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COMMERCIAL FISHERIES

BEFORE THE

OF THE

HEARINGS 4 JUL 1 2

Созу.. -1956)
SUBCOMMITTEE ON
FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
4.3. Coriquese. House,
House. COMMITTEE

ON
MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS 56-' 716

H. R. 8001 and identical bills

SECOND SESSION

ON

TO ESTABLISH A NATIONAL POLICY WITH RESPECT TO COMMERCIAL
FISHERIES; TO ESTABLISH THE OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY
OF COMMERCE FOR COMMERCIAL FISHERIES, AND DEFINE HIS FUNC-
TIONS, POWERS, AND RESPONSIBILITIES; TO STRENGTHEN THE
COMMERCIAL FISHERIES SEGMENT OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY,

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

H. R. 9552 and identical bills
TO ESTABLISH A SOUND AND COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL POLICY
WITH RESPECT TO THE DEVELOPMENT, CONSERVATION FOR PRESER-
VATION, MANAGEMENT AND USE OF FISHERIES RESOURCES, TO
CREATE AND PRESCRIBE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES

FISHERIES COMMISSION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

H. R. 10813 and identical bills
TO ESTABLISH A SOUND AND COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL POLICY
WITH RESPECT TO THE FISHERIES; TO CREATE AND PRESCRIBE
THE FUNCTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES FISHERIES COMMISSION ;
TO STRENGTHEN THE FISHERIES SEGMENT OF THE NATIONAL

ECONOMY, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

H. R. 11309 and identical bills
TO ESTABLISH A SOUND AND COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL POLICY
WITH RESPECT TO FISHERIES; TO STRENGTHEN THE FISHERIES
SEGMENT OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY; TO ESTABLISH WITHIN THE
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR A FISHERIES DIVISION; TO CREATE
AND PRESCRIBE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES FISHERIES
COMMISSION; AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

H. R. 11570
TO ESTABLISH A SOUND AND COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL POLICY
WITH RESPECT TO FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE; TO STRENGTHEN
THE FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE SEGMENTS OF THE NATIONAL
ECONOMY; TO CREATE AND ESTABLISH WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT
OF THE INTERIOR THE OFFICE OF UNDERSECRETARY OF FISHERIES
AND WILDLIFE, A FISHERIES SERVICE AND A WILDLIFE SERVICE ;

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MAY 10, 21, 22, AND JUNE 8, 1956

Printed for the use of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries

77765

United States Government Printing Office, Washington : 1956

COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES

HERBERT C, BONNER, North Carolina, Chairman FRANK W, BOYKIN, Alabama

THOR C. TOLLEFSON, Washington EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

JOHN J. ALLEN, JR., California EDWARD J. ROBESON, JR., Virginia

HORACE SEELY-BROWN, JR., Connecticut LEONOR K. (MRS. JOHN B.) SULLIVAN, TIMOTHY P. SHEEHAN, Illinois Missouri

WILLIAM K. VAN PELT, Wisconsin T. A. THOMPSON, Louisiana

JOHN H. RAY, New York GEORGE P. MILLER, California

WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California JOHN C. KLUCZYNSKI, Illinois

FRANCIS E, DORN, New York JAMES A. BYRNE, Pennsylvania

THOMAS M. PELLY, Washington JOHN J. BELL, Texas

ELFORD 'A. CEDERBERG, Michigan T. JAMES TUMULTY, New Jersey

A. D. BAUMHART, JR., Ohio IRWIN D, DAVIDSON, New York

JACKSON B. CHASE, Nebraska
HERBERT ZELENKO, New York

WALTER NORBLAD, Oregon
FRANK M, CLARK, Pennsylvania
THOMAS LUDLOW ASHLEY, Ohio
JOHN D, DINGELL, Michigan

E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska

JOHN M, DREWRY, Chief Counsel

BERNARD J, ZINCKE, Counsel
CHARLES F. WARREN, Special Counsel

FRANCES STILL, Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION

FRANK W. BOYKIN, Alabama, Chairman GEORGE P. MILLER, California

JOHN J. ALLEN, JR., California JOHN C. KLUCZYNSKI, Illinois

HORACE SEELY-BROWN, JR., Connecticut JOHN J. BELL, Texas

WILLIAM K, VAN PELT, Wisconsin IRWIN D. DAVIDSON, New York

A. D. BAUMHART, JR., Ohio JOHN D, DINGELL, Michigan 1

BERNARD J. ZINCKE, Counsel 1 Temporary member of subcommittee.

II

1

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Text of

Page

H. R. 8001.

H. R. 9552.

3

H. R. 10813

H. R. 11309

45

H. R. 11570

211

Statement of

Anderson, A. W., Chief, Branch of Commercial Fisheries, Fish and
Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior.

239

Bates, Hon. William H., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Massachusetts.

71

Callison, Charles H., conservation director, National Wildlife Federa-

tion.

165

Chapman, W. M., director of research, American Tunaboat Associa-

tion.

52

Colmer, Hon. William M., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Mississippi..

102

D'Ewart, Hon. Wesley A., Assistant Secretary, Department of the

Interior

26, 239

Grange, G. R., Deputy Director, Fruit and Vegetable Division,
Agricultural Marketing Service, Department of Agriculture

49

Jackson, Charles E., general manager, National Fisheries Institute,

Inc.

121

Kibre, Jeff, Washington representative, International Longshoremen's

and Warehousemen's Union..

150

King, Hon. Cecil R., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California.

163

Linehan, John F., general manager, Seafood Producers Association
of New Bedford

173

Loker, Donald P., vice president, Star-kist Foods, San Pedro, Calif.. 69

Magnuson, Hon. Don, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Washington...

95

Mitts, Ernest, supervisor of conservation, State of Florida_

136

Potter, William H., North Carolina Fisheries Association, Division of

Commercial Fisheries, Department of Conservation and Develop-

ment-

110

Rice, Thomas D. executive secretary, Massachusetts Fisheries Associa-

tion.

176

Rogers, Hon. Paul G., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida

120

Schulman, Mary, assistant attorney general, State of Florida.

137

Seaman, É. A., executive secretary, Sport Fishing Institute -

159

Shooshan, Harry, international activities assistant, Office of the

Secretary, Department of the Interior...

37

Smith, Marshall, Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Affairs,

Department of Commerce.

40

Steele, Raymond E., attorney, Washington, D. C.

215

Stroud, Richard H., executive vice president, Sport Fishing Institute,

and C. R. Gutermuth, vice president, Wildlife Management

Institute.

223

Thibodeaux, Ben H., Office of International Trade and Resources,

accompanied by Warren F. Looney, Deputy Assistant for Fisheries
and Wildlife to the Under Secretary of State.

86

Thompson, Paul E., Assistant Chief, Branch of Fishing Biology, Fish

and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior..

239

Utt, Hon. James B., á Representative in Congress from the State of
California

78

185

54

185

205

41

87

207

208

183

196

Additional information:

Barr, James, executive secretary, Texas Shrimp Association, state-

ment..

Bartlett, E. L., Delegate from Alaska, letter, June 7, 1956, to Hon.

Herbert C. Bonner.

Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Florida, letter, May 14, 1956, to committee
Cary, Harold F., general manager, American Tunaboat Association,

submitted statement.-
Cramer, Hon. William C., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Florida, submitted statement and Carter C. Osterbind,

article from May 10, 1956, Congressional Record.-

Curtis, Hon. Laurence, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Massachusetts, letter, May 29, 1956..

Department of Commerce, fish imports, 1940–54, chart-

Department of the Interior, American Fisheries Advisory Committee,

authorized by act of July 1, 1954 (68 Stat. 376) --

Eisenhower, President Dwight D., letter, February 17, 1955, to Hon.

Joseph Martin re trade agreements, etc.-

Fletcher, R. P., Jr., Booth Fisheries Corp., letter, May 22, 1956

Frank, George W., president Toledo Commercial Fishermen's Co-op.

Inc., letter, March 12, 1956_

Heydecker, Wayne D., secretary-treasurer, Atlantic States Marine

Fisheries Commission, letters:

March 13 and May 17, 1956, re H. R. 8001.

March 13, 1956, re s. 3275_-

May 17, 1956, re H, R. 9552.

May 17, 1956, re H. R. 10813.

May 28, 1956, re H. R. 11309.

June 7, 1956, re H. R. 11570..
Hosmer, Hon. Craig, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California, submitted.
Loree, Robert F., chairman, National Foreign Trade Council, Inc.,

letter, May 18, 1956, to Hon. Frank W. Boykin.-
McCormack, John W., majority leader, House of Representatives,

May 21, 1956, statement-
Miller, Hon. Edward T., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Maryland.--
Pelly, Hon. Thomas M., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Washington, submitted statement and list of names and indi-

viduals who endorsed the amended substitute, S. 3275_-
Poole, Daniel A., editor, Outdoor News Bulletin, Wildlife Management

Institute, statement.-

Radcliffe, Harry S., executive vice president National Council of

American Importers, Inc., letter, May 22, 1956.--

Reports from Departments on

H. R. 8001:

Commerce

Interior.

State..

H. R. 9552:

Agriculture

Budget_-

Commerce

Interior.

State..

H. R. 10813:

State.

Scudder, Hon. Hubert B., a Representative in Congress from the

State of California, submitted statement..
Seybolt, George C., president, Maine Sardine Packers Association,

telegram, May 21, 1956, to Hon. Herbert C. Bonner.
Steele, Raymond E., counsel, American Seafood Distribution Asso-

ciation, Washington, D. C.-
Stroud, Richard H., executive vice president Sport Fishing Institute,

submitted statement, and article, about Sport Fishing Institute -
Thompson, Hon. T. A., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Louisiana submitted statement.

Wilson, Hon. Robert C., letter, May 21, 1956, to Hon. Herbert C.

Bonner..

183

184

100

192

118

191

193

205

119

ESTABLISHMENT OF A NATIONAL POLICY FOR

COMMERCIAL FISHERIES

THURSDAY, MAY 10, 1956

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION OF THE
COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:45 a. m., Hon. John C. Kluczynski presiding, for consideration of H. R. 8001 and identical bills, H. R. 9552 and identical bills, and H. R. 10813 and identical bills.

(The bills H. R. 8001, H. R. 9522, and H. R. 10813 are as follows:)

(H. R. 8001, 84th Cong., 2d sess.]

A BILL To establish a national policy with respect to commercial fisheries; to establish the Office of

Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Commercial Fisheries, and define his functions, powers, and responsibilities; to strengthen the commercial fisheries segment of the national economy, and for other

purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Conyress assembled, That the Congress recognizes the material contribution made to the food-producing segment of the national economy by the commercial fisheries of the United States and that industry's potential for strengthening the defense of the United States. As is true with other segments of our economy, the well-being of commercial fisheries has a direct bearing on the well-being of all. It is therefore the intent of Congress in enacting this legislation to promote a healthy, prosperous, and productive condition in our domestic commercial fisheries; to provide for conservation and efficient utilization of our food resources based upon fisheries; and to stimulate the development of a strong, prosperous, efficient, thriving domestic commercial fisheries industry.

SEC. 2. There shall be in the Department of Commerce an additional Assistant Secretary of Commerce (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Assistant Secretary”) who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. He shall perform such duties as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce or as may be required by law. He shall exercise all functions with respect to commercial fisheries prescribed by this Act or transferred to him, under the general supervision and control of the Secretary of Commerce.

SEC. 3. (a) Those portions of the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior having to do with biological, oceanographic, meteorological, technological, economic, and other scientific investigations, conservation management, foreign activities, and economic activities, as all of these portions relate to the commercial fisheries, and their functions, are hereby transferred to the Assistant Secretary.

(b) All records, property, personnel, commitments, and unexpended balances (available or to be made available) of appropriations, allocations, and other funds as the Director of the Bureau of the Budget shall determine to relate primarily to the functions transferred by subsection (a) shall be transferred to the Assistant Secretary.

SEC. 4. With a view to keeping the commercial fisheries industry and the Government informed, the Assistant Secretary shall conduct continuing studies, and periodically report on, the following:

(1) Production and flow to market of domestically produced fishery commodities;

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