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For net total 561,430 tons or 20,051,071 bushels of feed grain surplus within 5 miles of Sioux City.


Figuring mill operating 300 days years:

Produced within 75 miles.-
Milled with 75 miles.-

Bushels 34, 145, 000 1, 817,400

32, 327, 600

Total (surplus) 116,164 freight cars or 965,838 tons

SCHEDULE B SOYBEAN SUPPLY-DEMAND SITUATION WITHIN 75 MILES OF Sioux CITY Soybean processing capacity within 75 miles of Sioux City, predicated Bu8hels on 365 days' yearly operation ---

7, 785, 450 Produced in 75-mile area (1958 crop).

20, 156, 000 Net total.-----

12, 370, 550 NOTE.—Surplus to be shipped from this territory. That figures 6,185 freight cars or 371,117 tons. Summary of feed grain, soybeans, and wheat situation within 75 miles of Sioux City,

1958 crop

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OF SIOUX CITY, IOWA Figures are taken from State Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Offices of Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota and are current as of December 22, 1959:

[Total number of bushels, 66,991,000; figures to nearest 1,000 bushels)

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Assuming an average value per bushel of $1 and figuring interest as 5 percent per annum, the cost of carrying this 67 million bushels figures $3,350,000 per year just in interest. To be even more realistic, one should add to this the cost of land for their bins and also the cost of the bins themselves.



(1) To the total livestock population within 75 miles of Sioux City were applied consumption factors for corn and oats.

(2) Milo raised in the area was converted to corn equivalent for ease of computing.

(3) The amount of feed grains (corn, oats, milo) used in the local feed industry has not been subtracted, but realistically would be insignificant as to its effect on the total supply-demand picture.

(4) That amount of grain retained for seed has likewise not been subtracted for same reason as in (3) above.

(5) Grain supply figures are those of the 1958 crop as reported by State ASC statisticians in spring of 1959.

NOTE.—Statitics used in this study are those of the following:

(1) C. C. Glen, administrative officer, Iowa State ASC office as reported by Harold W. Brightwell.

(2) Honor M. Ochsner, chairman, Nebraska ASC State Committee. (3) Olaf J. Jacobson, administrative officer, South Dakota State ASC office.

B. COUNTRY ELEVATOR SURVEY Country elevator operators located within 75 miles of Sioux City were sampled in January 1960, concerning their attitudes toward barge transportation on the Missouri River.

The availability of barge transportation on the Missouri River as a result of a 9-foot channel from Sioux City southward will

(a) Increase the volume of grain shipped to Sioux City :
(b) Reduce overall marketing costs to the farmer and elevator ;

(c) Result in higher net prices for grain to the farmer and country elevator. The above results were obtained through a survey of 31 country elevators. Twenty-five firms responded to the questionnaires—22 supported the above conclusions.

The following firms replied to the questionnaire. Farmers Elevator Co., Elk Point, S. Dak. Rodney Grain Co., Rodney, Iowa Farmers Elevator Co., Jefferson, S. Dak. Cherokee Grain & Feed Co., Cherokee, Holmquist Elevator Co., Oakland, Nebr. Iowa Akron Feed Mills, Akron, Iowa

Farmers Elevator, Bancroft, Nebr. Sands Seed Service, Marcus, Iowa Langren Seed Co., Whiting, Iowa Quaker Oats, Sloan, Iowa

Wayne Grain & Feed Co., Wayne, Nebr. Langren Grain, Onawa, Iowa

Hartog Elevator, Sanborn, Iowa Whiting Coop, Whiting, Iowa

Maurice Elevator, Maurice, Iowa Beerman Bros, Dehy, Dakota City, Nebr. Farmers Coop Elevator, Onawa. Iowa Good Morning Mills, Le Mars, Iowa Owego Grain & Equipment Co. Salis, Farmers Coop Elevator Co., Hornick, Iowa Iowa

Castana Grain Co., Castana, Iowa Wraybill Dehy. Co., Sloan, Iowa

Laurel Grain & Feed, Laurel, Nebr. Farmers Cereal Co., Sloan, Iowa

Riley Co., Irene, S. Dak. The map on the following page locates these firms in the Siouxland area.

STATEMENT OF THE OMAHA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, OMAHA, NEBR. Ever since the inauguration of the Pick-Sloan plan the Omaha Chamber of Commerce has always been an advocate for full development of the Missouri River potentials and has energetically worked to develop this plan in all its multiple phases. Year after year members of our river development and flood control committee have appeared before congressional appropriations subcon

1 Survey questionnaires are available from Sioux City Chamber of Commerce upon request.


mittees seeking allocation of adequate funds considered to be necessary for progressing the multiple features of the Pick-Sloan program. We again in 1960 appear before you to urge that adequate funds be made available to the Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation to continue this program and see that it is completed as scheduled.

It is highly important to the economy and progress of the Middlewest that Da rigation along the Missouri River continue to develop and this can only be faccomplished by early completion of the 9-foot channel from Sioux City to the mouth, as authorized by Congress. We deplore the restrictive language in appropriations bills that have limited the depth of any portion of the authorized barigation channel to less than the 9-foot depth.

In addition to providing a navigation channel, the bank stabilization project will prevent the loss of thousands of acres of this area's most productive bottom land through uncontrolled bank erosion.

Regular service of navigation to and from the port of Omaha on the Missouri River was inaugurated in 1953 and tonnage gradually increased with the exception of the past three seasons when the tonnage increased by far traffic over previous spasons. Comparison of the past 4 years' tonnage in and out of port of Omaha is as follows:

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lo Omaha's trade territory there exists the Gering Valley flood control proi. ect, the Salt Creek and its tributaries project and also the Ainsworth irrigation project.

Eastern Nebraska is now suffering the effects of a most extensive flood con. dition and particularly the town of Ashland, near Omaha, is affected by the fact flood protection has not been provided for Salt Creek and its tributaries.

We urgently urge that consideration be given to appropriation of the funds described in the President's budget for those projects.

We earnestly ask this committee to give favorable consideration to the requests outlined herein.

STATEMENT BY THE YANKTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, YANKTON, S. DAK. Gentlemen of the committee, the residents of the city of Yankton and those people in the surrounding trade area are vitally interested in the proposed appropriations for river and reclamation projects in the State of South Dakota ; one of which is the proposed development and control of the Missouri River.

It is of specific interest of the residents of Yankton and farmers along the Missouri River from Gavins Point Dam south to Sioux City, Iowa, that the survey of bank stabilization requirements be completed as quickly as possible.

The current melting of snow and ice in the above mentioned area and subsequent runoff has raised the Missouri River and its tributaries to flood stage in many areas, thus creating serious erosion damages of river banks. The Corps of Engineers had been authorized to make bank stabilization studies some time ago and initial appropriations made for the study during 1959.

The fact remains, however, that extensive erosion damage continues in this segment of the river, resulting in the loss of valuable farmland to the owners located along the channel. There is no need for a possible delay of the completion of this bank stabilization survey due to lack of sufficient appropriations, so the Yankton Chamber of Commerce urges the Appropriation Committee to

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favorably consider an increase of $50,000 over the previously budgeted amount of $30,000 bringing to $80,000 the amount recommended to be appropriated to continuing study of bank stabilization and channel erosion between Sioux City, Iowa, and the Gavins Point Dam at Yankton, S. Dak.

In addition, Yankton realizes the tremendous value of a completed navigation program as proposed under the Pick-Sloan plan or Flood Control Act of 1944. Aside from the advantages of irrigation, power, recreation and conservation of wildlife, the completion of a navigable channel to Gavins Point Dam is of special significance in the overall development of the Missouri Basin. The tremendous contribution that navigation will make to the people of the Missouri Basin is unmeasureable. We, therefore, request from the Appropriations Committee an increase from $5.6 million to $7.6 million for the bank stabilization project between Sioux City, Iowa, and Omaha, Nebr., plus continuing appropriations at that level so as to permit completion of the 9-foot channel within 6 years.

We believe the availability of water transportation will result in better prices for our area's grain producers. Our farmers' income needs as much assistance as we can economically give. We feel that by having water transportation available, freight rates will be reduced sufficiently to reflect a higher martet price per bushel to our farmers. In addition, it will also remove a serious inpediment to industrial development of our region.

We thank you for the opportunity of entering this testimony in the record of your hearing.


Kansas City, Kans., April 1960. PUBLIC WORKS SUBCOMMITTEES, COMMITTEES ON APPROPRIATIONS, U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.

On behalf of the Kansas City, Kansas, Chamber of Commerce, we would like to reaffirm our policy of urging early completion of the water control and conservation program in the Missouri and Arkansas River Basins.

The last part of March and the first part of April there was alarm and deep concern by many businessmen and families here in our city and county. The unrest was caused by the serious threat of flood waters topping our levees, especially on the Kansas River. Precautions were taken and the regular conduct of business was interrupted.

These experiences firmly convince us that delays result in unsettling local people and do not save the Government-actually cost it more—money in the long run. We are therefore very much concerned that the authorized and recommended flood control projects in the Kansas Basin be completed at the earliest possible time.

We believe it is imperative that funds be appropriated to complete Tuttle Creek Dam at the very earliest date in order that it can function as it is designed to do. We further believe Milford Dam is extremely important from a flood control standpoint. This dam has not yet been started. It was the Kansas River which both Milford and Tuttle Creek feed into that caused our fears. On the Missouri River, with its big dams functioning properly, the threat was negligible.

Therefore, the Kansas City, Kansas, Chamber of Commerce goes on record before the Senate and House Subcommittees on Appropriations, endorsing the requests for appropriations for fiscal year 1961 submitted by representatives of the Mo-Ark and Mississippi Valley Associations for this area. Sincerely,

KEITH E. MEADE Manager, Industrial and Research.


KANSAS CITY, KANS. Whereas our area suffered severe financial losses in the devastating flood of 1951 ; and

Whereas we are still exposed to a similar flood catastrophe until the author. ized and recommended flood control projects in the Kansas basin are constructed ; and

per Whereas the melting of the heavy snow fall has created a flood threat at

this writing: Therefore be it 15 Resolved, that the Armourdale Industry, Business, and Home Association in

meeting Monday, March 28 do hereby unanimously endorse the requests which i will be submitted to the House and Senate Public Works Subcommittees on 4. Appropriations by the Mo-Ark representatives in Washington, D.C., Monday *** April 4, 1960; and be it further

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be delivered to the clerk of the Appro3 priations Committees and asked to be inserted in the record.

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April 1, 1960. Mr. LEW PARA MORE, Kansas City Area, Manager, Mississippi Valley Association, Washington, D.C.

DEAR MR. PARAMORE: It is regretted that a special program of work we are engaged in makes it impossible for a representative of the Chamber of Commerce of Kansas City to be present at the hearing on appropriations for the Missouri River Basin.

If the procedure will permit it, we ask that you state for the record this chamber's support of requests made by the Mississippi Valley Association. It is particularly important that the increased appropriation for the Tuttle Creek Reservoir, and other projects in the Kansas River Basin be approved, since the Kansas City area and the Missouri River from Kansas City to its mouth still are vulnerable to a flood originating in the Kansas River Basin as it did in 1951.

The moneys spent in completing the upper Missouri River reservoirs have at this moment paid off. The runoff from melting snows along the Missouri River has raised the level at Kansas City to within a few feet of flood stage, but as of today it is receding. There will be no flood because the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers used the upstream reservoirs to hold back the spring release of water which had been scheduled for a couple of weeks ago. We urge approval of the requested appropriations. Yours sincerely,

HERBERT M. WIGGS, President. Mr. PARAMORE. We thank you very much for your consideration and the courtesies extended to us today. We are sorry we overextended our time.

Mr. Cannon. The time was profitably spent.

Mr. Paramore, I notice that you have submitted testimony here today on 14 unbudgeted items and on 11 items for which you ask an increase in excess of the budget.

When your transcript comes to you the committee would appreciate it if you will arrange these in the order of their priority, those which seem to be most urgent and the circumstances leading to their being put at the top of the list.

(The information requested was later submitted to the committee.)


STATEMENT OF REPRESENTATIVE J. FLOYD BREEDING, KANSAS Mr. CANNON. We will now hear from the gentleman from Kansas, Mr. Breeding.

Mr. BREEDING. My district is in the western half of the State of Kansas. We do not get quite as much rainfall as the north and northeast, but we still have a flood problem.

Today from the great city of Great Bend, Kans., we have the mayor and members of his governing body who would like to present statements.

First I would like to make some remarks about these floods at Great Bend, Kans., since it lies at the intersection of wet and dry Walnut Creek, and the Arkansas River.

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