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P.L. 79-291

(Internal Reference.-S.S. Act $210(a) cites the International Organizations Immunities Act.)

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(e) The value of assistance to children under this Act shall not be considered to be income or resources for any purposes under any Federal or State laws, including laws relating to taxation and welfare and public assistance programs.

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(o)(1) For purposes of this section, adult day care centers shall be considered eligible institutions for reimbursement for meals or supplements served to persons 60 years of age or older or to chronically impaired disabled persons, including victims of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders with neurological and organic brain dysfunction. Reimbursement provided to such institutions for such purposes shall improve the quality of meals or level of services provided or increase participation in the program. Lunches served by each such institution for which reimbursement is claimed under this section shall provide, on the average, approximately 43 of the daily recommended dietary allowance established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences. Such institutions shall make reasonable efforts to serve meals that meet the special dietary requirements of participants, including efforts to serve foods in forms palatable to participants. (2) For purposes of this subsection

(A) the term “adult day care center" means any public agency or private nonprofit organization, or any proprietary title XIX or title XX center, which

(i) is licensed or approved by Federal, State, or local authorities to provide adult day care services to chronically impaired disabled adults or persons 60 years of age or older in a group setting outside their homes, or a group living arrangement, on a less than 24-hour basis; and

(ii) provides for such care and services directly or under arrangements made by the agency or organization whereby the agency or organization

maintains professional management responsibility for all such services; and (B) the term “proprietary title XIX or title XX center" means any private, forprofit center providing adult day care services for which it receives compensation from amounts granted to the States under title XIX or XX of the Social Security Act and which title XIX or title XX beneficiaries were not less than 25 percent of enrolled eligible participants in a calendar month preceding initial application or annual reapplication for program participation.

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(4) For the purpose of establishing eligibility for free or reduced price meals or supplements under this subsection, income shall include only the income of an eligi

P.L. 79-396

ble person and, if any, the spouse and dependents with whom the eligible person resides.

(5) A person described in paragraph (1) shall be considered automatically eligible for free meals or supplements under this subsection, without further application or eligibility determination, if the person is

(A) a member of a household receiving assistance under the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.); or

(B) a recipient of assistance under title XVI or XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.). (6) The Governor of any State may designate to administer the program under this subsection a State agency other than the agency that administers the child care food program under this section.

(pX1) From amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for purposes of carrying out this section, the Secretary shall carry out Statewide demonstration projects in three States under which private for-profit organizations providing nonresidential day care services shall qualify as institutions for the purposes of this section. An organization may participate in a demonstration project described in the preceding sentence if

(A) at least 25 percent of the children enrolled in the organization or 25 percent of the licensed capacity of theorganization for children, whichever is less, meet the income eligibility criteria established under section 1758(b) of this title for free or reduced price meals; and (B) as a result of the participation of the organization in the project,

(i) the nutritional content or quality of meals and snacks served to children under the care of such organization will be imporved; or

(ii) fees charged by such organization for the care of the children de

scribed in subparagraph (A) will be lowered. (2) Under each such project, the Secretary shall examine

(A) the budgetary impact of the change in eligibiltiy being tested;

(B) the extent to which, as a result of such change, additional low-income children can be reached; and

(C) which outreach methods are most effective. (3) The Secretary shall choose to conduct demonstration projects under this subsection(A) 1 State that

(i) has a history of participation of for-profit organizations in the child care food program;

(ü) allocates a significant proportion of the amounts it receives for child care under title XX of the Social Security Act in a manner that allows income parents to choose the type of child care their children will receive;

(iii) has other funding mechanisms that support parental choice for child care;

(iv) has a large, State-regulated for-profit child care industry that serves low-income children; and

(v) has large sponsors of family or group day care homes that have a history of recruiting and sponsoring for-profit child care centers in the child

care food program; and (B) 1 State in which

(i) the majority of children for whom child care arrangements are made are being cared for in center-based child care facilities;

(ii) for-profit child care centers and preschools are located throughout the State and serve both rural and urban populations;

(iii) at least of the licensed child care centers and preschools operate as for-profit facilities;

(iv) all licensed facilities are subject to identical nutritional requirements for food service that are similar to those required under the child care food program; and

(v) less than 1 percent of child care centers participating in the child care food program receive assistance under title XX of the Social Security Act;

(C) one other State-

(i) with fewer than 60,000 children below 5 years of age;

P.L. 79-396

(ii) that serves more than the national average proportion of children potentially eligible for assistance provided under the Child Care and Development Fund (as indicated in data published by the Department of Health and Human Services in October 1999);

(iii) that exempts all low-income families from cost sharing requirements under programs funded by the Child Care and Development Fund; and

(iv) in which State spending represents more than 50 percent of total expenditures reported for fiscal year 1998 under theChild Care and Development Fund.

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(Internal References.S.S. Act titles XIX and XX and $81612(b) and 1613(a) catchlines and 81002(a) has a footnote referring to P.L. 79-396.)

P.L. 79-733, Approved August 14, 1946 (60 Stat. 1090)

(Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946)


[7 U.S.C. 1621 note) This title may be cited as the “Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946".

SEC. 205. [7 U.S.C. 1624)

(a) In carrying out the provisions of title II of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with other branches of the Government, State agencies, private research organizations, purchasing and consuming organizations, boards of trade, chambers of commerce, other associations of business or trade organizations, transportation and storage agencies and organizations, or other persons or corporations engaged in the production, transportation, storing, processing, marketing, and distribution of agricultural products whether operating in one or more jurisdictions. The Secretary of Agriculture shall have authority to enter into contracts and agreements under the terms of regulations promulgated by him with States and agencies of States, private firms, institutions, and individuals for the purpose of conducting research and service work, making and compiling reports and surveys, and carrying out other functions relating thereto when in his judgment the services or functions to be performed will be carried out more effectively, more rapidly, or at less cost than if performed by the Department of Agriculture. Contracts hereunder may be made for work to be performed within a period not more than four years from the date of any such contract, and advance, progress, or other payments may be made. The provisions of section 3648 (31 U.S.C., sec. 529 24) and section 3709 (41 U.S.C., sec. 5) of the Revised Statutes shall not be applicable to contracts or agreements made under the authority of this section. Any unexpended balances of appropriations obligated by contracts as authorized by this section may, notwithstanding the provisions of section 5 of the Act of June 20, 1874, as amended (31 U.S.C., sec. 713), remain upon the books of the Treasury for not more than five fiscal years before being carried to the surplus fund and covered into the Treasury. Any contract made pursuant to this section shall contain requirements making the result of such research and investigations available to the public by such means as the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine.

(b) The Secretary of Agriculture shall promulgate such orders, rules, and regulations as he deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this title.

24 P.L. 97-258, 84(b), deems this reference to be to 31 U.S.C. 3324(a) and (b).

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(Internal Reference.S.S. Act $218(b) cites the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946.)

P.L 80-759, Approved June 24, 1948 (62 Stat. 604)

Military Selective Service Act


SECTION 1 (50 U.S.C. App. 451)
(a) This Act may be cited as the “Military Selective Service Act”.

(b) The Congress hereby declares that an adequate armed strength must be achieved and maintained to insure the security of this Nation.

(c) The Congress further declares that in a free society the obligations and privileges of serving in the armed forces and the reserve components thereof should be shared generally, in accordance with a system of selection which is fair and just, and which is consistent with the maintenance of an effective national economy,

(d) The Congress further declares, in accordance with our traditional military policy as expressed in the National Defense Act of 1916, as amended, that it is essential that the strength and organization of the National Guard, both Ground and Air, as an integral part of the first line defenses of this Nation, be at all times maintained and assured.

To this end, it is the intent of the Congress that whenever Congress shall determine that units and organizations are needed for the national security in excess of those of the Regular components of the Ground Forces and the Air Forces, and those in active service under this title, the National Guard of the United States, both Ground and Air, or such part thereof as may be necessary, together with such units of the Reserve components as are necessary for a balanced force, shall be ordered to active Federal service and continued therein so long as such necessity exists.

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(e) The President may require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to furnish to the Director, from records available to the Secretary, the following information with respect to individuals who are members of any group of individuals required by a proclamation of the President under section 3 to present themselves for and submit to registration under such section: name, date of birth, social security account number, and address. Information furnished to the Director by the Secretary under this subsection shall be used only for the purpose of the enforcement of this Act.

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[Internal References.S.S. Act 8210(m) cites the Military Selective Service Act and S.S. Act 8205(c) has a footnote referring to P.L. 80-759.)

P.L. 81-171

P.L. 81-171, Approved July 15, 1949 (63 Stat. 413)

Housing Act of 194925

SEC. 521 (42 U.S.C. 1490a]

(a)(1) * * *

(B) From the interest rate so determined, the Secretary may provide the borrower with assistance in the form of credits so as to reduce the effective interest rate to a rate not less than 1 per centum per annum for such periods of time as the Secretary may determine for applicants described in subparagraph (A) if without such assistance such applicants could not afford the dwelling or make payments on the indebtedness of the rental or cooperative housing. In the case of assistance provided under this subparagraph with respect to a loan under section 502, the Secretary may not reduce, cancel, or refuse to renew the assistance due to an increase in the adjusted income of the borrower if the reduction, cancellation, or nonrenewal will cause the borrower to be unable to reasonably afford the resulting payments required under the loan.

(C) For persons of low income under section 502 or 517(a) who the Secretary determines are unable to afford a dwelling with the assistance provided under subparagraph (B) and when the Secretary determines that assisted rental housing programs (as authorized under this title, the National Housing Act, and the United States Housing Act of 1937) would be unsuitable in the area in which such persons reside, the Secretary may provide additional assistance, pursuant to amounts approved in appropriation Acts and for such periods of time as the Secretary may de termine, which may be in an amount not to exceed the difference between (i) the amount determined by the Secretary to be necessary to pay the principal indebtedness, interest, taxes, insurance, utilities, and maintenance, and (ii) 25 per centum of the income of such applicant. The amount of such additional assistance which may be approved in appropriation Acts may not exceed an aggregate amount of $100,000,000. Such additional assistance may not be so approved with respect to any fiscal year beginning on or after October 1, 1981.

(E) Except for Federal or State laws relating to taxation, the assistance rendered to any borrower under subparagraphs (B) and (C) shall not be considered to be income or resources for any purpose under any Federal or State laws including, but not limited to, laws relating to welfare and public assistance programs.

(F) Loans subject to the interest rates and assistance provided under this paragraph (1) may be made only when the Secretary determines the needs of the applicant for necessary housing cannot be met with financial assistance from other sources including assistance under the National Housing Act and the United States Housing Act of 1937.

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(Internal References.S.S. Act $1612(b) cites the Housing Act of 1949 and S.S. Act $81612(b) and 1613(a) catchlines and $1602(a)(State) and S.S. Act titles X and XIV have footnotes referring to P. L. 81-171.)

23 See P.L. 94-375, $2(h) (this volume), with respect to exclusion of housing assistance under this law from income and resources for purposes of title XVI (Supplemental Security Income for the Aged, Blind, and Disabled) of the Social Security Act.

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