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Our days, though short, give me ample time for study, recreation, and exercise; but my joy and delight proceed from the surprising health and spirits of Anna Maria, who joins me in affectionate remembrance to Lady Ashburton. · As to you, my dear Lord, we consider you as the spring and fountain of our happiness, as the author and parent, (a Roman would have added, what the coldness of our northern language will hardly admit) the god of our fortuneş. It is possible indeed, that by incessant labour and irksome attendance at the bar, I might in due time have attained all that my very limited ambition could aspire to; but in no other station than that which I owe to your friendship, could I have grațified at once my boundless curiosity concerning the people of the Eaft, continued the exercise of my profession, in which I sincerely delight, and enjoyed at the same time the comforts of domestic life. The grand jury of Denbighshire, have found, I understand, the bill

against the Dean of St. Afaph, for publishing my dialogue; but as an indi&tment for a theoretical essay on government was I believe never before known, I have no apprehenfion for the confequences. As to the doctrines in the tract, though I shall certainly not preach them to the Indians, who must and will be governed by absolute power, yet I shall go through life with a persuasion, that they are just and rational, that substantial freedom is both the daughter and parent of virtue, and that virtue is the only source of public and private felicity. Farewell.

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In the course of the voyage he stopped at Madeira, and, in ten additional weeks of prosperous failing from the rugged islands of Cape Verd, arrived at Hinzuan or Joanna. Of this island, where he remained a few days only, he has published an interesting and amusing description. He expatiates with rapture on his approach to it, delineates with the skill of an artist the beauties of the scenery, and sketches with the discriminating pen

of a philosopher, the characters and manners of the unpolished but hospitable natives. The novelty of the scene was attractive, and its impression upon his mind is strongly marked by the following just and elegant reflection, which in substance is more than once repeated in his writings :-“ If life were not

too short for the complete discharge of all

our respective duties, public and private, " and for the acquisition even of necessary

knowledge in any degree of perfection, “ with how much pleasure and improve

ment might a great part of it be spent in “ admiring the beauties of this wonderful “ orb, and contemplating the nature of man 6 in all its varieties* !”

But it would be injustice to his memory, to pass over without particular notice, the sensible and dignified rebuke, with which he repelled the rude attack of Mussulman bigotry on the divinity of our Saviour. Dur. ing a visit which he made to a native of the island, a Coran was produced for his inspec

* Sir William Jones's Works, vol. iv. p. 274,

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tion, and his attention was pointedly directed to a passage in a commentary accusing the Christians of blafphemy, in calling our Saviour the Son of God.

« The commentator (he replied) was much to blame for

paffing so indiscriminate and hasty a cen.“ sure; the title which gave your legislator, $6 and which gives you such offence, was s often applied in Judea by a bold figure, " agreeably to the Hebrew idiom, though

unusual in Arabic, to angels, to holy men, " and even to all mankind, who are com66 manded to call God their father; and in w this large sense, the Apostle to the Romans “ calls the elect the children of God, and

the Messiah the first born among many bre$6 thren; but the words only begotten are ap“o plied transcendantly and incomparably to to him alone; and as for me, who believe “ the Scriptures which you also profess to “ believe, though you affert without proof * that we have altered them, I cannot refuse " him an appellation, though far surpassing

our reason, by which he is distinguished " in the Gospel; and the believers in Mo“ hammed, who expressly names him the “ Messiah, and pronounces him to have “ been born of a virgin (which alone might

fully justify the phrase condemned by this author) are themselves condemnable, for cavilling at words when they cannot object to the substance of our faith, consistently with their own*.”

This quotation affords a decisive proof of the belief of Sir William Jones, in the fublime doctrines of the Christian religion. Had he been an infidel, he would have smiled at the scoffs of Mussulman bigotry; and had he been indifferent to his faith, he would have been silent on an occasion, where he could expect neither candour nor concessions from his antagonists. Indeed he was well aware, that a religious dispute with thofe zealots, would þave been fruitless and unseasonable, and might have been dangerous; but, as it was inconsistent with his principles, to disavow or conceal what he firmly believed

* Sir William Jones's Works, vol. iv. p. 269.

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