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accepted acquire territory acquisition adds admitted adopted affairs amendment American appointed authority become believed belonging benefit Britain British charter Chief Justice citizens claim clause colonies colonists commission concerning condition consequence considered Constitution construction correct created decide decision dependence despotic difference discretion discussion districts entirely entitled erect establish evils exclusive exercise existence express extent fact Federal foreign territory further give given granted held idea independent Judge Judge Cooley jurisdiction laws legislation legislative power legislature liberty limited look Louisiana means ment necessary needful opinion Parliament pass person Peters pleasure pointed population possessed power of Congress precedents prescribe present principle privileges protected provisions purchase question reason referred regard relation remain representative respect result rules and regulations says scope Scott secured seems settled statement Supreme Court Taney temporary Territorial government tion told tory treaty Union United unlimited usually writer
Page 100 - At the same time, the candid citizen must confess that if the policy of the government upon vital questions, affecting the whole people, is to be irrevocably fixed by decisions of the Supreme Court, the instant they are made, in ordinary litigation between parties in personal actions, the people will have ceased to be their own rulers, having to that extent practically resigned their government into the hands of that eminent tribunal.
Page 112 - ... as the English colonists are not represented, and from their local and other circumstances, cannot properly be represented in the British Parliament, they are entitled to a free and exclusive power of legislation in their several Provincial legislatures, where their right of representation can alone be preserved, in all cases of taxation and internal polity, subject only to the negative of their Sovereign, in such manner as has been heretofore used and accustomed...
Page 104 - ... into the Union of the United States, and be admitted at the proper time (to be judged of by the Congress of the United States) to the enjoyment of all the rights of citizens of the United States, according to the principles of the Constitution; and in the mean time, shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty and property, and secured in the free exercise of their religion without restriction.
Page 112 - Had our Creator been pleased to give us existence in a land of slavery, the sense of our condition might have been mitigated by ignorance and habit. But thanks be to his adorable goodness, we were born the heirs of freedom...
Page 103 - Although admiralty jurisdiction can be exercised in the States in those courts only which are established in pursuance of the 3d article of the Constitution, the same limitation does not extend to the Territories. In legislating for them, Congress exercises the combined powers of the general and of a State Government.
Page 112 - That the foundation of English liberty, and of all free government, is, a right in the People to participate in their legislative council...
Page 94 - Perhaps the power of governing a territory belonging to the United States which has not by becoming a state acquired the means of self-government may result necessarily from the facts that it is not within the jurisdiction of any particular state, and is within the power and jurisdiction of the % United * States. The right to govern may be the inevitable consequence of the right to acquire territory. Whichever may be the source whence the power is derived, the possession of it is unquestioned.
Page 94 - Perhaps the power of governing a Territory belonging to the United States, which has not, by becoming a State, acquired the means of self-government, may result necessarily from the facts that it is not within the jurisdiction of any particular State, and is within the power and jurisdiction of the United States. The right to govern may be the inevitable consequence of the right to acquire territory.
Page 110 - ... council in the world, not of their election? Can the intervention of the sea that divides us cause disparity in rights, or can any reason be given why English subjects who live three thousand miles from the royal palace should enjoy less liberty than those who are three hundred miles distant from it ? Reason looks with indignation on such distinctions, and freemen can never perceive their propriety.
Page 91 - I confess, then, I think it important, in the present case, to set an example against broad construction, by appealing for new power to the people. If, however, our friends shall think differently, certainly I shall acquiesce with satisfaction ; confiding, that the good sense of our country will correct the evil of construction when it shall produce ill effects.