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flood protection facilities on a local basis as best as can be done with the fun available and the taxing ability of the district so to do. Those laws gare such drainage district those powers for the purpose of preservation of lif health, and property through a means of prevention of overflow during seaso of high water.

The area served by the Kaw Valley Drainage District encompasses thousan of acres of land, many industries, homes, and farms. In 1903 and also in 195 the Greater Kansas City area, which our district serves, suffered perhaps mor and sustained greater loss and damage than any other area that was flooded a the same time from the overflow of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers.

Fridy, July 13, 1951, is commonly referred to as “Black Friday" in Kansas City because that is the day the 1951 flood struck Greater Kansas City and be cause of its size and devastation, it was of much greater proportions than the disastrous flood of 1903. There were other floods in our area between the years 1903 and 1951, but none of those caused the loss and damage experienced from the two major floods. Nevertheless, each flood had its toll and the impact of these floods implanted and imprinted upon the minds of men and the agencies of government, local, State and national, the need and necessity for a national program for flood protection and particul rly along the paths of those rivers and the valleys through which they flow, which are most susceptible to floods and which cause the most damage.

From the experience of these floods we have learned that, notwithstanding the fact that our life and existence depend upon the presence of water, yet that water can also cause great and irreparable damage, if left uncontrolled.

The Kaw Valley Drainage District, immediately following its creation in 1905, set upon a local program of providing dikes and levees along the banks of the Kaw River, construction of pumps and other facilities in an attempt to prevent overflow during seasons of high water. In the beginning, this task was undertaken with limited funds, little experience, and no Federal aid, and it was not long until we learned that dikes and levees alone, cannot provide the flood protection necessary and would only prevent overflow from normal rises of the Kaw and that it takes a more feasible and practical system of engineering than the construction of dikes and levees if there is to be any assurance of flood protection. In the final analysis for many years we prayed and hoped that the rains and snows be normal and not of proportions to cause overflow.

From year to year, perple were alarmed and were realizing what terrific losses our Nation was sustaining from floods. The destruction became so great and the loss of life and property so terrific, that our Congress, in 1936, realized that it was time to act, and in that year passed the National Flood Control Act, which authorized our National Government to treat this problem on a nationwide scale, to use Federal funds and the facilities of the U.S. Corps of Engineers and our other governmental agencies to bring about the prevention of floods through sound and scientific ways and means. This national program was geared to harness and impound the rivers and streams at their source and to keep them within their banks during seasons of excessive rains and sh"w; to conserve and control water for man's most beneficial use at all times as well as during periods of drought and to lessen soil erosion by regulating the flow and action of water.

The resources of the U.S. Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and Derartment of Agriculture, were put to work through the support of Federal appropriations so that the streams within our land would be put to man's service instead of his damage; to provide us with wholesome water to drink at all times, with which to clean, with which to water our stock, irrigate our lands and make our pastures and forests grow and to provide food aplenty, make the country, side, meadows, byways and highways, and yards and homes more beautiful and enjoyable and, lastly, to make even the desert as useful and as rich as our most fertile valleys.

Congress has made appropriations for Tuttle Creek on the Blue River in Kansas heretofore. This dam is well on the way to completion. On July 4, 1959 the dam was closed at a ceremony held for that purpose so that the water in the Blue can be impounded when necessary. In February and March of this year, we experienced unprecedented snowfall in Kansas and Missouri. These melted snows are at this very moment overtaxing the banks of the Kaw and its tributaries and firods are being experienced in Kansas, Nebraska, and Missouri and other States, and areas have already been designated as disaster areas and evacuations are taking place. However, we are experiencing the value of the

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Tuttle Creek Dam and Reservoir, now, at tòis writing, and water is being im. * pounded and held back and already this project is minimizing the overflow at

* those points which the dam serves and is lessening the flow of water into the TKansas and Missouri Rivers and danger of their overflow and we are hoping it and praying that no more rain or snow falls until the threat has disappeared.

Congress has also made appropriations beretofore for work in the Greater * Kansas City area and for planning and for the construction of the Wilson 1 Reservoir on the Saline River, the Perry Reservoir on the Delaware River, and * the Milford Reservoir on the Republican River in Kansas so that these rivers ** fan also be harnessed. The President has included in his recommended budget

for 1961 for Tuttle Creek $16,500,000 for further construction; Wilson Reseryoir 2,300,000 for construction; Perry Reservoir $175,000 for planning and con

struction, and Milford Reservoir the sum of $1 million for construction. Howkerer, no recommendation has been made for further construction in the Greater # Kansas City area in the President's budget notwithstanding the fact that

500.000 additional is needed for the alteration of a bridge over the Kaw River so that it can be raised during high water and thus raise it above the flood plain of the river and prevent the backing up of the river, and the destruction of the bridge, through the collection of debris and the force and velocity of the current during high water.

It is our opinion and we urge your committee that the recommended appropriation for Tuttle Creek should be raised to $20 million because that project is $o near completion, in order that we may have the benefit of the full use of that facility as soon as possible; that your committee recommend an additional $50.000 for further construction and bridge alteration in Greater Kansas City so that the work that has been done and money spent in the Kansas City area since 1951 can be protected and not be jeopardized by a low bridge in the Kansas River and that the Kansas City project as before planned be thereby completed;

that the sum of $2,300,000 for construction funds for Wilson Reservoir, the sum i

of $1 million for Milford Reservoir as recommended be approved by your committee and that the sum of $175,000 for planning and construction for Perry Reservoir be raised to $625,000, for the reason that these rivers must be harnessed at once to prevent their overflow and overtaxing of the Kansas River into which they empty and its overflow and the overflow of the Missouri into which the Kansas River empties. The construction and completion of these projects are vital if we arre expected to fulfill the task of providing maximum flood protection by the plans and systems heretofore adopted, and if we are to obtain the full and desired benefit from previous appropriations and if we are to safeguard past expenditures. May we, therefore, urge the committees we have addressed and the Congress of the United States to approve the recommendations we have herein made and, finally, may we urge the President to, in turn, approve these acts of Congress. May we further urge Congress and your committees to continue this great national program of flood protection for this is a program of preservation of our

God-given resources. It is the doing of things that need to be done for our own bronntry and our people and a program which will make us internally strong. It

Brill strengthen our domestic economy so that our economy will in turn permit us to help other nations and their people to provide these same things for themselves, to the end that thus we will bring about a greater friendship and understanding between all nations and a peaceful unification and understanding be

In conclusion, may we apologize if we have been prolix, as these words by some may be considered as repetitious, classed as history or as words often be

fore used and repeated, or, as information and facts of which you are fully he aware, however, lest we forget, is it not better that we repeat or reemphasize,

than that we sacrifice for the sake of brevity, those words that may remind each of us of the importance of the tasks that we have dedicated ourselves to.

We are thankful to our President, the Congress of the United States, and to e the members of the committees we have addressed, for your past efforts in behalf

of the subject at hand and for your indulgence of our yearly quest and appearance. We are thankful to the agencies of our Government, our Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and Department of Agriculture for their cooperation and we are sure that all concerned feel as we do that the requested appropriations are in fact capital investments in our own country-and not

pork-barrel legislation-and is to preserve what we have and need and what is Lapis important to our national existence.

tween all people.

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You, the committees addressed, and Congress are familiar with the tas you, and with the importance and urgency of that task. We have cc that you will join with us in this cause.

Mr. Long. I would conclude by saying this: Our particular a been inundated completely in the past and as a result of what yo, done for us, we have benefited. So, may we say "thanks."

Mr. Cannon. Thank you, Mr. Long.

Mr. PARAMORE. Next, I would like to present Mr. Joseph P. commissioner of boulevards, parks, and streets, Kansas City, k

Mr. CANNON. We shall be glad to hear from Mr. Regan at thi


Mr. Regan. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, on behalf of Kansa Kans., and as a commissioner there, and representing the may also the other commissioners, I would like to present this reso with the copies required, in behalf of Kansas City, Kans., and you for everything you have done for us in the past.

Mr. CANNON. It will be placed in the record at this point. (The resolution referred to follows:)

RESOLUTION No. 16789 Whereas during the last 50 years disastrous floods have occurred Kansas River Valley and have caused the loss of life, personal sufferir millions of dollars of property damage; and

Whereas the city of Kansas City, Kans., is under a continual threat of from torrential rains and thawing of heavy winter snows during one of the year and under a continual threat of water shortage and drought other season of the year; and

Whereas the Kansas City Terminal Bridge located in Kansas City, Ka ing below flood stage endangers the flood protection dikes in Kansas City, and

Whereas it is the firm conviction of the people of Kansas City, Kans., the disastrous floods and water shortages can best be eliminated by the rais the Kansas City Terminal Bridge and by a system of retention reservoir structed in accordance with comprehensive plans formulated by the U.S.. Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the board of commissioners of the city of Kansas City, That the Congress of the United States is hereby urged to appropriate cient funds for the immediate construction of the Wilson, Milford, and Reservoirs as necessary parts of a reservoir system and for the raising Kansas City Terminal Bridge; be it further

Resolved, That a representative of the city of Kansas City, Kans., ba is hereby directed to deliver a copy of this resolution to each Kansas Se and each Kansas Congressman and to the House and Senate Appropriations committees of the 86th Congress.

Adopted by the board of commissioners of the city of Kansas City, Kans. 29th day of March 1960.



JOSEPH P. REGAN, Commissioner of Boulevards, Parks, and Stree

EARL B. SWARNER, Commissioner of Finance, Health, and Public Properi Attest:

GEORGE F. GRONEMAN, City Clej Mr. PARAMORE. Mr. Chairman, next from Ottawa, Kans., is a m ber of the Kansas Legislature, and for a number of years chairn of the very important ways and means committee which serves same function in our Kansas Legislature as your committee does Congress, and also vice chairman of the water resources commiti Mr. Robert Anderson.


Mr. ANDERSON. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, based upon my experience in the legislature in Kansas, I would like to say to this committee that the legislature and the people of Kansas are overwhelmingly in support of the orderly development of the Missouri River Basin and the construction of the projects which have been authorized by the Congress and are being constructed or to be constructed by the various Federal agencies.

this point.

MARAIS DES CYGNES PROJECT In order to conserve the time of the committee, the others from the Marais des Cygnes Valley have asked that I submit certain statements which we have from the city of Pomona, the city of Quenemo, the cities of Lyndon and Ottawa and from the Kansas Industrial' Development Commission.

Mr. Cannon. Those statements will be made a part of the record at (The statements referred to follow :)

STATEMENT OF ROBERT A. ANDERSON Gentlemen, having served three terms as chairman of the ways and means committee and three terms as vice chairman of the committee on water resources in the Kansas House of Representatives, I would like to say to this committee that the members of the Kansas Legislature and the people of Kansas, in my judgment, are overwhelmingly in favor of the orderly development of the Missouri Basin through the construction of projects of the Corps of Engineers and other Federal agencies.

I would like to express appreciation for the kind consideration we have had in the past from this committee and request continuing support for the projects authorized by Congress and being built and to be built in Kansas by the various Federal agencies.


Pomona, Kans., April 1, 1960. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Public Works Appropriations Subcommittee, Washington, D.C.

DEAB SIRS : Pomona is located in the Marais des Cygnes Valley, upstream from Ottawa, and downstream from the Pomona Reservoir, now under construction, and the Melvern Reservoir which has not been started. The people of Pomona depend on agriculture carried on in the surrounding area, and this area has been hit hard by floods for many years.

The construction of Pomona Reservoir, now started, will bring the first

measure of protection for the farmlands of the valley, and the Melvern Resas ervoir will complete the job.

The people of Pomona urge that Congress continue the funds for Pomona Reservoir and that planning money for Melvern, in the sum of $50,000 be appropriated, so the work can start on that project also.




Quenemo, Kans., March 31, 1960.
House of Representatives,

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Washington, D.C.


GENTLEMEN : The city of Quenemo, Kans., is situated at the junction of the tributaries of the upper Marais des Cygnes River with the river itself, and

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consequently has experienced numerous overflows of the river and these tribetaries.

Such conditions have had serious effects on the agricultural economy of the region as well as upon the town of Quenemo itself.

We are pleased that Pomona Reservoir is under construction for control of one of the large tributaries, and we hope that funds will be forthcoming for a start on the planning work on Melvern Reservoir on the main stem of the river.

We urge that appropriations be continued for Pomona Reservoir and that $50,000 be appropriated for planning on Melvern Reservoir, so it will be ready for construction when it can be placed in the work program of the Army Engineers. Respectfully,


Paul F. SMITH,
Paul R. SIMS,



Lyndon, Kans. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Public Works Appropriations Subcommittee, Washington, D.C.

DEAR SIRS : The city officials of Lyndon would appreciate any consideration you might give to the $4 million appropriation to continue work on Pomona Dam, which is now under construction, also $50,000 planning money for Melvern Dam.

Both of these projects are in Lyndon trade territory, and we feel that flood protection is needed in the areas that will be protected by the dams. Yours truly,



Ottawa, Kans., April 4, 1960. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Public Works Subcommittee on Appropriations:

I am K. E. Andrews, mayor of the city of Ottawa, Franklin County, Kans. Commissioners H. N. Duncan and J. W. Grogan are present today and concur in this statement.

We respectfully request your committee to consider favorably additional funds for the continuing construction of Pomona Reservoir and the local protection works in Ottawa. We ask that you appropriate $4 million for Pomona Reservoir and $1 million for Ottawa protection works. We also request your committee to appropriate preconstruction planning funds in the amount of $50,000 for Melvern Reservoir.

The Federal Government has spent considerable funds on the above projects to date and the city of Ottawa has spent in excess of $770,000 voted in bonds by its citizens, to fulfill all the city's obligation connected with this project. We ask that funds for the continuation of these projects be appropriated to protect the investment already made and bring the projects to an orderly completion. The funds requested for the preconstruction planning of the Melvern Reservoirs are needed to enable the Corps of Engineers to bring about the orderly construction of the upper Marais des Cygnes Valley projects.

We respectfully urge this committee to approve funds for continuing the orderly and systematic advancement of the entire Pick-Sloan plan for the Missouri River Basin.

We thank this committee for its courtesy and indulgence and trust that all of the above projects may be carried out with the least practical delay.

K. E. ANDREWS, Mayor.

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