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active air defense missions, about $4.2 million for tactical supportunits and about $4.2 million for transportunits.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT—$130 MILLION

The Military construction program continues to provide major support for the research, development, and testing activities of the Department of Defense. In the Air Force program a total of $64.3 million is being requested for these purposes of which $14.6 million is for missile range improvements, including land acquisition on the west coast. Also, $8.9 million is being requested in support of space activities generally, and $18 million for a new TITAN III launch complex at Vandenberg AFB, Calif. Other major items propose $9.8 million at bases related to R., & D. missions, and $13 million for in-house laboratory support, primarily for a new Materials Science Laboratory at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, and an Electronics Research Laboratory at Griffiss AFB, N.Y. ---In the Navy segment of the program totaling $18.6 million, $2.5 million is being requested for improvements at the Pacific Missile Range and $7.3 million for underwater research facilities at the Pasadena Annex to the Naval Ordnance Test Station, China Lake, Calif; $7.2 million is being requested for laboratory improvements, including a new chemistry building at the Naval Research Laboratory in the District of Columbia. The Army portion of the program totals $47.2 million and contains $23.9 million to suport the NIKE X development and test program at Kwajalein Island. Continuing the authorization granted by the Congress last year in the amount of $32.1 million, the present request provides for a further increment of operational facilities to conduct the test program, principally for structures to house a prototype missile site radar and its associated electronic and data processing equipment. Additionally, the request provides for personnel facilities, cargo pier improvements, and refrigerated supply facilities. In connection with laboratory support, $14.3 million is included in the Army program for a new electric power laboratory at Fort Belvoir, Va., a medical biological research facility at Fort Detrick, Md., and a quality assurance laboratory at Edgewood Arsenal, Md.

GENERAL SUPPORT $592 MILLION

Under this heading is included the construction necessary to support all the general activities of the Department of Defense not directly indentified with the specific missions previously covered, such as training, communications, medical services, and the Defense Agencies, as well as such functions as supply, maintenance, and administration. The authorization contained in § 1771 provides $592 million for these purposes, or almost one-half of the proposed program for the Active and Reserve Forces. A discussion of some of the more significant proposals follows:

TRAINING

Facility requirements related to training missions constitute a large portion of the general support category, and total $88.7 million. The items being requested include not only classrooms and other direct construction support for our recruit, flight, technical and academic training programs, but also facilities for expansion and modernization of the service academies. Continuing the program initiated in fiscal year 1965 to accommodate the increased enrollments authorized by the Congress under Public Law 88–276 at West Point and Colorado Springs, the present program provides second year increments of $18.1 million and $8.9 million respectively for these two academies. The Army program would include a hospital, BOQ, and physical education center, together with central utilities. The Air Force would expand its academic facilities and provide an addition to the gymnasium. Although not related to the cadet strength increase authorized by Public Law 88–276, the Navy program for Annapolis totals $9.5 million, which would provide a new heating plant and augment previous authorization for a science building, as elements of a long range modernization plan.

COMMUNICATIONS

Included in general support are $62.4 million for our worldwide communications systems, including navigational aids. This amount compares to $71.6 million requested last year, and will continue the effort to augment, improve, and update critical networks on which the command and control of military operations depend. Major items in the Army program include a communications station in the Middle East, automatic #. network (AUTODIN), and automatic secure voice communications (AUTOSEVCOM) switch facilities at various locations in the United States and overseas. Included for the Navy are low frequency antenna systems in Alaska and Newfoundland, a radio transmitter facility in Puerto Rico, and an operations building in Guam. Air Force communications items include expansion in Europe of the troop system from 60 to 120 channels, power improvements in the Defense Communications System, AUTODIN expansion at six |U.S. bases, and improvements to the tactical microwave network in France, Germany, and Italy.

MEDICAL

Construction being requested for medical activities in the General Support program totals $47.5 million as compared with $77 million proposed in fiscal year 1965. Including West Point, as mentioned above, 8 new hospitals containing 538 beds and costing $22.7 million are planned, as well as various dental clinics, dispensaries, laboratories, and other facilities directly related to medical missions. The proposed new construction constitutes another increment in a longrange program to replace over 40 temporary World War II mobilization hospitals.

TROOP HOUSING AND RELATED COMMUNITY TYPE FACILITIES

Most of the troop housing and community support facilities included in the fiscal year 1966 program, totaling $301.3 million, are contained in the General Support category, which accounts for $172.3 million. Of the total amount, $120.8 million would provide 54,225 new barracks . and $42.3 million would provide new BOQ spaces for 5,589 OTTICeI’S. MISCELLANEOUS FACILITIES

Included in this grouping are all proposed projects for the improvement and modernization of utility systems, as well as facilities generally related to maintenance, supply, and administration. The Army is requesting $50.6 million for these purposes, the Navy $40.9 million, and the Air Force $34.4 million. ithin the Navy program, $20.5 million would be applied to shipyard modernization, so as to improve overall efficiency and accommodate ships with increasingly complex

equipments.
DEFENSE ACTIVITIES

Under this heading are included specific projects totaling $30.2 million for the Defense Agencies. The proposed operations and academic building for the Defense Intelligence Agency is again, the major item. This facility, urgently needed to consolidate activities under one roof, was denied by the Congress both in fiscal year 1964 and fiscal year 1965 primarily due to site controversy. Since last year the location has received the approval of the NCPC, and a restudy of alternatives has been made, affirming earlier conclusions that the Arlington Hall site is the most effective operationally, and the least expensive in terms of construction costs. ther major items proposed for the Defense Agencies include $6.1 million to consolidate National Security Agency facilities at Fort Meade, Md., and $3.7 million for the Defense Atomic Support Agency, to augment nuclear weapons test facilities in the Pacific. The program requested by the Department of Defense would also provide authorization for the Advanced Research Projects Agency in the amount of $20 million. You may recall that general construction authority to support this Agency was first provided under the Military Construction Act of 1958 (Public Law 85–685), when it was given single responsibility in the advanced research field by the Secretary of Defense, and subsequent authorization was provided by the Military Construction Act of 1960 (Public Law 86–500). Of $93.5 million in authorization provided in this manner, a balance of only $2 million remains which is already committed, and new authorization must be made available at this time if high priority research efforts are to continue. The Department of Defense looks to the Advanced Research Projects Agency to carry out research which is expected to yield spectacularly new advances in highly important and urgent fields where this country has its most difficult defense problems. As this research is pursued, we must be able to react immediately in providing supporting facilities which cannot be identified in advance. Current emphasis is in searching for an effective ballistic missile defense capability, and in determining a means of assuredly detecting and identifying nuclear tests. It is expected that nearly all of the proposed new authorization will be applied to research in these vital areas. Also requested by the Department of Defense are provisions which would grant general authority to the Secretary of Defense in the amount of $50 million to be used for emergency construction requirements in situations the Secretary determines to be vital to the security of the United States. This committee would be fully informed in advance of all uses made of this authority, which is supported by a counterpart request for appropriations in the fiscal year 1966 military construction budget.

In the past, it has been customary to meet construction emergencies related to unforeseen security situations through the utilization of unfunded contingency authorization provided for each of the three military departments in annual authorization acts. The facilities required to o: troop augmentations during the Berlin buildup and to strengthen eastern U.S. defenses incident to the Cuban crisis were provided in this manner. In both of these cases, however, we were fortunate that construction requirements could be met within the framework of existing authorization and that the military threat did not escalate to a point requiring greater use of forces and weapons systems. Thanks to the support of the Congress, and particularly to the responsiveness of this committee, clearances and reprograming of funds were handled expeditiously and it was possible to provide urgently needed facilities in time to meet critical readiness dates.

Present circumstances, however, have forced a serious reappraisal of the resources available to the Department of Defense for coping with emergency conditions of this kind. During the military posture briefings concerning our general purpose forces, you will recall the emphasis placed on the need to plan against a wide range of threats and to develop a capability to deal with these contingencies, despite their unpredictability. I need not remind this committee of the important role that military construction plays in the support of all such military plans and operations. The emergency authority proposal by the Department of Defense was expressly designed against this background, to provide the full flexibility necessary to react decisively and instantaneously when installations and facilities vital to the security of the United States must be established.

MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING

Title V of the bill contains the authorization for the new appropriation required for the military family housing program. Although this is a Military Construction Authorization § the costs of all components of military family housing are reflected in order that the committee may review and authorize this program as an entity.

For construction related functions, we are requesting authorization for appropriation of $245.9 million. This includes costs for construction of 12,500 new family units, improvements to adequate quarters minor construction, construction of trailer court facilities, and planning.

For support of our existing housing inventory and other support costs, we are requiring authorization for appropriation of $489.7 million: These costs include operating expenses, leasing, maintenance, payments of principal and interest on mortgage debts incurred, payments to the Commodity Credit Corporation, and servicemen's mortgage insurance premiums.

š. SALTonstall. Excuse me, Mr. Sheridan, if I may interrupt your statement for a question, you show there in the second paragraph authorization for appropriation of new construction $245.9 million, and on your front page you show $228,434 million. I am just curious. Those two figures do not seem to agree. Mr. SHERIDAN. Mr. Reed can explain that. Mr. REED. The $228 million, sir, is for the construction of the 12,500 units. The difference between the $245 and $228 is for minor construction, planning, improvements, and that type of thing, sir. There will be a full presentation on the breakdown of those costs. Senator SALTONSTALL. Those two figures then do agree. Mr. REED. Yes, sir. Senator SALTONSTALL. Thank you. Mr. SHERIDAN. Thus, our total request for authorization for appropriation for military family housing for fiscal year 1966 is $735.6 million. Beginning in fiscal year 1964, we embarked on a 5-year plan to construct 62,100 family housing units in order that we could clear up the outstanding deficit of housing. The Congress in the recent past has not supported this program at the requested level. In lieu of our request for 12,100 units in fiscal year 1964, only 7,500 were funded. Last year the Congress funded only 8,250 units as opposed to our request for 12,500 units. During the fiscal year 1964 hearings the authorization committees generally agreed that a requirement for 62,100 units was valid. We have continued to review our requirements on a semiannual basis against the deficit and our most recent analysis of our needs indicates a deficit of 49,000 units. However, the committee in its review of the program felt that it would be more appropriate to authorize only about 10,000 units per year for the last 2 years. In view of the level of funding for new units that the Congress has approved in the past 2 years, it is now apparent that it is impossible without a “crash” building program, for the Department to obtain its objective within the original 5-year program. We have always felt that the best solution to the family housing program was an orderly annual level of construction. With this approach in mind, we have again requested a new construction program of 12,500 units for fiscal year 1966. A continuation of this annual level over the next several years will allow us to fulfill the original outstanding deficit in 6 years rather than the 5-year plan originally proposed. We also seek authorization for 600 trailer spaces to accommodate military personnel who own their own trailers but are unable to find adequate trailer court facilities in the community. An important segment of the family housing program is the cateory of improvement to adequate quarters. We request authorization #. $18.2 million for these improvements. These funds are used to modernize and update our aging inventory of housing. We feel it is good business to invest in an improvement program which will conserve on future maintenance costs and prevent mass obsolescence of housing units. This request for $18.2 million represents about one-third of 1 percent of the estimated value of our existing housing inventory and, in our judgment, is the minimum amount necessary. The housing program will be explained in greater detail when title V comes up for review by this committee. Therefore, I will only briefly mention the remaining legislative proposals which include: An extension and expansion of our domestic leasing program; an extension of the rental guaranty authority; and authority to relocate 47–232–65—3

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