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On July 2 Lord Cornwallis was tried before the Peers in Westminster Hall. Some witnesses declared that 'Mr Gerrard killed ye boy by taking him by ye sholder and tripping up his heeles and flinging him agt ye ground, and yt y® Lord Cornwallis wase upon yo staires when ye fact was done, and ye boy at a good distance from ye staires. The summe of evidence, in breife, wase yt both ye La Cornwallis and Mr Gerrard threatened to kill ye sentinell, and yt one of them, but wch could not be proved, bid yo sentinell kill ye boy, and said :-"We will kill somebody"; and yt presently after, Mr Gerrard killed ye boy.'...

• After he had made his defence, and yo Sollicitor summd up ye evidence, upon ye Ld Privy Seales motion ye Lds withdrew for above 3 hours. In ye interim theyr wase brought by ye Ld Cornwallis servants Naples bisquits and wine, wch wase first presented to ye Ld High Steward, and after given about to ye Company.' He was acquitted. Hatton Corres. i. 127, 128, 134.

[Charles Gerard, the second Earl of Macclesfield, was the son of Charles Gerard, first Baron Gerard of Brandon, who was created Viscount Brandon and Earl of Macclesfield in 1679. He succeeded to the Earldom in 1693. His marriage took place in 1683.]

APPENDIX HH (PAGE 322) See also SAVAGE, 14, 160.

"When his mother, the late Countess of M-d, was big with child of him she publicly declared that the infant then in her womb did not in the least appertain to her husband, but to another noble Earl, upon which a trial was commenced in the House of Lords.' The Life of Savage, 1727, p. 3. Boswell, quoting what Johnson says in the text, and his statement that she had proclaimed herself an adulteress (SAVAGE, 160), continues :-'I have perused the Journals of both Houses of Parliament at the period of her divorce, and there find it authentically ascertained that, so far from voluntarily submitting to the ignominious charge of adultery, she made a strenuous defence by her Counsel. Boswell's Johnson, i. 171.

Mr. Moy Thomas, in N. & Q. 2 S. vi. pp. 361, 385, 425, 445, has, with great research, disproved much of Savage's story. In 1683 the Earl, then Charles Gerard, by courtesy Viscount Brandon, was married to Anne Mason. In March 1684-5 they separated. For the harsh letter in which he refused to live with her see ib. p. 361. In the divorce proceedings the charge of adultery was that with Earl Riversten years after the separation. Evidence was given of her husband's ill-usage of her. Ib. "She pleaded that he had maliciously secluded her from bed and board. Parl. Hist. v. 1174. He had been convicted—but this was not to his discredit-of taking part in the Rye House Plot. After long imprisonment he was suffered to redeem himself.' MACAULAY, Hist. ii. 290. Reresby recorded :-'The King declared on Dec. 2 (1685) he had reprieved the Lord Brandon, who was to have been executed three days afterwards, which, it must be

owned, was a great act of mercy in his Majesty, this lord having been pardoned in the late reign for breaking a boy's neck, when he was in his cups, of which being convicted he was condemned as guilty of murder.' Reresby's Travels and Memoirs, 1813, P. 319: see Appendix GG.

'It appears from the evidence in the divorce proceedings that his wife made great exertions “both with money and jewels” to obtain this pardon' (the second pardon). She joined him in prison, but they soon separated. N. 8 Q. 2 S. vi. 362.

At each of her confinements she took every precaution to ensure secrecy. Ib. That she was ill-used Savage admitted. Life of Savage, 1727, p. 5.

The character of the Countess's reputed lover was little better than that of her husband. According to the Duchess of Marlborough (Corres. 1838, ii. 129) Lord Rivers 'had gone under the name of Tyburn Dick for many years.'


For Brett's intimacy with Addison see ante, ADDISON, 115.

Colonel Brett, of Sandywell in Gloucestershire, is described by Cibber in his Apology. For a short time he was one of the patentees of Drury Lane Theatre. He was introduced by a friend to his future wife, who had enough in her power to make him easy for life. The wooing had to be done rapidly, and Brett was too poor to support with ease 'the bare appearance of a gentleman.' One evening Cibber reproached him for ‘idling behind the scenes of the theatre before the play was begun, and for the madness of not improving every moment.' He replied that his linen was too much soiled to be seen in company. The actor, who was dressed for the part of a rake, 'hauled him into his shifting-room,' and changed shirts with him. 'In about ten days he married the lady. Upon raising of some new regiments he was made Lieutenant-Colonel,' but he soon resigned. Čibber's Apology, pp. 209–15.

In 1701 he was returned to parliament by Bishops Castle, Shropshire. Parl. Hist. v. 1324. 'He was,' said Dr. Young,'a particular handsome

The Countess of Rivers [sic], looking out of her window on a great disturbance in the streets, saw him assaulted by some bailiffs. She paid his debt, and soon after married him. When she died she left him more than he expected.' Spence's Anec. p. 355. She lived more than fifty years after their marriage, dying a widow in 1753. Gent. Mag. 1753, p. 491. (Jacob in 1719 describes Mrs. Brett as the widow of the late Colonel Brett.' Poet. Reg. i. 297. See also N. & Q. 2 S. vi. 380. On the other hand, the Dict. Nat. Biog. assigns his death to 1724. A will, stated therein to be his, bearing date Sept. 14 and proved on Sept. 16 of that year, is at Somerset House.)

It was of their daughter, Anna Margaretta, that Horace Walpole wrote:-'It was not till the last year or two of his reign that their foreign sovereign [George I) paid the nation the compliment of taking openly an English mistress. Letters, Preface, p. 105. For her 'frailty see SAVAGE, 157 n.


The following entries are in Gent. Mag. 1737, pp. 573, 6373-Sept. 17. Sir Wm. Leman of Northall, Bt., to Miss Britt (sic), of Bond Street, an heiress.'

Oct. 8. Sir Wm. Leman of Northall, Bart., to Miss Brett, half Sister to Mr. Savage, Son to the late E. Rivers.'

Savage, who contributed to the Magazine, no doubt was the author of the second entry. The difference in the dates is curious. For Leman see SAVAGE, 270.

APPENDIX JJ (PAGE 323) * Earl Rivers himself stood godfather, gave him his own name, and saw it entered accordingly in the Register Book of St. Andrew's, Holborn.' Jacob's Poet. Reg. i. 297. See also Life, 1727, p. 6.

Of Lady Macclesfield's illegitimate children the elder, baptized in 1695, under the name of Anne Savage, died soon after birth. The younger was baptized in Fox Court by the minister of St. Andrew's, on Jan. 18, 1696-7, under the name of Richard Smith, son of John and Mary Smith, in the presence, as the minister said, of 'two godfathers and a gentlewoman that was godmother.' 'From the evidence of another witness it appears that these were Lord Rivers, and a Mr. and Mrs. Ousley,' who had been Rivers's agents in the secret management of both confinements. The child was placed at nurse at Hampstead; six months later, on a report that it was not well, it was fetched away. "The attempt of Lord Macclesfield to trace the child farther appears to have failed.' N. & Q. 2 S. vi. 363.

Savage, in two letters written shortly before his death, speaks of 'my sister and my niece. ... For God's sake, call on my dear sister, and let her know the state of my affairs.' Gent. Mag. 1787, pp. 1039-41. This sister' must have been one of Lord Rivers's illegitimate children. Elizabeth, the only surviving legitimate daughter of Lord Rivers, married the Earl of Barrymore (SAVAGE, 14 n. 3), and died in 1714. Cokayne's Peerage.

Lord Rivers bequeathed a large sum to ""Miss Bessy Savage," a girl under age.' Cunningham's Lives of the Poets, ii. 347. [SAVAGE, 14 n. 3. She married (1) the third Earl of Rochford, (2) Rev. Philip Carter. She died in 1746. Cokayne's Peerage. For Savage's verses to her see Eng. Poets, xli. 259.]

His story was generally accepted. Pope, in a note on The Dunciad, ii. 50, calls him 'the son of the late Earl Rivers '; but he and Savage were intimate (SAVAGE, 110). Horace Walpole describes the repudiated wife of the Earl of Macclesfield' as the unnatural mother of Savage the poet.' Letters, Preface, p. 105.

In the register of St. Andrew's, under date of Aug. 28, 1770, is the following entry : William Chatterton, interred in the graveyard of Shoe Lane Workhouse.' It was the young poet, Thomas Chatterton. Wheatley's London, i. 44.


Francis Cockayne Cust was the third son of Sir Richard Cust by his wife Anne Brownlow, Lord Tyrconnel's sister. Wotton's Baronetage, 1741, iii. pt. 2, p. 631. In 1771 he is described in Kimber's Baronetage (ii. 421) as Recorder of Grantham. The same year Grantham sent him to the House of Commons. Parl. Hist. xvi. 436. He died in 1791, aged 69. Ann. Reg. xxxiii. 70. See also Ann. Reg. xii. 255.]


Oxford : Printed at the Clarendon Press by HORACE HART, M.A.


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