- 211
Appendix (Cove Creek Dam No. 3 and Primary Power Dam No. 2),

S. J. 49 as passed by Senate and amended in House Committee, together

with House report ----

311
Report submitted on War Department activity at Muscle Shoals ---- 177

III

MUSCLE SHOALS

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1930

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The committee met at 10.30 o'clock a. m., Hon. Harry C. Ransley presiding.

Mr. RANSLEY. At the last meeting of the committee, a letter from Mr. Bell, the president of the American Cyanamid Co., was read. This meeting was called only for the purpose of giving Mr. Bell an opportunity to reply to some newspaper articles that accompanied his communication. The committee will be glad to hear from Mr. Bell.

STATEMENT OF W. B. BELL, PRESIDENT OF THE AMERICAN

CYANAMID CO.

Mr. BELL. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, I appreciate very much this opportunity to come before you again. You did us the honor some time ago to report out the Wright bill with favorable actiona bill which contains the offer of our companies—and I felt when I got back from Europe, on the 27th of last month, and read these newspaper articles, it was no more than right, in view of the confidence you had reposed in us by that action, that I should make some statement in regard to the matter that appears in those articles.

First of all, it was suggested in the articles that the Tennessee River Improvement Association and/or Col. J. W. Worthington, its Washington representative, were in the pay of the American Cyanamid Co. That is not so. We have never paid them a cent, either the association or Colonel Worthington, nor have we ever made them any promise of compensation. The Tennessee River Improvement Association, so I have understood, is supported by voluntary contributions from people up and down the Tennessee Valley who would like to see the stream improved and would like to see industry brought to it and, obviously our offer was calculated to accomplish those results and they supported the offer. They have frequently criticised the offer; they have taken the stand that unless this were done or that were done, they would not support the offer. They have exercised a very independent judgment and attitude in the whole matter and I repeat that we have not paid them anything and we have never even suggested a promise of future compensation.

While I am on that subject, I would like to add this: Some time ago, I am told, it was suggested that we employed, or had in our employ, or paid money to the American Farm Bureau Federation,

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