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THE history of mankind is an inexhaustible source of useful instruction, and rational entertainment. There is a concatenation in events, by which they produce each other, and without a knowledge of which they cannot be easily comprehended. The rise of one kingdom is often owing to political defects in some other ; and the arts and learning of succeeding states take a tincture from those countries from whence they derived their origin. The transactions of a few reigns, says Tacitus, cannot afford a sufficient stock of materials to please or interest the reader ; but Universal History presents an infinite variety of the most striking and instructive information. Nothing can be more conducive either to our improvement or pleasure, than to review the valt theatre where we ourselves are performers; to converse with those who have been great or famous; to condemn the vices of men without fearing their resentment; and praise their virtues without conscious adulation,

The following Abridgement comprehends a concise narrative of the principal events in history, the causes of the rise and fall of empires, ftates, and kingdoms, a view of society and man.

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ners,

ners, with an account of the progress of arts, sciences, and literature.

To young people of both sexes, and such as are but little acquainted with history, this work, it is hoped, will be found a very proper introduction to one of the most useful branches of knowledge ; and to others it will serve to bring to remembrance what they have read.

In compiling the history of the present eventful period, the Author has made it his study to collect, from every quarter; the most authentic and interesting information that could possibly be obtained. The different accounts of the French revolution, some fugitive pamphlets, and the most approved periodical publications, have chiefly furnished materials,

THE

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C O N T E

T E N T S

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OF THE

FIRST YOLUME,

ON

CHAP. I. N the antediluvian world. Longevity, religion, policy, and literature of the antediluvians,

1 page 1. CH A P. II. On the probable causes of the deluge.-On the dispersion of mankind, and the origin of civil society.

p. 5. CHAP. III. Of the Babylonian monarchy.

P. 12. CHAP. IV. Of Egypt,-- Government and laws of the Egyptians --Fertility

of Egypt.-Antiquity, arts, sciences, and religion of the Egyptians.

p. 14. CHAP. V. Of the Assyrian, or first great monarchy.

P. 24• C H A P. VÌ, Of the Persian, or second great monarchy.

P. 29. CHAP. VII. Of Syria--Palastine-And the Jewish nation,

P. 32. CHAP. VIII. Of the Phænicians-Their religion--Arts-- Sciences - Manu

factures-Language and Commerce - Of Scythia--Its great extent-Character and Customs of the Scythians-Their valour, and mode of raising foldiers.

P. 441 CHAP. IX. of the early State of Greece, and the siege of Troy, P. 47.

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P. 78,

P. 81.

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CONTENT S.

CHAP. IX.
Of Grecian colonization.

CHAP. X.
Of Athens.
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P. 58.
C HAP. XI.
Of Sparta.

p. 64.
CHAP. XII.
Miscellaneous remarks on the Spartan government.

CHAP. XIII.
Of the olympic games, and the conquest of the Messenians.
Of the ufurpation of Pififtratus-Of the battle of Marathon

P. 72
CHAP. XIV.
Character of Aristides and Themistocles.

CHAP. XV.
The battle of Thermopylæ and Salamis. The retreat of
Xerxes—The battles of Platæa and Mycale.

CHAP. XVI.
Of the internal divisions of Greece, the Peloponnesian War,
and the surrender of Athens to the Lacedæmonians. p. 86,

C H A P. XVII. Of the Thebans-Of the atchievements of the Grecian states, from the rise of Thebes to the battle of Chæronea.

p. 94: CHAP. XVIII. On the rise of the Macedonian empire, and the causes of

the decline of the German states.--.Death and character of Philip.

p. 99. CHAP. XIX. Alexander's accession to the throne of Macedon--His visit to

Diogenes---His wonderful atchievements-His death and cha-
racter.

p. 10%.
CHAP. XIX*.
Division of Alexander's Empire. — The Achæan League.-
Greece becomes a Roman Province.

CHAP. XX.
Of the fine arts and literature among the Greeks---- Poetry -

Music- Paintaing -- Statuary --Architecturem--Medicine-
Eloquence --- History --Philosophy.

P. 109
CHAP. XXI.
Rome under the kings.

CHAP. XXII.
Remarks on the reigns of the Roman kings.

p. 125. CHAP

P. 108.

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