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Not ready; stand off well clear of lock, pre

pared to approach on signal

Locks making preparation, probably be ready

in 10 minutes or less; you may approach with caution, prepared to tie up or enter on right-hand side on signal

south end of Miraflores Locks or at north end of Gatun Locks.

(b) Northbound ships shall fly “H” under International numeral pennant corresponding to schedule assigned.

Southbound ships shall fly “H” over International numeral pennant corresponding to schedule assigned.

In addition: Preference ships shall fly "Z" (blue light at night); hazardous cargo will fly "B" (red light at night).

(c) Ships maneuvering in Canal waters with pilot on board sball fly "H". § 103.41 Ships to display schedule num

ber. Each ship shall display throughout her transit, the flag or flags designating the schedule number on which it is running. This flag will be the vessel's designating letter while in transit and may be used by the signal stations for this purpose in directing & signal to a particular ship when necessary. § 103.42 Penalties for violation.

Whoever violates any of the provisions of 88 103.1 to 103.41 is subject to punishment as provided in 2 C.Z.C. 1331, 76A Stat. 46, by a fine of not more than $100, or by imprisonment in jail for not more than 30 days, or by both

Locks making preparation, probably be ready

in 10 minutes or less; you may approach with caution, prepared to tie up or enter on left-hand side on signal

PART 105-PILOTAGE
Moor to approach wall near chain on right-
hand side

Sec.
105.1 Pilot required.
105.2 Exemptions from compulsory pilotage.
105.3 Vessels in distress.
106.4 Pilotage charges.
106.5 Pilotage beyond Atlantic breakwater.
105.6 Status and function of pilot.

105.7 Penalties for violation. Moor to approach wall near chain on left

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part hand side

105 issued under authority vested in Prestdent by 2 C.Z.C. 1331, 76A Stat. 46, and delegated to Secretary of Army by $ 3.1(a) (1) of this chapter.

SOURCE: The provisions of this part 106

appear at 31 F.R. 12292, Sept. 16, 1966, unEnter right-hand side

less otherwise noted.
8 105.1 Pilots required.

(a) Except as provided by 88 105.2 and 105.3, no vessel shall pass through the Canal, enter or leave a terminal port,

or maneuver within Canal Zone waters Enter left-hand side

lying inside the Canal entrances without § 103.40

Transit schedules; pennants. having a Panama Canal pilot on board. (a) When a pilot is assigned to a ship (b) Normally a vessel will, unless adfor northbound or southbound canal vised to the contrary by the Port Captransit he shall be given a schedule num tain, be boarded by the Panama Canal ber and the expected time of arrival at pilot inside the breakwater at a point

north of the Mole Beacon at the Atlantic entrance and in the Merchant Vessel Anchorage to seaward of Buoys 1 and 2 at the Pacific entrance.

(c) A pilot shall not relinquish control to avessel's personnel or depart from a vessel which he has boarded to pilot until the vessel has been properly docked, anchored or moored at a terminal port or has cleared the Mole Beacon, Atlantic entrance or Buoys 1 and 2, Pacific entrance, except by specific permission from the Port Captain. $ 105.2 Exemptions from compulsory

pilotage. The following vessels are exempt from compulsory pilotage, except when the Port Captain considers a pilot necessary; nevertheless a pilot will be furnished any such exempted vessel if requested by the commanding officer or master thereof:

(a) Vessels of the Fifteenth Naval District, except as limited by paragraph (e) of this section.

(b) Local craft, such as United States Army and United States Navy minesweepers, landing craft and tugs, and Panama Canal Company tugs and equipment, except as limited by paragraph (e) of this section.

(c) Small craft under 65 feet in length and drawing not over six feet of water that call at terminal ports without transiting the Canal. These craft, however, must employ a pilot when docking or undocking at the terminal piers in Cristobal.

(d) Any vessel that makes frequent calls to Canal Zone waters and whose current officers and crew are, in the opinion of the Port Captain, capable, by reason of such frequent calls and otherwise, of safely navigating within Canal Zone waters and are so certified, except as limited by paragraph (e) of this section.

(e) Vessels and craft enumerated in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and (d) of thes section may be permitted to transit the Canal without a pilot when, in the opinion of the respective Port Captain, the current officers and crew have the necessary experience and ability to make safe transit and such transit is specifically approved. Whenever any such vessel or craft makes transit without a pilot the respective Port Captain shall dispatch it with a larger vessel carrying a pilot, and it shall lock through with that vessel. The Port Captain, Balboa, shall control the movements of such vessel or craft through Gaillard Cut so as to mini

mize the danger of its being a navigational hazard to larger vessels.

(f) Any other vessel or craft as and to the extent exempted by the Marine Director.

CROSS REFERENCE: Vessels passing through locks without pilot aboard, in accordance with this section, to be under direction of Lockmaster, see § 109.7(b). $ 105.3 Vessels in distress.

A vessel in danger or distress is not prohibited from entering a terminal port at any time, but such vessel shall, when practicable, give due notice in advance, by radio or otherwise, and obtain a pilot, if possible. Such vessel shall, except in an emergency, anchor in the designated anchorage area.

CROSS REFERENCE: Merchant-vessel anchorage, see § 101.8. § 105.4 Pilotage charges.

Pilotage for vessels in transit through the Canal is free; but whenever any vessel, while in Canal waters, discharges or receives freight or passengers, or remains for the purpose of effecting repairs, or makes either terminal a port of call, it is liable for the applicable port pilotage charge established by the Canal authorities. § 105.5 Pilotage beyond Atlantic break,

water. Should a vessel desire a pilot to meet it outside the Atlantic breakwaters, such vessel shall remain there and make signal to that effect. $ 105.6 Status and function of pilot.

The pilot assigned to a vessel shall have control of the navigation and movement of such vessel. $ 105.7 Penalties for violation.

Whoever violates any of the provisions of $$ 105.1 to 105.6 is subject to punishment as provided in 2 C.Z.C. 1331, 76A Stat. 46, by a fine of not more than $100, or by imprisonment in jail for not more than 30 days, or by both.

PART 107—MANNING OF VESSELS:

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING OF-
FICERS AND CREW

Sec. 107.1 Vessels to be fully manned. 107.2 Crew on watch. 107.3 Wher. Master and officers must be on

bridge or at other regular stations.

Sec. 107.4 When Chief Engineer must be on

duty; full head of steam to be

maintained. 107.5 When particular deck officers must be

on duty. 107.6 Unauthorized persons not allowed on

bridge. 107.7 Penalties for violation,

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 107 issued under authority vested in President by 2 C.Z.C. 1331, 76A Stat. 46, and delegated to Secretary of Army by $ 3.1(a) (1) of this chapter.

SOURCE: The provisions of this part 107 appear at 31 F.R. 12293, Sept. 6, 1966, unless otherwise noted. $ 107.1 Vessels to be fully manned.

A vessel navigating the waters of the Canal Zone shall be sufficiently manned in officers and crew to permit safe handling of the vessel. The Canal authorities may deny transit of the Canal to any vessel which, in their opinion, is insufficiently manned as to officers and crew. § 107.2 Crew on watch.

(a) When underway in Canal Zone waters, a vessel shall keep a full watch on deck and in the engine room. When approaching a lock, moored temporarily to a lock wall, or when in a lock chamber, a vessel shall, when so requested by the pilot, have sufficient seamen forward and aft to handle lines expeditiously.

(b) When anchored, moored, or lying at a pier in Canal Zone waters, a vessel shall at all times have on board at least one qualified deck officer, one qualified engineer officer familiar with the machinery and layout of the vessel, and sufficient crew to provide for the safety of the vessel. § 107.3 When Master and officers must

be on bridge or at other regular sta

tions. (a) When a vessel is entering or leaving a lock, docking or undocking, getting underway, anchoring, mooring or shifting berth, or is underway in Gaillard Cut, the Master shall be on the bridge and shall keep the Pilot informed concerning any individual peculiarities in the handling of the vessel so that the Pilot may be better able to control the navigation and movement of the vessel. All other officers shall be at their regular stations throughout the times and maneuvers described herein.

(b) At all other times when a vessel is moving in Canal Zone waters, the Mas

ter of the vessel, or his qualified representative, shall be present at all times on the bridge and shall keep the Pilot informed concerning the individual peculiarities in the handling of the vessel so that the Pilot may be better able to control the navigation and movement of the vessel. All other officers shall be at their regular stations throughout the maneuvers described herein. § 107.4 When Chief Engineer must be

on duty; full head of steam to be

maintained. (a) In addition to the regular engineer officer of the watch, the Chief Engineer of a vessel shall remain on duty in the engine room during the approach to, and while passing through, the locks and until the lockage is completed and the vessel is clear of the lock walls. The Chief Engineer shall also be on duty in the engine room while the vessel is passing through Gaillard Cut, docking or undocking, getting underway, anchoring, mooring, or shifting berth.

(b) A full head of steam or full diesel power, as the case may be, shall be maintained at all times mentioned in paragraph (a) of this section. § 107.5 When particular deck officers

must be on duty. (a) When a vessel is getting underway, anchoring, mooring, or is underway in Gaillard Cut, a ship's officer shall stand by on the forecastle.

(b) When a vessel is entering, in, or leaving a lock, docking or undocking, or shifting berth, a ship's officer shall stand by on the forecastle and a ship's officer shall also stand by on the stern. § 107.6 Unauthorized persons not al

lowed on bridge. While a vessel is underway, no person shall be allowed on the bridge or in the pilot house except the pilot and other representative of the Panama Canal, and the Master and such officers and other members of the crew of the vessel as may be necessary for its navigation and control, management, operation and safety. § 107.7 Penalties for violation.

Whoever violates any of the provisions of $ $ 107.1 to 107.6 is subject to punishment as provided in 2 C.Z.C. 1331, 76A Stat. 46, by a fine of not more than $100, or by imprisonment in jail for not more than 30 days, or by both.

PART 109-ENTERING AND PREPAR

ING TO ENTER THE LOCKS Sec. 109.1 Keeping persons clear of gear used

in lockages. 109.2 Embarking or disembarking at locks. 109.3 Same; permits. 109.4 Locomotive; Canal deckhands. 109.5 Ship’s gear to be ready during tran

sit; test. 109.6 Construction, number, and location

of chocks and bitts. 109.7 Passing through locks; use of towing

locomotives and ship's engines. 109.8 Penalties for violation.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 109 issued under authority vested in President by 2 C.Z.C. 1331, 76A Stat. 46, and delegated to Secretary of Army by $ 3.1(a) (1) of this chapter.

SOURCE: The provisions of this Part 109 appear at 31 F.R. 12294, Sept. 16, 1966, unless otherwise noted. § 109.1 Keeping persons clear of gear

used in lockages. The master and officers of a vessel shall require all passengers and all other persons not engaged in working the vessel to keep well clear of lines, bitts, chocks, winches and other gear being used in connection with the lockage. $ 109.2 Embarking or disembarking at

locks. Except when specially authorized by the Canal authorities, no person shall embark upon or disembark from a vessel while it is in a lock. The Canal authorities shall not be responsible for any injuries to persons or property or for damage to vessels which may result from the granting of such special permission. § 109.3 Same; permits.

Permits for embarking or disembarking at the locks may be issued in the discretion of the Port Captain. $ 109.4 Locomotives; Canal deckhands.

The Canal authorities are authorized to prescribe:

(a) The number of towing locomotives and wires required in the locks by a transiting vessel, depending upon her length, beam, displacement, and special conditions; and

(b) The number of Canal deckhands to be placed on board a transiting vessel to assist her crew in handling towing wires in the locks.

§ 109.5 Ship’s gear to be ready during

transit; test. Before beginning transit of the Canal, à vessel shall have hawsers, lines and fenders ready for passing through the locks, for warping, towing, or mooring as the case may be; and shall have both anchors ready for letting go. The Master shall assure himself, by actual test, of the readiness of his vessel's main engines, steering gear, engine room telegraphs, whistle, rudder-angle and engine-revolution indicators, and anchors. During the transit, at all times while a vessel is underway or moored against the lock walls, her deck winches, capstans, and other power equipment for handling lines, as well as her mooring bitts, chocks, cleats, hawse pipes, etc., shall be ready for handling the vessel, to the exclusion of all other work. § 109.6 Construction, number, and lo

cation of chocks and bitts. (a) All chocks for towing wires shall be of heavy closed construction and shall have a convex bearing surface with a radius of not less than 7 inches (178 millimeters). The convex surface shall extend so that a wire from the bitt, or from the towing locomotive through the chock, shall be tangent to the 7-inch (178 millimeters) radius at any angle up to 90 degrees with respect to a straight line through the chock.

(b) No part of the vessel which may be contacted by the towing wires, at any angle, shall have less than a 7-inch radius.

(c) Chocks designated as single chocks shall have a throat opening of not less than 100 square inches (645 square centimeters) in area-preferred dimensions are 12 x 9 inches (305 x 229 millimeters)—and shall be capable of withstanding a strain of 70,000 pounds (32,000 kilograms) on a towing wire from any direction.

(d) Chocks designated as double chocks shall have a throat opening of not less than 140 square inches (903 square centimeters) in area-preferred dimensions are 14 x 10 inches (356 x 254 millimeters)—and shall be capable of withstanding a strain of 140,000 pounds (64,000 kilograms) on the towing wires from any direction.

(e) Use of roller chocks is permissible provided they are in good condition, meet all of the requirements for solid chocks as specified in paragraphs (a), (b), (c),

and (d) of this section, as the case may be, and are so fitted that transition from the rollers to the chock body will prevent damage to towing wires.

(f) Each single chock shall have an accompanying bitt capable of withstanding a strain of 70,000 pounds (32,000 kilograms).

(g) Each double chock located at the stem and at the stern, in accordance with paragraph (h) of this section, shall have two pairs of heavy bitts with each bitt of each pair capable of withstanding a strain of 70,000 pounds (32,000 kilograms). Other double chocks shall have a pair of heavy bitts with each bitt capable of withstanding a strain of 70,000 pounds (32,000 kilograms).

(h) All vessels, except a vessel using her own lines in accordance with $ 109.7 (a) (1) and (2), shall be fitted with a double chock set athwartships right in the stem and another double chock set athwartships right in the stern, except that on vessels of less than 85 feet beam, two single chocks may be substituted for each double chock required by this subsection. If such substitution is made, the single chocks shall be placed, port and starboard, not more than 8 feet abaft the stem or 10 feet forward of the stern, provided that these chocks are not more than 10 feet from the center line of the vessel.

(i) Vessels under 200 feet in length and not exceeding 30 feet in beam shall have a double chock at the stem and stern or two single chocks may be substituted for each double chock. If such substitution is made, the single chocks shall be placed, port and starboard, not more than 8 feet abaft the stem or 10 feet forward of the stern,

(j) Vessels 200 to 500 feet in length and not exceeding 75 feet beam shall have a double chock at the stem and at the stern or two single chocks at the bow and stern, port and starboard, not more than 8 feet abaft the stem or 10 feet forward of the stern and shall have two additional single chocks, port and starboard, 30 to 50 feet abaft the stem and 30 to 50 feet forward of the stern.

(k) Tessels 500 to 600 feet long or between 75 and 85 feet in beam and have a double chock at the stem and stern or two single chocks at the bow and stern, port and starboard, not more than 8 feet abaft the stem or 10 feet forward of the stern and in addition shall have a double chock, port and starboard, 40 to 50 feet abaft the stem and a single

chock, port and starboard, 40 to 50 feet forward of the stern.

(1) Vessels 600 to 670 feet long or between 85 and 90 feet in beam shall have a double chock at the stem and stern, a double chock, port and starboard, 40 to 50 feet abaft the stem; a single chock, port and starboard, 80 to 90 feet abaft the stem and a single chock, port and starboard, 40 to 50 feet forward of the stern.

(m) Vessels over 670 feet long or over 90 feet in beam shall have a double chock at the stem and stern; a double chock, port and starboard, 40 to 50 feet abaft the stem; a single chock, port and starboard, 80 to 90 feet abaft the stem; a double chock, port and starboard, 40 to 50 feet forward of the stern and a single chock, port and starboard, 80 to 90 feet forward of the stern.

(n) On vessels over 90 feet in beam, in order to obtain efficient lateral control from locomotives and to prevent the towing wires from fouling wall coping and miter gates, all chocks shall be placed on the raised sections of the ship (forecastle and poop deck) even though the distance of such chocks from the bow and the stern may be less than specified in this section.

(0) A vessel using her own lines, in accordance with $ 109.7(a) (1) and (2), shall have a chock arrangement similar to that described in paragraph (i) of this section, except that the chocks need only be single chocks or, if approved by the Canal authorities, of lesser strength.

(p) Any vessel which fails to meet the requirements of this secton may be denied transit. If the Marine Director or his representative decides that the vessel can be handled without undue danger to equipment or to personnel, notwithstanding her failure to comply with other requirements of this section, the vessel may be allowed to transit after the Master thereof, in the presence of the Pilot, signs an undertaking, for the said vessel, her owners, operators, or any other persons having any interest in her, and for himself, releasing the Panama Canal Company from and indenmifying it against, any loss, damage, or liability incurred by the Panama Canal Company under, or in respect to:

(1) Sections 291 through 297, inclusive, of Title 2 of the Canal Zone Code, 76A Stat. 23-25;

(2) Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government property; and

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