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ple who are out of work, but even the people in business, some of whome are here today, have based their hopes for the future on the protection which may be provided by adding construction of Fishtrap to Pound, now underway.

Mr. ANDERSEN. Would you yield, Senator?
Senator COOPER. Yes, sir.

Mr. ANDERSEN. I just want to call the attention of the gentlemer in the room who are visiting us today to this one fact. Every member of this subcommitteee has confidence in these other Members of the Congress across the table from us—the Senator, Mr. Natcher, Mr Perkins--and in view of that confidence, I, as a man who has sat in Congress for 22 years, became sympathetic with your problems because I know these gentlemen across the table from us. I know them well enough to know that they would not put every effort they have into a project such as getting Fishtrap commenced and into construction if it were not of the utmost importance. I have confidence in them. I do not know Mr. Perkins quite so well, nor the Senator quite so well, as I know Bill Natcher. Bill has served with me a long time on the Subcommittee on Appropriations for Agriculture. I do not know of a man in the Congress more dedicated to agriculture and more dedicated to the welfare of the people of Kentucky-in fact, sometimes I accuse him of being a little provincial becanse he brings the name of Kentucky up incessantly in our subcommittee.

He does look into the problems that are affecting me up in Minnesota and Mr. Jensen up in Iowa and the rest of the gentlemen in their districts. We have a lot of confidence in my subcommittee in Bill Natcher. I want you gentlemen to know that because of the high quality of men you send to the Congress and to the Senate you will in all probability receive consideration for this that you are asking for today. I have sympathy for you in what you desire. As far as I am concerned, I am going to support this item to try to get it started into construction.

Senator COOPER. I simply say we are grateful to Congressman Natcher for his representation of Kentucky, all of Kentucky, on this committee. He has represented the whole State. He is doing his best for the people of eastern Kentucky as well as other sections. . I close by saying that all the items that are in the budget for Kentucky are of tremendous importance economically, put in terms of the protection of life and property-life and property, and life I put first-the Fishtrap project is uniquely needed and for that reason I consider this appropriation the most important that I can recommend.

I want to thank you gentlemen for your consideration and your sympathy during

the past 4 years. Mr. RABAUT. Without objection, we shall put the Senator's statement in the record at this point.

(The statement follows:)

STATEMENT OF SENATOR JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, APRIL 7, 1960

Mr. Chairman, I thank you and the members of the subcommittee for extending to our Kentucky delegation the privilege of appearing again before your committee to recommend appropriations for river improvement and flood-control projects in Kentucky for fiscal year 1961. I fully understand the time limitation which muse be placed on presentations by State delegations. I want those who have come here from Kentucky to have ample time, so my statement will be brief.

The following list includes the Kentucky projects recommended in the Presilent's civil works budget for fiscal 1961, all of which have my full endorsement.

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In addition to the above list, included in the budget, I request the subcommit-
tee include in its recommendations for appropriations for fiscal year 1961, the
following items which are not included in the budget :
Big Sandy River

The budget request for $349,000 will complete preconstruction planning for the
Fishtrap Reservoir; I urge the subcommittee to add to this amount the sum of
$301,000, which will assure the commencement of construction of this reservoir
in fiscal 1961. This would make a total of $650,000 for Fishtrap Reservoir,
which I am assured is the capability of the Corps of Engineers. At the hearing
of the Senate subcommittee, General Lapsley, division engineer at Cincinati,
estified in response to my inquiry, that the corps will be able to undertake con-
struction of Fishtrap during fiscal year 1961.
· This appropriation initiating construction of Fishtrap, with the $3,100,000
judgeted for Pound Reservoir in Virginia, which our Kentucky delegation fully
supports, will give the people of the Big Sandy Valley the guaranty of sub-
stantial flood protection. The members of the subcommittee are fully aware of
chis urgent need, for they heard in 1958 and 1959 the eloquent testimony of resi-
dents of the Big Sandy area describing the human suffering and property dam-
age caused by the floods which swept this valley for 100 years, and most re-
cently in 1957 and 1958. After the 1957 flood, your committee and the Senate
committee took action to assure protection for which we are grateful. Now ini-
tiation of construction of Fishtrap is essential for safety. In terms of the pro-
tection of life and property, I consider this appropriation the most important
that I recommend.
Ohio River

In addition to the budgeted projects, I ask that $150,000 be provided for ad-
Pance planning of the Cannelton locks and dam, which will replace the obsolete
locks and dams 43, 44, and 45. The Cannelton locks and dam is situated at a
strategic point on the river where commercial traffic is exceptionally heavy, and
is a key project in the Ohio River modernization program. I presented this re-
quest in more detail to your subcommittee yesterday, April 6, in connection with
the testimony of the Ohio River Improvement Association. I am hopeful that it
will be approved, as it will assure the continued orderly progress of the Ohio
River development program.
Green River

I request that the subcommittee add to the budgeted amounts listed above the sum of $100,000 for reconstruction of locks and dams 3 and 4, Green River. These dams are obsolete, and the greatly increased commercial traffic on the Green River since the restoration of locks 1 and 2, initiated in 1954, and the constantly growing industrial potential of the area, make the extension of the

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9-foot channel above mile 103 at lock 2, of first importance. The Corps of Engineers has recognized the urgency of these improvements by issuance of a public notice in December 1959, which stated the courses of action possible and requested factual evidence from business and industrial interests in the Green River Valley regarding the extent and nature of the proposed traffic on the Green River above mile 103. This evidence has been submitted to the corps, determinations as to the economic benefits will be made, and it is in the public interest that the amount requested above be made available for use in fiscal year 1961. Upper Cumberland River

I urge strongly that $25,000 be provided to initiate the Rockcastle River survey. This survey was authorized by the Senate Public Works Committee upon my request, and, I understand, has ben authorized by the House Public Works Committee on the request of Congressman Siler. This project is familiar to me. as the Rockcastle River forms a part of the eastern boundary of the county in which I live. If the $25,000 is appropriated to initiate the survey, and the Corps of Engineers finds the development of the river economically feasible, it will open up for development several counties in the estern area of Kentucky, in the de pressed area of our State, in which there is large unemployment, and underemployment.

Kinniconick Creek, a tributary of the Ohio River in Lewis County.

It is requested that $10,000 be included in the bill, to initiate a survey to ascertain the feasibility of providing flood control improvements.

SURVEYS

I want to call to the attention of the subcommittee a number of projects in my State on which survey reports have been prepared and announced by the Corps of Engineers, which we intend to include in the omnibus bill now pending be fore the Senate Public Works Committee and ask that they be authorized by the Congress this year.

Laurel River, flood control, navigation and hydroelectric power project near the confluence of the Laurel River with the Cumberland River in southern Ken. tucky;

Lynn Camp Creek, local fiood protection project for Corbin, which has already been submited to the Congress;

Grayson Reservoir, on the Little Sandy River in northeastern Kentucky, now under review by Federal and State agencies prior to submission to the Congress ; and

Devils Jump (Big South Fork), flood control, navigation and hydroelectric power project, located near the Kentucky-Tennessee line in southeastern Kentucky.

In addition, there are two survey reports which are overdue and have been delayed as a result of complex engineering problems which have developed. The first is the Kentucky River survey, to determine the advisability of providing improvements for flood control, navigation, and related purposes on the Kentucky River and its tributaries, which was completed by the district engineer in 1978 and is still under review by the Corps of Engineers. Second is the survey of the Cumberland River and tributaries in Tennessee and Kentucky above Wolf Creek Dam, to determine the feasibility of flood protection including reservoirs which were scheduled for completion in fiscal year 1959. Other pending survey reports are Cypress Creek, and Clarks River and tributaries, both of which were scheduled for completion in fiscal year 1959.

I am concerned about the delay in completion of the Kentucky River and upper Cumberland survey reports. Until the recommendations are known, of course, authorizations and planning funds cannot be requested. However, we cannot forget the disastrous losses from the floods of 1957 and 1958 in the Kentucky River and upper Cumberland Valleys. I request your committee to call these surveys to the attention of the Corps of Engineers and ask that they be expeditel to provide the protection from repeated floods to which the people of these valleys are entitled.

For 4 years now, I have testified each year before your commitee, and in 1953 and 1954, in support of these proqects. We have made tremendous progress on our Kentucky river proqects during the past 6 years, but particularly since 1957. We are grateful for the interest and for the action of your committee. And I believe that I speak for all members of our Kentucky delegation and for our people in saying we appreciate the work of our colleague, Congressman

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Natcher, who is a member of this committee, not only on those projects which
are in his congressional district but in all Kentucky. I thank you for your con-
sideration of our requests during these years, for your sympathetic understand-
ing of our problams, and for your decisive action.
Mr. Evins. Mr. Chairman.
Mr. RABAUT. Mr. Evins.

Mr. Evins. Senator, I have a letter here which you provided me. It is from Brigadier General Lapsley of the Corps of Engineers addressed to Senator Cooper. Does the Senator want to place it in the record?

Senator COOPER. Yes, sir. Mr. RABAUT. Without objection, the letter will be made a part of the record at this point. (The letter follows:) U.S. ARMY ENGINEER DIVISION, OH10 RIVER,

CORPS OF ENGINEERS,

Cincinnati, Ohio, April 1, 1960.
Hon. JOHN SHERMAN COOPER,
0.8. Senate,
Washington, D.C.

DEAR SENATOR COOPER: Reference is made to your letter of March 29, 1960, confirming your request made at the hearings before the Senate Subcommittee on Appropriations, as to the status of Celina and Cordell Hull Dams and the steps necessary to reactivate these projects.

These two projects were authorized by the River and Harbor Act approved July 24, 1946. Advance planning was initiated in 1950 with preparation of a preliminary design memorandum. Additional planning on the Cordell Hull project included study of soils and geology, reservoir mapping, project layout, and navigation economics. No planning has been accomplished since 1954.

The initial step to reactivate these projects would be the appropriation of
advance engineering and design funds for the Cordell Hull project for the
purpose of reviewing the economics based on current conditions. This study
would include reevaluation of powerplant capacity and consideration of the
advisability of adding the navigation lock based on information being developed
by local interests. This study would cost approximately $50,000 and require
about 1 year to complete.
In the orderly consideration of facilities in this reach of the river recon-
sideration of the Celina project should await completion of the Cordell Hull
bconomic studies.

The above information is included in my testimony before the Senate Sub-
committee on Appropriations.

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Sincerely yours,

W. W. LAPSLEY,
Brigadier General, U.S. Army,

Division Engineer.

Hon. CLARENCE CANNON,

U.S. SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS,

April 8, 1960.
Chairman, Civil Works Subcommittee, House Committee on Appropriations,

Capitol Building, Washington, D.C. DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN : I shall appreciate it very much if you will arrange for the attached statement from the Honorable John T. Diederich, of Ashland, 55relating to the onio River and Big Sandy River civil

works projects, to be included in the subcommittee's record of testimony by the Kentucky congressional delegation and State of Kentucky witnesses.

With kind regards, I am

Sincerely yours,

JOHN SHERMAN COOPER.

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STATEMENT OF JOHN T. DIEDERICH, OF ASHLAND, KY., APRIL 6, 1960 Mr. Chairman, my name is John T. Diederich. I am a banker and attorney, residing in Ashland, Ky., which is located at the junction of the Ohio River and the Big Sandy River.

I have been familiar with the modernization program of the obsolete locks and dams on the Ohio River since its inception. I can testify to the difference that exists in the industrial and economic atmosphere in our valley as a result of the lock and dam replacement program and the remarkable increase in industrial development which has followed in its wake.

The orderly development of the Ohio has made available to the northeastern area of Kentucky river transportation facilities that are as good as those any. where in the United States. I am proud to say that the people of our region have taken advantage of the improved waterway and brought industry into the area far beyond our original expectation. I know the industries and the men who are associated in the Ohio Valley improvement organization, and I know that they have always presented to the committees of Congress accurate and complete data in an effort to assist the Congress in carrying forward the Ohio River modernization program. I support and endorse their recommendations to your committee for fiscal year 1961.

I have had occasion to travel through the Big Sandy Valley area immediately following floods that have devastated the region, and I know that the people of the Big Sandy section have their hopes pinned to the Fishtrap and Pound Reservoir flood control projects which we believe will provide substantial protection in the event that floods again occur. The Kentucky congressional delegation is united in its effort to secure the necessary funds to complete construction of Pound Reservoir and to commence construction of Fishtrap. I should like to add my voice to that of the Delegation and to that of the witnesses who will appear before this committee later this week.

I appreciate the opportunity to present my views to the committee.

Mr. PERKINS. Mr. Chairman, I have statements here which I would like to have put in the record. They are from Mr. Robert Wellman, county attorney of Floyd County, Henry Stumbo, county judge, Floyd County; and Barkley J. Sturgill, attorney, Prestonsburg, Floyd County.

Mr. RABAUT. Without objection, those statements will be included in the record at this point.

(The statements referred to follow :) STATEMENT OF ROBERT WELLMAN, COUNTY ATTORNEY, FLOYD COUNTY, KT. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, this delegation from eastern Kentucky and western Virginia are here today requesting appropriations for construction of Fishtrap Dam and the Pound Dam on the headwaters of Big Sandy River. The appropriations are indicated in the orderly continuation of the surveys and plans and appropriations heretofore made for the flood control and development of water resources on this waterway.

I do not believe it is entirely necessary to repeat each year the urgent necessity for going forward with these projects. Nonetheless, I would remind you of the terrible floods of 2 years ago which came at a time when this delegation was before this very committee, seeking the commencement of these projects. Last year we had other floods. This year, but for the grace of God, and continued cold weather, because of the heavy snows, we would have had another major flood disaster.

The construction of these vital projects should be accomplished as early as possible and I strongly urge favorable action by this committee. Thank you.

STATEMENT OF HENRY STUMBO, COUNTY JUDGE, Floyd County, Ky. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, this is one of several times I have been here to testify on behalf of the Big Sandy Flood Control projects.

Up to this point we have been sucessful in obtaining the necessary survey and planning concerning the Pound and Fishtrap Dams on the headwaters of the

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