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Explosives are separated from flammables by +

Sec. 113.163 Same; shipments not originating in

or destined to a port of the United States.

The packing and stowing has not been disturbed since leaving the port of 1

Subpart E-Penalties for Violation

(Master's signature)

113.181 Penalties for violation.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 113 issued under authority vested in President by 2 C.Z.C. 1331, 76A Stat. 46, and delegated to Secretary of Army by $ 3.1(a) (1) of this chapter.

SOURCE: The provisions of this Part 113 appear at 31 F.R. 12302, Sept. 16, 1966, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A--General Provisions § 113.1 Statement of amount and char.

acter of explosives carried. In addition to complying with § 123.4, vessels carrying explosives, except ships of war, shall furnish a statement of the amounts and character of the explosives carried. $ 113.2 Loading certificate or declara

tion. Upon the arrival of a vessel carrying explosive cargo at a port of the Canal Zone, the Master shall deliver to the Boarding Officer a loading certificate, issued by a Surveyor or Inspector of a recognized authority such as the National Cargo Bureau, Inc., British Board of Trade, Port Authority Official, or Navigation Inspector, stating where and how the explosives are stowed and the manner of packing. When no loading certificate is available, the Master, upon arrival, must submit to the Boarding Officer a declaration as follows: DECLARATION OF EXPLOSIVE CARGO CARRIED I, the undersigned

Master of the

-, carrying explosives as classified by the United States Coast Guard, or by any other recognized government agency, do hereby declare and certify on behalf of the owners of the vessel, as follows:

The explosives were loaded at 1 packed and stowed in accordance with 2

(Date) $ 113.3 Definition and classification of

hazardous cargoes. The definition and classification of explosives and other hazardous cargoes, except petroleum products in bulk, shall be in accordance with the regulations established by the United States Coast Guard or by any other recognized governmental agency, but in case of doubt as to the explosive nature of any commodity, or in case of conflict as to its classification, determination of the nature and classification of such cargoes shall be made by the Canal authorities.

CROSS REFERENCES: For regulations of the Interstate Commerce Commission relating to explosives and other dangerous articles, see 49 CFR Parts 71-78. For regulations of the U.S. Coast Guard relating to transportation of dangerous cargo, see 46 CFR Parts 146, 147. $ 113.4 Packing and stowing of hazard

ous cargoes. Packing and stowing of explosives and other hazardous cargoes, except petroleum products in bulk, shall be in accordance with the rules in force at the port of loading. When no such rules exist at the port of loading, the regulations of the United States Coast Guard, or of the British Board of Trade shall apply. § 113.5 Anchorage areas for ships loaded

with hazardous cargoes. The following areas for ships loaded with explosives or with highly volatile products are designated:

(a) Atlantic end. Area included in rectangle one thousand yards wide immediately south of West breakwater starting at a point on West breakwater one thousand yards from West Breakwater Light and thence extending westward 2,000 yards along breakwater.

(b) Pacific end. Area south of Naos Island bounded on the east by a line drawn south (true) from entrance gas buoy No. 1; on the south by a line drawn east (true) from Tortolita Island, and

The explosives are in 3

1 Name of port of loading.

2 Regulations of United States Coast Guard, British Board of Trade, Port Authority, as the case may be, as indicated on the containers.

3 State number of hold, special magazine, etc. (which must be within reach of ship's fire hose) including amount of each kind of explosive.

· Boiler room, engine room, etc., within reach of ship's fire hose. If no flammables are carried, so state.

on the north and west by the curve of 30-foot depth. $ 113.6 Vessels to anchor and await in

structions. Vessels carrying explosive cargoes shall anchor in the explosive anchorage areas, as described in $ 113.5, on arrival at the Canal Zone, and there await instructions. Such vessels will be allowed alongside wharves of the Canal Zone only as prescribed in $ $ 113.7, 113.8, and each case will be handled individually by the Port Captain. $ 113.7 Restrictions as to docking along

side terminal piers. Vessels with explosives aboard forming part of the cargo will be allowed alongside the terminal piers only when such explosives are stowed properly in spaces which need not be opened during the yessel's stay at the dock. A closed magazine in a hold is considered a separate space which need not be opened. Should there be cargo for discharge at the Canal Zone in the same space with explosives, the explosives must be removed before the vessel will be allowed alongside the terminal piers. § 113.8 Places for loading and discharg

ing explosives; restrictions. (a) The explosive dock at Mindi and the explosive anchorages prescribed in § 113.5 are hereby designated for loading or discharging explosive cargo consigned to Canal agencies or to private consignees.

(b) The explosive dock at Mindi, explosive anchorages prescribed in $ 113.5, Pier 1 at Rodman Naval Station, and Pier 4 at Coco Solo Naval Station (except during periods when it may be deactivated), are designated for loading

discharging explosive/ammunition cargo consigned for military units: Provided, however, That (1) the accumulation of mass detonating explosive/ammunition at the Navy piers Rodman and Coco Solo (i.e., the total explosive/ammunition cargo on board ship and on the pier at any one time) shall not exceed a total explosive content of 25,000 pounds; (2) when handling other than mass detonating types of explosive/ammunition cargo, the total weight shall not exceed that allowed by safety standards prescribed by the Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance, Department of the

Navy; and (3) the Navy piers at Rodman and Coco Solo shall not be used for handling explosive/ammunition cargo unless specific approval has been granted in each instance by the Commandant, Fifteenth Naval District, who will ensure that the Port Captian, Balboa or Cristobal, as the case may be, is advised of the details of each such handling.

(c) The Canal authorities upon application may grant authority to discharge explosives, whether designated for civilian or military use, at Canal Zone docks in an emergency or when the character or packing of the explosives justifies such discharge. § 113.9 Discharging small-arms ammu

nition, and pyrotechnic supplies. Shipments of ammunition for small arms (in cartridge or shell fully assembled) not exceeding in the aggregate 10 tons weight or measurement, pyrotechnic supplies not exceeding in the aggregate 1 ton weight or measurement, and 500 pounds or less of smokeless powder may be landed at either the Cristobal or Balboa terminal docks upon observance of special precautions to insure safe handling. $ 113.10 Discharging flammable cargo

at public wharves. Whenever it shall become necessary to remove any specially flammable cargo from ships to public wharves, the Port Captain shall be notified at least 2 hours before such cargo is to be discharged upon the wharf, so that the proper means can be provided to remove such cargo from the pier area at the earliest moment. 8 113.11 Compliance with administrative

regulations governing the storage and handling of petroleum products

in bulk. In addition to the regulations prescribed herein regarding the transportation and handling of hazardous cargoes in Canal Zone waters, ships' personnel involved in loading or unloading petroleum products or bunkering in Canal Zone waters shall comply with the procedures set forth in the pamphlet published by the Panama Canal Company entitled “Regulations Governing the Storage and Handling of Petroleum Products in Bulk at Canal Zone Terminals.”


Subpart B-Handling, Loading, and

Unloading of Explosives $ 113.41 Application.

This subpart applies to all vessels, domestic and foreign regardless of character, tonnage, size, service, and whether self-propelled or not, and whether arriving or departing, or under way, moored, anchored, or aground, except tankers: Provided, however, That said sections shall not be construed to apply to the transportation of military or naval forces with their accompanying munitions of war or stores. $ 113.42 Classification of explosives.

Explosives are classified for purposes of this subpart, as follows:

CLASS A-DANGEROUS EXPLOSIVES Ammunition for cannon with explosive projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon with explosive gas projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon with explosive smoke projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon with explosive incendiary projectiles.

Ammunition for small arms with explosive bullets.

Black powder.
Blasting powder.
Blasting caps—more than 1,000.

Blasting caps with safety fuse-more than 1,000.

Blasting caps, electric-more than 1,000.
Boosters (explosive). Detonating fuses.
Explosive bombs.
Explosive mines.
Explosive rifle grenades.
Explosive projectiles.
Explosive torpedoes.
Explosive hand grenades.
High explosives.
Low explosives.
Initiating explosives.
Wet fulminate of mercury.
Wet diazodinitrophenol.
Wet pentaorythrite tetranitrate.
Wet lead azide.

CLASS B-LESS DANGEROUS EXPLOSIVES Ammunition for cannon with empty projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon with sand loaded projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon with solid projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon without projectiles.

Deteriorated smokeless powder for cannon. Smokeless powder for cannon.

Smokeless powder for cannon or small arms in water.

Smokeless powder for small arms.

CLASS C-RELATIVELY SAFE EXPLOSIVES Ammunition for small arms. Small arms primers.

Blasting caps—1,000 or less caps.

Blasting caps with safety fuse-1,000 or less caps.

Cartridge bags, empty, with black powder igniters.

Cartridge cases, empty, primed.

Combination fuses. Combination primers. Cordeau detonant.

Delay electric igniters. Electric blasting caps—1,000 or less.

Electric squibs. Safety squibs.

Empty cartridge bags. Black powder igniters.

Empty cartridge cases primed.

Fuse igniters. Fuse lighters, Fuse, safety. Igniters.

Fuses, combination, percussion, time or tracer. Instantaneous fuse, Grenades, empty, primed.

Percussion caps. Percussion fuses. Primers. Toy caps. § 113.43 Inspection for and report of

fires. The master of any vessel having on board explosives or other dangerous articles or substances as cargo and about to enter a port of the Canal Zone shall make or cause to be made an inspection prior to entering such port. If the inspection discloses the presence of fire or any other hazardous condition, such condition shall immediately be reported to the Port Captain and the master or person in charge of such vessel shall comply with the instructions given by the Port Captain as to procedure to be followed in entering port. § 113.44 Authorization to load or un

load explosives. Shipments of Class A explosives exceeding 500 pounds shall not be loaded on or unloaded from any vessel in Canal Zone ports until authorization for such loading or unloading has been obtained from the Port Captain. $ 113.45 Loading or unloading explo

sives at same time as other cargo. Explosives shall not be loaded or unloaded at the same time that other cargo is being loaded or unloaded unless approval is obtained from the Port Captain concerned: Provided, That in no case shall drums or other containers of flammable liquids classed as Grade "A," "B,”

or "C" by $ 113.91 be loaded or unloaded at the same time that explosives are being loaded or unloaded. § 113.46 Preparations before handling,

loading or unloading explosives. All decks, gangways and hatches over or through which explosives must be passed or handled in loading or unloading, shall be freed of all loose material and shall be swept broom clean both before and after loading or unloading. The hatches and cargo ports opening into a compartment in which explosives are stowed shall be kept closed at all times, except during loading or unloading of the compartment. When closed, the hatches shall be covered with tarpaulins securely battened. § 113.47 Manner of handling, loading

or unloading explosives. All explosives must be handled carefully. Packages of explosives must not be thrown, dropped, rolled, dragged or slid over each other or over the decks. In transferring explosives to or from a pier or another vessel the packages must be handled by hand or by using a regulation chute and mattress. If the difference in elevation between the vessels or a vessel and a dock, or conditions of weather render it dificult to safely load or unload by hand chute, mechanical hoist, crates, rope-net slings or basket may be used. The maximum load handled in crates, rope-net slings or baskets per draft shall not exceed 2,400 pounds. No containers of explosives shall be loaded above the side of any crate or basket nor shall rope-net slings be so loaded as to prevent the sling from encompassing the entire load on its top side. Explosives shall not be handled roughly. They must be hoisted and lowered carefully and only deposited or lowered onto a mattress. Blasting caps, detonating fuses, fulminate of mercury and other initiating or priming explosives as defined in these regulations shall be considered as constituting a distinct class of dangerous explosives and because of the hazard involved they shall be handled with extreme care. “Can” hooks shall not be used for raising or lowering barrel, drum, or other container of explosives. Metal bale hooks shall not be used in handling packages of explosives. Transfer trucks equipped with “electric motor" means of propulsion shall not be used in handling any high explosive,

low explosive, black powder or smokeless powder. § 113.48 Chute used in loading or un

loading explosives. The incline of the chute to be used in loading or unloading explosives shall be such that the velocity of the packages sliding will not be great enough to cause violent shock when coming in contact with the other packages, on the chute or when reaching the bottom of chute. If the incline is otherwise, men shall be stationed alongside the chute to retard and control the velocity of the packages. Chutes shall be carefully wiped down with waste moistened with machine oil when packages of explosives are being handled. $ 113.49 uipment for loading or un

loading explosives. Before explosives are loaded or unloaded from a vessel the master or other person in charge of the vessel shall be required to ascertain by examination the condition and working of all slings, crates, baskets, boxes, chutes, mattresses, tackle and other equipment to be used in the transfer operation. Any and all equipment which in the judgment of the master or other person in charge of the vessel is not in safe working condition shall be rejected and the master or such other person shall prohibit its use and take such precautions as he may deem necessary to be certain such rejected equipment is not used for the purpose of loading or unloading explosives. The master or other person in charge of the vessel shall maintain continuous inspection of all equipment used during the transfer of explosives and if any part of the equipment shows any defect or is damaged in use, work shall be stopped and the damage or defective equipment repaired or replaced before permitting the loading or unloading to continue. This inspection of cargo-working equipment shall apply both to the vessel's equipment and to stevedore or other contractor's equipment. § 113.50 Lights, firearms, matches, cig

arette lighters, bale hooks, oily rags,

metallic tools, footwear. No artificial light except electric lights or electric lamps or flood lights shall be used while loading or unloading explosives. Flash lights of a non-spark type shall be provided by the vessel owner or operator for persons required to enter


holds in which explosives are stowed. Members of the crew of the vessel and other persons permitted on board the vessel to aid and assist in loading or unloading explosives shall not be permitted to have or carry on their persons firearms, matches, cigarette lighters, bale hooks, oily rags, or metallic tools. No person engaged in loading or unloading Class A dangerous or Class B less dangerous explosives (except fireworks) shall wear boots or shoes shod or strengthened with iron nails or metal, unless such boots or shoes are covered with rubber, leather, felt or some such nonsparking material. § 113.51 Fires on docks, lighters, or

vessels. No unnecessary fire shall be permitted on docks, lighters or vessels, while loading unloading explosives. Fires deemed necessary must be properly safeguarded and left in constant charge of some competent person assigned for that purpose by the master for the entire period of cargo transfer. A line of fire hose of sufficient length to cover the area of loading or unloading operations and connected with an adequate water supply shall be laid ready for use. & 113.52 Smoking prohibited.

Smoking is prohibited on or near any vessel loading or unloading explosives. “No Smoking” warning signs shall be posted during operations of loading or unloading such cargo. “No Smoking" signs shall be located on the pier at a safe distance from the vessel when such loading or unloading is taking place at a pier. § 113.53 Persons under influence of

liquor or drugs. No person who, in the judgment of the master or other person in charge of the vessel, may be considered as being under the influence of liquor or drugs, shall be permitted on board a vessel while the vessel is loading or unloading or transporting explosives. § 113.54 Damaged or leaking contain

ers of explosives. If upon arrival of a vessel in port it is found that a container of explosives has been damaged or is leaking the master of the vessel shall consult the port authorities and request instructions as to disposition of the insecure container. Any container of explosives showing evidence

of damage or leakage of a liquid ingredient shall not be handled with other explosives being loaded or unloaded but shall be segregated and held for inspection and disposition. $ 113.55 Damaged or leaking containers

of explosives not to be accepted for

transportation. Any container of an explosive offered for transportation or storage in the Canal Zone showing excessive dampness or escaping nitrous fumes, or which is moldy or shows outward signs of any oil stain or other indication that the absorption of the liquid part of the explosive is not perfect, or that the amount of the liquid part of the explosive is greater than the absorbent can carry, shall not be accepted for transportation. The master or person in charge must substantiate any claim that a stain is due to accidental contact with grease, oil, or similar substance. In case of doubt the container shall be refused. Subpart C-Hazardous Liquid

Cargoes 8 113.91 Definitions.

For the purpose of $$ 113.91-113.127 the following definitions of terms shall govern:

(a) Cargo. Cargo" means combustible liquid, flammable liquid, or liquefied flammable gas unless otherwise stated.

(b) Classification requirements. "Classification requirements” means applicable rules and supplementary requirements of the American Bureau of Shipping, or other recognized classification society.

(c) Combustible liquid. “Combustible liquid” means any liquid having a flash point above 80° F. (as determined from an open cup tester, as used for test of burning oils). Combustible liquids are referred to by grades, as follows:

(1) Grade “D”: Any combustible liquid having a flash point below 150° F. and above 80° F.

(2) Grade “E”: Any combustible liquid having a flash point of 150° F. or above.

(d) Flame arrestor. “Flame arrestor" means any device or assembly of a cellular, tubular, pressure or other type, used for preventing the passage of flames into enclosed spaces.

(e) Flash point. "Flash point” indicates the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit at which a liquid gives off a flammable vapor when heated in an open

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