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HEARINGS 4 JUL 1 2
EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS 56-' 716
H. R. 8001 and identical bills
TO ESTABLISH A NATIONAL POLICY WITH RESPECT TO COMMERCIAL
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
H. R. 9552 and identical bills
FISHERIES COMMISSION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
H. R. 10813 and identical bills
ECONOMY, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
H. R. 11309 and identical bills
H. R. 11570
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
MAY 10, 21, 22, AND JUNE 8, 1956
Printed for the use of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries
United States Government Printing Office, Washington : 1956
COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES
HERBERT C, BONNER, North Carolina, Chairman FRANK W, BOYKIN, Alabama
THOR C. TOLLEFSON, Washington EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland
JOHN J. ALLEN, JR., California EDWARD J. ROBESON, JR., Virginia
HORACE SEELY-BROWN, JR., Connecticut LEONOR K. (MRS. JOHN B.) SULLIVAN, TIMOTHY P. SHEEHAN, Illinois Missouri
WILLIAM K. VAN PELT, Wisconsin T. A. THOMPSON, Louisiana
JOHN H. RAY, New York GEORGE P. MILLER, California
WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California JOHN C. KLUCZYNSKI, Illinois
FRANCIS E, DORN, New York JAMES A. BYRNE, Pennsylvania
THOMAS M. PELLY, Washington JOHN J. BELL, Texas
ELFORD 'A. CEDERBERG, Michigan T. JAMES TUMULTY, New Jersey
A. D. BAUMHART, JR., Ohio IRWIN D, DAVIDSON, New York
JACKSON B. CHASE, Nebraska
WALTER NORBLAD, Oregon
E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska
JOHN M, DREWRY, Chief Counsel
BERNARD J, ZINCKE, Counsel
FRANCES STILL, Clerk
SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
FRANK W. BOYKIN, Alabama, Chairman GEORGE P. MILLER, California
JOHN J. ALLEN, JR., California JOHN C. KLUCZYNSKI, Illinois
HORACE SEELY-BROWN, JR., Connecticut JOHN J. BELL, Texas
WILLIAM K, VAN PELT, Wisconsin IRWIN D. DAVIDSON, New York
A. D. BAUMHART, JR., Ohio JOHN D, DINGELL, Michigan 1
BERNARD J. ZINCKE, Counsel 1 Temporary member of subcommittee.
Anderson, A. W., Chief, Branch of Commercial Fisheries, Fish and
Grange, G. R., Deputy Director, Fruit and Vegetable Division,
Linehan, John F., general manager, Seafood Producers Association
Mitts, Ernest, supervisor of conservation, State of Florida_
Thibodeaux, Ben H., Office of International Trade and Resources,
accompanied by Warren F. Looney, Deputy Assistant for Fisheries
Utt, Hon. James B., á Representative in Congress from the State of
Barr, James, executive secretary, Texas Shrimp Association, state-
Bartlett, E. L., Delegate from Alaska, letter, June 7, 1956, to Hon.
Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the
State of Florida, letter, May 14, 1956, to committee
State of Florida, submitted statement and Carter C. Osterbind,
article from May 10, 1956, Congressional Record.-
of Massachusetts, letter, May 29, 1956..
Eisenhower, President Dwight D., letter, February 17, 1955, to Hon.
Fletcher, R. P., Jr., Booth Fisheries Corp., letter, May 22, 1956
Inc., letter, March 12, 1956_
June 7, 1956, re H. R. 11570..
letter, May 18, 1956, to Hon. Frank W. Boykin.-
May 21, 1956, statement-
of Washington, submitted statement and list of names and indi-
viduals who endorsed the amended substitute, S. 3275_-
Scudder, Hon. Hubert B., a Representative in Congress from the
State of California, submitted statement..
telegram, May 21, 1956, to Hon. Herbert C. Bonner.
ciation, Washington, D. C.-
submitted statement, and article, about Sport Fishing Institute -
of Louisiana submitted statement.
ESTABLISHMENT OF A NATIONAL POLICY FOR
THURSDAY, MAY 10, 1956
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
WILDLIFE CONSERVATION OF THE
Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:45 a. m., Hon. John C. Kluczynski presiding, for consideration of H. R. 8001 and identical bills, H. R. 9552 and identical bills, and H. R. 10813 and identical bills.
(The bills H. R. 8001, H. R. 9522, and H. R. 10813 are as follows:)
(H. R. 8001, 84th Cong., 2d sess.]
A BILL To establish a national policy with respect to commercial fisheries; to establish the Office of
Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Commercial Fisheries, and define his functions, powers, and responsibilities; to strengthen the commercial fisheries segment of the national economy, and for other
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Conyress assembled, That the Congress recognizes the material contribution made to the food-producing segment of the national economy by the commercial fisheries of the United States and that industry's potential for strengthening the defense of the United States. As is true with other segments of our economy, the well-being of commercial fisheries has a direct bearing on the well-being of all. It is therefore the intent of Congress in enacting this legislation to promote a healthy, prosperous, and productive condition in our domestic commercial fisheries; to provide for conservation and efficient utilization of our food resources based upon fisheries; and to stimulate the development of a strong, prosperous, efficient, thriving domestic commercial fisheries industry.
SEC. 2. There shall be in the Department of Commerce an additional Assistant Secretary of Commerce (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Assistant Secretary”) who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. He shall perform such duties as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce or as may be required by law. He shall exercise all functions with respect to commercial fisheries prescribed by this Act or transferred to him, under the general supervision and control of the Secretary of Commerce.
SEC. 3. (a) Those portions of the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior having to do with biological, oceanographic, meteorological, technological, economic, and other scientific investigations, conservation management, foreign activities, and economic activities, as all of these portions relate to the commercial fisheries, and their functions, are hereby transferred to the Assistant Secretary.
(b) All records, property, personnel, commitments, and unexpended balances (available or to be made available) of appropriations, allocations, and other funds as the Director of the Bureau of the Budget shall determine to relate primarily to the functions transferred by subsection (a) shall be transferred to the Assistant Secretary.
SEC. 4. With a view to keeping the commercial fisheries industry and the Government informed, the Assistant Secretary shall conduct continuing studies, and periodically report on, the following:
(1) Production and flow to market of domestically produced fishery commodities;