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development of these projects, is thoroughly familiar with the importance of the Cannelton improvement. I realize, also, that the committee is very familiar with the steady progress that has been made in the construction of locks and dams on the Ohio River to replace the existing inadequate facilities, and to assure a channel of 9-foot minimum depth from the mouth of the Ohio River at Pittsburgh to its junction with the Mississippi River at Cairo, Ill.

The Ohio River development program began in 1953. I had the opportunity to ask that the appropriations for the New Cumberland and Greenup locks and dams be included in the budget for that year, and appropriations were made in the Senate. Since that time construction has started on Markland, New Richmond (Anthony Meldahl), Louisville, and Pike Island locks and dams. It is the judgment of the Ohio Valley Improvement Association and I believe that this judgment will have the concurrence of the Corps of Engineers, that it is necessary to commence the Cannelton lock and dam in fiscal year 1961, so that no hiatus will occur in the orderly progress of Ohio River development.

While I approve fully the budgeted appropriations for the Ohio River carried in the bill as Kentucky projects—and it is true that this development is of tremendous value to my Stateyet I can say that the development of the Ohio River is not merely of State concern, but is a program of construction that is of prime importance to the entire Mississippi River Valley. Thus, in effect, it is truly of national significance.

I know that the representatives of the Ohio River Improvement Association will present their program in considerable detail, and that the committee is fully familiar with the recommendations, so I will not burden you with detail. I simply point out that the tremendous benefit to the Ohio River Valley resulting from the intensive modernization program on the Ohio River is evidenced by the fact that since January 1950 through the summer of 1959 there has heen an investment in new and expanded plant facilities along the Ohio and its navigable tributaries of about $15 billion.

The Congress bas recognized the importance of this program by approving Federal projects now under construction, on the main stem of the Ohio alone, with an estimated cost when completed of $346,850,000.

I hope very much that your committee will approve an appropriation of $1.30.000 for advance planning of the Cannelton lock and dam in the current bill.

STATEMENT BY SENATOR THRUSTON B. MORTON Mr. Chairman, in the interest of accelerating the tremendous modernization program currently underway on the Ohio River, I would like to submit for the record this brief statement concerning the necessity for orderly development of the program during fiscal 1961. I do not believe there is any doubt or disagreement to the effect that the current program is lagging developing demands.

As a constant air passenger, I frequently pass over the Ohio River Valley, and I cannot help but notice the vast amount of commercial traffic, the tremendous size of the individual tows, the frequency of locking, and the inadequacy of existing facilities. As you are well aware, the Ohio Valley has undergone a tremendous industrial and commercial expansion since World War II, and the river itself is the basis for this burgeoning economic growth. This “Ruhr of America," with its steel mills, powerplants, aluminum plants, chemiral industries, coal resources, and other basic industries, constitutes one of the most important complexes in our national economy. The rate of development of a modern Ohio River navigation system will to a large extent govern the rate of economic growth in future years.

Four high-lift replacement dams currently are under construction along the Ohio River where it borders Kentucky. The Greenup locks and dam is experted to be completed for use in 1961; Markland locks and dam in 1962 ; Anthony Meldahl locks and dam in 1963, and lock and dam 41, possibly in 1961. For fiscal 1961, I would recommend the following appropriations: Greenup, $9,979,000; Markland, $12,600,000; Meldahl, $15 million; and lock and dam 41, $9,215,000. These amounts already are included in the budget submitted by the administration. The estimated Federal cost of these projects totals $245 million,

In addition, I strongly recommend that $150,000 be appropriated to initiate advance engineering and design of the Cannelton locks and dam, near Cannelton, Ind. The project is located in one of the busiest commercial navigation areas of the Ohio River, carrying more than 2 billion ton-miles of traffic annually.

It would replace obsolete structures at locks and dams 43, 44, and 45, and provide a badly needed facility in a strategic section of the river. The Cannel. ton project has an extremely good 3.9 to 1 cost-benefit ratio, and will cost $68,400,000.

Mr. CANNON. Mr. Hull.


Mr. Hull Congressman Cannon, we are filing with the committee this year again a rather elaborate statement. I feel a little apologetic about submitting such a long document, but we have tried to make it something more than just a presentation of views, a summary at least of useful information, we hope, about the comprehensive program of water resources development throughout the Ohio Valley, which our association supports.

Mr. Chairman, our particular concern in our presentation to the committee this year is to emphasize the need for acceleration both of the modernization programs for the Ohio River and its tributaries and of the Corps of Engineers comprehensive flood control plan for the Ohio Valley.

With regard to the main stream of the Ohio, recent studies of traffie growth, which are referred to in our statement filed today, show that the future traffic growth on the Ohio will be increasingly retarded and ultimately stifled within 10 years unless the present obsolete facilities are completely replaced by that time. At the average rate of one ner construction start each year, which has prevailed since the modernization program was resumed in 1954, and with 13 replacement structures remaining to be started, each of which requires at least 5 years to complete, the Ohio River modernization program would not be completed for 18 or 20 years. Thus, we think the program is lagging seriously behind developing needs. The impending traffic congestion crisis on the Ohio threatens the continued industrial development of the Ohio Valley.

Therefore, we are urging in the light of the developing traffic needs along the Ohio that there be appropriated the funds to permit the construction of Belleville lock and dam in the Parkersburg area, which is in a critically important reach of the Ohio, as you know, Mr. Chairman. That would be an item, according to the advice given us by the Corps of Engineers as to the amount they could efficiently utilize, or $750,000, representing an increase of 500,000 in the $250,000 budgeted for the continued planning work on that project.

We also urge the committee, in the interest of maintaining orderly progress for the Ohio River development program in the future, that planning funds be appropriated for the Cannelton lock and dam. about 114 miles below Louisville on the Ohio; the Oppossum Creek and Racine lock and dam in the upper river, and Uniontown lock and dam in the Evansville area.

We have also pointed out in our prepared statement the need for acceleration of work on the improvements on the tributary streams. notably the Cumberland and the Monongahela. The specific recommendations which we have as regards the tributary streams are set forth on page 13 of our prepared statement. I will not burden the committee with a detail of that at this time.

We are also, as I pointed out at the beginning, Mr. Chairman, very much concerned about the need for acceleration of the overall flood control program for the valley, the recent floods of which I know you

are most mindful in view of the disastrous floods in the Youngstown area just a little over a year ago and in other parts of the valley where tragedy occurred for lack of adequate protection; and we are most concerned to see that program advanced at the maximum efficient rate.

Our specific recommendations, as compared to the budgeted amounts for flood control projects, are set forth at pages 14, and 15, and 16 of our prepared statement. Again, unless there are questions from the committee, I would spare you the reading of the details at this time.

Mr. ANDERSEN. I have one question, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. KIRWAN. Proceed.

Mr. ANDERSEN. In your presentation here today, how much in the line of increases are you asking above the budget?

Mr. HULL. You mean in the aggregate?

Mr. Hull. I have to break it down for you by categories. I do not have the total figure.

Mr. ANDERSEN. Take Kentucky.

Mr. Hull. I do not have it by States. I have it by classes of project, if that is satisfactory.

Mr. ANDERSEN. You are asking for increases, however, are you not? That is, increases above the budget.

Mr. HULL. Above the budget; yes, sir.

Mr. CANNON. Mr. Hull, I note that in the various projects which you have suggested here and which you have mentioned there are quite a number that are either not in the budget or your request is in excess of the budget.

Mr. HULL. That is correct, Mr. Chairman.

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Mr. CANNON. The committee will much appreciate it if, when your transcript comes to you, you would arrange these in the order of priority. That is, those you consider most urgent first. Mr. HULL. Yes, sir. (The information follows:) In response to the request of the chairman for a recommendation as to the priority of projects recommended for appropriations in fiscal 1961 by the Ohio Valley Improvement Association, it is respectfully submitted :

(1) The membership of the Ohio Valley Improvement Association, in adopting the association's program for fiscal 1961, has recommended an overall plan of appropriations designed to further the orderly development of the water resources of the Ohio River Basin. The association's proposals are based largely upon the indicated capabilities of the Corps of Engineers.

(2) It is the conviction of the association that maintenance of balance, order, and continuity in the program is of the utmost importance. Regular provision of new planning and construction starts in line with the capabilities of the construction agency for efficient and economical employment of funds is essential to that end. Lack of such continuity and balance can only result in costly and inefficient disruption of engineering and construction personnel and facilities. For this reason, as well as because of the extreme urgency of the particular projects involved, the association recommends assignment of the highest priority to the new planning and construction starts included in its recommendation for fiscal 1961 appropriations.

Mr. CANNON. Mr. Hull, will you introduce your next witness.

Mr. Hull. Yes, Mr. Chairman. Our next witness is Mr. S. A. Wakefield, director, Division of Flood Control and Water Usage, Commonwealth of Kentucky, Frankfort, Ky.

Mr. Cannon. Mr. Wakefield.


Mr. WAKEFIELD. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee have a prepared statement which to conserve time will be filed w your committee.

Mr. CANNON. It will be made part of the record. (The statement follows:)





My name is Stephen A. Wakefield. I am director of the Division of Fi Control and Water Usage of the Kentucky Department of Conservation.

As the officially designated representative of Gov. Bert Comb's adminis tion in Kentucky, I am appearing before you today to respectfully request this committee restore to the budget bill certain funds that have been from the requests of the Corps of Engineers and the recommendations of Ohio Valley Improvement Association, to request funds for certain proj not included in the budget, and to concur in the funds provided in the buc for certain other Kentucky projects.

The development of the water resources in the Ohio River Valley has gre into one of the most important public works programs of the Congress certainly should be carried forward with the utmost speed.

The rapid growth of our population has demanded an enormous expansion our industries and this expansion program of necessity must move in the di tion of our water resources development. Where in the Nation is there much water and other natural resources necessary for industry as there is the Ohio River Valley? The average annual rainfall over the entire ralles more than adequate for the foreseeable future if properly developed, but oct at such irregular intervals that reservoirs for flood control and conservat are necessary.

The multipurpose use of these reservoirs includes storage for water industrial, municipal, agricultural, and recreational uses, as well as water low flow control for navigation and other purposes downstream. Dams creat these reservoirs should be built as quickly as possible to keep ahead of prepare for industrial and economic expansion.

The Ohio River is one of the Nation's finest navigation arteries, yet system of locks and dams is antiquated and funds for the new system of mod locks and dans, as planned, should be made available as fast as it can be u properly in accelerating this program.

The Commonwealth of Kentucky agrees with the budget on funds for following projects :

Ohio River.-Greenup locks and dam, $9,959,000 complete construction: lo and dam 41 (Louisville), $9,215,000, continue construction ; Markland locks & dam, $12.600,000, continue construction ; Anthony Meldahl locks and dam (N Richmond), $15 million, continue construction; Ohio River Basin review, $40 000, continue survey; and also respectfully request that $10,000 be included planning the local protection project for Sturgis, Ky., $150,000 be included planning the Cannelton, Ky., lock and dam, and $200,000 be included for pl ning the Uniontown lock and dam.

Green River.-Nolin Reservoir, $2,600,000, continue construction ; Barren ? 2 Reservoir, $2,175,000, continue construction ; Green No. 2 Reservoir, $100,00 continue advance engineering and design; and Panther Creek (Owensbori $15,000, continue survey; and request that $100,000 be included to plan the construction of navigation locks and dam Nos. 8 and 4 on Green River.

Big Sandy River.-$349,000 has been budgeted for completion of plans for t Fishtrap Reservoir, and we urgently request that you include $301,000 to initia construction, as both the Fishtrap in Kentucky and the John W. Flannig Reservoir in Virginia are vital to the water resources development of the R Sandy and should be completed as quickly as possible.

Lover (tumberland River.-Barkley locks and dam, $17,100,000, contio construction.

Upper Cumberland.-Bunches Creek, $15,000, initiate survey and $25,000 (ne budgeted) to initiate the Rockcastle River survey.

Licking River.—Licking River, $20,000, continue survey revision.

The Ohio Valley Improvement Association and the Corps of Engineers are cooperating excellently in developing a water resources development program for the Ohio Valley, and they both have cooperated with us on those projects in Kentucky that fit into the overall program for the valley.

All of the above projects are integral parts of this program and we urge you to approve them as they are important to Kentucky, the Ohio Valley, and the Vation.

Mr. WAKEFIELD. I am here at the request of Gov. Bert Combs, of Kentucky, in the name of his administration to endorse the water resources development program of the Ohio River, as set out by this organization and the Corps of Engineers, and to request that funds for the early completion of this program be provided as speedily as possible. Thank you. Mr. Cannon. Will you remain available, Mr. Wakefield? Mr. WAKEFIELD. Yes, sir. Mr. CANNON. Mr. Hull. Mr. Hull. The next witness is Mr. Ernest R. Mitchell, the immediate past president of the Kentucky State Chamber of Commerce, representing the Kentucky State chamber.

Mr. CANNON. Mr. Mitchell.

STATEMENT OF MR. ERNEST R. MITCHELL Mr. MITCHELL. Mr. Chairman, I have a prepared statement I shall file for the record.

Mr. CANNON. It will be made part of the record. You may proceed.

(The statement follows:)

STATEMENT OF ERNEST R. MITCHELL, PAST PRESIDENT OF THE KENTUCKY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND CHAIRMAN OF THE POLICY COMMITTEE OF THE KENTUCKY STATE CHAMBER Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, my name is Ernest Mitchell, of Covington, Ky. I am a past president of the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce, and active in its affairs and policy of water use and conservation. The Kentucky Chamber of Commerce supports the program of the Congress of these United States in expanding the uses of the Ohio River and its tributaries with new and larger locks, dams, and reservoirs. It requests this Congress to appropriate for fiscal 1961, the sums of money necessary to continue and expand the program of development of the Ohio River Basin.

It is the consensus of the 3,500 members of the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce that an adequate supply of water, suitable and available for use at all times, is absolutely necessary in order to produce, transport, and provide the food, fuel, and fiber which build the materials of national defense and provide for the health, happiness, and comfort of our people.

Our organization recognizes the problem of flood control, and that measures must be taken to prevent the dangers incurred when water goes out of control. We compliment the Congress on its progress in preventing food damage and its program providing facilities for increased uses of the Ohio River and its tributaries, along with its program of flood control.

It is the endeavor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, through its various agencies, and the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce, to foster the economic progress of the Ohio River Valley and provide the industrial and domestic facilities to support the fast growing population of the Nation. The action of the Congress in providing planning and construction funds in the past 10 years, has resulted in the fulfilled opportunity of approximately $15 billion spent in new and expanded plants in the counties located on the Ohio River and its navigable tributaries.

The basic metals of iron and aluminum find, within the confines of the Ohio River Basin, a perfect area for the manufacture of finished products. Chemicals of many kinds find a natural production home within the basin.

The dollars allocated by the various Congresses in the recent past have thus been wisely spent, which in our opinion has helped curb inflation, stabilize the

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