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MENT AND CONSERVATION OF THE WATER RESOURCES OF KANSAS Whereas the Kansas Industrial Development Commission recognizes the importance of developing the water resources of Kansas for flood control and water conservation in order that our State can be in a better position to attract new industry; and

Whereas many industries have indicated that a guaranteed water supply and food protection is one of the prime considerations which determine the location of their plants; and

Whereas the occurrence of devastating floods followed by the periods of extreme drought in recent years has demonstrated to the people in Kansas the imperative necessity for the control and conservation of our water resources in order that water may be available when needed for beneficial use and not wasted through destructive and catastrophic floods; and

Whereas the control of major floods and the impounding of water in sufficient quantity to meet the ever-increasing demands of industry can only be accomplished by the completion of the comprehensive plans for water conservation and food control which have been authorized by Congress and which will be proposed by Federal and State agencies for future authorization; and

Whereas the completion and carrying out of these plans so vitally important to the welfare and prosperity of our State has been delayed by misunderstanding and lack of appreciation of their character, purposes, and potential benefit: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Kansas Industrial Development Commission hereby pledges its support and cooperation to the Federal agencies charged with the responsibility of developing the water resources of our Nation; namely, the Soil Conseryation Service of the Department of Agriculture, and the Bureau of Reclamation of the Department of Interior, and the Army Corps of Engineers in the Department of Defense; and be it further

Resolved, That this commission urge the Kansas Water Resources Board and other State agencies to consider the value and importance of the early completion of the authorized and recommended water control projects in our State without exception in order to place us in a more favorable competitive situation with surrounding States to attract desirable industry in order to create a better balanced economy in our State.

I hereby certify that the above resolution was passed by the Kansas Industrial Development Commission on February 17, 1958.

GEO. E. LISTER, Chairman.
MURRAY HODGES, Vice Chairman.

John H. STICHER, Director. Mr. ANDERSON. Also, Mr. Chairman, I have statements from a number of those ho are here and I would like to merely introduce them and ask that their statements be made a part of the record.

Mr. Cannon. They will be included at this point.

Mr. ANDERSON. First, Mr. Russell Crites, president of the Marais des Cygnes Valley Flood Control Association; Mr. Lamar Phillips of the Ottawa Herald; Mr. George E. Lister, president of the Peoples National Bank in Ottawa; and Mr. K. E. Andrews, mayor of Ottawa; and Mr. Ransom, farm representative of the Peoples National Bank, Ottawa, Kans.

Mr. CANNON. We are glad to have these gentlemen with us. Their statements will be received for the record at this point.

(The statements referred to follow :)


ASSOCIATION OTTAWA, KANS. Mr' Chairman, and members of the subcommittee: As president of the Marais des Cygne Valley Flood Control Association I wish to urge appropriation of funds for continuing construction on Pomona Reservoir and Ottawa local protection works, and funds for starting the planning on Melvern Reservoir.

Pomona and Melvern Reservoirs are designed for control of floods and for improving streamflows in the upper Marais des Cygnes River Valley. History of floods has shown that major floods that have had disastrous effect on the valley in general, have had their beginning in the upper portions of the valley.

We feel these floods should be curbed as the beginning step in the valley control program.

I desire to request $4 million for continuing work on Pomona Reservoir; $1 million for continuing work on the Ottawa local protection works; and $50,000 for starting planning work on Melvern Reservoir. I urge also funds for continuing the entire Missouri and Arkansas Basins program.


Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, appropriations by the Congress in recent years have made possible a construction start by the Corps of U.S. Army Engineers on two flood control projects in the Marais des Cygnes Valley in Kansas. For this we are grateful.

The two projects now in the first phase of construction are the Ottawa local protection works, the cost of which is being shared by the city of Ottawa; and the Pomona Reservoir, upstream from Ottawa. The second construction phases are scheduled for the coming fiscal year on these projects.

I desire to request that the sum of $4 million be appropriated for continuing construction on Pomona Reservoir in the coming fiscal year and that $1 million be appropriated for continuing work on the Ottawa local protection works. These sums represent increases over the budgeted figures, an increase of $500,000 for Pomona Reservoir, and an increase of $60,000 for the Ottawa project.

To accomplish flood protection for the upper valley of the Marais des Cygnes River, an additional reservoir is needed. This is the Melvern Reservoir, for which no appropriations have been made. This reservoir is authorized for construction, as are others located in the lower portion of the river valley.

Before construction began on Pomona Reservoir a period of about 2 years was required for the planning work.

Since the second phase of Pomona Reservoir is scheduled to be placed under contract in the coming fiscal year, I should like to request an appropriation of $50,000 to start the planning work on the Melvern Reservoir, so its construction can begin at a proper time for a continuing, orderly control program in the valley.


Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, I am George Lister, president of the People's National Bank, Ottawa, Kans. Our institution finances businesses and farms throughout the length of the Marais des Cygnes Valley in Kansas.

Many of these farmers and businessmen are still paying for losses incurred in the disastrous flood of 1951 and the period of drought that followed through to 1954.

Many would not be able to survive a repetition of these disastrous conditions.

Construction of the authorized flood control and water conservation projects would protect the valley from such hazards.

I urge, therefore that there be included in the budget the sum of $4 million for continuing construction of Pomona Reservoir, and $1 million for continuing construction on Ottawa's local protection works, so our valley can take its proper place in the economy of the Nation.

In view of the fact that both Pomona and Melvern Reservoirs are necessary for the control of the upper Marais des Cygnes, and in view of the fact that Pomona Reservoir is scheduled for completion in 1963, I urge that the sum of $50,000 be included in the budget for Melvern Reservoir so that planning may start.

I feel this is necessary if the construction of the control program is to continue in an orderly manner.

I also wish to urge that other amounts recommended by the Missouri-Arkansas Basins Flood Control Association be included in the budget.


I am K. E. Andrews, mayor of the city of Ottawa, Franklin County, Kans. Commissioners H. N. Duncan and J. W. Grogan are present today and concur in this statement.

We respectfully request your committee to consider favorably additional funds for the continuing construction of Pomona Reservoir and the local protection works in Ottawa. We ask that you appropriate $4 million for Pomona Reservoir and $1 million for Ottawa protection works. We also request your committee to appropriate preconstruction planning funds in the amount of $50,000 for Melvern Reservoir.

The Federal Government has spent considerable funds on the above projects to date and the city of Ottawa has spent in excess of $770,000 voted in bonds by its citizens, to fulfill all the city's obligation connected with this project. We ask that funds for the continuation of these projects be appropriated to protect the investment already made and bring the projects to an orderly completion. The funds requested for the preconstruction planning of the Melvern Reservoirs are needed to enable the Corps of Engineers to bring about the orderly construction of the upper Marais des Cygnes Valley projects.

We respectfully urge this committee to approve funds for continuing the orderly and systematic advancement of the entire Pick-Sloan plan for the Missouri River Basin.

We thank this committee for its courtesy and indulgence and trust that all of the above projects may be carried out with the least practical delay.

STATEMENT OF W. G. RANSOM, JR., Farm REPRESENTATIVE, OTTAWA, Kans. Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, a balanced agricultural economy in the Marais des Cygnes Valley of Kansas is dependent on the full utilization of upland grazing areas for livestock in combination with flexible cropping programs for feed and cash crops on the river bottomlands. Floods, so common to this valley, have frequently thrown the agricultural economy out of balance, not only by damage and destruction of cash crop, but also the livestock programs. In such instances, individual farmers are occasionally wiped out financially and the entire local economy is seriously damaged.

In this area of transition from rural to urban living, many marginal farmers with less than a fully capitalized operation, and young farmers trying to get started find it necessary to supplement farm income with employment in industry. Unless and until flood control becomes fully effective, industry is not inclined to locate in areas to take best advantage of the high quality labor force these part-time farmers are known to be. Without such employment opportunities, these part-time farmers are forced to leave their home communities in Search of more rewarding employment.

Persons in position to observe, during the past 35 years, have seen farmers almost completely wiped out and forced to start all over again in accumulating the necessary capital to carry on a minimum farm operation. During the same period many formerly fine farm homes and farmsteads in river bottom areas have been abandoned due to the uncertain economy, the result of an uncertain river.

Early control of Marais des Cygnes floodwaters will be of extreme importance to the overall economy of the entire area and persons responsible are deserving of commendation.

Mr. ANDERSON. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. PARAMORE. Mr. Chairman, I think you are aware of the fact that when the Marais des Cygnes crosses the State line of Missouri it becomes the Osage and also goes into the congressional district of Congressman Brown, and at this time I would like to present to you the Congressman from Missouri, Mr. Charlie Brown.

Mr. Cannon. Congressman Brown of Missouri.


STATEMENT OF REPRESENTATIVE CHARLES H. BROWN, MISSOURI Mr. Brown. Mr. Chairman, I have here two of our finest citizens from southwest Missouri, Mr.'W.C. Bland and Mr. Clarence Caven

der. They want to file a statement in behalf of the Stockton Reservoir, and I want to say this: The Congress, through this great committee, very wisely initiated this project in fiscal 1959, and last year it was budgeted for $150,000 of preconstruction planning money. At that time we told the committee that we felt the $150,000 was adequate and that that was all the engineers could use. This year the budget is set at $250,000, and the reasons given for that figure have been overall budgetary policy considerations rather than what the engineers could use effectively and economically.

Mr. CANNON. The statements will be received for the record at this point.

(The statements referred to follow :)

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Mr. Chairman and members of House subcommitee, I am W. C. Bland, of Stockton, Mo., and a representative of the Sac River Development Association It is a great pleasure to appear before this important committee and urge the appropriation of funds to continue the progress already made with regard to the construction of the Stockton Dam, Stockton, Mo.

The Stockton Dam will be located on Sac River in Cedar County, Stockton, Mo. It has been on the drawing board for several years and is in harmony and conformance with the policy of our Government to control floods.

The Stockton Dam as now planned will also generate much needed hydroelectric power in our area. In an age of expanding and rapidly relocating of industry, this is a matter of prime concern to the economy of this Ozark region.

The Stockton Reservoir will provide a great recreational area. Present plans provide for an earthfilled dam, 4,900 feet in length, rising 113 feet above the valley floor. The recreational benefits are, of course, incidental to our Nation's interests with regard to flood control and the creation of hydroelectric power. However, recreation is playing a progressively more important part in the economy of our entire region. The construction of Stockton Dam is not adverse to any national interests nor local interests, and is widely favored locally.

We urge quick appropriations for completion of the planning and $500,000 additional for the beginning of the construction of this important project.


MARCH 30, 1960 Gentleman, the construction of Stockton Dam on the Sac River in Cedar County, Mo., is vitally important to the people of the Missouri River Basin and we feel that money should be appropriated not only for continued planning but also for the actual beginning of construction.

The growth of our Nation in population and industry make it a vital nécessity to use every means possible to conserve our water supply or we will be faced with a drastic shortage in a few years. The construction of reservoirs of this type can help to conserve our water supply by catching the runoff during the seasons of heavy rainfall and holding it for release as necessary. As it holds this runoff during these periods it will also help to control the flooding of the lower river bottoms where thousands of acres of valuable land are periodically flooded with the resulting loss in crops and productive land.

The construction of this project is also important to the future economy of this area. The money spent during the actual construction will give emplor. ment to many needy families and will supplement the income of farm families who otherwise may find it necessary to leave their farm and seek employment elsewhere. This construction money will be only a small part compared to the additional revenue that will come from the added growth after the area is developed.

This area of southwest Missouri is in bad need of an economical shot in the arm and no fact illustrates this more than a job survey of our high school graduates. Since 1949 there have been 521 high school graduates from the

Stockton public schools. Yet only 130 of them are now living in Cedar County and of this number 35 are going to college and will probably leave this area when they graduate from college, which actually means that 426 or 82 percent have had to move to other areas for a livelihood.

To prevent this exodus of our young people it is necessary to move industry to this area and new industry requires adequate electrical power which the Stockton Dam will help supply as it will be a multipurpose dam. One of the factors that management looks for in selecting a new location is recreational facilities, and the shoreline with its fine fishing, boating, and camping areas will provide this recreation.

Playgrounds and recreational facilities are becoming a necessary part of our life. Our workweeks are shorter and the pay scale higher so the people are looking for places to spend their leisure time. The recreational value of the territory surrounding the reservoir will be many times the cost of construction.

It is urged that Stockton Dam be the next project in the Osage Valley to be constructed. This is sound reasoning as the Sac River is one of the principal tributaries of the Osage and the Stockton Reservoir would help control the waterflow while other projects were being built on the main river. Also construction should be ready to start by the time the Pomme de Terre is finished. These projects are only 35 miles apart so men and equipment could be moved to the Stockton project at a nominal cost.

Mr. Brown. With your permission, Mr. Chairman, I would like to include a statement about the project.

Mr. CANxox. It will be included in the record. (The statement referred to follows:) The Stockton Reservoir is a sound multipurpose project that should be pusbed through to completion as soon as possible. We are asking for a total of $750,000-$500,000 more than is presently included in the budget–because the project has reached a stage where it will be more economical to get on with it than to delay.

The Corps of Engineers estimate that a total of $675,000 worth of preconstruction planning funds are required. Through June of this year, they will have received $282,000/leaving a balance of $393,000 for planning.

The President's budget for 1961 includes $250,000_a figure that is based, not on what the Engineers could utilize effectively, but “on overall administration budgetary policies."

We recognize the serious need for careful analysis of all appropriation requests. We know that the fiscal problems of the Government are enormous. But we believe we are on sound grounds in requesting additional funds, for these reasons :

1. The Stockton Reservoir project is a good one. The cost-benefit ratio appears to be even better than was originally estimated.

2. The people in the area are 100 percent behind the project. There is no opposition of any kind. 3. The preconstruction planning is well underway. Men are on the job. To go ahead and finish the planning as soon as possible and start construction will be more economical than to delay it.

Mr. PARAMORE. Next I would like to present the president of the Osage Valley Flood Control & Water Conservation Association, Mr. Art Sindt, from Warsaw, Mo.

STATEMENT OF MR. ART SINDT Mr. Sindr. Mr. Chairman and members, I am from Warsaw. I would like to file this material in behalf of our group and also introduce two of my coworkers, Crump Taylor from Clinton and Jim Wilson from Windsor.

(The material referred to follows:) STATEMENT OF ART SINDT, PRESIDENT, Osage Valley Flood Control & WATER

CONSERVATION ASSOCIATION, Warsaw, Mo., March 31, 1960 Mr. Chairman and members, the Osage Valley Flood Control & Water Conervation Association composed of representatives of 12 counties along and in the vicinity of the Osage River in Missouri has worked diligently for a number

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