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The capability of the Corps of Engineers on the West Terre Haute leree project is $100,000 during fiscal 1961; unfortunately the President has not recommended any funds for this project. I urge the committee to include this $100,000 so that construction on this protection project can be initiated. This is another case in which preliminary planning funds were provided in fiscal 1960. These would be largely wasted if additional planning funds were not provided for fiscal year 1961.

An important study which has been left out of the budget is that authorized for the Whitewater River Basin. Although Senator Capehart and I recommended $50,000 for this study, I feel that at least the minimum amount of $10,000 should be included so that it can be begun.

The Little Calumet River survey was initiated in fiscal 1960. The corps capability for fiscal 1961 is $25,000 and I urge the committee to authorize this amount even though the President has recommended only $10,000.

I would like to point out that there are three organizations the Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission, the Wabash Valley Association and the Ohio Valley Improvement Association—that are joining the Hoosier congressional delegation in asking that these projects be accorded the maximum amount of consideration in the Congress. These organizations are also concerned with our neighboring States of Ohio and Illinois and it will be seen by their testimony that they have carefully and thoroughly examined all of the many aspects of each individual project. These recommendations are not based upon whim or fancy. I might say that the Wabash Valley Association has for example, asked me to lend my support to an Illinois project; that providing for the survey of the Embarrass River, while we are all concerned about navigation on the Ohio River which has an important bearing on all of those living in the Ohio Valley. In line with this I would like to express my sincere and wholehearted support for the two navigation projects presently proposed on the Ohio, that at Cannelton and at Uniontown. Unfortunately, again, these projects were left out of the budget entirely by the President. I know that all of the concerned groups join with me in urging that $150,000 for Cannelton and $200,000 for Uniontown be inserted into the budget for fiscal 1961. Both of these are necessary to the new channelization and funds should be provided now in order that there be no delays.

I thank you for the opportunity to appear before you and give my testimony and recommendations.

APRIL 1, 1960
Chairman, The Mayor's Flood Control Committee,
Evansville, Ind.

DEAR CHARLIE: As you know, a few days ago Senator Allen Ellender, chairman of the Public Works Subcommittee of the Senate Appropriations Committee stated emphatically that Evansville would receive no more money for floodwall construction so long as there is a lack of agreement on rights-of-way and other details.

Following this I checked with the Corps of Engineers regarding use of funds appropriated for fiscal 1960. Of $430,000 appropriated, only $130,000 has been allocated because of the controversy in Evansville. Only $30,000 of this has been used and only $100,000 could be carried forward. As you know, we are seeking another $800,000 for fiscal 1961.

There is no need, Charlie, to point out to you the absolute necessity of proceeding rapidly to provide flood protection. For 20 years this problem las at Evansville's doorstep and there was no action. While I was mayor, I asked you and the late John Rimstedt and other civic-minded individuals to hammer out a workable program. The whole community was united. From this units came action. From the action came the necessary assistance of the Corps of Engineers and the appropriations from Congress.

You will recall it was during this period we managed to obtain our first such appropriation and that additional funds have since been provided. Are we now to face another 20 years of inactivity and risk another 1937 filosd because of petty differences? Or will the city leaders join with you in insisting upon immediate action for the benefit of all without regard to the short-range political consequences?

Time is short. Senator Ellender has said that action must be forthcoming by
May 15. I hope that you will do everything in your power to press this project
forward at once.
Sincerely yours,

VANCE HARTKE, U.8. Senator,



APRIL 4, 1960. Senator R. VANCE HARTKE, Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.:

Happy to report Evansville flood protection plans now complete. Community united on plans. Rights-of-way purchasing for floodwall in process. Request appropriate $450,000 as proposed in 1961 fiscal budget be granted.

FRANK F. McDONALD, Mayor of the City of Evansville.


Chairman, Evansville Flood Committee. Senator HARTKE. I would like to comment on something that occurred concerning the State of Indiana's attitude toward Federal funds that my distinguished friend, Congressman Kirwan, requested information on.

I want to assure you as far as I am concerned and as far as I represent the State of Indiana this does not represent the view of the people of Indiana, and I think this law should be corrected and I would hope with the coming election in November 1960 and the session beginning in January that this law can be repealed and we can join hands with the Federal Government for the conservation of our natural resources. I know this question has been a thorn in the sides of many of us for a long time.

Mr. Cannon. The gentleman will understand it is difficult for the committee to act on a proposition where there seems to be a wide difference of opinion, especially when it is a legislative matter.

Senator HARTKE. I will merely file my statement with the committee, in view of the fact you have a large delegation here.

Mr. CANNON. Mr. Roush.

Mr. Roush. Mr. Chairman, I would like to present the dean of our congressional delegation, Congressman Madden.

Mr. CANNON. Congressman Madden, we would be very glad to hear

from you.


Mr. MADDEN. Mr. Chairman, of course, I am very much interested in the situation in Congressman Roush's district, the Wabash area and down along the Ohio; but I am also very much interested in a project in my district adjoining over in Congressman Derwinski's district in Illinois. This is an area adjacent to Chicago and about every 4 or 5 years it floods. Ten or twelve years ago the Army Engineers made a survey and declared it as not being economically feasible; but since that time there have been thousands upon thousands of homes built in this area. I have a statement filed on that. We are asking for $25,000 to complete our survey.

I want to mention briefly what my good friend, Congressman Kirwan, called to the committee's attention today and on a number of occasions in the past. I was on the floor of the House the day Congressman Springer from Indiana took the floor in 1947 and read the resolution which Congressman Kirwan has there. Several days after Congressman Springer read this resolution, I got on the floor of the House and denounced the resolution as not reflecting the real needs of the people of Indiana. Unfortunately, Indiana has suffered by reason of that resolution, and it is unfortunate that they have suffered for so long. That has been 13 years ago.

I think that Indiana is gradually waking up to the fact that there i a complete uprising on the part of the people against the attitude tha is reflected in that resolution, although it was signed at that time b the then Governor and the then legislature; nevertheless, there is different picture in Indiana right today, as reflected in the last elec tion wherein Indiana, I think, more or less denounced the consensu of that resolution by a majority of about 240,000 votes last year ago i November. I am satisfied that the Indiana taxpayers and Indian people who have been suffering from floods have paid the penalty fo that resolution.

I do hope the committee will now, after 13 years, wipe the resolutio from their minds and let Indiana be present here with this Appropria tion Committee along with the other States of the Union.

Mr. Cannon. The distinguished gentleman from Indiana under stands the committee is very anxious to take care of any real need wherever they happen to be, but it greatly simplifies the task of th committee when we have unanimity upon the part of the beneficiaries

Mr. Madden. I think we have unanimity all over the State now.
Mr. CANNON. Thank you, Congressman Madden.
Mr. Rousi. I would like to present my colleague, Joseph Barr.

STATEMENT OF REPRESENTATIVE JOSEPH W. BARR, INDIANA Mr. BARR. Mr. Chairman, first, I have nothing to ask here. My congressional district has nothing to ask for. I do not know what we will use it for. We are in the position where flood control does not work with us.

Mr. CANNON. That is a happy situation.

Mr. BARR. Perhaps it is. "We also have another distinction. We pay more taxes than any congressional district in the United States except the State of Delaware which, as you know, is a single congressional district State.

My appearance here today is in behalf of the Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission. I can take a personal pride in this commission. Mr. Kellum, its director, is a constituent of mine and I can tell you he is a most valued and most intelligent constituent and I am delighted to appear in his behalf and on behalf of the board.

My predecessor was Louis Ludlow, who served with you for many years.

Mr. Cannon. He was not only a House Member for many years, but he was a member of this committee and of this subcommittee for many years. He was one of the great men in the history of the House. Mr. Barr. It is my first opportunity to appear before


you. count it a distinct privilege. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. CANNON. Thank you, Mr. Barr. Mr. Roush?

Mr. Roush. Mr. Chairman, I would like to present my colleague from Indiana, Congressman Harmon.

Mr. Cannon. Congressman Harmon, will you come to the table, please.


Mr. HARMON. Mr. Chairman, I have just a short statement here I would like to read, sir.

Mr. CANNON. If you will.

Mr. HARMON. Mr. Chairman, I am Randall Harmon of Indiana's 10th Congressional District, I want to join with my colleagues and Hoosier friends in the support of requests for funds for flood control and water conservation for Indiana. I would like to point out that Indiana is a growing and rapidly developing State; and that one of the hindrances to its further rapid expansion, is its periodic floods.

The Corps of Army Engineers have determined how to meet their problem. We are now ready to go into the actual building of certain flood control projects, particularly, those in the upper Wabash Valley.

We have a great need for levees, dikes, and small dams in Randolph and Delaware Counties, to prevent the Mississinewa River from overflowing; and we have a great need to conserve water for our dry season and proper sewage disposal.

The President's budget does not quite meet our requirements. The Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission has outlined specific requests. I recommend, Mr. Chairman, and members of the subcommittee that those requests for funds be approved. Thank you.

Mr. CANNON. Thank you, Congressman Harmon.
Congressman Roush?

Mr. Roush. I would like permission to include in the record a
letter from my colleague, John Brademas, of Indiana.
Mr. CANNON. It will be made part of the record.

(Mr. Brademas' letter follows:)
Room P-3, Capitol.

MR. CHAIRMAN: Although the district I represent lies in a portion of Indiana not directly affected by the flood control projects now under consideration by your committee, I should like to advise you that the program recommended by the Corps of Army Engineers to provide flood control for my State has my full support and approval.

I should like also to indicate my support of the requests for additional funds needed to place this program into effect for the fiscal year 1961. The maximum amount needed is that set out in the President's budget. In view of Indiana's flood control problem, the recommendations of the Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission for additional funds are more realistic.

I join with my colleagues and with the citizens of Indiana in urging that the Subcommittee on Public Works of the House Appropriations Committee appropriate funds both for planning and design and for construction of these various projects as requested. With kindest regards and best wishes, I am, Yours sincerely,


Member of Congre88. Mr. Roush. I would like to present to the committee Mr. J. Roy Dee, president of the Wabash Valley Association. Mr. Dee has stepped out, I understand.

I would like to present Mr. George Gettinger, secretary of the Wahash Valley Association.

Mr. CANNON. Mr. Gettinger, you may proceed.

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Mr. GETTINGER. Thank you for this opportunity to appear before you. We have a statement prepared by the Wabash Valley Association, which I will file.

Mr. CANNON. It will be made a part of the record at this point. (Mr. Gettinger's statement follows:)

Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, my name is George D. Gettinger, executive vice president of the Wabash Valley Association. I am a resident of Sullivan County, Ind., living on the same farm that has been in our family for four generations.

The Wabash Valley Association, a nonprofit organization, was incorporated in Indiana in 1957 to represent the 242 million citizens, their organizations, cities, and towns of this great valley in Indiana and Illinois in an effort to control and develop the water resources in the Wabash River Basin.

The conservation, management, and use of our natural resources, particularly soil and water, is the foundation upon which the future of America will be built. The Wabash Valley is richly endowed with material resources which have contributed significantly to America's civilization. The valley's soil and water must be husbanded and beneficial use carefully developed if a dynamic and strong America is to be preserved for our own and the future generations.

During the 4-year period of our existence, the membership of the association has grown to over 2,716 members. These members have placed top priority on flood-control projects in this valley. Flood damage to farm crops alone in the last 4 years have exceeded $60 million.

Floods have brought death and destruction to this valley since the historic days of George Rogers Clark when he waded across the waters of the Embarrass and Wabash Rivers to capture the town of Vincennes from the British and their allies, the American Indian.

Little did we dream at that time that this area would become the very bread. basket of America. Very few people today even recognize how we have failed to do anything with the flood problem that existed in that day and is still in 1 existence today. In fact, major floods have been more frequent in recent years. ! Of the 23 major floods recorded since 1904, 9 have occurred since 1947. (See exhibit A.) The water that floods our farmlands, homes, and factories is a great liability; yet we must never forget that there is no substitute for water and life cannot exist without it. Therefore, it behooves all of us to be mindful and concerned about the future and the future use of water in the Wabash Valley. We urge all of you to give this serious thought.

Our association is cooperating with and supporting the flood-control efforts of the U.S. Corps of Army Engineers of the Louisville District and the U.S. Soil Conservation Service in the States of Illinois and Indiana. We believe these two important governmental agencies, working close together, can develop properly our theory of a complete watershed program which has to be carried out to its fullest degree to give our people flood control and balanced, complete development of the water resources they so richly deserve.

At this point, I want to encourage the Appropriations Committee to appropriate at least $88 million for soil conservation district assistance to the watershed program and at least $33 million as a minimum for planning watershed development. In Illinois and Indiana, there is a tremendous interest in the development of small watershed programs and if the planning funds are curtailed, the interest will die. So please make money available for the development of this program.

Our association is cooperating with the Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission and the Illinois Division of Waterways. Through these several State and Federal agencies, we have studied and adopted an overall program of flood control for the Wabash River Basin whereby controlled water will become an asset to future economic development of our great valley.

The members of the Wabash Valley Association have adopted a program that has been limited to the endorsement of projects which show high ratio in benefits-to-cost and careful scrutiny has been exercised to maintain absolute integrity of the platform adopted by our members.

Our valley is considered one of the distressed areas of our country. It is a valley with an abundance of water, coal, oil, gas, limestone, sand, gravel, and the most productive soil in the world. Uncontrolled and underdeveloped water resources have caused industry to leave our area and prospective industry to turn their backs on locating in our valley.

The Wabash Valley Association, during the year of 1959, presented to both Indiana and Illinois Legislatures, a Wabash Valley compact which would create a commission between the two States to better coordinate the activities and di studies of the many problems in the Wabash River Basin.

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