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away from his tonsils,-each must surren- outposts. Arlington Heights had been der to the bold soldier-boy. Exit Cham- the spot whence the alarmists threatened pagne and its goblet; exit lager and its us daily with big thunder and bursting mug; enter whiskey-and-water in a tin bombs. I was curious to see the repot. Such are the horrors of civil war! gion that had had Washington under its

And now I must cut short my story, for thumb. graver matters press. As to the resi- So Private W., tired of his foot-soldierdence of the Seventh in the cedar-grove ing, got a quadruped under him, and felt for two days and two nights, — how like a cavalier again. The horse took they endured the hardship of a bivouac me along the tow-path of the Cumberland on soft earth and the starvation of coffee Canal, as far as the redoubts where we had sans milk,- how they digged manfully worked our task. Then I turned up the in the trenches by gangs all these two la- bill, took a look at the camp of the New borious days, - with what supreme

artis- York Twenty-Fifth at the left, and rode tic finish their work was achieved, - how along for Arlington House. they chopped off their corns with axes, Grand name! and the domain is realas they cleared the brushwood from the ly quite grand, but ill-kept. Fine oaks glacis, - how they blistered their hands, make beauty without asking favors. Fine – how they chafed that they were not oaks and a fair view make all the beauty lunging with battailous steel at the breasts of Arlington. It seems that this old esof the minions of the oligarchs, - how tablishment, like many another old VirWashington, seeing the smoke of burn- ginian, had claimed its respectability for ing rubbish, and hearing dropping shots its antiquity, and failed to keep up to of target-practice, or of novices with the the level of the time. The road winds musket shooting each other by accident, along through the trees, climbing to fair- how Washington, alarmed, imagined er and fairer reaches of view over the a battle, and went into panic according- plain of Washington. I had not fanly, - all this, is it not written in the daily cied that there was any such lovely site papers ?

near the capital. But we have not yet On the evening of the 26th, the Sev- appreciated what Nature has done for enth travelled back to Camp Cameron us there. When civilization once makes in a smart shower. Its service was over. up its mind to colonize Washington, all Its month was expired. The troops or- this amphitheatre of hills will blossom dered to relieve it had arrived. It had with structures of the sublimest gingergiven the other volunteers the benefit of bread. a month's education at its drills and pa- Arlington House is the antipodes of rades. It had enriched poor Washington gingerbread, except that it is yellow, and to the tune of fifty thousand dollars. Ah, disposed to crumble. It has a pompous Washington ! that we, under Providence propylon of enormous stuccoed columns. and after General Butler, saved from the Any house smaller than Blenheim would heel of Secession! Ah, Washington, why tail on insignificantly after such a frontisdid you charge us so much for our milk piece. The interior has a certain careand butter and strawberries? The Sev- less, romantic, decayed-gentleman effect, enth, then, after a month of delightful du- wholly Virginian. It was enlivened by ty, was to be mustered out of service, and the uniforms of staff - officers just now, take new measures, if it would, to have a and as they rode through the trees of the longer and a larger share in the war. approach and by the tents of the New

York Eighth, encamped in the grove to ARLINGTON HEIGHTS.

the rear, the tableau was brilliantly war

like. Here, by the way, let me pause to I took advantage of the day of rest af- ask, as a horseman, though a foot-soldier, ter our return to have a gallop about the why generals and other gorgeous fellows make such guys of their horses with trap- ter bravery executed the plan;— he is pings. If the horse is a screw, cover him the Grand Yankee of this little period of thick with saddle-cloths, girths, cruppers, the war. 20, To the other Most Worshipbreast-bands, and as much brass and tin- ful Grand Yankees of the Massachusetts sel as your pay will enable you to buy; regiment who followed their leader, as but if not a screw, let his fair propor- he knew they would, discovered a forgottions be seen as much as may be, and ten colony called Annapolis, and dashed don't bother a lover of good horseflesh to in there, asking no questions. 3d, And eliminate so much uniform before he can while I gladly yield the first places to this see what is beneath.

General and his men, I put the Seventh From Arlington I rode to the other in, as last, but not least, in saving the encampments, -the Sixty-Ninth, Fifth, capital. Character always tells. The and Twenty-Eighth, all of New York, - Seventh, by good, hard, faithful work at and heard their several stories of alarms drill, had established its fame as the most and adventures. This completed the cirs thorough militia regiment in existence. cuit of the new fortification of the Great Its military and moral character were exCamp. Washington was now a fortress. cellent. The mere name of the regiment The capital was out of danger, and carried weight. It took the field as if therefore of no further interest to any- the field were a ball-room. There were body. The time had come for myself myriads eager to march; but they had and my regiment to leave it by differ- not made ready beforehand. Yes, the

Seventh had its important share in the

Without our support, whether

our leaders tendered it eagerly or hesi“PARTANT POUR LA SYRIE."

tatingly, General Butler's position at AnI SHOULD have been glad to stay and napolis would have been critical, and his see my comrades through to their depar- forced march to the capital a forlorn hope, ture; but there was a Massachusetts man - heroic, but desperate. down at Fortress Monroe, Butler by So, honor to whom honor is due. name, – has any one heard of him? Here I must cut short my story. So and to this gentleman it chanced that I good-bye to the Seventh, and thanks for was to report myself. So I packed my the fascinating month I have passed in knapsack, got my furlough, shook hands their society. In this pause of the war with my fellows, said good-bye to Camp our camp-life has been to me as brilliant Cameron, and was off, two days after our as a permanent picnic. month's service was done.

Good-bye to Company I, and all the fine fellows, rough and smooth, cool old

hands and recruits verdant but ardent! FAREWELL TO THE SEVENTH.

Good-bye to our Lieutenants, to whom I UNDER Providence, Washington owes owe much kindness! Good-bye, the Or. its safety, 1st, To General Butler, whose derly, so peremptory on parade, so indulgenius devised the circumvention of Bal- gent off! Good-bye, everybody! timore and its rascal rout, and whose ut- And so in haste I close.

ent ways.


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which has been added to the stern pur- them to close their business, and Devereux pose of avenging justice by the murder went back to the East. The next year of of Colonel Ellsworth.

Ellsworth's life was a miracle of endurEphraim Elmer Ellsworth was born in ance and uncomplaining fortitude. He the little village of Mechanicsville, on read law with great assiduity, and supportthe left bank of the Hudson, on the 23d ed himself by copying, in the hours that day of April, 1837. When he was very should have been devoted to recreation. young, his father, through no fault of his He had no pastimes and very few friends. own, lost irretrievably his entire fortune, Not a soul beside himself and the baker in the tornado of financial ruin that in who gave him his daily loaf knew how those years swept from the sea to the he was living. During all that time, he mountains. From this disaster he nev- never slept in a bed, never ate with er recovered. Misfortune seems to have friends at a social board. So acute was followed him through life, with the insa- his sense of honor, so delicate his ideas of tiable pertinacity of the Nemesis of a propriety, that, although himself the most Greek tragedy. And now in his old generous of men, he never would accept age, when for a moment there seemed from acquaintances the slightest favors to shine upon his path the sunshine that or courtesies which he was unable to promised better days, he finds that sud- return. He told me once of a severe denly withdrawn, and stands desolate, struggle between inclination and a sense “stabbed through the heart's affections, of honor. At a period of extreme hunto the heart.

His younger son died ger, he met a friend in the street who some years ago, of small-pox, in Chicago, was just starting from the city. He acand the murder at Alexandria leaves companied his friend into a restaurant, him with his sorrowing wife, lonely, amid wishing to converse with him, but dethe sympathy of the world.

clined taking any refreshment. He repThe days of Elmer's childhood and resented the savory fragrance of his early youth were passed at Troy and in friend's dinner as almost maddening to his the city of New York, in pursuits various, famished senses, while he sat there pleasbut energetic and laborious. There is antly chatting, and deprecating his friend's little of interest in the story of these entreaties to join him in his repast, on the years.

proud, affectionate, plea that he had just dined. sensitive, and generous boy, hampered What would have killed an ordinary by circumstance, but conscious of great man did not injure Ellsworth. His iron capabilities, — not morbidly addicted to frame seemed incapable of dissolution or day-dreaming, but always working heart- waste. Circumstance had no power to ily for something beyond. He was still conquer his spirit. His hearty goodvery young when he went to Chicago, humor never gave way. His sense of and associated himself in business with Mr. honor, which was sometimes even fantasDevereux of Massachusetts.* They man- tic in its delicacy, freed him from the aged for a little while, with much success, very temptation to wrong. He knew an agency for securing patents to invent- there was a better time coming for bim.

Through the treachery of one in Conscious of great mental and bodily whom they had reposed great confidence strength, with that bright outlook that they suffered severe losses which obliged industry and honor always give a man,

he was perfectly secure of ultimate sucArthur F. Devereux, Esq., now in com

His plans mingled in a singular mand of the Salem Zouave Corps, Eighth manner the bright enthusiasm of the Massachusetts Regiment, distinguished for the gallant part borne by it in opening the

youthful dreamer and the eminent pracroute to Washington through Annapolis, and

ticality of the man of affairs. At one in the rescue of the frigate Constitution, “ Old

time, his mind was fixed on Mexico, Ironsides," from the hands of the rebels. not with the licentious dreams that excit

He was



ed the ragged Condottieri who followed substance of things hoped for. But noththe fated footsteps of the "gray-eyed man ing that he could propose to himself ever of Destiny,” in the wild hope of plunder seemed absurd. He attacked his work and power, — nor with the vague reverie with his usual promptness and decision. in which fanatical threorists construct im- The conception of a great idea is no possible Utopias on the absurd framework proof of a great mind; a man's calibre is of Icarias or Phalansteries. His clear, bold, shown by the way in which he attempts and thoroughly executive mind planned to realize his idea. A great design a magnificent scheme of commercial en- planted in a little mind frequently bursts terprise, which, having its centre of opera- it, and nothing is more pitiable than the tions at Guaymas, should ramify through spectacle of a man staggering into insanthe golden wastes that stretch in silence ity under a thought too large for him. and solitude along the tortuous banks of Ellsworth chose to begin his work simply the Rio San José. This was to be the and practically. He did not write a beginning and the ostensible end of the memorial to the President, to be sent to enterprise. Then he dreamed of the the Secretary of War, to be referred to influence of American arts and Ameri- the Chief Clerk, to be handed over to can energy penetrating into the twilight File-Clerk No. 99, to be glanced at and of that decaying nationality, and saw quietly thrust into a pigeon-hole labelled the natural course of events leading on, “ Crazy and trashy.” He did not haunt first, Emigration, then Protection, and the anteroom of Congressman Somebody, at last Annexation. Yet there was no who would promise to bring his plan bethought of conquest or rapine. The idea fore the House, and then, bowing him was essentially American and Northern. out, give general orders to his footman, He never wholly lost that dream. One “ Not at home, hereafter, to that man.” day last winter, when some one was dis- He did not float, as some theorists do, cussing the propriety of an amputation ghastly and seedy, around the Adyta of of the States that seemed thoroughly dis- popular editors, begging for space and eased, Ellsworth swept his hand energet- countenance. He wisely determined to ically over the map of Mexico that hung keep his theories to himself until he could upon the wall, and exclaimed, — There illustrate them by living examples. He is an unanswerable argument against the first put himself in thorough training. recognition of the Southern Confederacy.” He practised the manual of arms in his

But the central idea of Ellsworth's own room, until his dexterous precision short life was the thorough reorganiza- was something akin to the sleight of a tion of the militia of the United States. juggler. He investigated the theory of He had studied with great success the every movement in an anatomical view, theory of national defence, and, from his and made several most valuable improveobservation of the condition of the militia ments on Hardee. He rearranged the of the several States, he was convinced manual so that every movement formed that there was much of well-directed ef- the logical groundwork of the succeeding fort yet lacking to its entire efficiency. He studied the science of fence, In fact, as he expressed it, a well-dis- so that he could hold a rapier with De ciplined body of five thousand troops Villiers, the most dashing of the Algecould land anywhere on our coast and rine swordsmen. He always had a hand ravage two or three States before an ad- as true as steel, and an eye like a gerequate force could get into the field to falcon. He used to amuse himself by oppose them. To reform this defective shooting ventilation - holes through his organization, be resolved to devote what- window-panes. Standing ten paces from ever of talent or energy was his. This was the window, he could fire the seven shots a very large undertaking for a boy, whose from his revolver and not shiver the glass majority and moustache were still of the beyond the circumference of a half-dollar.


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