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REGULATION S-K

PART 229-STANDARD INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILING FORMS UNDER
SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 AND
ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT OF 1975–

REGULATION S-K

Subpart 229.1 - General

General

Reg. $229.10. (a) Application of Regulation S-K. This part [together with the General Rules and Regulations under the Securities Act of

1933, 15 U.S.C. 77a et seq., as amended (“Securities Act”), and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. 78a et seq., as amended (“'Exchange Act”) (Parts 230 and 240 of this chapter), the Interpretative Releases under these Acts (Parts 231 and 241 of this chapter), and the forms under these Acts (Parts 239 and 249 of this chapter)] states the requirements applicable to the content of the non-financial statement portions of: (1) Registration statements under the Securities Act (Part 239 of this chapter) to the extent provided in the forms to be

used for registration under such Act; and (2) Registration statements under section 12 (Subpart C of Part 249 of this chapter), annual or other reports under sections

13 and 15(d) (Subparts D and E of Part 249 of this chapter), annual reports to security holders and proxy and information statements under section 14 of the Exchange Act (Part 240 of this chapter), and any other documents required

to be filed under the Exchange Act, to the extent provided in the forms and rules under such Act. (b) Commission policy on projections. The Commission encourages the use in documents specified in Rule 175 under the Secu

rities Act (8230.175 of this chapter) and Rule 3b-6 under the Exchange Act ($240.3b-6 of this chapter) of management's projections of future economic performance that have a reasonable basis and are presented in an appropriate format. The guidelines set forth herein represent the Commission's views on important factors to be considered in formulating and disclosing such projections. (1) Basis for projections. The Commission believes that management must have the option to present in Commission fil

ings its good faith assessment of a registrant's future performance. Management, however, must have a reasonable basis for such an assessment. Although a history of operations or experience in projecting may be among the factors providing a basis for management's assessment, the Commission does not believe that a registrant always must have had such a history or experience in order to formulate projections with a reasonable basis. An outside review of management's projections may furnish additional support for having a reasonable basis for a projection. If management decides to include a report of such a review in a Commission filing, there also should be disclosure of the qualifications of the reviewer, the extent of the review, the relationship between the reviewer and the registrant, and other material factors concerning the process by which any outside review was sought or obtained. Moreover, in the case of a registration statement under the Securities Act, the reviewer would be deemed an expert and an appropriate consent must

be filed with the registration statement. (2) Format for projections. In determining the appropriate format for projections included in Commission filings, con

sideration must be given to, among other things, the financial items to be projected, the period to be covered, and the manner of presentation to be used. Although traditionally projections have been given for three financial items generally considered to be of primary importance to investors (revenues, net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share), projection information need not necessarily be limited to these three items. However, management should take care to assure that the choice of items projected is not susceptible to misleading inferences through selective projection of only favorable items. Revenues, net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share usually are presented together in order to avoid any misleading inferences that may arise when the individual items reflect contradictory trends. There may be instances, however, when it is appropriate to present earnings (loss) from continuing operations, or income (loss) before extraordinary items in addition to or in lieu of net income (loss). It generally would be misleading to present sales or revenue projections without one of the foregoing measures of income. The period that appropriately may be covered by a projection depends to a large extent on the particular circumstances of the company involved. For certain companies in certain industries, a projection covering a two or three year period may be entirely reasonable. Other companies may not have a reasonable basis for projections beyond the current year. Accordingly, management should select the period most appropriate in the circumstances. In addition, management, in making a projection, should disclose what, in its opinion, is the most probable specific amount or the most reasonable range for each financial item

projected based on the selected assumptions. Ranges, however, should not be so wide as to make the disclosures meaningless. Moreover, several projections based on varying assumptions may be judged by management to be more meaningful than a single number or range and would be permitted.

(3) Investor understanding.

(i) When management chooses to include its projections in a Commission filing, the disclosures accompanying the

projections should facilitate investor understanding of the basis for and limitations of projections. In this regard investors should be cautioned against attributing undue certainty to management's assessment, and the Commission believes that investors would be aided by a statement indicating management's intention regarding the furnishing of updated projections. The Commission also believes that investor understanding would be enhanced by disclosure of the assumptions which in management's opinion are most significant to the projections or are the key factors upon which the financial results of the enterprise depend and encourages disclosure of assumptions

in a manner that will provide a framework for analysis of the projection. (ii) Management also should consider whether disclosure of the accuracy or inaccuracy of previous projections would

provide investors with important insights into the limitations of projections. In this regard, consideration should be given to presenting the projections in a format that will facilitate subsequent analysis of the reasons for differences between actual and forecast results. An important benefit may arise from the systematic analysis of variances between projected and actual results on a continuing basis, since such disclosure may highlight for investors

the most significant risk and profit-sensitive areas in a business operation. (iii) With respect to previously issued projections, registrants are reminded of their responsibility to make full and

prompt disclosure of material facts, both favorable and unfavorable, regarding their financial condition. This responsibility may extend to situations where management knows or has reason to know that its previously dis

closed projects no longer have a reasonable basis. . (iv) Since a registrant's ability to make projections with relative confidence may vary with all the facts and circum

stances, the responsibility for determining whether to discontinue or to resume making projections is best left to management. However, the Commission encourages registrants not to discontinue or to resume projections in

Commission filings without a reasonable basis. (c) Commission policy on security ratings. In view of the importance of security ratings ("ratings") to investors and the mar

ketplace, the Commission permits registrants to disclose, on a voluntary basis, ratings assigned by rating organizations to classes of debt securities, convertible debt securities and preferred stock in registration statements and periodic reports. In addition, the Commission permits, pursuant to Rule 134(a)(14) under the Securities Act ($230.134(a)(14) of this chapter), voluntary disclosure of ratings assigned by any nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (“NRSROs'') in certain communications deemed not to be a prospectus (“'tombstone advertisements”).

Set forth herein are the Commission's views on important matters to be considered in disclosing security ratings. (1) Securities Act filings.

(i) If a registrant includes in a registration statement filed under the Securities Act any rating(s) assigned to a class

of securities, it should consider including: (A) any other rating intended for public dissemination assigned to such class by a NRSRO ("additional NRSRO rating") that is available on the date of the initial filing of the document and that is materially different from any rating disclosed; and (B) the name of each rating organization whose rating is disclosed; each such rating organization's definition or description of the category in which it rated the class of securities; the relative rank of each rating within the assigning rating organization's overall classification system; and a statement informing investors that a security rating is not a recommendation to buy, sell or hold securities, that it may be subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating organization and that each rating should be evaluated independently of any other rating. The registrant also should include the written consent of any rating organization that is not a NRSRO whose rating is included. With respect to the written consent of any NRSRO whose rating is included, see Rule 436(g) under the Securities Act (8230.436(g)

of this chapter). (ii) If a change in a rating already included is available subsequent to the filing of the registration statement, but prior

to its effectiveness, the registrant should consider including such rating change in the final prospectus. If the rating change is material or if a materially different rating from any disclosed becomes available during this period, the registrant should consider amending the registration statement to include the rating change or additional rating

and recirculating the preliminary prospectus. (iii) If a materially different additional NRSRO rating or a material change in a rating already included becomes avail

able during any period in which offers or sales are being made, the registrant should consider disclosing such additional rating or rating change by means of a post-effective amendment or sticker to the prospectus pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act (8230.424(b) of this chapter), unless, in the case of a registration statement on Form S-3 (8239.13 of this chapter), it has been disclosed in a document incorporated by reference into the

registration statement subsequent to its effectiveness and prior to the termination of the offering. (2) Exchange Act filings.

(i) If a registrant includes in a registration statement or periodic report filed under the Exchange Act any rating(s)

assigned to a class of securities, it should consider including the information specified in paragraphs (c)(1)(i)(A)

and (B) of this section. (ii) If there is a material change in the rating(s) assigned by any NRSRO(s) to any outstanding class(es) of securities

of a registrant subject to the reporting requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant should consider filing a report on Form 8-K ($249.308 of this chapter) or other appropriate report under the Exchange Act disclosing such rating change.

Subpart 229.100 Business Description of Business Reg. $229.101. Item 101. (a) General development of business. Describe the general development of the business of the registrant, its subsidiaries and

any predecessor(s) during the past five years, or such shorter period as the registrant may have been engaged in business. Information shall be disclosed for earlier periods if material to an understanding of the general development of the business. (1) In describing developments, information shall be given as to matters such as the following: the year in which the regis

trant was organized and its form of organization; the nature and results of any bankruptcy, recivership or similar proceedings with respect to the registrant or any of its significant subsidiaries; the nature and results of any other material reclassification, merger or consolidation of the registrant or any of its significant subsidiaries; the acquisition or disposition of any material amount of assets otherwise than in the ordinary course of business; and any material changes

in the mode of conducting the business. (2) Registrants,

(i) filing a registration statement on Form S-1 (8239.11 of this chapter) under the Securities Act or on Form 10 (8249.210

of this chapter) under the Exchange Act, (ii) not subject to the reporting requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act immediately prior to the

filing of such registration statement, and
(iii) that including predecessors) have not received revenue from operations during each of the three fiscal years im-

mediately prior to the filing of registration statement, shall provide the following information:
(A) if the registration statement is filed prior to the end of the registrant's second fiscal quarter, a description

of the registrant's plan of operation for the remainder of the fiscal year; or
(B) if the registration statement is filed subsequent to the end of the registrant's second fiscal quarter, a descrip-

tion of the registrant's plan of operation for the remainder of the fiscal year and for the first six months
of the next fiscal year. If such information is not available, the reasons for its not being available shall be
stated. Disclosure relating to any plan shall include such matters as:
(1) In the case of a registration statement on Form S-1, a statement in narrative form indicating the regis-

trant's opinion as to the period of time that the proceeds from the offering will satisfy cash requirements
and whether in the next six months it will be necessary to raise additional funds to meet the expenditures
required for operating the business of the registrant; the specific reasons for such opinion shall be set
forth and categories of expenditures and sources of cash resources shall be identified; however, amounts
of expenditures and cash resources need not be provided; in addition, if the narrative statement is based
on a cash budget, such budget shall be furnished to the Commission as supplemental information, but

not as part of the registration statement; (2) An explanation of material product research and development to be performed during the period covered

in the plan;
(3) Any anticipated material acquisition of plant and equipment and the capacity thereof;
(4) Any anticipated material changes in number of employees in the various departments such as research

and development, production, sales or administration; and
(5) Other material areas which may be peculiar to the registrant's business.

(b) Financial information about industry segments. State for each of the registrant's last three fiscal years or for each fiscal

year the registrant has been engaged in business, whichever period is shorter, the amounts of revenue (with sales to un-
affiliated customers and sales or transfers to other industry segments of the registrant shown separately), operating profit
or loss and identifiable assets attributable to each of the registrant's industry segments. (See Appendix A to this Item for
a suggested tabular format for presentation of this information.) To the extent that financial information included pur-
suant to this paragraph (b) complies with generally accepted accounting principles, the registrant may include in its finan-
cial statements a cross reference to this data in lieu of presenting duplicative information about its segments in the financial
statements; conversely, a registrant may cross reference to the financial statements.
(1) The prior period information shall be restated retroactively in the following circumstances, unless not material, with
appropriate disclosure of the nature and effect of the restatement:

(i) When the financial statements of the registrant as a whole have been restated retroactively; or
(ii) when there has been a change in the way the registrant's products or services are grouped into industry segments

and such change affects the segment information being reported; restatement is not required when a registrant's
reportable segments change solely as a result of a change in the nature of its operations or as a result of a segment

losing or gaining in significance. (2) If the registrant includes, or is required by Article 3 of Regulation S-X (17 CFR 210) to include, interim financial state

ments, discuss any facts relating to the performance of any of the segments during the period which, in the opinion of management, indicate that the three year segment financial data may not be indicative of current or future opera

tions of the segment. Comparative financial information shall be included to the extent necessary to the discussion. (c) Narrative description of business. (1) Describe the business done and intended to be done by the registrant and its subsidiaries, focusing upon the registrant's

dominant industry segment or each reportable industry segment about which financial information is presented in the financial statements. To the extent material to an understanding of the registrant's business taken as a whole, the description of each such segment shall include the information specified in paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (x) of this Item. The matters specified in paragraphs (c)(1)(xi) through (xiii) of this Item shall be discussed with respect to the registrant's business in general; where material, the industry segments to which these matters are significant shall be identified. (i) The principal products produced and services rendered by the registrant in the industry segment and the principal

markets for, and methods of distribution of, the segment's principal products and services. In addition, state for each of the last three fiscal years the amount or percentage of total revenue contributed by any class of similar products or services which accounted for 10 percent or more of consolidated revenue in any of the last three fiscal years or 15 percent or more of consolidated revenue, if total revenue did not exceed $50,000,000 during

any of such fiscal years. (ii) A description of the status of a product or segment (e.g. whether in the planning stage, whether prototypes exist,

the degree to which product design has progressed or whether further engineering is necessary), if there has been a public announcement of, or if the registrant otherwise has made public information about, a new product or industry segment that would require the investment of a material amount of the assets of the registrant or that otherwise is material. This paragraph is not intended to require disclosure of otherwise nonpublic corporate in

formation the disclosure of which would affect adversely the registrant's competitive position. (iii) The sources and availability of raw materials. (iv) The importance to the industry segment and the duration and effect of all patents, trademarks, licenses, fran

chises and concessions held.

(v) The extent to which the business of the industry segment is or may be seasonal.
(vi) The practices of the registrant and the industry (respective industries) relating to working capital items (e.g. where

the registrant is required to carry significant amounts of inventory to meet rapid delivery requirements of cus-
tomers or to assure itself of a continuous allotment of goods from suppliers; where the registrant provides rights

to return merchandise; or where the registrant has provided extended payment terms to customers). (vii) The dependence of the segment upon a single customer, or a few customers, the loss of any one or more of which

would have a material adverse effect on the segment. The name of any customer and its relationship, if any, with the registrant or its subsidiaries shall be disclosed if sales to the customer by one or more segments are made in an aggregate amount equal to 10 percent or more of the registrant's consolidated revenues and the loss of

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such customer would have a material adverse effect on the registrant and its subsidiaries taken as a whole. The names of other customers may be included, unless in the particular case the effect of including the names would be misleading. For purposes of this paragraph, a group of customers under common control or customers that

are affiliates of each other shall be regarded as a single customer. (viii) The dollar amount of backlog orders believed to be firm, as of a recent date and as of a comparable date in

the preceding fiscal year, together with an indication of the portion thereof not reasonably expected to be filled within the current fiscal year, and seasonal or other material aspects of the backlog. (There may be included as firm orders government orders that are firm but not yet funded and contracts awarded but not yet signed, provided an appropriate statement is added to explain the nature of such orders and the amount thereof. The portion of orders already included in sales or operating revenues on the basis of percentage of completion or

program accounting shall be excluded.) (ix) A description of any material portion of the business that may be subject to renegotiation of profits or termina

tion of contracts or subcontracts at the election of the Government. (x) Competitive conditions in the business involved including, where material, the identity of the particular markets

in which the registrant competes, an estimate of the number of competitors and the registrant's competitive position, if known or reasonably available to the registrant. Separate consideration shall be given to the principal products or services or classes of products or services of the segment, if any. Generally, the names of competitors need not be disclosed. The registrant may include such names, unless in the particular case the effect of including the names would be misleading. Where, however, the registrant knows or has reason to know that one or a small number of competitors is dominant in the industry it shall be identified. The principal methods of competition (e.g., price, service, warranty or product performance) shall be identified, and positive and negative factors pertaining to the competitive position of the registrant, to the extent that they exist, shall be explained if known

or reasonably available to the registrant. (xi) If material, the estimated amount spent during each of the last three fiscal years on company-sponsored research

and development activities determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. In addition, state, if material, the estimated dollar amount spent during each of such years on customer-sponsored research activities relating to the development of new products, services or techniques or the improvement of existing

products, services or techniques. (xii) Appropriate disclosure also shall be made as to the material effects that compliance with Federal, State and local

provisions which have been enacted or adopted regulating the discharge of materials into the environment, or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment, may have upon the capital expenditures, earnings and competitive position of the registrant and its subsidiaries. The registrant shall disclose any material estimated capital expenditures for environmental control facilities for the remainder of its current fiscal year and its suc

ceeding fiscal year and for such further periods as the registrant may deem material.

(xiii) The number of persons employed by the registrant. (d) Financial information about foreign and domestic operations and export sales. (1) State for each of the registrant's last three fiscal years, or for each fiscal year the registrant has been engaged in busi

ness, whichever period is shorter, the amounts of revenue (with sales to unaffiliated customers and sales or transfers
to other geographic areas shown separately), operating profit or loss and identifiable assets attributable to each of
the registrant's geographic areas and the amount of export sales in the aggregate or by appropriate geographic area
to which the sales are made. (See Appendix B to this Item for a suggested tabular format for presentation of this infor-
mation.) To the extent that financial information included pursuant to this paragraph (d) complies with generally ac-
cepted accounting principles, the registrant may include in its financial statements a cross reference to this data in lieu
of presenting duplicative data in its financial statements; conversely a registrant may cross-reference to the financial
statements. The prior period information shall be retroactively restated in the following circumstances, unless not material,
with appropriate disclosure of the nature and effect of the restatement:

(i) When the financial statements of the registrant as a whole have been retroactively restated, or
(ii) When there has been a change in the way a registrant's foreign operations are grouped into geographic areas

and such change affects the geographic area information being reported. Restatement is not required when a
registrant's geographic areas change as a result of a change in the nature of operations or as a result of an area

losing or gaining in significance. (2) Any risks attendant to the foreign operations and any dependence of one or more of the registrant's industry segments

upon such foreign operations shall be described unless it would be more appropriate for this matter to be discussed

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