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clerk, all process issued and returns made thereon, all appearances, orders, verdicts, and judgments shall be noted chronologically in the civil docket on the folio assigned to the action and shall be marked with its file number. These notations shall be brief but shall show the nature of each paper filed or writ issued and the substance of each order or judgment of the court and of the returns showing execution of process. The notation of an order or judgment shall show the date the notation is made. When in an action trial by jury has been properly demanded or ordered the clerk shall enter the word "jury” on the folio assigned to that action.

(b) Civil ORDER Book. The clerk shall also keep a book for civil actions entitled “civil order book” in which shall be kept in the sequence of their making exact copies of all final judgments and orders, all orders affecting title to or lien upon real or personal property, all appealable orders, and such other orders as the court may direct.

(c) INDICES; CALENDARS. Separate and suitable indices of the civil docket and of the civil order book shall be kept by the clerk under the direction of the court. There shall be prepared under the direction of the court calendars of all actions ready for trial, which shall distinguish “jury actions" from "court actions”.

Rule 80. Stenographer; Stenographic Report or Transcript as Evidence.

(a) STENOGRAPHER. A court or master may direct that evidence be taken stenographically and may appoint a stenographer for that purpose. His fees shall be fixed by the court and may be taxed ultimately as costs, in the discretion of the court. The cost of a transcript shall be paid in the first instance by the party ordering the transcript.

(b) OFFICIAL STENOGRAPHERS. Each district court may designate one or more official court stenographers for the district and fix by rule of court the compensation which such stenographers shall be entitled to charge for their services, with provision that amounts properly paid by parties for the service of such stenographers be taxable as costs in the case in the discretion of the trial judge. The work of the stenographers shall be so arranged as to avoid delay in furnishing transcripts ordered for the purposes of motions for new trial, for amended findings, or for appeals.

(c) STENOGRAPHIC REPORT OR TRANSCRIPT AS EVIDENCE. Whenever the testimony of a witness at a trial or hearing which was stenographically reported is admissible in evidence at a later trial, it may be proved by the transcript thereof duly cei tified by the person who reported the testimony.

XI. GENERAL PROVISIONS Rule 81. Applicability in General. (a) To WHAT PROCEEDINGS APPLICABLE

(1) These rules do not apply to proceedings in admiralty. They do not apply to proceedings in bankruptcy or proceedings in copyright under the Act of March 4, 1909, c. 320, § 25 (35 Stat. 1081), as amended, U.S. C., Title 17, § 25, except in so far as they may be made applicable thereto by rules promulgated by the Supreme Court of the United States. They do not apply to probate, adoption, or lunacy proceedings in the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia except to appeals therein.

(2) In the following proceedings appeals are governed by these rules, but they are not applicable otherwise than on appeal except to the extent that the practice in such proceedings is not set forth in statutes of the United States and has heretofore conformed to the practice in actions at law or suits in equity: admission to citizenship, habeas corpus, quo warranto, and forfeiture of property for violation of a statute of the United States.

(3) In proceedings under the Act of February 12, 1925, c. 213 (43 Stat. 883), U. S. C., Title 9, relating to arbitration, or under the Act of May 20, 1926, c. 347, § 9 (44 Stat. 585), U. S. C., Title 45, § 159, relating to boards of arbitration of railway labor disputes, these rules apply to appeals, but otherwise only to the extent that matters of procedure are not provided for in those statutes.

(4) These rules do not alter the method prescribed by the Act of February 18, 1922, c. 57, § 2 (42 Stat. 388), U. S. C., Title 7, § 292; or by the Act of June 10, 1930, c. 436, 9-7 (46 Stat. 534), as amended, U. S. C., Title 7, $ 499g (c), for instituting proceedings in the district courts of the United States to review orders of the Secretary of Agriculture; or prescribed by the Act of June 25, 1934, c. 742, § 2 (48 Stat. 1214), U. S. C., Title 15, $ 522, for instituting proceedings to review orders of the Secretary of Commerce; or prescribed by the Act of February 22, 1935, c. 18, § 5 (49 Stat. 31), U. S. C., Title 15, § 715d (c), as extended, for instituting proceedings to review orders of petroleum control boards; but the conduct of such proceedings in the district courts shall be made to conform to these rules so far as applicable.

(5) These rules do not alter the practice in the district courts of the United States prescribed in the Act of July 5, 1935, c. 372, 8$ 9 and 10 (49 Stat. 453), U. S. C., Title 29, $$ 159 and 160 (e), (g), and (i), for beginning and conducting proceedings to enforce orders of the National Labor Relations Board; and in respects not covered by those statutes, the practice in the district courts shall conform to these rules so far as applicable.

(6) These rules do not apply to proceedings under the Act of September 13, 1888, c. 1015, § 13 (25 Stat. 479), as amended, U. S. C., Title 8, § 282, relating to deportation of Chinese, or to proceedings for review of compensation orders under the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, Act of March 4, 1927, c. 509, $ 21 (44 Stat. 1436), U. S. C., Title 33, § 921. The provisions for service by publication and allowing the defendant 60 days within which to answer in proceedings to cancel certificates of citizenship under the Act of June 29, 1906, c. 3592; 8 15 (34 Stat. 601), as amended, U. S. C., Title 8; $ 405, remain in effect.

(7) In proceedings for condemnation of property under the power of eminent domain, these rules govern appeals but are not otherwise

applicable. . (b) SCIRE FACIAS AND MANDAMUS. The writs of scire facias and mandamus are abolished. Relief heretofore available by mandamus or scire facias may be obtained by appropriate action or by appropriate motion under the practice prescribed in these rules.

(c) REMOVED ACTIONS. These rules apply to civil actions removed to the district courts of the United States from the state courts and govern all procedure after removal. Repleading is not necessary unless the court so orders. In a removed action in which the defendant has not answered, he shall answer or present the other defenses or objections available to him under these rules within the time allowed for answer by the law of the state or within 5 days after the filing of the transcript of the record in the district court of the United States, whichever period is longer. If at the time of removal all necessary pleadings have been filed, a party entitled to trial by jury under Rule 38 and who has not already waived his right to such trial shall be accorded it, if his demand therefor is served within 10 days after

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