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economic advantages I would point out additional recreational valuof great and widespread interest. The total estimated cost of the projects include funds which will provide access roads, parking a launching areas for small boats—an activity which is picking up on t Ohio River. As a safety measure I understand these areas will located outside of the main stream of the river.

I believe that the whole modernization program of the Ohio Valle should be accelerated. Full benefits of each of these projects will n be realized until the whole program is complete. I favor progress the program at the maximum efficient rate. I hope adequate appr priations are made for these projects.

Mr. BAILEY. I have here the administrative assistant of Senat Capehart of Indiana. He wants to appear and asks the privilege filing a statement.

Mr. CANNON. Very well.


Mr. HANCOCK. I am John Hancock, Senator Capehart's administra tive assistant.

Mr. Chairman, in the interest of saving time, I would like to fi Senator Capehart's remarks. I also would like to file this telegra the Senator received this morning on behalf of the Niblack Levee.

Mr. CANNON. Very well; they will be made part of the record. (The statement and telegram referred to Senator Capehart follow


At this time of year, with the winter thaws and spring rains, we in Indian are again faced with the threat and dangers of floods on our rivers and tribi ta ries.

The Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission, the Ohio Va ley Improvement Association, the Wabash Valley Association, Inc., and in terested local groups have cooperated with me in an effort to present to the Cor gress a complete and practical picture of our flood control and navigatio needs for the State of Indiana.

In this statement I would like to discuss with you our most pressing pro ects and my reasons for supporting the appropriations which I am calling on thi committee to grant.

First of all, I would like to endorse the following projects which have beer included in the President's budget : Flood control : Construction : Evansville floodwall.

$450,000 Monroe Reservoir (final design and start construction) -

275,000 Advance planning and design: Mississinewa Reservoir..

156, 000 Huntington Reservoir

125,000 Investigations and surveys: Ohio River Basin.-

400,000 Kankakee River Basin--

34, 800 Navigation projects: Projects study : Michigan City Harbor

14, 200 Great Lakes Harbor --

107, 000 The President's budget includes $56,000 for final designs only on the Salamonie Reservoir, which is one of the three reservoirs to be constructed in the upper Wabash River Basin. The Corps of Engineers have a capability of $500,000 for fiscal 1961---$495,000 Federal and $5,000 State.

Had these three reservoirs been in operation in January and February of 1959, flood damages totaling almost $5 million would have been averted,

Rapid progress on the construction of these three reservoirs needs to be made, and if the $495,000 is appropriated by the Congress, this would give additional


assurance that letting of contracts for first construction phases should be made has the corps immediately upon completion of designs on the Salamonie.

It is a known fact that the working operation of these three reservoirsthe Salamonie, Mississinewa, and Huntington--will prevent millions of dollars of flood damage each year. Because of this fact, I can see no reason why we should delay this project in any way. The full corps' capability each year should be appropriated by the Congress to construct these reservoirs and put them into operation.

The Corps of Engineers has a capability of $300,000 to initiate construction on the Mason J. Niblack levee. This levee will provide food protection for 15,620 acres of valuable farmland. I can see no justification in delaying the start of construction on this levee in view of the fact the Congress felt the projAt worthy enough to appropriate $130,000 to date. I, therefore, recommend that this committee appropriate the corps capability of $300,000.

The West Terre Haute levee is being designed to protect the city from the highest floods on record, and funds are again requested to further advance planning and design. However, there is nothing in the budget for this very worthy project. The Corps of Engineers has a capability of $100,000, and since money was appropriated in fiscal 1960, again I can see no justification to delay work on the levee.

The Sugar Creek levee (Vigo County) is designed to protect agricultural land and partially protect two towns. Although the budget includes $15,000 for advance planning and design, I believe the Corps of Engineers capability of $100,000 shonld be appropriated to complete the engineering and design and start construction. Here again is another case where construction could be started in fiscal 1961 and there is no economic justification to put construction off another Fear.

Levee unit No. 5, Wabash River, was cleared by the circuit court of Gibson County, Ind., in September 1959 as a worthwhile project. In fiscal 1960, the Senate appropriated $23,000 for design and construction planning, but the amount was taken out in conference because the levee district had not been formed. Since the levee has now been cleared by the court, I am confident that $50,000 could be efficiently utilized and am assured that much of the local differences will be settled in the near future.

I would now like to discuss with you specific surveys and studies which are of importance to Indiana's continuing overall flood program.

1. Wabash River above the White River, Ill., Ind., and Ohio.-Although the budget includes $30,000 for this study, I feel that the corps capability of $60,000 should be appropriated to develop a general plan, or modification of approved plans, for flood control, navigation, and allied purposes in the Wabash River Basin.

2. White River Basin, Ind.The budget includes $20,000 for this survey, but I can see no justification for stretching out what suitable relief is necessary for the areas affected by floods in this basin and feel that the corps capability of $60,000 for this item should be appropriated.

3. Whitewater River Basin.-Following the flooding in January 1959, interest Tas greatly revived in the Brookville Reservoir, an authorized project, and a survey of this entire river basin, including the Brookville Reservoir, was deemed to be most valuable. I wholeheartedly endorse an appropriation of $10,000, which is the corps capability, to initiate a survey in this river basin, and should the corps have a specific capability for the Brookville Reservoir, I feel that this amount should also be appropriated to determine whether or not this project would be helpful in correcting the flooding problem in the area.

4. Little Calumet River Basin.-I was advised on October 29, 1959, by the Chicago Corps of Engineers that they had a capability in fiscal 1961 of $25,000 for this survey, but the budget only included $10,000.

The complexion of this section of Lake County, Ind., along the Little Calumet River has changed rapidly in the last 10 years. Along with the growth and derelopment of the St. Lawrence Seaway, there has been a rapid growth of suburban homes, roads, and industrial establishments, which indicate the growth and expansion of the Calumet area. Because of this growth, every precaution should be taken to prevent flooding in this heavily populated area.

5. Maumee River Basin.-On December 4, 1959, the North Central Division of the Corps of Engineers advised me that they had a capability of $50,000 to continue the survey on the Maumee. I am in favor of an appropriation of this amount to determine the most practical and economical way of controlling floods and providing larger drainage improvements on this river and its tributaries.

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The following projects are of interest to us in Indiana, and I wholeheartedly endorse the amounts listed with each item. 1. Chicago metropolitan area survey, including parts of Lake County, Ind ---

$10,000 2. Comprehensive survey report on water levels of the Gret Lakes----- 65,000 3. Calumet River and Harvor, Ill. and Ind---

400.000 4. Calumet-Sag modification, Illinois Waterway, Ill. and Ind_-- Corps capability 5. Mount Carmel, Ill., floodwall, survey

10,000 6. Embarrass River, Ill., survey

20,000 I have long supported and have great interest in the development and modernization of water transportation on the Ohio River, and believe the Corps of Engineers' program should be expedited at every opportunity. I want to comment on four projects of particular interest to Indiana.

1. Markland locks and dam (construction).—The budget includes $12,600,000 for Markland, but the Corps of Engineers has a 1961 capability of $13,900,000. I deeply urge the committee to appropriate the full capability in order to keep this project on schedule with the overall modernization program.

2. Louisville locks and dam No. 41 (construction).-Here again the full Corps' capability of $9,700,000 has not been recommended by the budget for 1961. The budget recommends $9,215,000. The full capability should be appropriated on this project as it is contiguous with Markland and thus will constitute a continuous modern route in the busy and important reach of the Ohio between Cincinnati and Louisville.

3. Cannelton locks and dam (advance engineering and design).-Cannelton is designed to replace locks and dams which are between 33 and 39 years old. This is one of the busiest reaches on the Ohio and has a most strategic relationship with other facilities now under construction. I recommend to you that the Corps' capability of $150,000 be appropriated for this project.

4. Uniontown locks and dam (advance engineering and design). This project would replace existing locks and dam No. 48 and No. 49, which are 37 and 31 years old respectively. Increased Ohio River traffic and a serious silting problem to the approach of lock No. 48 are two compelling factors to justify early replacement of the existing structures. I recommend that the Corp's capability of $200,000 be appropriated for this worthy project.

I have never come before you to request funds for Indiana projects that I could not fully justify. With ever-increasing major floods in Indiana, it is simple mathematics to me that millions and millions of dollars can be saved by expediting these projects plus gaining the all important savings of lives and the elimination of property damage resulting from these floods. The great cost-tobenefit ratio of the Ohio River navigation projects are known facts.

I present this request to the committee confident that I have the support of the entire Indiana congressional delegation in the projects listed.

Your cooperation in the past and in Indiana's fiscal 1961 budget requests are
deeply appreciated.
U.S. Senate,
U.S. Congress, Washington, D.O.:

House Public Works Appropriations Committee hearings April 6, room
F-16, the Capitol, at 2 p.m. Funds desperately needed for new Niblack leree.
Five major floods in last 10 years, with untold hardships and financial despair.
Involved are 22,000 acres. On behalf of the landowners and as attorney for
Niblack Levee District appeal to you for any and all help for required appropri-
ations. Time is short.

ARTHUR L. HARTPO. Mr. CANNON. We have with us Mr. Halleck from Indiana. You may proceed.

STATEMENT OF REPRESENTATIVE CHARLES A. HALLECK, INDIANA Mr. HALLECK. Mr. Chairman, at the outset I should like to request permission of the subcommittee to place in the hearing record at this point a letter from the Honorable Harold W. Handley, Governor of the State of Indiana, transmitting and commenting on the recommendations of the Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission. These recommendations will be elaborated upon later this

afternoon by Robert W. Kellum, executive secretary, and other representatives of the commission.

For my own part, in the interest of time, and appreciating your busy schedule, I shall confine my testimony to three items of direct and vital concern to the citizens of the Second Congressional District of Indiana.

The President's budget for the fiscal 1961 year provides for $337,000 for advance engineering and design work for the Huntington, Mississinewa, and Salamonie Reservoirs in north central Indiana.

The upper Wabash three-reservoir project was authorized by Congress and approved by the President in July 1958. This project stemmed from joint studies made by the Corps of Engineers and the Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission.

It is designed primarily for flood control in the upper Wabash Basin at and above Logansport, Ind. However, it will also reduce Hood stages at downstream points in the Wabash and, to a lesser degree, on the Ohio and Mississippi.

Severe and costly floods along the Wabash in June 1958, and in January 1959, focused attention on the need for speeding up work on these reservoirs. As a result, the Corps of Engineers last year arranged for the transfer of $325,000 of previously appropriated funds for design and engineering work of the upper Wabash dams. This work is now nearing completion.

The Bureau of the Budget has recommended that Congress appropriate for next year $156,000 to complete plans for the Mississinewa Peservoir; $56,000 to complete plans for the Salamonie Reservoir; add $125,000 to carry forward design work for the Huntington Reservoir.

In view of the pressing need for flood protection along the Wabash
River I urge your favorable consideration of these recommendations.

It has also been represented to me that on the Salamonie Dam the engineers could use a total of $195,000 to complete final plans and lerin construction, thus expediting completion of this much-needed project. The Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commisson is asking for this amount. I commend this request to the consideration of the subcommittee.

I also commend to your attention the testimony of the many dedirated Hoosiers who are here today to give the subcommittee the benefit of their counsel on Indiana flood and water resources problems.

I thank you for your consideration.

Jr. Coxson. Thank you, Mr. Halleck. The letter from Mr. Hand-
lev, Governor of Indiana, about which you spoke, will be made a part
of the record at this point.
(The letter from Governor Handley of Indiana follows:)


Indianapolis, April 6, 1960.
Chairman, Appropriations Committee,
1.8. House of Representatives,
House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

DEAR CONGRESSMAN: The budget for public works for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is without question one of the most important matters for consideration of the Congress.

The Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission works closely with the Corps of Engineers on important surveys and projects which require

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Federal funds. The commission joins me in urging that the Congress give favorable consideration to the requests for funds for the corps, as listed in the accompanying paper. We believe the funds, as requested by the commission, are well supported by extensive engineering activities and that they will be in the best interest of the entire Ohio River Basin.

It is important to point out that on two major projects (the upper Wabash three-reservoir flood-control project and the Monroe multiple purpose reservoir), the State of Indiana already has made substantial appropriations. On the upper Wabash system, the State of Indiana has appropriated $300,000 (sufficient to meet the State's share of cost on two of the reservoirs); and on the Monroe Reservoir, the State of Indiana has appropriated $1 million. Both these sums are available to the corps now and will be used in the orderly scheduling of the projects. This is an example of good Federal-State partnership for the advancement of vital water resources programs. Again urging your favorable attention to the requested funds. Sincerely yours,


Governor of Indiana, Mr. CANNON. Senator Cooper, of Kentucky, is with us this afternoon. We shall be glad to hear the Senator at this time.

STATEMENT OF SENATOR JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, KENTUCKY Senator COOPER. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I understand that today the committee is considering, among other things, appropriations for the continued development of the Ohio River. I know that you gentlemen have many witnesses to hear who have come to Washington to testify. I am in the Congress and do not desire to shorten their time.

Mr. Cannon. You have ample time, Senator.

Senator COOPER. I know your problems. I am not going to take up your time. I have a prepared statement, which I have written myself. I have also the statement of my colleague, Senator Morton, who has asked me to present it to the committee, as he is detained on Senate business.

The purpose of our statements is to ask the committee to give consideration to, and we hope make an appropriation of, $150,000 for advance planning prior to construction of the Cannelton lock and dam on the Ohio River, in order to continue the orderly and necessary replacement of inadequate locks on the Ohio River.

I see here other Members of the Congress from Kentucky, and I know that my good friend, Congressman Natcher, is a member of your committee. He has worked vigorously for Kentucky river projects, as have my other colleagues in the House. My statement carries my reasoning and my recommendations as well as those of Senator Morton. I am going to defer to those who do not have the opportunity to be here all the time.

Mr. Cannon. Both your statement and that of Senator Morton will be incorporated in the record at this time.

(The statements of Senators Cooper and Morton follow :)

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STATEMENT OF SENATOR John SHERMAN COOPER Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I appreciate very much this opportunity to testify today regarding the Ohio River, and I shall be very brief

I would like very much to see you include in your appropriations bill for fiscal year 1961 the sum of $150,000 for advance planning of the Cannelton lock and dam, located near Cannelton, Ind., which will replace the obsolete locks and dams 43, 44, and 45, and is a key project in the Ohio River modernization program. This lock is situated at a strategic point on the river where commerical traffic is exceptionally heavy, and is an urgently needed improvement.

Of course, Congressman Natcher of this committee, whose district borders the Ohio River, and who has given consistent and vigorous support to the

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