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General SHULER. This is a national range, triservice operation. The power expansion is needed in connection with carrying out our triService mission on this national range.
U.S. ARMY, HAWAII
SCHOFIELD BARRACKS, HAWAII
Senator STENNIs. That brings us 279, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. Will you cover that now?
General SHULER. We are asking here for three line items, tactical equipment shops and facilities, enlisted men's barracks alterations, the first increment of two, and primary electrical cable replacements.
On the first item this is a repetitive item and is a drive we have had on for some time now and are continuing this year to improve our materiel readiness; that is, the readiness of our tanks and other combat equipment for which we have been criticized by the General Accounting Office. We feel that a proper maintenance shop, this is an organizational-type maintenance shop, is a part of this problem, to efficiently repair these complicated pieces of equipment. We covered this yesterday.
Senator STENNIs. Yes.
Next item is repetitive.
General SHULER. Yes, sir; we covered that yesterday.
Senator STENNIs. Cable replacement. I assume you have to have this. If there is no objection we will pass to the next item.
OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
General SHULER. We come now, sir, to page 285, Japan, and we wish to withdraw this particularitem.
Senator STENNIS. That is fine. Why the change on that, General?
General SHULER. Well, sir, someone in the engineering part of our endeavor figured the project at $38,000 to begin with and this gave us a fine amortization period, and as the engineering went along, the price went up and we forgot to refigure the amortization period which now is too long a period.
OKINAwa, RYUKYU ISLANDS
Senator STENNIS. Well, you are not withdrawing the request for the school.
General SHULER. No, sir. We certainly need this school in Okinawa. This is first through sixth grades.
Senator STENNIS. Page 287.
General SHULER. Yes, sir.
Senator STENNIs. You had better hit that one hard.
General SHULER. This will provide, sir, a typhoon resistant dependents’ grade school in the Machinato-Naha family housing area for 1,650 students. They are now attending school in widely scattered areas, some in temporary buildings and quonset huts and some in barracks buildings which we need for troop housing of our enlisted personnel. This item is required to accommodate the projected student load through 1967. We do not want to further divest troop facilities which we will have to do if we cannot have this project, sir. And we feel that these children, being on Okinawa, are entitled to decent school facilities in which we can teach them. - Senator STENNIS. Do you mean the Army has that many there? General SHULER. Yes, sir. Senator STENNIs. 3,875. General SHULER. Yes, sir; these are Army dependent students, grades 1 through 6. Senator STENNIs. What other schools do we have there, anyhow? General SHULER. This is on Okinawa and we have as you know a heavy military population there. Senator STENNIs. Yes. Senator SALTONSTALL. This isn’t going to be enough. General SHULER. No, sir. We are going to have to come in later for additional school facilities. We are very poorly fixed on this right now, sir. All three services. Senator STENNIS. Are children of the Air Force and Army and Marines all in the same schools or do they have separate schools? General SHULER. Sir, for instance, we are presently using Air Force schools at Naha and Kadena. We have 539 students there. We have school facilities at Sukiran, Camp Mercy, and we have a high school at Naha Port, so we do have a number of schools located there but the point is, besides the school buildings, we are using these temporary buildings and converted barracks. We want to get the barracks back to the troops. They are inefficient for school purposes and we are just behind in our facilities. Senator STENNIs. I should know. But do the children from the different services all go to school together? . General SHULER. Mr. Engle, can you help me? Mr. ENGLE. My name is Gene Engle. All DOD students attend the schools in Okinawa, the Army, Navy, or Air Force. Senator STENNIs. Same schools? Mr. ENGLE. Yes, sir. That is correct. Senator STENNIs. Is that true, gentlemen, throughout the services unless there is some special reason to the contrary? Is that true in Western Europe? Mr. ENGLE. Yes; that is true. Senator STENNIs. I assumed it was. Mr. ENGLE. Any service-operated school is available to dependents of any service if they are in that locality. Senator STENNIs. General, are you prepared to go into executive SeSSIOrl. General SHULER. I am prepared on any part of the rest, sir; including executive session. May I ask one question? Senator STENNIs. Yes. General SHULER. I spoke to Senator Inouye yesterday. He had previously asked a question of the Navy when they were here regarding the water and power situations on Okinawa.
Senator STENNIs. Yes.
General SHULER. I told him I had the answer for him and he asked me to place this in the record at this point.
Senator STENNIs. All right.
Without objection it will be put in the record.
(The documents referred to follows:)
OKINAWA WATER SUPPLY
The U.S. Civil Administration, Ryukyu Islands (USCAR) initiated several years ago the development of additional water supply for Okinawa and obtained a preliminary planning report for this purpose entitled: “Report to Ryukyu Domestic Water Corporation. Upon a Comprehensive Master Plan for the Integrated Island Water System,” dated May 1962, prepared by Metcalf & Eddy, Engineers.
The initial plan is being implemented. The Corps of Engineers on June 6, 1963, entered into an agreement with the Ryukyu Domestic Water Corporation (RDWC), an instrumentality of the U.S. Civil Administration, Ryukyu Islands, for design and construction of a $19.2 million integrated water system during the period fiscal year 1963–67. Planned funding of the program was $1.26 million in fiscal year 1963, $4.5 million in fiscal year 1964, $8.9 million in fiscal year 1965, $3 million in fiscal year 1966, and $1.5 million in fiscal year 1967; $12.9 milion of this will be funded from the general fund (nonappropriated) of the High Commissioner, $6 million from the appropriation “Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, Army” (ARIA), which will be transferred to the general fund for obligation, and $0.3 million from the retained earnings of the corporation. The program will bring water from the northern part of the island to the high-use areas in the southern part. The program includes dams, Well fields, transmission pipelines, pumping stations, treatment plants, storage, and distribution.
During the past year the island of Okinawa experienced the worst drought in 70 years. The use of domestic water was severely rationed. Since the Okinawa district has responsibility for developing the required water supply, and since the 1962 study was only very preliminary, the district plans to carry out a master plan study for the ultimate development. The purpose of the study is to establish a plan of development for an ultimate supply of 100 million gallons per day about the year 2000. This study will require approximately 1 year to complete. Active work on the problem was initiated early in April 1965, by personnel of the New England division of the Corps of Engineers, assisted by the Honolulu district.
Current water system capacity is 23% million gallons per day compared to a maximum anticipated demand this Summer Of 27 million gallons per day. Shortterm construction projects are presently underway to bring the system capacity up to 30 million gallons per day.
Construction by the U.S. Army Engineer district, Okinawa, of an oil-fired 88,000-kilowatt steam-electric station at Kin, Okinawa, for the Ryukyu Electric Power Corp., an instrumentality of the U.S. Civil Administration, Ryukyu Islands, is 98 percent complete. The installation includes tanker sea unloading facilities and storage for 240,000 barrels of POL. Construction contract was awarded and notice to proceed issued in January 1963 to International Constructors, Seattle, Wash., a joint venture of three U.S. corporations. The current working estimate (CWE) is $13.3 million. Two of the four 22,000-kilowatt units have passed the tests, are in service and operating satisfactorily. A third unit is under test, making three units essentially in operation. All four units are expected to be in service by mid-June. Power from this plant is urgently required to meet the increasing demands for electricity.
Incorporation of the Kin powerplant provides Okinawa with a firm electrical power capacity of 195,000 kilowatts electric compared to the current maximum demand of 162,000 killowatts electric. Based on anticipated electrical power requirement increases, this would be sufficient up to 1967 when additional electrical power capacity will be needed. Engineering studies of the future electrical power requirements On Okinawa have been completed by the Okinawa district of the Corps of Engineers. It is anticipated that a plan will be completed
for meeting the long-term electrical power requirements in the very near future. (NotE.-DCS/OPS (civil office) is currently preparing paperwork requesting a loan of $30 million for the construction of a 240,000 kilowatts electric powerplant consisting of three 80,000 kilowatts electric units. Total cost estimated at $38.3 million of which $8.3 million will be obtained from the retained earnings of Ryukyu Electric Power Corp.) Senator STENNIs. There are no questions further about the schools? Emergency power supply for communications; is that a necessity? General SHULER. Yes, sir; it certainly is. Senator STENNIs. For essential communications; is that right? General SHULER. Yes, sir. Senator STENNIs. All right. I think we can pass on, gentlemen. Now we will go into executive session. Will you clear for the Army, General? (Whereupon, at 11:45 a.m., the committee proceeded into executive session; following which, at 12:30 p.m., the committee recessed until 2 p.m.) AFTERNOON SESSION
Senator CANNON (presiding). Are you ready to start, General? General SHULER. Yes, sir.
STATEMENT OF MAJ. GEN. W. R. SHULER—Resumed
Senator CANNoN. We will resume with book 2, page 290?
U.S. ARMY, EUROPE
General SHULER. I would like to give the committee some information that has to do with both of the next projects. We actually have three other ones that were authorized last § of the same type and are up for funding this year. We have embarked on a program, sir, in this area in Europe for the deployment of a series of Army airfields and facilities that will support reasonably dispersed stationing of major combat and support forces within central Germany. The size of the U.S. Army, Europe aviation element, and the scope of operations requires a sizable and widely dispersed system of airfield facilities and support activities. To this end, plans have included the development and expansion of airfields and facilities throughout central Germany. Primary factors influencing the airfield development program are the introduction of an increased number of aircraft in the theater because of the ROAD, reorganization, and requirement to disperse combat and support units, to reduce unit vulnerability. The two items requested in this program, are one at Bad Kreuznach Post in Germany and the other at Giessen Post in Germany, the first is on page 292, Bad Kreuznach Post item. This is a project, sir, to move into this location, that is at Finthen Airfield which is just outside Bad Kreuznach. . A number of units are now living dispersed around the area as far as 25 miles away. Some of these troops are at Mainz, some are at Wackernheim, some at Darmstadt.
We have available at Finthen Airfield 246 adequate barrack spaces. We need 318 more which is this project in order to move these Army aviation troops into this location.
Senator CANNON. All right.
GIESSEN POST, GERMANY
General SHULER. The next item, sir, at Giessen post, on page 294, this is for the mission that I described before, sir. A new airfield is required to support the U.S. Army aviation units stationed there now and to be stationed at this airfield. These facilities will also be used to support, Surveillance, troop movements, logistical resupport, and liaison missions of aircraft from other airfields. Tactical considerations include the need for operations involving up to 75 aircraft. The present runway consists of a narrow short pierced steel plank located on low ground which is subject to periodic flooding and it has deteriorated to the extent that this is a very hazardous operation. The existing buildings are located up to 200 feet of the runway. Some are as close as 100 feet. A temporary structure is used as an operations building and a very rapidly deteriorating hangar provides inadequate substandard facilities. This will provide us with facilities at this location to effect the necessary improvements. - Senator CANNON. You are already located at this site at the present time? General SHULER. We are located here now, sir, and we intend to move additional people into this site. Senator CANNoN. You had a request in for this last year and it was denied, is that right? General SHULER. We withdrew it, sir, because it was only for— it was not adequate moneywise to handle this problem. We intended then to place this location at another site and we found we had low ground involved and a flood problem, and we have got a new site now, although we still have to do some work on actually acquiring the real estate. The chairman asked me to point out, sir, any stations where we did have a real estate problem existing. We are confident that we can lick this but we do have to get some land from the Federal Republic of Germany and they have to get some from private ownerships. Senator CANNON. Has that been resolved? Is that still in the talking stage? General SHULER. This is in the stage of getting done, sir. It has not been effected. We have not got the land yet but we are assured that there will be no difficulty on this. Senator CANNON. How much land are you trying to get? General SHULER. Major Woods? Major Woods. I am Major Woods, Army Aviation Directorate, Department of the Army. ll of the real estate necessary in the new location, sir, is under the Army control with the exception of 81% hectares. Of this 814, about 54% belong to or are under the control of the Federal Republic of Germany. The remaining three are in the possession of the local communities.