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mythological and partly religious, and therefore not suitable to each other : he might better have made the whole merely philo

sophical. 17 There are two stanzas in this poem where Yalden may be

suspected, though hardly convicted, of having consulted the Hymnus ad Umbram of Wowerus, in the sixth stanza", which answers in some sort to these lines :

'Illa suo præest nocturnis numine sacris

Perque vias errare novis dat spectra figuris,
Manesque excitos medios ululare per agros

Sub noctem, et questu notos complere penates ?.'
And again at the conclusion 3 :

* Illa suo senium secludit corpore toto
Haud numerans jugi fugientia secula lapsu,

Ergo ubi postremum mundi compage solutâ
Hanc rerum molem suprema absumpserit hora,

Ipsa leves cineres nube amplectetur opack

Et prisco imperio rursus dominabitur UMBRA *.' 18 His Hymn to Light is not equal to the other. He seems to

think that there is an East absolute and positive where the

morning rises 5. 19 In the last stanza, having mentioned the sudden eruption of new created light, he says

'Awhile th' Almighty wondering stood [viewed]?

I'In thy serener shades our ghosts * Dies Aestiva, p. 133. delight,

5'To thee the grateful East their And court the umbrage of the

altars raise, night;

And sing with early hymns thy In vaults and gloomy caves they

praise; stray

Thoudosttheir happy soil bestow, But fly the morning's beams, and Enrich the heavens above, and sicken at the day.'

earth below: ? Ioan. Wovweri Dies Aestiva sive Thou risest in the fragrant East, De Umbra Paegnion, 1610, p. 133. Like the fair Phoenix from her [Ante, ROCHESTER, 22.]

balıny nest.

[thine, ‘Yet fading light its empire must No altar of the gods can equal resign,

The air 's thy richest incense, the And nature's power submit to

whole land thy shrine.' thine;

Eng. Poets, xxxix. 6; [Dryden's Misc. An universal ruin shall erect thy Poems, 1693, p. 127.) throne,

Awhile th Almighty wondering And fate confirm thy kingdom ever view'd,

[good. more thy own.'

And then himself pronounc'd it

He ought to have remembered that infinite knowledge can never wonder. All wonder is the effect of novelty upon ignorance.

Of his other poems it is sufficient to say that they deserve 20 perusal, though they are not always exactly polished, though the rhymes are sometimes very ill sorted, and though his faults seem rather the omissions of idleness than the negligences of enthusiasm

* Yalden, though a Doctor of In Swift's Works, viii. 463, is inDivinity, translated Ovid's Art of cluded a humorous paper by Yalden, Love, bk. ii. Eng. Poets, xxxix. 60. entitled 'Squire Bickerstaf Detected, Of this translation it could not be or the Astrological Impostor Consaid, as Johnson said of King's Art victed. By John Partridge, Student of Love (ante, KING, 12), that it is in Physics and Astrology. For a remarkable, notwithstanding its title, list of Yalden's publications see Reg. for purity of sentiment.?

of Mag. Coll. vi. 115.


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1 HOMAS TICKELL, the son of the reverend Richard

Tickell, was born in 1686 at Bridekirk in Cumberland ; and in April 1701 became a member of Queen's College in Oxford": in 1708 he was made Master of Arts, and two years afterwards was chosen Fellow?; for which, as he did not comply with the statutes by taking orders, he obtained a dispensation from the CrownHe held his Fellowship till 1726, and then vacated

it by marrying in that year at Dublin 4. 2 Tickell was not one of those scholars who wear away their

lives in closets: he entered early into the world, and was long busy in publick affairs, in which he was initiated under the

* The fellowships at Queen's were confined to Cumberland and Westmorland men. Ayliffe's Oxford, 1714, i. 295; ante, ADDISON, 8.

Tickell, in a poem On Queen Caroline's Rebuilding the Lodgings of the Black Prince and Henry V at Queen's College, addressing that bright saint' Queen Philippa, says: 'O could'st thou win young William's bloom to grace His mother's walls, and fill thy Edward's place.' Eng. Poets, xxxix. 152.

Young William' was 'the butcher of Culloden.' Mr. Courthope quotes the following epigram on nine Oxford wits (Pope's Works (Elwin and Courthope), iv. 328) : ‘Alma novem genuit celebres Rhedycina poetas,

Bubb, Stubb, Cobb, Crabb, Trapp, Young, Carey, Tickell, Evans.' Rhedycina is a fanciful name for Oxford. Parker's Early Hist. of Oxford, p.364.

2 Nov. 8, 1710. This day was dispensations, though rare, were not an election of Fellows of Queen's unexampled. See ante, ADDISON, College, when Mr. Atkinson and Mr.

For degrees conferred by Tickle were elected over the heads mandamus see post, AKENSIDE, 12 n. of several of their seniors, and such * He married a Miss Eustace,' with as were better scholars. This Tickle a fortune of £8,000 or £10,000, on is a pretender to poetry.' HEARNE, April 23, 1726. Cunningham's Lives Collections, ed. Doble, iii. 77.

of the Poets, ii. 319. See also Swift's 3 I owe the following note to the Works, xix. 282. Mrs. Delany (Auto. Provost of Queen's: The College, iii. 205) wrote of Mrs. Tickell in on Sept. 23, 1715, “agreed that Mr. 1753 :-“She talks, and cries, and Tickell be dispensed with for not laughs as fast as she can, ringing the taking orders according to Statute, changes ...; but what makes it surfor ye full space of three years from prising is that she really has sense this day. He haveing thereby a more and wit.' Their grandson, Richard speedy prospect of preferment.” On Tickell, wrote The Epistle from the Oct 25, 1717, “K. George's Manda- Hon. Charles Fox, &c., quoted in mus for Mr. Tickell's Dispensation Boswell's Johnson, 'ii. 292 n. 4, iii. passed unanimi consensu." Such 388 n. 3, and The Project, ib. iii. 318.

16 n.

patronage of Addison, whose notice he is said to have gained by his verses in praise of Rosamond !

To those verses it would not have been just to deny regard, 3 for they contain some of the most elegant encomiastick strains ; and, among the innumerable poems of the same kind, it will be hard to find one with which they need to fear a comparison. It may deserve observation that when Pope wrote long afterwards in praise of Addison he has copied, at least has resembled, Tickell ?.

'Let joy salute fair Rosamonda's shade, And wreaths of myrtle crown the lovely maid, While now perhaps with Dido's ghost she roves, And hears and tells the story of their loves ; Alike they mourn, alike they bless their fate, Since Love, which made them wretched, made [makes] them

great, Nor longer that relentless doom bemoan, Which gain'd a Virgil and an Addison.' TICKELL 3.

•Then future ages with delight shall see
How Plato's, Bacon's, Newton's looks agree;
Or in fair series laurel'd bards be shown,
A Virgil there, and here an Addison.'


He produced another piece of the same kind at the appearance of Cato, with equal skill but not equal happiness.


* See Poetical Register, ii. 212. Eng. Poets, xxxix. 174. It first For the verses see Eng. Poets, xxxix. appeared in Dryden's Sixth Misc., 173; Addison's Works, i. 55. For 1709. Cunningham's Lives of the Rosamond see ante, ADDISON, 27. Poets, ii. 320. Steele tells how by Addison Tickell * Moral Essays : Epistle to Mr. ' had been produced from a college Addison, l. 59. Published in 1721. life, and pushed into one of the most 5 It is entitled A Prologue to the considerable employments of the University of Oxford. For Cato kingdom as to its weight and trust.' acted there see ante, ADDISON,68 n.6. Addison's Works, v. 149.

In it he makes the players say of the - Pope writing on Nov. 29, 1712, Muse and the University : compares a passage in Tickell's Pros- "May none pretend upon her throne pect of Peace with one in his own to sit unpublished Windsor Forest. 'I But such as, sprung from you, are desire your sincere judgment whether born to wit: I ought not to strike out mine, either Chosen by the mob, their lawless as they seem too like his, or as they claim we slight: are inferior.' Pope's Works (Elwin Yours is the old hereditary right.' and Courthope), vi. 168. The editor

Eng. Poets, xxxix. 195. points out that 'the close resemblance Cibber said of an Oxford audience arose from their having copied a that 'applause was not to be purcommon original in Addison's Poem chased there but by the true sterling, to William III. 16. i. 365.

the sal atticum of a genius. ShakeLIVES OF POETS. 11


5 When the ministers of queen Anne were negotiating with

France Tickell published The Prospect of Peace, a poem of which the tendency was to reclaim the nation from the pride of conquest to the pleasures of tranquillity. How far Tickell, whom Swift afterwards mentioned as Whiggissimus", had then connected himself with any party I know not; this poem certainly did not flatter the practices or promote the opinions of the men

by whom he was afterwards befriended. 6 Mr. Addison, however he hated the men then in power,

suffered his friendship to prevail over his publick spirit, and gave in The Spectator ? such praises of Tickell's poem that when, after having long wished to peruse it, I laid hold on it at last, I thought it unequal to the honours which it had received, and found it a piece to be approved rather than admired 3. But the

speare and Jonson had there a sort a performance deserves.' The Specof classical authority. Apology, ed. tator, No. 523. The patrons were 1826, p. 267.

the Tory ministers. : When Tickell was Secretary to 3'For fools admire, but men of sense the Lords Justices of Ireland (post, approve. TICKELL, 16) Swift wrote of him to Dr. POPE, Essay on Criticism, 1. 391. Sheridan:- I think you need not Pope wrote to Caryll on Nov. 29, quit his and Balaguer's company, .. 1712 :-'I believe you will think because they are above suspicions as Mr. Tickell's poem upon the Peace to whiggissimi and unsuspectissimi.' have its beauties, especially in the Works, xvi. 478. Swift warmly ac versification. He goes on to point knowledged his kindness. “I have out some strokes of mastery.' Pope's title to your favour,' he wrote in 1725 Works (Elwin and

Courthope), vi. 167. to him, 'as you were Mr. Addison's ‘This,' wrote Gray, 'is not only friend, and, in the most honourable a state-poem (my ancient aversion), part, his heir [ante, ADDISON, 103]; but a state-poem on the peace of and if he had thought of your coming

Utrecht. If Mr. Pope had wrote to this kingdom, he would have a panegyric on it, one could hardly bequeathed me to you.' Ib. xix. 275, have read him with patience; but 280,

this is only a poor short-winded Tickell was no Whig, when in his imitator of Addison, who had himlines on a Picture of Charles I, self not above three or four notes Taken at the Time of his Trial, in poetry, sweet enough indeed, like asking who was like the King, he those of a German flute, but such as wrote:

soon tire and satiate the ear with their All names but one too low-that one frequent return. Tickell has added too high :

to this a great poverty of sense, and All parallels are wrongs-or blas a string of transitions that hardly phemy.”

become a school-boy.' Mitford's The poem contains one fine coup Gray, iii. 89.

One of the finest passages begins 'In those sunk eyes the grief of Sweet Solitude! when life's gay years I trace,

hours are past, And sorrow seems acquainted with Howe'er we range, in thee we fix at

that face.' Eng. Poets, xxxix. 196. last.' Eng. Poets, xxxix. 165. ? 'I hope it will meet with such Perhaps this couplet lingered in a reward from its patrons as so noble Goldsmith's ear when he wrote:

let :

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