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WALNUT VALLEY Basin AssOCIATION AND THE CITY OF WINFIELD, KANS. My name is Kenneth F. Watts, and I live at Winfield, Kans.

I am a director of the Arkansas-Walnut Valley Basin Association, a voluntary, incorporated nonprofit association, in south-central Kansas, and city manager of the city of Winfield.

The Walnut River runs approximately north and south through a rich basin, populated by about 75,000 people with many cities and towns along its route. The river's source is northeast of Wichita, in Butler County, Kans., and empties into the Arkansas River just below the city of Arkansas City, which is about 3 miles north of the Oklahoma State line.

In this area we have suffered losses by floods and by drought-loss of our fertile topsoil—which is irreplaceable-losses to our farmers through destruction of crops, fences, buildings, and livestock-losses to our counties and cities through destruction of bridges, highways, roads, and streets. During drought periods we have had serious curtailment of water supply for our industries, our municipalities, our farmers and ranchers, plus the loss of a supply of potable underground water due to salt infiltration.

During the past 30 years, we have been endeavoring to improve our flood control and this effort has been accelerated by the drought and salt water pollution pointing to the necessity of water storage. As part of our national improvement program and in order to exist we must develop our water resources and protect our industries, farms, and homes from food damage and destruction, and provide a supply of potable water.

The passing of the 1958 Flood Control Act permitting the Corps of Engineers to contract with municipalities for water storage will greatly facilitate matters as an adequate water supply in the Walnut River Basin is greatly needed. The use of surface water in our area appears to be the most satisfactory method of supplying domestic and industrial water needs. The amount of ground water is limited and the quality in some areas is unsatisfactory.

The chloride content of the underground water supply in this area is continually increasing.


The Corps of Engineers, Tulsa, Okla., district survey report, at this time according to our understanding, indicates a favorable cost ratio for two reservoirs-one near El Dorado, Kans., and the other near Augusta, Kans., with the possibility of a third reservoir site.


The present survey investigation of Walnut River Basin is an interim study under authority of the House of Representatives public works resolution adopted October 16, 1951 which requested review of reports on the Arkansas River and tributaries, submitted prior and subsequent reports with a view to determining what measures for flood control and channel improvement are advisable at this time on Walnut River and other tributaries in the southeastern sections of the State of Kansas. The Water Supply Act of 1958 title 111, Public Law 85-500) provides authority to the Corps of Engineers to develop storage for municipal and industrial purposes.

Information on flood and water supply problems in the Walnut River watersbed was obtained at a public hearing held by the district engineer at Winfield, Kans., on November 26, 1957, and at later informal meetings with local interests and from correspondence.

WATER REQUESTS These cities have indicated water storage needs to meet their requirements orer a 50-year period :

Gallons daily Arkansas City

25, 000, 000 Augusta

13, 500, 000 El Dorado.

22, 000, 000 Winfield

15, 000, 000

75, 500, 000

54265—60-pt. 4 10

The cost of this water storage would be computed by the Corps of Engineers and spread over a 50 year period as provided by the 1958 Flood Control Act, the various cities paying their proportionate share of the cost.

FUNDS An amount of $40,000 for continuing work, study, and investigation for th survey report is needed for fiscal year 1961 as per capability set forth in th district engineer's letter September 8, 1959, Tulsa, Okla.

We therefore respectfully urge the appropriation of this $40,000.

AFFILATED ORGANIZATIONS Our Association is a member of the Tri-State Committee consisting of the States of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas, and is represented on that com: mittee by our Kansas State senator, Joe Warren, Maple City, Kans.

The Tri-State Committee supports our request for funds.

Also, we are a member of both Mo-Ark (Missouri-Arkansas Basins Flood Control and Conservation Association) and Arkansas Basin Development Association. Both of these associations support our request for funds.

Mr. PARAMORE. Mr. Frank Liebert, a member of Tri State Committee of Arkansas Basin, Coffeyville, Kans.

Mr. LIEBERT. I will appear tomorrow with the Arkansas Basin group. I will defer remarks until then.

NEOSHO-COTTONWOOD RIVER BASIN Mr. PARAMORE. Again I would like to refer to Congressman Ed Rees, from Kansas, to present the next witness.

Mr. REES. Mr. Chairman, I have the honor of presenting to this committee a distinguished citizen from my community in central Kansas. We have in the past had a number of witnesses testifying on behalf of projects in the Neosho-Cottonwood area. We have one witness today, Mrs. Frank Haucke, the only woman from Kansas to testify. Her testimony in behalf of her community makes up for the numbers who are here in behalf of other projects.

Mrs. Frank Haucke and her husband are the owners of considerable real estate in the Neosho-Cottonwood Valley area. They are among our leading citizens. They have had vivid experiences with flood damage to their property.

It is a distinct honor to present Mrs. Frank Haucke.

STATEMENT OF MRS. FRANK HAUCKE Mrs. HAUCKE. I am here today to represent my husband who for many years served as vice chairman of the Neosho-Cottonwood Flood Association.

With your permission I would like to leave his statement. (The statement submitted by Mrs. Haucke follows:)

STATEMENT OF FRANK HAUCKE, COUNCIL GROVE, KANS. I serve as chairman of the Kansas Soil and Water Conservation Committee and am vice president of the Neosho-Cottonwood Flood Control and Water Conservation Committee, as well as a member of the legislative committee of the Missouri Arkansas Basins Flood Control and Conservation Committee.

Through the years I have been engaged in farming and stock raising in the Neosho Valley. Here I have witnessed many devastating floods where lives were lost and millions of dollars worth of property destroyed. Intermittently between floods severe drouths have occurred.

To help solve the above mentioned problem the Corps of Engineers has recommended four reservoirs on the Neosho Cottonwood Rivers. There has been recommended in the budget monies for continued construction on two of these reservoirs and planning money on the third for which we are grateful to your committee and the Bureau of the Budget.

We are here to request of your committee the following reasonable funds Coa for the fourth reservoir.

Cedar Point Reservoir on Cedar Creek, Cedar Point, Kans., $50,000 planning money.

We are very desirous that you give favorable consideration to our requests 5 so that these worthwile projects may be brought to an early completion.

I hope that the comprehensive flood control and water conservation program of the Missouri Arkansas Basins Flood Control and Water Conservation Association and the Arkansas Basin Association will also be carried out as this will benefit a large segment of mid-America.

We will deeply appreciate your recommendations that monies be made available for these important projects, and thank you for the courtesies extended us.

Mr. PARAMORE. Next I would like to present Mr. George Fox, president, Neosho-Cottonwood Flood Control Association.

STATEMENT OF MR. GEORGE A. FOX Mr. Fox. We will file our statements. I want to say we thank you in behalf of Neosho Cottonwood Flood Control Association for bringing our projects here and for promoting them for us and getting them started.

We feel that they are now on the way. We have two under construction and we thank you very much.


ASSOCIATION Gentlemen of the committee, my name is George A. Fox. I am president of the Neosho-Cottonwood Flood Control Association and president of the Chetopa State Bank, Chetopa, Kans.

On behalf of the citizens living on the farms and cities along the Neosho and Cottonwood Rivers that our organization represents we wish to thank you for your cooperation and help in getting these projects started on these rivers.

John Redmond Dam at Burlington, Kans., is now under construction and funds are allocated in the budget for the years 1960 and 1961. Council Grove Dam at Council Grove, Kans., is under construction and funds are allocated in the budget for this project for the years 1960 and 1961. Marion Dam at Marion, Kans., is under planning and funds are allocated in the badget to continue such planning.

This leaves only the Cedar Point project without planning money, and we could use $50,000 planning money this year to start planning on Cedar Point. If the Cedar Point and the Marion projects could both be planned at the same time it would save a considerable amount of expense.

We wish to thank this committee for your help in getting these projects started and we would appreciate it very much if we could get Cedar Point started this year. We bring this to your attention for your consideration. Thanking you again for your many past favors.

Mr. PARAMORE. I would like to present the honorable mayor of the city of Wichita, Mr. Justice Fugate.

STATEMENT OF MAYOR JUSTICE FUGATE Mr. FUGATE. At the risk of startling the committee, the city of Wichita is not asking for any funds for itself at this time. We are here endorsing the petition of our neighboring communities to the east, the cities of Augusta, Eldorado, Winfield, and Kansas City. We solicit your consideration of their position.


STATEMENT OF MR. LEW M. PARAMORE Mr. PARAMORE. Before I turn this over to Congressman Breeding I would like to file some statements and that will conclude this

portion of the hearing.

I have my own statement from the Mississippi Valley Association, one from the Gering-Fort Laramie Irrigation District, we har the platform of the Mississippi Valley Association endorsed in S. Louis of February, statement of the Missouri River Bank and Sta: bilization Board, statement of the Omaha Chamber of Commerce, and statement from the Yankton, S. Dak., Chamber of Commerce, a telegram which I would like to furnish at a later date.

I have a statement from the Chamber of Commerce of Kansas City, Mo.; Kansas City, Kans.; and of the Armourdale Industry and Homeowners Association. All of these I have been asked to submit and make part of the record.

(The statements referred to by Mr. Paramore follow :)



I am area manager in charge of the Kansas City office of the Mississippi Valley Association. The 41st annual convention of this organization was held in St. Louis, Mo., February 7, 8, and 9, 1960, and was attended by approximately 1,800 delegates from the Mississippi Basin. Resolutions were unani. mously adopted at the annual meeting endorsing the projects for which the delegation from this area are requesting appropriations for the fiscal year 1961.

The Mo-Ark Basins Flood Control and Conservation Association and its affiliated local associations are members of the Mississippi Valley Association. Part of my duties as area manager is to coordinate the activities of this organization.

The members of the Kansas-Missouri Council of the Mississippi Valley Association are on record urging Congress to appropriate sufficient funds to complete the authorized and recommended flood control, navigation, and water conservation projects in the Missouri Basin at the earliest possile date.

On behalf of our officers and members, I urge the members of the Public Works Subcommittees on Appropriations to give favorable consideration to the requests submitted for the fiscal year 1961 by the witnesses from the Kansas-Missouri Council of the Mississippi Valley Association and the various local associations affiliated with Mo-Ark.


IRRIGATION DISTRICT, GERING, NEBR. The Gering-Fort Laramie Irrigation District and the Gering Irrigation District ask you to give us your favorable consideration for further immediate appropriation of $530,000 as budgeted for fiscal year 1961 for the Gering Valley food control project.

The requested amount of $530,000 is necessary to supplement the funds already appropriated in 1959 for planning and construction on this project. The need for alleviating the serious flood damage being done each year in this valley and for allaying the terrific erosion being caused by these floods grows more urgent with each passing day, as evidenced by the following facts:

(1) This catastrophic problem has been in existence since 1947.

(2) Beginning in 1947 we have had major floods in every year except three, several in some, the latest and most disastrous being in June 1958.

(3) The local effort of the irrigation districts to protect against floods for the past 13 years averages about $48,000 per year. This does not include the immense damage to roads, lands, crops, public bridges, or railroads.

(4) Scotts Bluff County has spent in excess of $590,000 in the repair and replacement of bridges and roads in Gering Valley in the past 13 years. There is still repair and replacement work to be done estimated at a quarter of a million dollars, which cannot be done by the county because of lack of funds.

(5) The Gering Irrigation District which operates within this area has suffered such severe financial reverses from these continuous foods that it can operate only on short-term loans at a high rate of interest.

illet (6) There is most acute danger of floods destroying an irrigation canal rin rossing over the Gering drain and should this happen no crops will be raised dors a this area until the structure is replaced and protected by adequate flood conink

rol measures.

(a) la 1948, Congress authorized the Corps of Army Engineers to make an flnvestigation, and the project was approved by the corps. Cor 18) In 1958, the Gering Valley flood control project was authorized by Congress, after being authorized and vetoed twice before.

19) In 1959, $341,000 was appropriated by Congress for fiscal year 1960 for 2 planning and for a start on construction. od 1 (10) An estimated $100,000 will have been spent by the Army Engineers in od preconstruction planning and designs between October 1959 and next June 30. This will all be wasted if construction does not go on without interruption.

(11) Due to the frequent onslaught of these foods the physical conditions along the stream progressively worsens, and the Corps of Engineers have been troable to keep their planning and designs up to date.

(12) Local agencies and interests are willing, and have offered, to provide the necessary local cooperation as soon as construction is started.

(13) Any further delay in getting on with the construction of this project e I will only subject the whole valley to further deterioration.

(14) Delay to date has multiplied many times over the cost of remedial measures : more delay will only pyramid the costs.

We urge you, our friends who know our problem, to support us in this request, to the end that a valuable piece of America may be saved from utter ruin.


New Orleans, La. Herewith is the 1960 platform of the Mississippi Valley Association. It

represents the combined thinking of leaders from all parts of the midcontinent 16 and southern sections of our country assembled in St. Louis during the month ds of February at the 41st annual convention of the Association,

It is a carefully analyzed program of continued progress in developing the Mississippi Valley's and the Nation's water and soil resources in order to maintain a prosperous, expanding economy.

In this year of 1960 it is particularly urgent that Americans remember that water resource development is a capital investment in the future of this Nation, essential to our internal economy as well as to our national security. Very truly yours,

HARRY X. KELLY, President.


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(Adopted, 41st annual meeting, St. Louis, Mo., February 7, 8, 9, 1960)

FOREWORD The management of our natural resources, particularly soil and water, is the foundation upon which the future of America will be built. The Mississippi Falley, comprising a major part of 23 States, is richly endowed with natural resources which have contributed significantly to America's civilization.

We rededicate the Mississippi Valley Association to continued vigilance and agitescive action to foster the wise management of these natural resources.

Only if all aspects of soil and water management are considered as essential and inseparable elements of the whole problem of water and soil management can this Nation meet its obligation to an expanding population to provide:

(1) A full measure of flood protection.
(2) A transportation network fully utilizing all forms of transport.
(3) Sufficient water for domestic, industrial, and irrigation requirements.
(4) Facilities for growing recreation demands.
(5) Accelerated soil conservation and reforestation.
(6) The conservation of underground water.
(7) The ability to sustain a stable, expanding economy.

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