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no longer serve the purpose that they were originally designed to serve. This is a facility to replace these three temporary structures. They have not been able to keep the colonies of animals completely germ free from outside contamination and they are having problems with the runs for the larger animals.


Captain Cowart mentioned the “dog pens.” They are in a part of the shipyard where we have flooding during extremely high tides. There is a letter on record from Dr. Brown stating that there is no duplication and the activities of this Laboratory are very carefully coordinated with civilian experiments and also within Government agencies. We submitted a statement to this effect for the House record. It is in the report. The House approved the item, sir.

Senator STENNIs. We will get into Doctor Brown's letter later.

The next item.


Captain CowART. On page 4. This second project is also a single line item. It is included in the fleet base facilities class. It is at the Fleet Activities, Ryukyus, Okinawa, for an addition to the bowling alley, at the estimated cost of $278,000. It was authorized but not funded last year. The present facility consists of 4 alleys and this item will add 10 more alleys. Buckner Bay is used as a fleet anchorage for ships in the Okinawa area. Recreation facilities are extremely limited in the fleet landing area.

Senator STENNIs. What is the relation between the Navy and the other military posts? Do you know anything about that?

Captain Cow.ART. We have, we feel, good and close relations with them, sir.

Senator STENNIs. I think you need this facility if you are going to stay.

The next item.


Captain CowART. The next item is on page 6. The next group consists of six line items in the naval weapons facilities class. The total for the six items is $3,826,000. The first of these items, authorized but not funded last year, is at the Naval Air Station, Cecil Field, Fla., for construction of a 180-man barracks at an estimated cost of $358,000. Senator STENNIs. Do you have an increase in the number of men there? Captain CowART. In January 1965 we had a total of 3,627 enlisted men. We have a planned baseloading for end of 1966 of 5,245 enlisted men. They are moving more squadrons in. Senator STENNIs. All right.


Captain CowART. The next item is on page 8. The next project is at the Naval Air Station, Norfolk, Va. The mission of this station

is to support the operation of aviation units of the Navy, specifically six antisubmarine warfare squadrons, two patrol squadrons, two transport Squadrons. Senator STENNIs. Excuse me, we have all that, Captain. Captain CowART. This is for the removal of a flight. hazard at the estimated cost of $2,500,000. It was authorized by Public Law 88–637, approved October 8, 1964. This item is for the construction of a covered highway underpass for that portion of Taussig Boulevard which crosses the western end of Runway 10–28, thus eliminating a hazard to the flight and to the traffic on Taussig Boulevard. . . Senator STENNIs. What highway is that, U.S. highway? Captain CowART. At the present time it is just Taussig Boulevard. I believe it will be made part of the Interstate System eventually. soator STENNIs. What is it now you are going to do, put an underpass! Captain CowART. Yes, sir; to depress the highway at the west end of that runway and build a ãosection over it so that the aircraft traffic on the runway will not run into the highway if they happen to go over the end of the runway. This will prevent the hazards to the aircraft and automotive traffic, sir. Senator STENNIs. This is a good deal of money now just to depress the highway. Two and a half million dollars is a lot of money. What other way could you do it? Captain CowART. The only other way would be to relocate Taussig Boulevard by running it directly west and into Hampton Boulevard. This is not in accordance with the plans of the city nor the State. Senator STENNIS. Is another governmental agency putting up any money on this—it looks to me like the Federal Government ought to be in on that plan. Captain CowART. I will ask Admiral Corradi to fill in any points I have missed, sir. WORK CONTEMPLATED

Admiral CoRRADI. This Taussig Boulevard is contemplated as an interstate feeder road under the Bureau of Public Roads interstate highway program. The $2.5 million would represent the Navy's portion of the cost of depressing this road or building an underpass at this particular point to eliminate this flight hazard. We have looked into the feasibility of rebuilding Taussig Boulevard in another location so as to avoid this flight hazard, but it would be more expensive. It would have to go through private property and take a much longer route. Consequently, this has been worked out as the most economical solution of the problem from the standpoint of the Federal Government. Senator STENNIs. You say $2.5 million in the Navy's part. Who else is paying, and how much? Admiral CoRRADI. The widening and improvement of the balance of Taussig Boulevard will be accomplished under the interstate highway program. It will be a 90-percent-Federal and 10-percent-State roiect. p Sotor STENNIs. As far as the underpass is concerned, you are going to pay all of it?

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Admiral CoRRADI. This will be the Navy's portion of the cost of the underpass; yes, sir. There would be some additional cost to the interstate system to meet their requirement. Senator STENNIs. You could build a great deal of runway somewhere else for $2.5 million. Could you go in the other direction for a runway? Admiral CoRRADI. This has been looked into. The runway would have to be projected over water in the other direction. The cost of achieving this same lengthening in the opposite direction would be more expensive. Senator STENNIs. The highway does not run over this runway now, does it, at grade level? Admiral CoRRADI. The highway is at grade level and the runway is at grade level. The presence of the highway, in essence, shortens the runway, as the planes, taking off and landing, cannot use the end of the runway because of the hazard to the motorists. The objective of this depression is to get the motorists below the grade level and protect them with a deck. In essence, effectively lengthening the run

Way. Sonator STENNIs. How much, then, would you extend the runway with additional pavement after you get this underpass?


Admiral CoRRADI. This program does not involve the extension of a runway. It may be lengthened at a future date. The work that is contemplated in this underpass could be incorporated into an eventual runway-lengthening project.

Captain CowART. Mr. Chairman, this will allow about 1,000 more feet of effective runway by removing this hazard.

Senator YARBOROUGH. As I understand it, your runway is already constructed but it is parallel to and near this highway, so close that you can’t use jets if there is vehicular traffic on the highway, the boulevard. Is that your correct situation?

Captain CowART. The highway crosses beyond the west end, within about 500 feet of the end of the existing runway. It does make it very hazardous for aircraft to use that field with automotive traffic on the highway; yes, sir.

Senator YARBOROUGH. So, if you depress that highway, you already have constructed some runway that you could feasibly use but can’t now use with heavy vehicular traffic.

Captain CowART. That is correct.

Senator STENNIS. Will there be a request for the extension of the runway if you get this done?

Captain CowART. The plan now is to look into the possible extension of the runway.

Soor STENNIS. How much do you think that extension is going to cost!

- çaptain CowART. Admiral Corradi, do you have any figures on that,


Admiral CoRRADI. It has not been determined yet, Mr. Chairman, how long the runway will be extended. As you know, this is an old air station. The runway was built before the days of jet aircraft.

We are trying to make maximum use of that which we have today

before we go into a runway lengthening program. Senator STENNIS. The next item.


Captain CowART. The next item is on page 10. This item is for construction of the High Altitude and Survival Training Building at the Naval Air Station, Oceana, Va., at the estimated cost of $503,000.

Senator STENNIs. Page 10?

Captain CowART. Yes, sir. This item was authorized but not funded in the 1965 program. Training in the use of physiological equipment and procedures has become extremely important with the introduction of the modern high-speed and high-altitude aircraft. Among the courses taught are the proper use of oxygen equipment, pressure breathing, full-pressure suit indoctination, ejection-seat use, and night visual training. Classes are now taught in temporary facilities which omit parts of these courses because there are no special facilities available. This item will provide specialized classrooms and facilities, including an altitude and explosive decompression chamber.


Senator STENNIs. Captain, you are asking for $5,985,000 at this naval air station, is that right? Captain CowART. Yes, sir; the total for Oceana is $5,985,000. Senator STENNIs. You already have, according to the book here, over $64 million worth of investment at Oceana. Captain CowART. Yes, sir. Senator STENNIS. The item you are talking about here, can’t you find the necessary classrooms for the training required here in a little room like this? Can't you find that in the property you already la Ve . Captain CowART. There is a facility right now, sir, at Naval Air Station, Norfolk, 20 miles away, which is a temporary-type facility. It does not have all the latest equipment we need for a course of this kind. We would have to add to that or construct additional facilities. Senator STENNIs. You are not using that now? Captain CowART. Yes, sir; it is being used fully. We are not able to teach all of the courses that we require because we do not have some of the special equipment we need. t Senator STENNIs. The next item.


Captain CowART. The next item is on page 12, sir. This item is for an aircraft systems training building at the Marine Corps auxiliary landing field, Camp Pendleton, Calif., at the estimated cost of $150,000. ‘This item was authorized but not funded in the fiscal 1965 program.

Senator STENNIS. These are your assault helicopters?

Captain CowART. Yes, sir.

Senator STENNIS. The next item.


Captain CowART. Page 14, Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point, N.C., for a combat vehicle maintenance shop, at the estimated cost of $111,000. This item was authorized but not funded in the 1965 program.

Senator STENNIs. The next item.


Captain CowART. Next item is on page 16, for the naval air facility, Naha, Okinawa, for construction of a survival equipment shop, at the estimated cost of $204,000. This item was authorized but not funded in the 1965 program. Each squadron at this field utilizes a makeshift facility now for the maintenance of its survival equipment. Senator STENNIs. The Senate approved this last year did it not? Captain CowART. Yes, sir. Senator STENNIs. All right, unless there is objection. The next


Captain CowART. The next item has to do with the Marine Corps facilities for the ground forces. Colonel Low is here, and he will testify to those projects, sir.


Colonel Low. I am Colonel Low, Headquarters, Marine Corps, sir. Our first item is on page 19, for a swimming pool at Camp Las Flores, an outlying area of Camp Pendleton, Calif. For this item, $164,000 was authorized but not funded last year. There are no swimming pools at Camp Las Flores. This facility is needed to provide physical training and recreation for the personnel of the 1st Tank Battalion and the 1st Anti-Tank Battalion stationed at Camp Las Flores.

Senator STENNIS. I think you need it. I think you have made out a

case. Go ahead.

Colonel Low. The next item, sir, is on page 22, Camp Hansen, bachelor officers' quarters. This item was authorized in 1965 but not funded. It provides for three BOQ's for a total of $334,000.

Senator STENNIS. Three BOQ's?

Colonel Low. Yes, sir.

Senator STENNIs. That will take care of how many men?

Colonel Low. That will take care of 54 officers, sir, under comfortable conditions. They are very small buildings, Mr. Chairman.

Camp Hansen has a firm requirement for 22 BOQ's of 18-man capacity each to accommodate a total permanent officer strength of 403 officers. Thirteen BOQ's have been constructed, with three currently under construction. Public Law 88–576 appropriated $731,000 for the remaining six BOQ's. Only three BOQ's however were funded for construction in fiscal year 1965. This item will provide funds for the

remaining three BOQ's—

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