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Canal Zone or of the United States or of the provisions of this chapter. A vessel may also be held until, in the opinion of the Canal authorities, its tenderness, trim, list, cargo, hull, machinery, and equipment have been put into such condition as will make the vessel reasonably safe for her passage through the Canal. No claim for damages shall be allowed or considered because of any such temporary holding of vessels. § 103.8 Order of transiting of vessels.

The Canal authorities may dispatch vessels through the Canal in any order and at any time they may see fit. Priority of arrival at a terminal does not give any vessel the right to pass through the Canal ahead of another that may arrive later, although order of arrival will be a consideration in determining the order of passage. $ 103.9 Passenger steamers given pref

erence in transiting. Regular passenger steamers with accommodations for 50 or more passengers, when carrying mail and running on fixed, published schedules, will to the extent consistent with efficient operation of the Canal, as determined by the Canal authorities, be given preference over other vessels in transiting regardless of the number of passengers actually on board. However, as between such vessels, special consideration will be given to those vessels which are actually ready for transit at regular, fixed hours. § 103.10 Vessels without rudder-angle

and engine-revolution indicators sub

ject to delay in transiting. A vessel in excess of 150 feet in length that is not equipped with properly operating rudder-angle and engine-revolution indicators, so located as to be readily visible to a pilot on the bridge, will be subject to delay in transiting to the extent the Canal authorities deem necessary or appropriate in order to minimize, in the light of the type and volume of Canal traffic and of other factors relating to the safety of Canal operations, the increased hazards of navigation resulting from failure of the vessel to be so equipped. § 103.11 Vessels without mechanical sig.

nal system to engine room subject to

delay in transiting. (a) A vessel that is not equipped with a properly operating mechanical system

of signals between the pilot house and the engine room, as recommended under paragraph (b) of this section, is subject to delay in transiting to the extent the Canal authorities deem necessary or appropriate in order to minimize, in the light of the type and volume of Canal traffic and of other factors relating to the safety of Canal operations, the increased hazards of navigation resulting from failure of the vessel to be so equipped.

(b) It is recommended that every vessel have a mechanical system of signals between the pilot house and the engine room. Any such system should return the engine order to the pilot house. If the signal system is by bells the vessel should have a tube, of proper size, so arranged as to return the sound of the bell signals to the pilot house, and should also be provided with a speaking tube or other device for the purpose of conversation between the pilot house and engine room. If the signal system is by engine room telegraph it should be capable of repeating the order back to the pilot house. § 103.12 Discharge of firearms.

No firearms of any kind may be discharged from vessels while in Canal Zone waters, except that authorized salutes by vessels of war at the Parts of Cristobal and Balboa will be permitted by prior arrangement with Canal authorities. § 103.13 Firing of salutes.

Vessels of war may not fire salutes while at dock, in the locks, or in Gaillard Cut. § 103.14

Color and house flags. During daylight, vessels in Canal Zone waters shall display their colors and house flags. $ 103.15 Boarding vessels at anchor or

underway. Except for members of the boarding party, pilots, and agents in the performance of their official duties and such other persons as may be authorized by Canal authorities, no person, with or without the consent of the Master, may board a vessel at anchor or underway in Canal Zone waters. 8 103.16 Meals to be furnished by vessel

in certain cases. Vessels shall furnish meals to Panama Canal pilots without charge during the

ship’s regular meal hours and shall furnish a meal to the pilot between 2200 hours and 0400 hours if the vessel is transiting the Canal during such hours. In addition, vessels shall provide meals without charge during the ship's regular meal hours to any other Panama Canal personnel, other than linehandlers, whose assignment will require them to be aboard the vessel for four or more hours. If a vessel is unable to furnish such meals they may be furnished by the Panama Canal Company at the expense of the vessel. § 103.17 Boat for handling lines.

A vessel shall keep at least one boat ready for lowering, for the purpose of handling lines. § 103.18 Accommodation ladder.

A vessel shall, weather permitting, have an accommodation ladder rigged and ready for use upon arrival in Canal Zone waters. Such accommodation ladder may be turned in and secured after pratique is granted. § 103.19 Pilot ladder.

A vessel shall furnish a safe, clean, and well-illuminated pilot ladder or other facility for embarking and disembarking pilots and Canal deckhands. § 103.20 Disabling of engines.

Except when specifically authorized by the Canal authorities, no vessel at any dock or mooring within Canal Zone waters shall have its engines disabled or otherwise rendered inoperative. § 103.21 Precautions against sparks,

smoke, etc. While within Canal Zone waters, vessels shall take all necessary precautions to avoid the issuance of sparks, excessive smoke, or noxious gases. § 103.22 Vessels at fuel berths.

A vessel at a fuel berth shall keep up steam and be ready to move on short notice unless special authority to the contrary has been obtained from the Canal authorities. § 103.23 Vessels at wharves; fire watch;

gangways. A vessel lying at any pier, dock, or wharf shall at all times keep a satisfactory watch for fire and have suitable fire-fighting apparatus ready for imme

diate use. Any such vessel shall also keep each gangway which is in use, whether such gangway has been supplied by the vessel or by the Panama Canal Company, properly illuminated when necessary, and properly kept in safe condition for use, and properly secured at all times, moving or adjusting the same to allow for rise and fall of the tides and/or other changed circumstances. § 103.24 Gangway watch on vessels at

piers in wartime, etc. (a) In time of war in which the United States is engaged, and during any other period when ordered by the Governor, the master of a vessel lying at any wharf or pier in the Canal Zone, or his representative, shall cause to be maintained a continuous and competent gangway watch which shall check the identity of all persons going on board or attempting to go on board such vessel, or leaving or attempting to leave such vessel; shall prevent unauthorized persons from going on board such vessel; and shall, through the master of such vessel or his representative, promptly report all cases wherein unauthorized persons board or leave, or attempt to board or leave, such vessel. The report required by this section may be made to any Canal Zone police or customs/immigration officer, or to any member of the military guard or naval shore patrol, on the wharf or pier.

(b) As used in paragraph (a) of this section, “unauthorized persons” means and includes all persons other than (1) officers, members of the crew, and passengers of such vessel, and (2) persons who bear proper photographic identification and establish that they have legitimate business on board such vessel. 103.25 Fishing or placing of nets or

other obstructions prohibited. No fishing nets or other obstructions shall be placed in any of the navigable waters of the Canal Zone. Fishing boats shall not anchor for the purpose of fishing nor haul nets or trawls in the anchorages or navigable channels of the Canal Zone nor in the harbors of Balboa and Cristobal. Fishing from small craft in the navigable channels of the Canal or in the harbors of Balboa and Cristobal is prohibited. § 103.26 Obstructions not to be placed

across channels or docks. No warp or line shall be passed across any channel or dock so as to obstruct

the passage of vessels or cause any interference with the discharging of cargoes. § 103.27 Clear view forward from the

bridge and steering light requirement

for certain vessels. (a) A vessel may not be navigated in Canal Zone waters unless there is a clear, unobstructed view forward from the bridge.

(b) A vessel so constructed that the horizontal distance from the point at which the centerline intersects the foremost part of the navigation bridge deck to the point, on the centerline, at which the stem intersects the uppermost forward weather or forecastle deck is 250 feet or more in length shall have installed, at or near the stem, a light, other than a white, green or amber light, of such an intensity and so fixed as to be clear of or above obstructions and clearly visible from the navigation bridge and so shaded that it shall not be visible forward of the beam.

(c) Naval or military vessels exempted from the requirements of Part 111 of this chapter shall also be exempt from the requirements of paragraphs (b), (d), (e), and (f) of this section.

(d) The light required by this section shall be capable of being illuminated and extinguished by a suitable control switch located either on the navigation bridge or on the forecastle deck, or both.

(e) The use of this steering light shall be at the discretion of the Panama Canal Pilot who has control of the vessel.

(f) This section will be effective January 1, 1971. [35 F.R. 12274, July 31, 1970) § 103.28 Towing of certain vessels re

quired. A vessel arriving at a terminal port of the Canal Zone and having a mean draft in excess of that allowed under the Load Line Regulations for the tropical zone, applicable for the voyage on which the vessel is engaged, as determined by the American Bureau of Shipping, Lloyd's Register or other acceptable certifying agency, shall be required to take the services of a Panama Canal tug or tugs from the Pacific entrance Channel Buoys 1 and 2 to Gamboa Reach, from the north end of Gatun Locks to Buoy 3 in Cristobal harbor, and vice versa. However, in instances where the overdraft

is negligible, the assignment of a tug or tugs may be waived in the discretion of the Port Captain. Any vessel without mechanical motive power, or the machinery of which is or becomes disabled, or which steers badly, or which is liable to become unmanageable for any reason, shall be towed through the Canal. The Canal authorities may require any vessel to take a tug or tugs through Gaillard Cut, in the approaches to the locks, or in any other part of the Canal, when in their judgment such action is necessary to insure reasonable safety to the vessel or to the Canal and its appurtenances. The tug service in any of these cases shall be chargeable to the vessel. The Master of a vessel which steers badly, or which is liable to become unmanageable for any reason, shall report such fact and request the services of a tug. § 103.29 Anchoring in Canal Zone

waters. No vessel shall anchor within the navigable waters of the Canal Zone in other than a designated anchorage, except in an emergency, and no craft shall tie up to any aid-to-navigation in Canal Zone waters. § 103.30 Assignment of berth.

All vessels entering port shall take the berth or dock assigned them by the Port Captain or his delegate. § 103.31 Shifting berth.

No vessel shall be shifted from one berth to another without the prior approval of the Port Captain or his delegate. § 103.32 Engine orders to be recorded.

(a) Every vessel over 250 feet in overall length whose propulsion engines are not controlled directly from the bridge shall, while navigating in Canal Zone waters under the control of a Panama Canal Pilot, maintain a bridge bell book and an engine room bell book. The bridge bell book shall consist of a contemporaneous record of each engine order and the time that it is transmitted from the bridge to the engine room. The engine room bell book shall consist of a contemporaneous record of each engine order and the time that it is received in the engine room. The bridge bell book and the engine room bell book must be

(d) Following are the signals in use and their meanings:

Proceed. International numeral pennants

hoisted with this signal designate schedule number in accordance with $ 103.40

Proceed at half speed

Proceed cautiously, keep sharp lookout for

Canal craft, steamers, obstructions, or change of orders

surrendered, upon request, to the Pilot or to the Board of Local Inspectors or other Canal authorities for the purpose of inspection and reproduction.

(b) Every vessel whose engines are controlled directly from the bridge shall, while navigating in Canal Zone waters under the control of a Panama Canal Pilot, maintain a bridge bell book. The bridge bell book shall consist of a contemporaneous record of each change in engine orders. § 103.33 Navigation in Gaillard Cut.

No vessel other than a vessel transiting the Canal shall navigate in Gaillard Cut except with the express prior approval of the Canal authorities. § 103.34 Same; control by Port Cap

tain, Balboa. The movement of vessels in Gaillard Cut shall be regulated by the Port Captain, Balboa, through the signal stations and Pedro Miguel Locks, or by such other persons and through such other stations or facilities as the Canal authorities may designate. § 103.35. Signal stations.

Signal stations for the control of traffic by visual means at Gaillard Cut are established at La Pita and Gamboa. The La Pita station is equipped with voice radio. § 103.36 Routing of signals.

No vessel shall communicate with any lock or signal station while in transit through the Canal, except through the pilot. This does not apply to vessels moored at the terminals of Cristobal or Balboa, before entering or after having passed through the Canal, which may wish to communicate through the terminal stations. § 103.37 Traffic signals.

(a) At signal stations a cone at the east upper yardarm designates northbound vessels and a ball at the west upper yardarm designates southbound vessels. By night a white light represents a ball, and a red light, a cone.

(b) At twilight both cones, balls and lights are displayed.

(c) A display of International "N" by day or a green light by night will indicate that traffic is over for the day.

Moor at Gamboa moorings

To transiting vessels: Slow down or stop for

communications or orders To Canal craft: Wish to communicate, have

orders or message for you When flown on west yardarm at Gamboa:

Southbound vessels do not enter “Cut” until northbound "Clear Cut" vessel or vessels pass station

International alphabet flags shown under a mooring signal designate berth at a dock or mooring indicated by the signal.

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8 103.38 Special traffic signals in Gail

lard Cut. The following signals are used by the signal stations at Gamboa and La Pita, in Gaillard Cut, for directing the movements of vessels that are not in sight of each other, due to bends in the channel. In each case where one, two or three ships are directed to proceed past a station in one direction, any vessels approaching from the opposite direction shall keep well back and clear of the bend until the vessels designated have passed and/or signal is made for the vessel or vessels heading in the opposite direction to proceed. Signals are shown as they appear to an observer looking from the south. From the north, they will appear the opposite.

One southbound ship proceed

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Two southbound ships proceed

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