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detail. True, they are at small scale but we have been able to blow them up so we can get the detail from them.


The marble pilasters which occurred above in the ladies' galleries no longer exist, and we are hopeful that we will be able to get the similar conglomerate marble that was used in the pilasters in the lower level of this chamber and in the columns.

After extensive research in the field we found the actual location Where Benjamin Henry Latrobe obtained this conglomerate material in Loudon County, Va., and in Maryland, near Point of Rocks. The Quarries are no longer active, but there is a sufficient amount of mate

rial remaining and we are hoping that some marble will be secured, . .

enough to make blocks to produce the material that we need to complete this work. Senator MoWRoNEY. Is that both the Supreme Court and the Mr. CAMPIOLI. The Supreme Court columns are of sandstone. The marble is located in the upper chamber. This exhibit [pointing] shows the various materials that would be used in the room.


The draperies and the glass curtains, the wall color and dado color and the fabrics that were used for fluting around the room. The colors of the carpet, the Senate carpet was red with stars made up of two other colors. This [pointing] is a sample of the carved ornamentation such as was used in the canopy around the Vice President’s chair, these are some of the tiebacks, the color of the wood furniture. The leather Samples are shown in this corner [pointing] and so forth. This drawing shows the design of the carpets in the Senate Chamber. It has a maroon background with gold stars in the field. Senator MoMRONEY. That was what? Mr. CAMPIOLI. The carpet in the Senate Chamber. Senator MoMRONEY. I see. Mr. CAMPIOLI. This is a drawing showing the design of the carpet in the Supreme Court Chamber, it had a blue background with gold rosettes in it. This last exhibit shows the fireplace equipment, the stoves that were in the niches of the Senate Chamber, the andirons, fenders, fireplace tools, and the detail of the finials on the fireplace tools. Senator YouNg. Were the original carpets made in the United States or imported 2 Mr. CAMPIOLI. I believe they were made in the United States. I believe that completes a brief story on the exhibit unless there are some questions you would like to ask, Mr. Chairman.


Senator MoWRONEY. I think this has been very helpful to us up to date. This represents the restoration of the old Senate and Supreme Court Chambers for which budget estimate of $700,000 is submitted. It is proposed, as I note from the justifications, that this work can be

completed including furnishings within this sum and the project can be accomplished before the end of fiscal year 1966. For the record, I am interested in inserting several pages from the justifications which set forth the estimate of cost breakdown as well as description of the work to be done. The House has denied this request without prejudice on the grounds there is no high priority for it and the restoration should await what should be done about the west front extension. You do not feel that this has any special relationship to the west front, and I gathered from your testimony you do not. Mr. CAMPIOLI. No, sir. Senator MoWRoNEY. No questions of any material amount could be effected by doing the two together and they are as different as two construction jobs could possibly be. Mr. CAMPIOLI. Yes, sir.


Senator MoWRoNEY. The House report makes reference to the desirability of assuring that these rooms when restored would be used solely for public enjoyment. Do you foresee if there would be any problems if the committee's own appropriations subcommittee continued to use S. 228 for conferences—which would necessitate closing it to the public during these conferences—after restoration? Mr. CAMPIOLI. That is no problem, Mr. Chairman, and we have here a drawing showing the desks and chairs that would have to be removed, and the table that could be installed for conference purposes with the chairs grouped around it. Senator MoWRoNEY. It would be kind of difficult to take—these chairs here come in where the permanent seating chairs are. Mr. CAMPIOLI. Those could be made removable. Senator MoWRONEY. You take six seats and desks out for the accommodation of that? Mr. CAMPIOLI. Yes, sir; and they could be stored behind the columns which are behind the Vice President’s chair at such times as the room is being used by the joint conferees. Incidentally, a smilar arrangement, if desired, could also be used on the first floor, or Supreme Court Chamber, by moving some of the furniture, which is movable in that case without any difficulty. Senator MoWRoNEY. I see.


Mr. CAMPIOLI. Might I mention also that we still have the clock that was in the Supreme Court Chamber in the Capitol, including the dial, the frame, and the works. Senator MonroNEY. Where is that clock? Mr. CAMPIOLI. I do not recall at the moment where it is located but I can insert that information in the record, if desired. Senator MoRRoNEY. There is an old clock that faces the Senate Chamber on the first floor and I wondered if that is where it was. Mr. CAMPIOLI. Mr. Clancy informs me it is in storage now.



Senator MoMRONEY. The Chair will put a description and justification of this appropriation into the record at this point and we thank you very much for your courtesy in explaining that to us. I am glad you give it this priority on the list of legislative items which demonstrates the keen interest that the so has in the restoration of the old Senate Chamber and the Supreme Court Chamber below it. We have just seen the plans and gone over this.

(The justification referred to follows:)


An appropriation of $37,500 was provided in the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1964, to enable the Architect of the Capitol to prepare working drawings, specifications, and estimates of cost for restoration of the old Senate Chamber on the principal floor of the Capitol and the old Supreme Court chamber on the ground floor of the Capitol substantially to the condition in which these chambers existed and were furnished when last occupied in 1859 and 1860, respectively, by the U.S. Senate and the U.S. Supreme Court. The Architect of the Capitol engaged, by personal service contract, March 6, 1964, Roscoe DeWitt and Fred L. Hardison, architects of Dallas, Tex.; Alfred Easton Poor and Albert Homer Swanke of New York City, N.Y.; and Jesse M. Shelton and A. Pearson Almond, architects of Atlanta, Ga., who had been engaged in the architectural and engineering work for the extension of the east central front of the Capitol, to prepare the working drawings, specifications, and estimates of cost for the restoration of the old Senate and Supreme Court Chambers. The drawings and specifications for this work have been completed and the cost of the proposed restoration work, including furniture and furnishings, is estimated by the architects at $700,000. An appropriation in that amount is accordingly requested for the fiscal year 1966. The request for the appropriation is submitted at the direction of the chairman of the Senate Committee on Appropriations. As a result of extensive and intensive research work, adequate information has been developed to make it possible to accomplish this restoration work in a reliable and authentic manner. These chambers, when and if restored, will present two of the finest rooms in the Capitol from an architectural point of view. This fact and the historical fact that many important laws and decisions were brought to pass in these chambers, make this restoration project one worthy of serious consideration. This restoration project should prove highly interesting to the many visitors to the Capitol who would have an opportunity to see these two old, historic chambers restored to their original condition. As a result of a lack of “as built” drawings of these chambers, it is difficult and, in some cases, impossible to anticipate actual conditions of existing subsurface construction, until after a contract is awarded and flooring and other surfaces are removed, exposing the actual construction conditions to view. It is anticipated that, upon exposure of subsurface conditions beneath floors and behind walls and ceilings. redesign of mechanical systems and other work may be necessary. Because of these unknown factors and also because of the necessity of having experts in the field reproduce the old furniture and furnishings, it is urgently requested that the appropriation be made available for expenditure without regard to section 3709 of the revised statutes, so that the work may be done on a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee basis, or negotiated or selected bid basis, as found necessary in the interests of the Government. Similar authority was granted under the Extension of the Capitol project. It is estimated that if funds are made available in the 1966 Legislativ Branch Appropriation Act for this work, all obligations to be incurred can be incurred in the fiscal year 1966 and the project completed by the close of the fiscal year 1966 or in the early part of the fiscal year 1967, depending upon the date of enactment of the appropriation act carrying the funds for the work to be done. A breakdown of the estimate follows:

Breakdown of estimate

Old Senate | Old Supreme

Chamber Court Total Chamber Construction costs:

Structural: Demolition, concrete and masonry work, Stonework, structural steel work, miscellaneous metal and ornamental metalwork, carpentry and millwork,

furring, lathing, plastering, painting, hardware, models $153,650 $73,870 $227,520 Mechanical: Heating, ventilating, air conditioning,

plumbing, electrical, and lighting fixtures-------------- 102,350 78,130 180,480

Subtotal---------------------------------------------- 256,000 152,000 408,000

Furniture and furnishings:
Senate: 64 Senators' desks, 71 Senators' chairs, 3 podium
desks, 4 Senators' sidechairs, 8 curved Senate settees,
1 mahogany Vice President's desk and chair, fireplace

equipment, 2 Franklin stoves---------------------- 103,200 -------------- 103,200 Supreme Court: 9 Judges' desks, 6 small rolltop desks, 4 mahogany lawyers' tables, 1 Chief Justice's chair, 8 Judges' chairs, 26 wood-back armchairs, 4 wood-back side chairs, 15 settees, 2 bookcases, inkwells and quills, fireplace equipment-------------------------------------|-------------- 37,100 37,100 Senate and Supreme Court: Carpeting, venetian blinds, clocks, draperies, valances, curtains, swags, jabots, fluting behind railings, miscellaneous------------------ 60, 100 23, 100 83,200 Subtotal---------------------------------------------- 163,300 60,200 223,500 Administration, fees and contingencies------------------------ 45,000 23,500 68,500 Total estimate------------------------------------------ 464,300 235,700 70), 0 C


In the old Senate Chamber, on the second or principal floor, the existing raised wood floor, installed in 1936 above the original floor to permit the installation of ducts and other items when the Capitol was air conditioned, is to be removed and the floor restored to its original grade and construction. The raised platforms, on which the majority of Senators' desks and chairs set, is to be reconstructed. The circular visitors' gallery and railing, supported by delicate iron columns and ornate caps erected in 1828 and removed when the Senate vacated this Chamber, is to be reconstructed. The raised dais, with its canopy for the President of the Senate, Secretary and Chief Clerk, at the east central portion Of the room in front of the columns, is likewise to be reconstructed. The desks and chairs for Senators will be reproduced from existing models now in use in the present Senate Chamber. Other items of furniture and furnishings, including carpets and draperies, are also to be reproduced from either originals still extant or from like items of the period. The large original central chandelier, on which we have good graphic information, is to be reproduced: also, the wall Sconces, of which we have found their original location. The cloth valances, which surrounded the room below the main cornice, installed for both acoustic and esthetic purposes, are to be reproduced. The coffered ceiling will be picked out in colors, as borne out by our research. The list of furniture to be reproduced includes 64 Senators' desks, 71 Senators” chairs, 3 podium desks, 4 Senators' sidechairs, 8 curved Senate settees, 1 mahogany Vice President's desk and chair, 2 Franklin stoves, bookcases, inkwells. quills, and fireplace equipment. It is proposed that the busts of Chief Justices now located in this chamber be removed, and certain busts pertaining to the period of the lower or Supreme Court chamber be transferred to that Chamber from the old Senate Chamber. It is further proposed that the remaining busts be located elsewhere, perhaps in the U.S. Supreme Court Building. It is further proposed that the Rembrandt Peale. painting of George Washington, which originally hung over the east gallery, be returned to its original location. It is now located in the Vice President's office. in the Capitol. It is also proposed that the plaque or shield, now located over the lobby entrance of the Chamber, be returned to its former location over the canopy in the Chamber, to receive the eagle which is now extant in the Chamber.

Old Supreme Court Chamber

Since hearings before the Senate Committee on Appropriations in April 1962, as a result of further intensive research, we now have an authentic layout of LEGISLATIVE BRANCH * 1966 93

furniture, as well as descriptions of the furniture and furnishings from vouchers, as they existed in the Old Supreme Court Chamber. In this chamber, located on the ground or first floor, the existing built-up wood flooring in the central portion of the room is to be removed, and the pit, which formerly existed at a level of two steps below the existing surrounding floor of arcades, is to be restored. The three former fireplaces, two of which were removed when the Capitol was air-conditioned in 1936, and the third of which was removed to provide an entrance from the north-south corridor when this lower Chamber was used as a Law Library, are to be reconstructed. The first two of these fireplaces were located in the Chamber in the north and south walls of the east arcade, directly below mantels in similar locations in the Chamber above. The third was located in the center of the west Wall where the dOOrway now exists, leading to the main north and south corridor. Mantels, made of statuary white marble to conform to early designs of mantels produced for the Capitol, will be installed in the locations of the original mantels that were removed in past years. The marble facing and outer hearths of the mantels are to be of conglomerate marble, similar to marble used by Architect of the Capitol Benjamin H. Latrobe in construction of the columns and pilasters of the upper Chamber and lobby. The bas relief on the west wall is to be restored to its original colors. The coffered arcades are likewise to be restored in colors commensurate with the early work of the Capitol. Appropriate chandeliers of the period are also to be provided. Furniture and furnishings, including carpeting, draperies, and venetian blinds, are to be reproduced in an authentic manner and the original layout of furniture restored. The rostrum for the nine Justices is to be reconstructed, in front of the columns of the east arcade; also, the bar railing. The list of furniture to be reproduced includes 9 Judges' desks, 6 small roll-top desks, 4 mahogany lawyers’ tables, 1 Chief Justice's chair, 8 Judges' chairs, 26 wood-back armchairs, 4 wood-back sidechairs, 15 settees, 2 bookcases, inkwells and quills, and fireplace equipment.




Senator MoWRoNEY. We have the Architect of the Capitol, Mr. Stewart, and his staff.

Before you proceed, let me say for the record that the estimates by the Architect of the Capitol for fiscal year 1966 total $26,645,900 and the House bill allows $23,127,600. By custom, the House has not considered the items for the Senate.

I should like to insert in the record at this point a table showing the figures for last year, budget estimates for fiscal year 1966, and the House allowances. That will be placed in the record at this point.

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